2019 logo.png

Tuesday 3/19  Program  Session Abstracts
 Wednesday 3/20  Hotel Map  Paper Abstracts
 Thursday 3/21 Reg Hours   Poster Abstracts
 Friday 3/22    Video Abstracts
 Saturday 3/23    Workshop Abstracts

 Paper Abstracts

A  ·  B  ·  C  ·  D  ·  E  ·  F  ·  G  ·  H  ·  I  ·  J  ·  K  ·  L  ·  M  ·  N ·  O  ·  P  ·  Q  ·  R  ·  S  ·  T  ·  U  ·  V  ·  W  ·  X  ·  Y  ·  Z

SADRE-ORAFAI, Stephanie and WIZINSKY, Matthew (U Cincinnati) Keeping Design at the Center: Remediating Activist World-Making Practices in What Is and What Can Be. This paper describes the recursive world-making practices at the heart of curating and designing the exhibition What Is and What Can Be: Women of Color and the Struggle for Justice. Drawing on community-partnered research and ongoing activist oral history project, the exhibition centers the experiences, visions, and voices of women of color in Cincinnati. It blends audio excerpts, listening stations, text panels, and a mini-book series to re-present activist world-making practices in new and shifting contexts. The paper discusses the opportunities and challenges of keeping design at the center of our earliest deliberations and the aftereffects of our collective work. sadreose@ucmail.uc.edu (F-134)

SAHI, Alexander (UMD) Marsh Madness: Understanding the Cultural Importance of Salt Marsh Management on the Deal Island Peninsula. This paper focuses on a cultural history of salt marshes on the Deal Island Peninsula, Maryland. Salt marshes have a long history of management in the area, extending from its use by Native American to present. This management has cultural value to various groups including watermen, hunters, and others, which shape perspectives and decisions about environmental change. Today, local community members and state agencies are collaboratively discussing ways to maintain marshes threatened by sea level rise. This paper explores how documenting the cultural history of the marshes enables stakeholders outside of formal management institutions to importantly contribute to these discussions. (TH-110)

SAINTONGE, KennethJORDAN, NickSTUTTS, SarahSMARTT-NALLI, Kingston, and BRADFORD, Dazore (UNT) Navigating Roadways: An Ethnographic Exploration of Three Types of Road Users. Roadways are sociocultural spaces constructed for human travel which embody intersections of technology, transportation, and culture. In order to navigate these spaces successfully, autonomous vehicles must be able to respond to the needs and practices of many types of road users. This paper reports on research with crossing guards, road cyclists, and solid waste collectors to learn what kinds of auto driver behaviors are problematic for them, and which are helpful. Research methods included observation, ride-alongs, and interviews, all video recorded. The study was a class project for a Design Anthropology course, conducted for the Nissan Research Center. kennethsaintonge@my.unt.edu (W-112)

SAKAI, Risako (OR State U) “Researchers should collaborate with each other”: Research Fatigue and Community Engagement on Mo’orea, French Polynesia. Mo’orea, French Polynesia, is home to French and American research institutions. The “exotic” environment and “interesting” lifestyle of Mo’orea have attracted many researchers. Recently, research fatigue has become serious on Mo’orea. In addition to anthropologists, more natural science researchers and students have started interviewing local people, corresponding to the conservation research trends, including the social-ecological systems framework. Consequently, local people are fatigued from participating in research and observing many researchers. The research community needs to synthesize existing datasets and on-going research projects, while acknowledging research fatigue of local people. This paper discusses the anthropological engagement with local and research communities. sakair@oregonstate.edu (T-32)

SALVI, Cecilia (CUNY Grade Ctr) Democratizing Literature in South America. Born of the 2001 Argentinean economic crisis, cartoneras are micro-publishing houses that handcraft book covers from upcycled cardboard. They do so with the stated goal of “democratizing literature,” which centers on access and affordability. This paper explores the production and circulation of this discourse in newspapers and cartonera book fairs, workshops, and events in Chile and Argentina. How does the discourse of democratizing literature shape the movement? What does it reveal about the right to literacy, civic participation and citizenship in these post-dictatorship countries? ceciliamaria23@gmail.com (F-66)

SAN AGUSTIN JR.,Jeffrey (CSULB) Hard Facts/Hard Talk: Exploring Chronic Homelessness and Declination of Services in Long Beach, California. This ethnographic paper explores why individuals experiencing homelessness decline services offered to them by the Multiservice Center and the Outreach team in Long Beach, California. The hard facts of problematic shelter regulations and housing programs coupled with the unique predicament of individuals experiencing homelessness are explored as reasons for declining services. Hard talk is made by Outreach team members and individuals experiencing homelessness that points to an articulation of negative shelter regulations and housing programs that supports and reproduces the reality of chronic homelessness and declination of services. JSanAgustinJr@gmail.com (W-165)

SAN PEDRO, Michelle (UConn) Reproduction as a Development Project: The Impact of International Policies on the Role of Midwives in Nicaragua. Global development projects focused on reproduction promote population management, disease prevention, and maternal and child health, but also influence how people view appropriate practices and identities. Consequently, midwives are usually categorized as ‘traditional’ and culture is portrayed as an obstacle—a fixed, unchanging, and backward set of values. This presentation discusses the impact of international development programs on Nicaraguan efforts to manage high-risk pregnancies and reduce maternal deaths through the regulation of midwifery practice since the Sandinista Revolution (1961-1990). Based on ethnographic interviews, this presentation examines the politics surrounding Nicaraguan home births in the context of national and international policies. michelle.sanpedro@uconn.edu (W-33)

SANCHEZ, Saniego (UNT) Art Exhibitions and Programs as Vital Resources for Urban Applied Ethnographers. For applied anthropologists, museums, nonprofit art spaces, university-based art organizations and art schools can serve as vital resources to learn about the issues facing urban communities as well as entry points into future research. In this paper, I explore three examples of how my thesis research in Mexico City, has benefitted from attending exhibitions such as Museo Universitaria Ciencia y Arte’s two recent exhibitions, Museo Animista del Lago de Texcoco and El ágora del agua, and participating in programs at Casa Vecina and Casa Gallina. sanigosanchez@my.unt.edu (W-09)

SANTORO, Daniella (Tulane U) After Gun Violence: Disability and New Mobilities in Turbulent Times. Survivors of gun violence in the U.S. are underrepresented in conversations about both U.S. disability politics and in public health models of urban street violence. Injuries from gun violence can be overtly visible or publicly invisible in the form of chronic pain and post-traumatic stress. To receive care, victims of gun violence must navigate a complicated medical landscape shifting towards privatization and reflecting continued racialized inequity in health governance. Based on my work with survivors in New Orleans I explore how residents re-shape and define their disabilities into new mobilities in a city (and nation) undergoing constant change. daniellasantoro@gmail.com (TH-21)

SATO, Mine (Yokohama Nat’l U) Nation and Body: Influences of Larger Contexts on Daily Menstrual Hygiene Management Practices of Indigenous Girls in Nicaragua. Recently, menstrual hygiene management (MHM) has caught attention as an international agenda (e.g. SDGs Goal6) and development organizations have commenced interventions. However, local realities related to menstruation vary among different societies, which should be seriously taken into considerations. This study examines how turbulent and post-colonial contexts influence local realities of indigenous Miskitu girls’ daily MHM practices and perceptions; 1) historical contexts that have repeatedly marginalized the Miskitu communities that directly influence national budget allocations 2) political contexts that have created discrepancies between said and done in public sectors, and 3) socio-cultural contexts that give them indigenous identities against Mestizo communities. minesato1015@gmail.com (F-129)

SAUNDERS, Michael (Tulane U) Religion, Ritual, and Resilience: A Maya Social-Ecological System. Resilience thinking has now gained recognition as a framework to understand (and anticipate) change in coupled social-ecological systems. However, operationalizing resilience models remains challenging, as research into the social dynamics integral to ecological resilience is often lacking, despite the primary role of social institutions and networks in enabling these complex adaptive systems to self-organize along sustainable trajectories. In this paper I show how the spiritual system of a Maya community is a particularly robust and adaptive means of maintaining and transmitting cultural and ecological knowledge in the face of remarkable change, thus building long-term ecological, social, and even economic resilience. msaunde3@tulane.edu (W-141)

SAXTON, Dvera (CSU-Fresno) Everyone Eats: Creating Cultures of Inclusivity with Im/migrants in a Food Hub. In California’s agriculturally productive and profitable San Joaquin Valley, Latinx im/migrants participate in the food system as producers. They also endure high rates of food insecurity, injustice, and political exclusion. This paper presents responses from im/migrant participants to efforts to include them as consumers and beneficiaries in a local organic food hub. It centers on im/migrants’ ideas about food justice, collected through focus groups, home kitchen visits, and platicas (informal conversations), and suggests how to better align im/migrant community food values, desires, and priorities with a food hub's market development and community outreach efforts. dsaxton@csufresno.edu (F-68)

SAYRE, Danielle (GA Southern U) Interpretations of Illness and Health-seeking Behaviors of Southeast Commercial Fishermen. Statistical assessments of commercial fishing categorize the occupation as exceptionally dangerous. Health assessments typically evaluate fisher workplace injuries to be compared with other professions. Research has rarely focused on the health of fishermen from their own perspective. This research uses qualitative data gathered from commercial fishermen working along the Southeastern seaboard of the United States and focuses on how they identify illness and injury. This project evaluates how these fishermen perceptions correspond to health seeking behavior and provides holistic data on the health of commercial fishermen to contribute to the existing literature. dr03889@georgiasouthern.edu (W-173)

SCANDLYN, Jean (UC-Denver) and ALBRIGHT, Karen (U Denver) The Shirking State: Scientific Evidence, Energy Extraction, and the Precautionary Principle in Public Health. Where can people go for information about climate change and its effects on health that they might consider reliable, trustworthy, scientifically accurate, and relatively unbiased? One obvious potential source is public health departments. In 2017 the American Public Health Association (APHA) focused on climate change. Although the APHA provides resources on climate change and health for the public; citizens are more likely to seek information from their local health departments. This study analyzes all state- and county-level public health websites in the United States to examine how they present information about climate change and its effects on public health. jean.scandlyn@ucdenver.edu (TH-02)

SCHEINFELD, Daniel (Independent) On Developing Children’s Deep Caring for the Natural World and Capacities for Environmental Stewardship. What kind of developmental processes in childhood are likely to result in children growing up caring deeply about the natural world and playing an active and effective role as stewards of the earth’s natural environment? The paper approaches this question by exploring ideas from Place-Based Education, Ecological Literacy, and Deep Ecology. It then connects and builds upon these ideas to propose an approach to K-12 education. DScheinfeld@live.com (F-67)

SCHELHAS, John (USFS), HITCHNER, Sarah, and DWIVEDI, Puneet (U Georgia) African American Landownership and Forestry in the U.S. South: Integrating Research and Practice. African American rural land ownership in the U.S. South has declined markedly over the past century in spite of land’s cultural importance. This land is largely forested. Forest management can potentially help families retain land, yet engagement has been limited. We conducted qualitative research in association with community-based outreach and extension projects in four states documenting land ownership and use history, ownership patterns, experience with forestry, and future land management goals. We discuss promising mechanisms and synergies to avert land loss, build family assets, promote greater involvement in forest management, and promote forest sustainability through integrated research and outreach. jschelhas@fs.fed.us (TH-20)

SCHENSUL, Jean (ICR) and REISINE, Susan (UConn) Building a New Measure to Explain Challenges in Oral Hygiene Self-Management. One way for older adults with limited incomes to improve oral health and to prevent dental/periodontal problems is to improve oral health self-management. Underlying fears and concerns about self- management practices can explain gaps in practice and outcomes. While numerous scales measure dental avoidance, there are no measures that describe concerns impeding good oral hygiene practices. In this paper we describe a mixed methods approach to development of a new scale measuring oral hygiene self-management fears and worries in a diverse sample of low-income older adults. Jean.schensul@icrweb.org (S-75)

SCHENSUL, Stephen (UConn Med Sch) The Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease of Unknown Etiology (CKDu) in Sri Lanka: A Methodological Approach to Transdisciplinary Collaboration. Over the last two decades, there has been a rapid global increase in chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu), resulting in renal failure and death among farmers in arid, lowland agricultural regions. Efforts to identify the etiological factors have been frustratingly inconclusive leaving public health officials and farmers with little guidance for prevention and treatment. This paper reports on the methodological approaches, preliminary results and collaborative experiences generated by a transdisciplinary team of nephrologists, biogeochemists and anthropologists that focuses on slowing the rate of progression of CKDu in a rural district of Sri Lanka. schensul@uchc.edu (S-105)

SCHENSUL, Stephen (UConn Med Sch) Empirical Activism in Anthropology. Empirical activism is the accumulation of systematic knowledge, scientifically derived, as the basis for collaborative, community-researcher generated interventions that can result in positive behavioral, social and structural change and development for underserved and under-resourced communities. This paper will draw on data and experiences from the presenter’s half-century of applied anthropology in Chicago, Hartford, India and Sri Lanka. The theory, methodology and relational approaches that make anthropologists uniquely suited to translate their data into the development, implementation, testing and modification of interventions, actions and advocacy that are participatory, culturally relevant and effective will be described. schensul@uchc.edu (TH-128)

SCHERBINSKE, Shanna (UW) “Aqoon la’an waa iftin la’an” (without knowledge there is no light): Educational Desires for-and-of Somali Migrants in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Many Somalis migrants live temporarily in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia while navigating Western visa processes. While waiting, some attend Somali-owned schools to learn English. I had hoped to use Freire’s liberatory pedagogies in my teaching and research at one such school, but my students resisted. Why did they reject my efforts to engage in ways that seemed to me ethical and inclusive of their experiences? How are education, research, and migration connected here? In this paper, I reflect on my own positionality and grapple with understanding agency (in terms of goals for learning) given the structural constraints of current migration regimes. sske@uw.edu (F-159)

SCHMITT, Edwin (U Oslo) Methodological Considerations for Engaged Social Science Research on Ecological Housing Estates in Chengdu, Sichuan. As with many places in the world, it is commonly assumed that environmentalism in China is associated with middle class values. This paper will reflect on some of the methodological issues we faced when conducting ethnographic and survey research to support the promotion of Ecological Housing Estates in Chengdu. By using a mixed-method approach it becomes apparent that environmental consciousness in China is not the exclusive domain of the well-off. This lecture will also argue that researchers needed to be cognizant of social class when engaging with local officials and the residents within the housing estates we study. schmitte@link.cuhk.edu.hk (F-110)

SCHOCH-SPANA, Monica (JHU) Why Disaster Science Needs Top-Down and Bottom-Up Views of Community Resilience. Many professionals recognize the value of integrating diverse scientific disciplines to characterize community resilience, and of creating alliances among scholars, policymakers, and practitioners to develop and apply measures to strengthen it. But, a community’s ability to anticipate, withstand, rebound, and evolve after a disaster also resides with the broader public. Using 2 projects, this paper illustrates the need to mix residents’ experiential knowledge with the know-how of technical experts and political leaders, to advance community resilience: an interdisciplinary model (COPEWELL) that measures and motivates resilience, and an inclusive policymaking process for the allocation of scarce medical resources in a disaster. mschoch@jhu.edu (F-103)

SCHOENBERG, Nancy and SPRING, Bonnie (UKY) Adaptation of an mHealth Energy Balance Intervention for Rural Appalachian Residents. To ensure that evidence-based health interventions are employed across diverse populations, rigorous adaptation is necessary. We describe adaptation of the successful Make Better Choices 2 (MBC2) multicomponent mHealth intervention for rural Appalachians, a population that experiences extreme health inequities. The MBC2 intervention, implemented among Chicago adults, achieved and sustained increases in fruit and vegetable consumption and physical activity while decreasing sedentary leisure screen time and saturated fat intake. We describe how intervention mapping is used to improve the fit of this successful intervention while maintaining the essential MBC2 elements of mHealth delivery, incentivizing, and remote coaching. nesch@uky.edu (W-36)

SCHULLER, Mark (NIU) Challenges of “Communiversity” Organizing in Trumplandia. As anthropologists and other faculty within public universities, we come into contact with marginalized groups and their struggles for justice. Increasingly these groups – undocumented, transgendered, African American, and women victims of sexual assault – are in crisis and trauma. In this paper I discuss efforts as a member of the “communiversity” to engage in organizing, within the faculty union and as support to students, throwing into relief the need to update community organizing models to address contemporary struggles. In addition to new technologies and millennials’ increasing aptitude, revitalized identity politics and addressing trauma are necessary prerequisites for collective engagement. mschuller@niu.edu (TH-128)

SCHULTE, Priscilla (U Alaska SE) Contextualizing Foods in Southeast Alaska: Teaching a Sense of Place through Food.Throughout the years, the Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian have moved seasonally throughout the islands of southeast Alaska. Annual visits to these sites focused on the harvesting, preserving, and storing of foods with traditional family groups. Consuming seasonal foods was also integral to the experiences of living in these sites. Although these traditional patterns of movements have changed over time these places and foods still have significance to Alaska Natives today. This paper explores students’ sensory interactions while harvesting, preparing, preserving and consuming traditional foods within a contemporary university structured setting. pmschulte@alaska.edu (S-73)

SCHULTZ, Alan (Baylor U) and LOTT, Jessica (SMU) Boon or Burden?: Exploring Tsimane’ Women’s Outsized Expertise in Lifestyle During Rapid Economic Transition. In this paper, we explore how gender interacts with lifestyle in a small-scale society by building on previous findings of higher average competence among Tsimane’ women. We analyzed 36 interviews (2012-2013) for, 1) the meaning of lifestyle and social status, 2) perceptions of social incongruity, and 3) the limitations on enacting lifestyle expectations. We find that Tsimane’ women exceed men in their understanding of change and that more women than men still hold a subsistence lifestyle in high esteem. We conclude that the negative impact of recent changes on women’s status may explain why women are better attuned to lifestyle. alan_schultz@baylor.edu (TH-14)

SCHULZE, Savannah (Purdue U) Turikuza “Let’s Go” a Narrative of Resilience through Mobility: Understanding How Batwa Peoples Adapt to Turbulent Landscapes.The Batwa are traditional hunter-gatherers from Southwestern Uganda and self-identify as the first peoples of this region. They lost access to Bwindi forest when they were evicted to implement conservation efforts to save endangered mountain gorillas. This paper explores how the Batwa invoke traditional forms of movement in their struggles to adapt to non-forested landscapes to create a sense of identity and fellowship. Mobility in this context is often viewed as the antithesis to progress and development. This study utilizes cultural mapping methods to demonstrate how mobility is essential to Batwa identity and existence in resource scarce non-forested landscapes. sschulze@purdue.edu (S-34)

SCHUMAN, Andrea F. (Ctr for Scientific & Social Studies-Mérida) The Anaconda Strategy: How Tourism Squeezes the Life Out of Rural Communities. México, like many developing countries, depends heavily on tourism as a source of income and foreign exchange. Cancún, in the southeastern state of Quintana Roo, leads the nation in tourism revenue. As Cancún has grown, the tourism infrastructure has spread south along the coast, displacing local farmers and fishers. A variety of strategies have been employed by foreign and national investors and their political allies to capture the land and extract maximum value from its natural endowments. This presentation explores the socio-ecological consequences arising from the recent expansion of tourism in the “last frontier”- the municipality of Bacalar. (W-141)

SCULL, Charley (Filament Insight & Innovation) We Don’t Say Weird in Anthropology: The Intrinsic Value of Anthropology for Multidisciplinary Teams. While working with a sustainable seafood nonprofit as part of a multidisciplinary team that includes biologists, technologists, economists, designers and entrepreneurs the anthropological perspective has become an increasingly important lens. This paper shows the ways in which local partnerships, anthropological methods and training, and shared ethnographic field experiences have served to build consensus around culturally-grounded recommendations and elevated anthropology from a nice-to-have method to an intrinsic necessity. charley@filamentinsight.com (W-69)

SDUNZIK, Jennifer (Purdue U) The Trump Effect in Small-Town America: Say It Boldly, Say It Loud! This study uses semi-structured interviews to examine cultural imperatives that create the conditions for prejudicial treatment of racial and ethnic minorities in the United States. The 2016 presidential election demonstrated that small-town communities continue to influence American society and culture. Trump tapped into traditions of nativism, white supremacy and heteropatriarchy to successfully appeal to small-town America amidst immense demographic shifts. This paper explores how Trump has emboldened Indiana communities to blatant and outspoken political speech, defying societal etiquette of “political correctness” and Midwestern friendliness. The resulting discourse reflects the national climate of fear in times of “alternative facts.” jsdunzik@purdue.edu (W-40)

SEARA, Tarsila (U New Haven) Puerto Rican Fishers’ Perceived Vulnerability to Climate Change Pre and Post Hurricanes Irma and Maria. Fishers hold important knowledge about marine ecosystems including impacts of climate change. Their perceptions, however, are influenced by their experiences. Hurricanes Irma and Maria devastated Puerto Rico in 2017. Fishers experienced transformations on land but were also affected by impacts on the marine environment, e.g. ocean bottom disturbances. In this study we compare Puerto Rico fishers’ perceptions of climate change and aspects of their well-being in the pre- and post-storm periods using data collected through surveys. This research provides a unique approach that contributes to advance the understanding of the influence of human experiences on one’s perceptions of vulnerability. tarseara@gmail.com (TH-173)

SEATON, Terry (St. Louis Coll of Pharmacy)Credentialing for Pharmacists. This research will discuss the varied and complicated credentialing mechanisms and processes for pharmacists. The broad continuum of credentialing in pharmacy begins with an entry-level Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) degree. Practicing pharmacists must be licensed in the state in which they practice. Postgraduate residency or fellowship training, as well as certificate programs and board certification, are optional but necessary certain careers. The scope of practice, and sometimes also payment for clinical, services may also be dependent upon certain credentials. Professional pharmacy organizations also bestow various credentials upon individual members, usually based on their contributions to the profession. tseaton@stlcop.edu (F-05)

SELLERSKathleen F. (SUNY Polytechnic) Rural Nursing Retention.Rurality is a multidimensional construct including ecological, occupational and sociocultural frameworks (Bealer, et al., 1965). Rural nursing practice has repeatedly been found to have unique challenges impacting retention. Nurses more often choose a job in a rural area if they are connected to and trained at rural facilities, and, perceive rural workplaces to be supportive (Bushy et al., 2005). Roberge (2009) reported that nurses were only satisfied with their jobs if they were also satisfied with their community. This current study found that the fit between the nurse and the community plays a key role in understanding rural nurse engagement and retention. (W-43)

SERAPHIN, Bruno (Cornell U) and MARTIN-MOATS, Meredith (McElroy House Org for Cultural Resources) Practicing Accountability: Collaborative Filmmaking in Small Town Arkansas. What does it take for academics and community organizers to be accountable to one another’s work? How can they provide mutual support at a local level, and also build theory together? What can they teach each other? Working with different lenses and sets of resources, how can they build the trust required to do reciprocal work? This paper offers perspectives on collaborative filmmaking. It is co-authored by an Arkansas-based community organizer and an anthropology graduate student. We assume the premise that liberatory political action is messy, multi-vocal, and demands an active practice of building and rebuilding relationships across difference. bs772@cornell.edu (TH-113)

SERRANO ZAPATA, Angela (UW-Madison) Making a Market: Creating Space for Investors through Farmland REITs. This paper considers how financial mechanisms shape political and economic power around farmland. It draws on political ecology around the financialization of agriculture, and perspectives from Science and Technology Studies about performativity and topology to study how financial mechanisms in agriculture reconfigure networks of access to farmland for farmers, investors, workers and consumers. The article focuses on the case of Farmland Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) in the United States and shows REITS as sociotechnical assemblages of economic theories mobilized by investors and their representatives. Building on topologic ideas, the article highlights how financial mechanisms, such as REITs, shift networks of access to land. (F-73)

SERRANO ARCE, Karen (Feeding Tampa Bay & USF), BURRIS, Mecca and KIHLSTROM, Laura (USF), DOBBINS, Jess (Humana), SHANNON, Elisa (Feeding Tampa Bay), PRENDERGAST, Kim (Feeding America), MCGRATH, EmilyRENDA, AndrewCORDIER, Tristan, and SONG, Yongjia (Humana), HIMMELGREEN, David (USF) Does the USDA Food Security Module Accurately Predict Qualitative Responses Regarding Food Insecurity among Older Adults?This paper explores the association between food security status, as measured by the USDA Food Security Module, and qualitative survey responses from 97 older adults. Our data indicate that while the module can be used as a tool to identify food insecure older adults, adding a qualitative component that examines food-related issues, could serve as a check for survey data. Further, the study results provide insights into the linkage between the syndemic nature between food insecurity and health in older adults. kserranoarce@feedingtampabay.org (F-43)

SETH, Katyayni (Brown U) Asking Questions: Interviews and Expertise in Global Health Research. This paper analyses global health knowledge production by studying data collection for household surveys. By narrating a story of an impact evaluation in North India, it highlights how enumerators follow or disregard different aspects of research protocol while conducting survey interviews. It pays close attention to the manner in which enumerators translate and ask questions, and how the ethical challenges they face affect their interaction with respondents. This analysis is used to draw parallels between the work of enumerators and researchers, who also acknowledge or ‘unknow’ different aspects of research practice in order to produce scientific evidence and claim expertise. katyayni_seth@brown.edu (F-74)

SHAFFER, Franklin and TO DUTKA, Julia (CGFNS Int’l Inc) Credentialing in the Health Professions: Nursing and Physical Therapy as Case Studies. Credentials are granted to health professionals who have met a prescribed set of standards for a defined scope of practice. Educational institutions provide the education and the regulatory bodies grant the permission to practice. Both sectors are integral to awarding credentials. Specialty certifications are granted in a like manner. The global mobility of health professionals has presented us with the challenge of comparing credentials earned under varying systems and determining if they signify comparable competencies. Nursing and Physical Therapy are studied to illuminate the established models of credentialing and the opportunity for creative solutions to meet urgent global needs. fshaffer@cgfns.org (F-05)

SHAFFER, L. JenBREITFELLER, JessicaTHIEME, Alison, and HARRELL, Reginal (UMD) Safe Passage: Considering Culture in the Conservation of African Vultures. Vultures in sub-Saharan Africa are threatened with extinction, and their loss would have devastating impacts on ecological, economic, and human health systems. Poisoning and the traditional belief use trade account for over 90% of vulture population losses. Market observations also document their sale as a cheap source of protein. Yet cultural taboos and respect protect these scavenging raptors from targeted hunting and consumption in many parts of the African continent. Here we explore vulture uses and taboos in sub-Saharan African cultures. Our analysis highlights African vulture ethno-ornithology; identifying knowledge gaps and opportunities to work with African communities for vulture conservation. lshaffe1@umd.edu (W-138)

SHAH, Rachel (Springfield Ctr & Durham U) Problems Anthropology Could Solve?: What Kind of Research Does Market Systems Development Need To Be Effective?Despite decades of intersections between international development and anthropology, one approach - Market Systems Development (MSD)– benefits very little from academic research. This is surprising because MSD promotes empirical research as central to any intervention’s success, and because its claims to provide a systemic, sustainable and scalable approach to development are ripe for investigation. In this paper I introduce the MSD approach and present the specific MSD challenges that anthropological research could solve. Far from requiring a compromise on rigour or ethics, it is academic anthropologists’ ethical accountability, commitment to empiricism and methodological skills that merit our involvement at all. rshah@springfieldcentre.com (F-75)

SHAHAN, Kathryn (U Dallas) Improving Resources for Male Sexual Assault Survivors.The purpose of my research is to learn about the perceptions of and resources for male survivors of sexual violence. My work will be used to inform resource providers how to effectively serve this population. I conducted an online survey (n = 152) and 14 interviews of college students on their perceptions of male survivors of rape, conducted 4 social network analyses of male survivors, analyzed 48 surveys of their social support systems, and conducted content analysis of 30 resource providers’ websites. Findings include that the media perpetuates negative stereotypes about this population and that anonymous resources are helpful. kshahan@udallas.edu (TH-35)

SHAIN, RachelFARLEY, Taylor, and PIPERATA, Barbara (Ohio State U)A, B, or C: How Uncompromising Public Health Messaging on Safe Infant Sleep Is Renegotiated in the Home. We explore African American mothers’ perceptions of the “ABCs of safe sleep” collected via 28 semi-structured interviews. We find that women hold the ABCs in esteem but struggle with their implementation due to impracticality. As a result, women employ strategies for risk mitigation, which involve their understanding of the principles behind the ABCs and mechanisms of sleep-related danger, as well as assessment of their infants’ vulnerabilities or capacities. Using pictures of different infant sleep scenarios, we explore women’s prioritization of ABC principles via ordinal ranking. We use our findings to assess the effectiveness of public health messaging regarding infant sleep. rachel.shain@osumc.edu (F-06)

SHAPIRO, Arthur (USF) Combat Zone: The Continuing War against the Public Schools, a Social Movement. A critical issue confronting American public education consists of a major social movement using the guise of “reform” as a cover to disguise an out-and-out war against the public schools. Driven by conservative ideology and profits, this privatization movement of the charter and voucher industry comprises a clear and present danger to public education. Its many faces and attacks against teachers, k ids and schools will be delineated. ashapiro2@tampabay.rr.com (W-154)

SHARAKHMATOVA, Victoria (Ministry of Economic Dev-Russian Federation) Community Response to Changing Circumstances in Traditional Nature Use and Fisheries of Kamchatka Indigenous Peoples. In Northern regions, Indigenous peoples have survived and overcome unpredictable economic circumstances. Current challenges facing Indigenous peoples of the North include the economic, legal and ethnographic problems of continuing traditional nature use. The traditional social and political institutions serving local Indigenous communities are undergoing extreme changes: ecological, cultural, political and social. The traditional fisheries of Indigenous peoples of Kamchatka have undergone a particularly sharp transformation, which may continue through following decades. Focusing on the Kamchatka, Russia context, his panel will discuss recent changes in Indigenous fisheries cultures and economies in the North, and Indigenous community responses to these changes. v.sharakhmatova@gmail.com (F-143)

SHARMA, AnuPUENTE, MelanySOUNDARARAJAN, Srinath, and KWON, Daniel (Duke Global Hlth Inst) Identifying Modifiable Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Practices in Guatemala. Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) is a major household determinant of child health among the indigenous Maya population of Guatemala. This paper reports on data collected through household surveys in two socioeconomically disparate towns on Lake Atitlán with a focus on water treatment, waste disposal infrastructure, and diarrheal symptoms. This study is part of an ongoing partnership with the Organization for the Development of the Indigenous Maya (ODIM) to improve WASH education and identify modifiable behaviors and environmental conditions to inform future interventions. as732@duke.edu (TH-36)

SHAVER, Amy (Utica Coll) and SELLER, Kathleen (SUNY Poly) Rural Elders’ Experiences and Insights into Their Changing Community. This phenomenological anthropological study explored the lived experience of suburban sprawl for rural elders. Their stories of change lend insight into effects of this phenomenon on elders aging in place and on the deeply rooted rural culture of the community. Both etic and emic approaches were taken as researchers became part of the lives of elders in a small community in New York State that has been part of urban-rural migration. Outcomes of the study shed light on positive and negative changes and the elders’ experience of adapting to the change while sustaining their rich heritage. amy.shaver426@gmail.com (TH-103)

SHAW, Emily and URBAN, Noel (MTU) PCB Contamination, an Industrial Legacy in Michigan’s Rivers. Michigan’s industrial history left a legacy of contamination that continues to cause harm. PCBs are the most frequent contaminant at U.S. AOCs. Fish PCB contamination is an issue at all 11 AOC rivers in Michigan. Consumption of contaminated fish represents a direct connection between human health, PCBs, and industrial contamination. Using multi-variate statistics, this research examined MDEQ fish contaminant data to determine how can we use our scientific findings to inform policy decisions? Specifically, are our remediation efforts successful? And should fish consumption be regulated differently at AOC sites? Methodological differences and arbitrary boundaries confound our ability to answer these questions. emilys@mtu.edu (F-02)

SHAY, Kimberly (Wayne State U) Change and Continuity in Older Age: Maintaining Personhood among Aging Museum Volunteers. For many adults, older age is a time of transition and change, in both physical and cognitive ability. These changes are both difficult and often inevitable, however, the ability to mitigate those changes and allow these individuals to maintain the prescribed roles and maintain their full personhood in the communities in which they are engrained, must be a collective group effort. Using examples from the presenter’s ongoing ethnographic project and drawing insight from a cohort of aging museum volunteers, we can examine the ways in which change is experienced, embraced and resisted, by older adults in this museum. kimberly.shay@wayne.edu (TH-133)

SHEAR, Boone (UMass) Indeterminacy and Networked Mess as a Design for Teaching Other Worlds. If, following Escobar, designing other worlds suggests the creation of the conditions under which communities can collectively design themselves, then how might we design teaching and learning to contribute to and organize around this political project? I argue that approaching teaching as ontological politics involves rethinking the categories of and relationships between instructor, student, and the teaching process. I describe an assemblage of efforts to teach, bring resources, and connect students to solidarity economy networks in Massachusetts; I situate teaching as part of what Law describes as a “methods assemblage”—a set of techniques that helps to strengthen particular realities. bshear@umass.edu (S-39)

SHEEHAN, Lisa (USD) and BURSCH, Lisa (CA Baptist U) Improving Provider Diabetes Care in a Student-Run Free Clinic. The project purpose is to improve outcomes in vulnerable patients with diabetes. It is designed to improve diabetes guideline knowledge utilization and electronic medical record (EMR) documentation adherence rates of Nurse Practitioner (NP) student providers in student run free health care clinics. NP student provider education related to American Diabetes Association recommendations and guidelines resulted in decreased patient A1c results, suggesting that provider diabetes care guideline and EMR documentation rate adherence improves outcomes for patients with diabetes. lsheehan57@gmail.com (W-73)

SHEEHAN, Molly (NCSU) Gloria a Dios en El Cielo: Participation and Challenges in the Catholic Church. In this paper I explore the current participation and practices, both individual and group, of Catholics in San Jorge La Laguna as well as the neighboring towns of Panajachel and Sololá. I also explore what challenges the church faces and how those challenges impact the church. Data was gathered through both qualitative and quantitative methods over a period of approximately seven weeks while living with a host family San Jorge La Laguna, a town on Lake Atitlán. Through the collection and analysis of data I found that the two main challenges are a lack of money and decrease in participation. (F-137)

SHERWOOD, Yvonne (UCSC) When We Follow: Social Movement Camps as Learning Places. As appropriate as fear of state violence and global change can be, many of us working in education have found this fear to be debilitating for our students in the university classroom and so struggle to find ways to inspire participation. This paper starts with the premise that, like the classroom, social movement camps are sites for knowledge transmission and production and, thus, interrogates how ‘participation’ is differently imagined across these two spaces. Research methods include ethnographic data collection and open-ended interviews with activists concerned with the environment to lay a foundation for future critical-ecopedagogy and public sociology. ysherwoo@ucsc.edu (W-08)

SHIELDS, Kate (U Oregon), BARRINGTON, Dani (U Leeds), MEO, Semisi (U S Pacific), SRIDHARAN, Srinivas and SAUNDERS, Stephen (Monash U), BARTRAM, Jamie (UNC), SOUTER, Regina (Int’l Water Ctr) Participatory Collectives to Support Universal Water and Sanitation Access: Embracing Uncertainty, Emergence and Relevance. The “enabling environment” is seen as a key part of achieving universal access to water and sanitation through the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 6. In this paper we seek to interrogate elements of this enabling environment imaginary and ideas of participation to propose an alternative conception of water and sanitation management and good governance, one of an ecology of participatory collectives. Our case study is transdisciplinary research on supporting access to water and sanitation products and services in informal settlements in Melanesia. We share insights from participatory collectives as they engaged in participatory experiments, built practical authority, and created change. kfs@uoregon.edu (TH-17)

SHIMAZAKI, Yuko (Waseda U) Gender Issues Concerning Migrant Labor in Cambodian Agricultural Communities. In this paper, we aim to conduct a comparative analysis of the structural and situational aspects of both male and female migrant labor in agricultural communities. We thus analyze the factors and conditions involved and compare the social environments of men and women. To understand the social conditions of the agricultural community surrounding the laborers in the concerned region, we conduct a survey on the awareness of inhabitants of agricultural villages about migrant labor and laborers. From the results, although migrant labor concerns both men and women, we identify several gender-specific issues, characteristics, and vulnerabilities. yshimazaki@aoni.waseda.jp (TH-100)

SHIO, Jasmine (U Amsterdam) Inclusivity and Accessibility of HIV Interventions Targeting Gay Men in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. This paper explores the inclusivity and accessibility of the HIV interventions targeting men who have sex with men (MSM), a behavioral category that include men who identify as gay. Although these interventions aim to include diverse MSM, regardless of their age and socio-economic classes this is always not the case. Conclusions for this study are built on a one-year of ethnographic research conducted among gay men aged 18 years and above in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. I argue that HIV interventions targeting MSM are designed in a manner that structurally excludes gay men with different ages and class positions. J.M.Shio@uva.nl (S-37)

SHIRLEY, Danielle (San Juan Sch District) Native Youth Advocacy in a Public School District. This paper describes practices and methodologies of youth advocacy utilized as a key component of culturally relevant approaches to address barriers to Native American student achievement, and to provide opportunities for students and families to engage in cultural learning. The San Juan School District in SE Utah, partnering with the Navajo Nation and Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, is implementing a US Office of Indian Education Native Youth Community Project (NYCP) grant, serving approximately 1,600 Native American students. This paper describes the work of K-12 advocacy by an MSW level, Navajo Youth Advocate. dshirley@sjsd.org (F-99)

SHOHET, Merav (Boston U) Preparing for Death in Đà Nẵng, Vietnam. Recent decades’ marketization and privatization reforms under the policy of đổi mới (Renovation) have led to a contraction of Vietnam’s public health care system, just as the incidence of hypertension and other diseases has been rising. With a decline in nationalized forms of care, families—and especially women—are idealized as steadfast care-takers who unquestioningly shoulder the burdens of sustaining their own continuity and viability, as households remain the normative and preferred terminal care sites. Drawing on long-term ethnographic fieldwork in Đà Nẵng, this paper considers how families cope with terminal illness and manage bereavement following death. shohetm@bu.edu (F-63)

SHRESTHA, Milan (ASU) and BYERS, Alton (U Colorado, INSTAAR) Socio-ecological Systems of Glacial Floods and Disaster Risks in the Mt. Everest Region, Nepal. Glacial floods can be catastrophic to the nearby and downstream communities. Scientists believe Mt. Everest region is vulnerable to these floods because of climate change. Although risks of glacial floods are well- known to the scientists, policy and societal response has been slow and complicated in this region characterized by booming adventure tourism and rapid socio-cultural and ecological changes. The preliminary results of our study suggest that communities perceive and prioritize the threats and risks of such “projected” (or estimated) hazards in a different way than scientists do, and their perception is driven by complex, interwoven sets of social factors. milan@milanshrestha.com (W-158)

SHRIVER-RICE, Allyx and MADDUX, Erin (CSULB) Quality of Life Officers as Liaisons to Drug Detox and Rehabilitation Centers. In the city of Long Beach, Quality of Life Officers have been established in order to help decrease the homeless population. This is accomplished by utilizing public and private services available to the Officers, such as drug detox and rehabilitation centers. These centers are expensive and often filled to capacity. I will use ethnographic data to reveal how having the Quality of Life Officers acting as Liaisons is one of the most important aspects of this program. It leads to successful rehab placement, free care, and a supervised continuum of care. (W-165)

SIERRA, Mayra (U Houston) Women in the Lead: Countering Hegemonic Representations of Leadership and Resilience in Post-Harvey East Houston. This presentation describes the leadership roles taken on by women in socio-economically disadvantaged neighborhoods in Houston, Texas, and contrasts these roles to the imagery of “leadership” as a predominantly male quality in hegemonic representations of Hurricane Harvey’s aftermath. I consider how this examination of leadership representations inevitably demands a critical analysis of the ways the resilience concept in disaster studies ignores issues of race and political economy. I conclude by pointing out that the predominantly African American and Latinx East Houston is undergoing a slow recovery as an effect of imposed socio-economic marginalization and not as a lack of resilience. (W-38)

SIFUENTES, Julie and YORK, Emily (OR Hlth Authority), HILL, Amy (Story Center) Voices of the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs: A Climate and Health Digital Storytelling Project. In Oregon’s Climate and Health Resilience Plan, storytelling is identified as a key strategy for building climate resilience. This paper describes a collaborative digital storytelling project led by the Oregon Health Authority in collaboration with members of the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs and the Story Center. During a three-day workshop, each participant in the project developed a script focusing on the health impacts of climate change and learned how to use software to create their own digital story. The presenter will show excerpts of the videos and discuss how storytelling can support climate action, climate equity, and community resilience. julie.sifuentes@state.or.us (S-07)

SIGMUND, Kimberly (U Amsterdam) From Zero Hunger to Feeding the Future: Navigating Migration and Nutrition between Guatemala and the USA. This paper explores the implementation of the First 1000 Days adaptive global health intervention as it pertains to Guatemalan women as they navigate issues of gender, nutrition, migration and motherhood between Guatemala and the USA. Focusing on Guatemalan women’s experiences accessing and engaging with maternal and infant nutritional programming while also managing their migration to the USA, I discuss what access Guatemalans have to maternal and infant nutritional healthcare in both countries, how this links into their desires to create better lives for their children by migrating to the USA, and how anthropologists can effectively engage with this topic. k.r.sigmund@uva.nl (W-10)

SILVA, Angela (NOAA Fisheries/Integrated Statistics) The Graying of the Fleet and Closing the Data Gap on Commercial Fishing Industry Crew in the Northeast U.S. The rising age (graying) of fishermen has been identified as a threat to the future of the commercial fishing industry. New entrants into the industry usually begin as crew, but very little is known about the experience of crew in the Northeast. Social scientists at NOAA Fisheries implemented a crew survey to gather demographic information to help characterize crew, their job satisfaction, and their perceptions of the fishing industry. Analyzing graying themes from oral histories and the crew survey can provide a better understanding of constraints to new entry and other potential limitations for growth in the fishing industry. angela.silva@noaa.gov (F-113)

SIMMS, MichelleERICKSEN, Annika, and VERSLUIS, Anna (Gustavus Adolphus Coll) Engaging Change in Agriculture: Perspectives from Dairy Producers and Consumers in Southern Minnesota. Midwestern communities have been transformed by declining participation in agriculture and a growing rift between farmers’ and consumers’ understandings of what healthy, sustainable, and humane farming looks like. Consumer suspicion of dairy practices corresponds to increasing interest in local and organic foods and to a growing distance between farmers and consumers as the industry consolidates. We interviewed dairy farmers and consumers in southern Minnesota to compare their perceptions and values relating to dairy production. We also engaged participants in a group analysis of product labels. Facilitating common ground between producers and consumers could help in supporting a sustainable dairy industry. aerickse@gustavus.edu (F-64)

SIMON, Andrea (Simon Assoc Mgmt Consultants) On the Brink: How Anthropology Can Help Businesses Grow. Our presentation will set forth illustrative case studies based on our experiences applying anthropology to corporate challenges. Reflecting clients in healthcare, higher education, and services industries, we share common themes and unique perspectives reflecting the specific problems to be solved and the recurring challenges of their corporate cultures. Included in the presentation will be lessons learned as a corporate executive that make the consultative role credible to business leaders. asimon@simonassociates.net (W-22)

SITTLER, Christopher (U Arizona) Interpreting Interpretations: Native Voices in Public Displays. This paper discusses potentials for inclusion of culturally connected peoples in the development of informative displays throughout public lands in the United States. Primary data from three ethnographic studies of national parks in Southeast Utah reveal disconnects between information shared and American Indian perceptions of space and resources. Informative displays are at the forefront of visitors’ experience and education. These displays maintain “western” frameworks that often essentialize American Indians or depreciate their aboriginal connections. Recommendations provided during interviews from 2014-2018 illustrate creative ways to both increase stakeholder participation in park management and expose visitors to stronger American Indian narratives. csittler@email.arizona.edu (S-08)

SJOSTROM, AnjaCIANNELLI, Lorenzo, and CONWAY, Flaxen (OR State U) Exploring the Benefits of Combining Local and Scientific Ecological Knowledge to Reconstruct Historical Usage of the Oregon Nearshore Groundfish Trawl Fishery. Combining fisheries data from experiential (local ecological knowledge [LEK]; trawl logbooks, fish tickets, interviews) and scientific (SEK; agency/academic trawls) sources may augment understanding of vitality and use of Oregon’s nearshore groundfish trawl fishery. Our approach uses statistical analysis and modeling of nearshore trawl effort from 1976-present, and LEK interviews of intergenerational fishermen to bolster data-poor areas. Offering insight to sampling strategies, and historical knowledge of access to groundfish assemblages, we hope to establish a framework for combined knowledge approaches and provide baselines for future management. Preliminary results indicate mixed-methods provide thorough assessment of long-term interest in Oregon’s nearshore groundfish fishery. sjostroa@oregonstate.edu (TH-53)

SKOGGARD, Ian (Yale U) Pragmatics of Affect: The Practice and Ethnology of Emotion Talk. The anthropology of emotions recognizes people’s intentional and pragmatic use of affect. My own community organizing experience in New Haven, Connecticut has made me appreciate the necessity of emotional intensification of social relationships in local political work. I discuss the importance of “emotion talk” in my political practice and how it has opened up my understanding of the ethnology of emotions, kinship, and social relationships, in general. I will also discuss scientific and theological concepts of love, such as altruism and agape, respectively; and how they relate to the anthropology of emotions and community organizing in Neoliberal times. ian.skoggard@yale.edu (TH-105)

SKOWRONEK, Russell (UTRVG) The Community Historical Archaeology Project with Schools (CHAPS) Program: A Decade-long Retrospective. Founded in 2009 the CHAPS Program is an interdisciplinary consortium of university professors focusing on anthropology, archaeology, biology, communications, geology, and history who share research interests in deep south Texas adjacent to the Rio Grande. The resulting research is shared professionally and through K-17 education and community engagement. Since 2009 this award-winning team has conducted work on the natural- and prehistory of the region and have created a bi-lingual trail between Brownsville and Laredo complete with podcasts, films, and lesson plans focusing on the American Civil War. Additionally, detailed studies of eight farm families have been conducted. russell.skowronek@utrgv.edu (S-21)

SLOAN, Anna and CARUSO, Annie (U Oregon) Explorations of Decolonial Heritage Management: Two Case Studies from Indigenous and Subaltern Museums. This paper explores how two small community-based museums are grappling with challenges and opportunities brought about by local archaeology projects. The first case study addresses the impacts of Euro-American archaeological field practices upon a museum in the Eastern Caribbean. To address disjunctures in heritage management strategies between stakeholder groups, ethnocritical methods are used to construct a decolonial paradigm featuring subaltern perspectives. Our second case study explores how community-based heritage management has been largely successful for a village museum in Southwest Alaska. Here, decolonial methods have allowed for local needs and limitations to be honored in museal practice. asloan3@uoregon.edu (W-51)

SMITH, Cassie Lynn (UNM) Educating Youth in Turbulent Times: Applied Anthropology as the Foundation for Critical Borderlands Pedagogy. Historically, the public education system in the US has not focused on Mexican American cultural heritage. Instead, public schooling reinforces mainstream cultural norms. In this presentation, I analyze an applied ethnographic project titled, “Activating the Archive: Mexican American Arts, Activism, and Education in Central Texas.” In this collaboration between the Emma S. Barrientos Mexican American Cultural Center and the University of Texas Benson Latin American Collection, I created a digital education guide that highlights Mexican Americans in Austin, Texas. The praxis-based curriculum couples artistic and ethnographic methods with anthropological theory to make projects such as poetry and social justice campaigns. casita31@unm.edu (F-67)

SMITH, Julia (EWU) Why Haven’t Geographic Indications Taken Off in Coffee?Even though single origin coffee is increasingly valuable in the specialty coffee market, the legal protection of coffee areas – whether using geographic indications or other legal protections of systems of terroir – has lagged. This paper explores why there are so few officially protected coffee regions compared to the complex system of legally defined regions for products like wine. The high=end coffee market emphasizes coffee’s origins in terms of individual farms and producers, rather than regions, while nations have found it contentious to define sub-national entities. That leaves defining geographic indications without a single constituency to push it forward. julia.smith@ewu.edu (S-32)

SMITH, Stephanie and AH, Eugenio (Mentalmorphosis Belize) Initiative to Inspire Youth for Proactive Change in Southern Belize. In Toledo District, Belize, pressures from politics, immigration, economic markets, climate change, etc. create divisions and seemingly insurmountable challenges. These forces are creating a need for proactive steps to ensure stable livelihoods and environmental sustainability. Through a learning center that combines training in agroecology, leadership, and life skills, our approach is to prepare youth to be leaders who can adapt to dynamic conditions, taking advantage of opportunities available in the global community. By providing the next generation with access to knowledge and resources, our goal is to enable them to take action for the benefit of themselves and their communities. Stephanie_Smith1@alumni.baylor.edu (F-67)

SNIDER, Michele (UNT) The User Experience of Anthropology Students: Challenges and Recommendations for the NAPA Website.Anthropology students at all levels of the academy (undergrad, masters and PhD) are the pipeline of our profession. To increase the student membership, the research reports on the needs of anthropology students as they explore careers, graduate school and other options after graduation. Using design anthropology principles, we explored the student user experience on the website using in-depth interviews. The research revealed a lack of awareness of NAPA among students. In addition, students more than any other user group, have little tolerance for cumbersome navigation and irrelevant content. This paper offers implications for the redesign of NAPA’s webpage. michelesnider@my.unt.edu (W-127)

SNYDER, Karen (UBC) Measuring Change in Anti-Slavery Interventions: Evaluating Impact for Individuals, Communities, and Governments. With an estimated 40 million people in modern slavery around the world, many governments, international agencies, NGOs, businesses and local grassroots groups are engaged in anti-trafficking programs. Evaluating the impact of these interventions requires consideration of both the unit of analysis (vulnerable individuals, communities that know their rights, or governments that enforce laws and policies) and the theory of change. This paper describes one anti-slavery organization’s transition journey using community-based participatory methods to understand and document change in awareness, survivor reintegration, rule of law and socioeconomic status around forced labour, child labour, forced marriage and sex trafficking. snyderkarenwork@gmail.com (W-134)

SORENSEN, Amanda (UBC) Indigenous Representation “In a Different Light”: Critical Readings of the Museum of Anthropology’s Masterworks Gallery. The University of British Columbia’s Museum of Anthropology recently constructed the Gallery of Northwest Coast Masterworks and inaugurated the space with its first exhibition: “In a Different Light: Reflecting On Northwest Coast Art.” Synthesizing critical reflections on this exhibition expressed by Indigenous students with perspectives from associated curators, this paper analyzes the effects of display choices, grappling with how the contemporary museum negotiates notions of the ‘masterwork.’ As many museums develop decolonial practices centering people rather than objects, how can exhibitions be curated in order to welcome, rather than alienate, those who see their own cultures represented within anthropological exhibitions? (W-51)

SORENSEN, Mark (Star School) Indigenizing Schools through NavajoPeacemaking. American schools have long been used as a vehicle for acculturating Native American students into the mainstream American culture. It is ironic that schools serving Native American populations are now in the position of helping to strengthen and connect students to their indigenous heritage. By utilizing Navajo Peacemaking as an alternative to mainstream disciplinary processes at the STAR School, we are implementing a highly effective conflict resolution process that predates European contact. Our school is committed to practicing the core values that are at the heart of Peacemaking thereby greatly reducing conflict. mark.sorensen@starschool.org (F-99)

SOUNDARARAJAN, SrinathSHARMA, AnuPUENTE, Melany, and KWON, Daniel (Duke Global Hlth Inst), BENNETT, Elaine M. (Saint Vincent Coll), BOYD, David (Duke Global Hlth Inst) Assessing the Impact of Hazardous Air Pollution in Guatemalan Households. Hazardous air pollution (HAP) is a major household determinant of health among the indigenous Maya population of Guatemala. HAP in the household can cause respiratory illnesses, such as asthma, and increase susceptibility to respiratory infections. This paper assesses data collected through surveys aiming to gauge sources of household air pollution in two socioeconomically disparate towns on Lake Atitlán. The synthesized data contributes to an ongoing partnership with the Organization for the Development of the Indigenous Maya (ODIM) that aims to develop and implement evidence-based interventions that are feasible and sustainable under local conditions. (TH-36)

SOURDRIL, Anne (CNRS-LADYSS), BARBARO, Luc (INRA-Dynafor), LE TOURNEAU, François-Michel and VINCENT, Lisa (U Arizona) What Bird Songs Can Tell Us of Local Perceptions of Environmental Changes?: A Case Study along a Gradient of Human Pressure in South Arizona. Bird song diversity appears as a good indicator of environmental changes for both scientists and local communities. Here we analyze soundscapes and their perceptions along a gradient of human pressure in Southern Arizona with a combination of ethnographic and ecological methods. Our study area, known for the richness of its avifauna, is currently under major transformations such as urbanization or mining projects. We show that our sites are characterized by soundscape profiles influenced by land-uses and conservation attempts where birds’ songs appear to be crucial component allowing local people to make sense of the changes. (W-138)

SOUSA, Veronica (Princeton U) Aging Communally: Contemporary Care among the Elderly in Lisbon. In a Senior Day Center in Lisbon, intimate relationships built on communal care – between the care workers, staff, elderly, and among the elderly themselves, are integral to the everyday life at the Center itself. In this paper, I intend to show how caring for each other allows for a “good life” different than the one imagined by the post-welfare state and circumvents the neoliberal ideal of the “good life” inscribed in “active” and autonomous aging campaigns. Communal care allows us to consider new ways of caring beyond the state, while reconfiguring labor, gender, intimacy, and intersubjectivity. (W-37)

SOUZA, Margaret (SUNY-Empire State Coll) Death Denial: Advertising Hope. In this presentation I argue that television advertising support and promote that the idea that death can be avoided. By underscoring the power of medicine in all aspects of one’s life to overcome any difficulty to the ability to stop the onslaught of medical issues advertising promotes a sense that disease can be conquered by modern medical interventions. Margaret.Souza@esc.edu (F-93)

SPITZER, Suzi (UMD) How Are Citizen Scientists Advancing Chesapeake Bay Environmental Science?Citizen science encourages public inclusion in the creation and use of environmental science data. Including citizen scientists in the early developmental stages of a volunteer monitoring program enables researchers and other stakeholders to co-create collaborative programs that engage volunteers in local environmental issues while also generating socially-relevant, scientifically-useful knowledge. This talk will present citizen science as a tool for community engagement and transdisciplinary research and will highlight two ongoing citizen science programs in the Chesapeake Bay that are both responsive to community needs and effective in addressing complex scientific questions and socio-environmental problems. sspitzer@umces.edu (W-122)

SPLAVEC, Eric (U Kansas) Examining the Colonial Legacy of Health and Development in Mufindi, Tanzania. This summer I had the opportunity to travel to the Mufindi District of Tanzania and see firsthand the impact that British Colonialism has left on the communities of rural Tanzania. In this paper I shall discuss the historical context of this occupation, the issues that colonialism has wrought on contemporary healthcare issues and how the Mufindi District in particular has dealt with this colonial legacy. As well as serving as an analysis as to how these power dynamics and other obstacles impede further progress and success for the Tanzanians that have inherited this legacy. ericsplavec@ku.edu (W-96)

SPOON, Jeremy (Portland State U) and GERKEY, Drew (OR State U) Developing and Operationalizing Resilience Indicators from the 2015 Nepal Earthquakes. Disaster recovery is a multidimensional phenomenon. Several variables require assemblage over spatial and temporal scales. Identifying appropriate resilience indicators has relevance to both policy and practice and requires participatory approaches to communicate results to appropriate audiences. We present multi-sited research from Himalayan Nepal with 400 households at 9 months, 1.5 years, and 2.5 years after the catastrophic 2015 earthquakes. We focus on the development of recovery indicators and multidimensional variables representing five domains of resilience (hazard exposure, livelihood diversity, institutional context, connectivity, and social memory) and how we communicated results to participants, policymakers, and practitioners in a series of workshops. jspoon@pdx.edu (F-20)

STAINOVA, Yana (Dartmouth Coll) Communities of Sound. How do people continue to create communities in the face of violence, forced migration, surveillance, and the fear of deportation? I delve into this question through my ethnographic work with first and second generation Latinx artists and activists at a community cultural center in Los Angeles. By playing music together with my interlocutors, I study how collective music practices create circuits along which energy is passed from one person to another. This energy – as it both projects and enacts community – may then be used to reimagine gender and ethnic identities. stainova.yana@gmail.com (TH-104)

STANLEY, Chester (Navajo Nation) Traditional Navajo Peacemaking in a Public School District. This paper describes practices of Traditional Peacemaking—as defined by the Peacemaking Program of the Judicial Branch of the Navajo Nation—presented by an Elder Navajo Peacemaker. The San Juan School District in SE Utah, partnering with the Navajo Nation, is implementing a US Office of Indian Education Native Youth Community Project (NYCP) grant, which features Peacemaking as a key component of culturally relevant approaches to address barriers to Native American student achievement, and to provide opportunities for students and families to engage in cultural learning. The project serves approximately 1,600 students. cstanley@navajo-nsn.gov (F-99)

STANLEY, Daina (McMaster U) “Old and Locked Up”: Prisoners’ Experiences of Aging in State Custody. Prisoners are more prone to accelerated aging than the general population, and, in the U.S., older inmates are now the fastest growing demographic group in the prison system. Yet, most prisons fail to provide humane quality care for aging prisoners. Based extensive ethnographic research conducted in prison medical units, infirmaries, an assisted living unit and a peer-based hospice, I shed light on the lived realities of aging and older incarcerated men in state custody. Further, I suggest concrete modalities for holistic prisoner care, that include prisoners in the process, that will impact the health and well-being of prisoners. stanld@mcmaster.ca (F-96)

STANLEY, Erin (Wayne State U) Undervalued and Overassessed: Tax Foreclosure Crisis and Anthropological Homework in Detroit. This paper explores themes of place, race, and domination amidst engagement in tax foreclosure activism and anthropological homework in Detroit. While this city has faced no shortage of turbulent times, the foreclosure of more than 100,000 houses, (10% of which are estimated to be caused solely by unconstitutional assessments), has inflicted deep wounds and inspired restorative healing for those calling Detroit home (Atuahene & Berry, 2018, p. 1). Drawing from autoethnography, critical discourse analysis, and participant observation, this paper reveals that “home once interrogated is a place we have never before been,” and one worth fighting for (Visweswaran, 1994, 113). erin.stanley2@wayne.edu (W-155)

STAPLETON, Charles (NIU & DuPage Coll) and STAPLETON, Maria (NIU) Cultural Models of Nature in a Semi-rural Highland Community in Central Mexico: Phase III. Cultural Models research in a semi-arid, semi-rural Central Mexican highland community where rainfed agriculture is threatened by local climate change and industrial development. We use semi-structured interviews, ranking, and rating activities to elicit local farmers’ emic conceptualization of nature. Semantic role, keyword, and thematic analyses of their ideas, rituals and behaviors reveal complex relationships between humans, the natural world, and the supernatural-religious realm. Topics include farmers’ differential valuation of local and foreign crops; trees, mountains, and supernatural entities conceived as agentive in bringing rain; certain people directly modifying local rains; and animals as bearers of knowledge of climatic change. (W-135)

STAPLETON, Maria (NIU) and STAPLETON, Charles (NIU & DuPage Coll) Negotiation of Indigenous Identity in Rural Mexico: Cultural Syncretism in Art and Ritual. This study reveals how the villagers of Tlanalapan, an agricultural-industrial town in the central highlands of Mexico, employ the syncretistic art of a 16th century Franciscan church facade, a crucifix made of corn, and local rituals with pre-Hispanic roots as instruments to negotiate their own identity. This village has persisted for over two millennia, surviving the Spanish-Christian conquest and most recently industrialization and globalization by generating, adapting, and/or adopting new configurations in economic, religious, and social domains resulting in cultural syncretism. (W-15)

STAPLETON, Sarah (U Oregon) Bringing Future Teachers to the Table: Exploring Food in Schools through Critical Food Systems Education. In this presentation, I share my approach teaching food systems to education students through a course I have created focusing on food in schools. Topics explored in my course include food insecurity in schools, student food identity, food in the curriculum, school gardens, and school food. Based on students’ written work and comments, I posit that education students have largely been left out of food systems education, yet when given the opportunity, they can become crucial advocates for improving school food systems. I present evidence for the need to include food systems education as a core feature of teacher education. sstaplet@uoregon.edu (TH-18)

STARK, Randy (SIUE) The Global and the Local in Coffee House Culture. This project explores the differences between coffee houses in similar neighborhoods within the cities of Chiang Mai, Thailand and St. Louis, Missouri. Using qualitative and quantitative data collected by participant observation, it compares cultural differences, the utilization of space within coffee houses, and the drinks ordered between these two locations. Employing the framework of Pierre Bourdieu’s practice theory, the project also looks at the history of commercialized coffee, coffee growing practices, and social indicators. The goal is to see how individuals use coffee as a vehicle to personalize the world around them in the frame of globalization. randyastark97@gmail.com (F-37)

STEEN-ADAMS, Michelle and CHARNLEY, Susan (PNWRS, USFS), MCLAIN, Rebecca (Portland State U), ADAMS, Mark and WENDEL, Kendra (PNWRS, USFS) Traditional Knowledge of Fire Use by the Tenino, Kiksht Wasco, and Numu Peoples across the Eastside Cascade Range: Applications to Forest and Big-Leaf Huckleberry Restoration. Traditional knowledge can guide efforts to restore forest resilience to natural disturbances. This talk presents a collaborative effort with the Tenino, Kiksht Wasco, and Numu (northern Paiute) peoples (now Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs) to generate insights for restoring conifer forest landscapes and enhancing cultural resources. We examined qualitative and spatial data derived from oral history interviews, participatory GIS focus groups, archival records, and historical forest surveys to characterize cultural fire regimes (CFRs) of ecological zones of the eastside Cascades. Our findings yielded applications to forest and cultural resource restoration, particularly big-leaf huckleberry, at management unit and landscape scales. mmsteenadams@fs.fed.us (T-35)

STEIN, Max (U Alabama) Cultural Models of Mobility: Using Cultural Consensus Modeling to Explore Push/Pull Factors of Network Migration in Trujillo, Peru. With the aim of advancing the cross-disciplinary study of migration in the Andes, I conducted interviews with n=88 highland migrants living year-round in the city of Trujillo, Peru using cultural consensus modeling to analyze their individual and collective migration goals (personal/household aims; economic motivations; status attainment) and lifestyle aspirations (material acquisitions; leisure-time activities). Respondents share a single cultural model of migration success; however, the distribution of their knowledge replicates the highly gendered nature of migration in the Andes. Results offer further explanation how cognitive knowledge systems are embedded in patterns of human physical and social mobility. maxjstein@gmail.com (F-99)

STEPHEN, Emily (NIU) Cultural Models of Mental Illness of Outpatients and Clinicians in DeKalb, Illinois. This paper focuses on an emic understanding of the cultural models of mental illness held by outpatients and mental health professionals in rural-suburban Illinois. Structured interviews and cognitive tasks were used to investigate this topic. Among mental health clinicians, there was an unsurprising biomedical organization of mental health disorders found. A psychosocial understanding of mental illness was used by outpatients in terms of symptomology; especially how symptoms of mental illness contribute to personal identity and social expression. I conclude that outpatients’ intimate, personal experiences with mental illness worked to form a different cultural model than that held by clinicians. estephen@niu.edu (W-135)

STEPHENSON, Garry and GWIN, Lauren (OR State U) Beginning Farmer Developmental Stages and Training the Next Generation of Farmers. The current beginning farmer movement in the U.S. is both grassroots and supported by federal policy. Educational programs funded by the USDA to train new farmers are provided through a wide variety of approaches and organizations. Often these programs offer training in topics that do not have context or immediate application for the farmer based on their experience level, and the information goes unlearned. Our research indicates beginning farmers pass through developmental stages and their desire for information and training shifts as they mature. Examples are offered of how this conceptual framework influences our program design, content, delivery, and timing. garry.stephenson@oregonstate.edu (W-48)

STEPHENSON, Moriah Bailey (U Arizona) Reverberations of Resilience: Deployments and Imaginings of Louisiana Resilience in Turbulent Times. In southern Louisiana, discourses of resilience have been deployed by scientists, politicians, industry leaders, and community organizations. This paper will explore the reverberations of resilience, and ask: what meanings does resiliency take on at different times and in different contexts? How is resiliency bound up in notions of identity, and what are the implications of discourses of resilience for communities coping with the turbulence of disasters and transitions? Examining how resilience is imagined differently by different people and in different contexts sheds light on how social scientists’ applications of resilience hold meaning for local communities in southern Louisiana. mbstephenson@email.arizona.edu (TH-138)

STEPP, John Richard (UFL) Environmental Change, Market Integration and Farmer Responses in Southern Yunnan. This paper summarizes the social science work from a NSF CNH project on climate change, market integration and indigenous tea farmer responses in Southern Yunnan. In recent years, there has been tremendous interest by outsiders in tea grown by indigenous peoples in the region. This demand has brought rapid market integration and cultural change in the region. While the sudden wealth has allowed for some cultural practices to resume there has also been a shift away from tradition and towards adoption of lowland and urban practices. There are also significant pressures on the local environment and economy due to climate change. stepp@ufl.edu (F-50)

STEVENS, Melissa (Global Philadelphia Assoc) Collaborate and Listen: Applying a Participatory Approach to Building the Online Heritage Education Resource Center. The Online Heritage Education Resource Center (LearnPhillyHeritage.org) was designed by Global Philadelphia Association (GPA) to ensure that all Philadelphia students have access to the educational resources and opportunities that they need to fully realize the benefits of living in the nation’s first World Heritage City. Despite the wealth of educational resources available in Philadelphia, GPA learned through a Teacher Needs Assessment that many teachers have difficulty accessing resources that are relevant and affordable. This paper describes the role that an anthropological approach played in designing and developing the Resource Center in collaboration with Philadelphia educators and partnering organizations. melissa.stevens7@gmail.com (TH-99)

STEWART STEFFENSMEIER, Kenda and VAN TIEM, Jennifer M. (CADRE),WAKEFIELD, Bonnie J., (CADRE, U Missouri Sch of Nursing), STEWART, Greg L., (VISN 23 Patient Aligned Care Team Demonstration Lab, U Iowa), ZEMBLIDGE, Nancy A., (VISN 23 Patient Aligned Care Team Demonstration Lab, VA), STEFFEN, Melissa (CADRE), MOECKLI, Jane (VISN 23 Patient Aligned Care Team Demonstration Lab, VA) Making a PACT with a Scribe: Collective Action to Integrate Medical Scribing in Patient Aligned Primary Care Teams. The increased use of technology in medical care has counterintuitively inspired innovations designed to re-humanize the patient-provider encounter. Aiming to reduce documentation time and increase patient-care time, the Veterans Health Administration piloted a scribing initiative in primary care to address insufficient provider staffing and provider burnout. Applying the analytical framework of “enacting work,” derived from Normalization Process Theory (NPT) to rapid ethnographic data, we illustrate how scribing involved new kinds of work, and that the accumulative changes involved in integrating scribing re-centered the patient during medical encounters and provided a context where care workers developed interpersonally and professionally valuable relationships. kenda.steffensmeier@va.gov (F-03)

STILL, Mike (Boston U) Rising Tides: An Ethnographic Case Study of Resident-Activists in an Environmental Justice Community. Environmental justice communities in the US are located at a nexus of social justice, political and corporate interest, and public health. This paper explores how resident activists, primarily those who identify as Latinx and female, simultaneously inhabit roles of community member, fundraiser, and political actor. The author spent over a year as a staff member of an urban EJ organization in Massachusetts, participating in and observing community meetings, fundraising efforts, municipal and state level environmental impact hearings, and organized protests. These community activists wrestle with the tension of simultaneously depending on and disrupting systems that have historically burdened their community.mstill@bu.edu (TH-32)

STINE, Linda (UNCG) Applying Archaeology with Open Space. The Open Space committee, a volunteer citizen’s group in Guilford County, discovered properties to serve as wildlife refuges and protected watersheds through purchase and designation as Open Space. An applied archaeologist, asked to examine a colonial cabin, arrived to see it being dismantled—on protected Open Space lands. This encouraged an on-site discussion about the value of combining preservation of natural and cultural sites through Open Space. This policy was adopted and worked well when combined with University of North Carolina Greensboro’s community-engaged archaeology program. Faculty could take students from the classroom into the field while engaging with community members. lfstine@uncg.edu (TH-168)

STINNETT, Ashley (WKU) Virtual Reality and Immersive Environments: Engagements with New Methodological Approaches in Applied Research. Much of virtual reality is currently oriented towards commercial entertainment products such as gaming, but in the last few years we have seen the emergence of new multimodal participatory practices including immersive documentary, virtual education-oriented projects and anthropological research in immersive ethnography. This paper explores the research possibilities of using immersive environment technology in an applied setting. Based on 360° footage shot over the summer in Holland, I will discuss some challenges and applications of omni-directional virtual reality collaboration and online virtual tours, with a focus on reciprocity with community stakeholders. ashley.stinnett@wku.edu (W-68)

STOFFLE, Brent (NOAA SEFSC) What Unites Us Is Greater than What Divides Us: An Examination of the Yellowtail Commercial and Recreational Fisheries in South Florida.Researchers from NOAA's SEFSC recently completed 8 months of research on the South Florida Yellowtail fishery. This included more than 40 informal interviews with commercial fishermen, recreational fishermen and dealers. We also conducted six focus group interviews, in addition to group interviews with Recreational Fishing Associations members. Our primary research focus related to issues of catch allocation. What we found surprised us as these fishermen, often financially, spatially and ideologically pitted against one another, shared many perspectives and often reached similar types of pragmatic and policy related solutions. This presentation demonstrates that future collaboration with “competing” sectors might actually be beneficial in policy development. brent.stoffle@noaa.gov (TH-53)

STOFFLE, Richard (U Arizona) Stone Arches as GeoFacts in Utah National Parks: Epistemological Divides in Environmental Communication.This essay contrasts the GeoFacts about large stone arches that derive from the science of geology with the GeoFacts about large stone arches that derive from the cultural beliefs of Native Americans. Geologists interpret arches as inert stones that have been eroded away by natural forces, while Native Americans see arches as having been formed by the Creator as stone portals designed to provide travel to other dimensions. The epistemological divide that these premises create is a significant barrier to environmental communication. The analysis is based on 484 ethnographic interviews (168 at Arches NP and 316 at Canyonlands NP) with representatives of six tribes and pueblos. rstoffle@email.arizona.edu (S-08)

STOLZ, Suzanne (U San Diego) Co-Constructing Frames for Resistance: Reflections on Disability by a Daughter and Her Mother. How can a mother of a disabled child imagine the life she will lead? Without models, how can that child come to understand her place in the world? Self-reflecting on my own experience with my mother, I explore ideas of loss and acceptance, independence and interdependence, and resistance to deficit models of disability. Using old journals, a family photograph, email and phone correspondence with my mother, I employ autoethnography to critique common beliefs about life with disability and offer our story as a model that other families might draw from. sstolz@sandiego.edu (W-103)

STONECIPHER, Jessica-Jean (UFL) Illness, Aging, and Access: Palliative Care Patients’ Healthcare Networks. As the number of chronically ill aging patients in the United States has increased, so has access to palliative care programs. This research examines how patients access palliative care in tandem with other formal and informal health care to create their own healthcare networks while navigating serious illnesses and vulnerable health statuses. This research examines 23 interviews with palliative care patients at three different hospitals in Denver, Colorado as well as participant observation at the hospitals and in patients’ homes. This study attends to the healthcare networks and expectations that palliative care patients create for themselves through care seeking. jcasler@ufl.edu (F-96)

STOREY, Angela (U Louisville) An Everyday Politics of Access: The Political Ecology of Infrastructure in Cape Town’s Informal Settlements. This paper examines everyday modes of access to water, sanitation, and electricity infrastructure for residents of informal settlements in Cape Town, South Africa. With dramatic variations in infrastructural access, residents of informal settlements forge access to critical resources through webs of material connections that bring individual and collective actors together in various arrangements of necessity and opportunity, highlighting also how political activism overlaps with everyday infrastructural practice. Based on 18 months of ethnographic research with residents of three informal settlements, I discuss how policies of commodification, commercialization, and privatization of basic services manifest in the lives of marginalized communities. (W-17)

STOREY, Angela and JOHNSON, David (U Louisville), SMITH, Allison (Louisville Metro) Making Participation Productive: Possibilities and Challenges of Public Engagement Research in Louisville, KY. This paper draws from a two-year interdisciplinary project conducted by faculty and students from the University of Louisville and public engagement staff from Metro Louisville, the combined city and county government. We examine the challenges of public participation, asking how the pressures upon city staff to craft spaces of community engagement connect to the challenges for researchers in studying such processes. We also reflect upon the possibilities of applied scholarship for shaping and improving public participation within cities, and discuss in what ways joint research projects might offer a specific path for expanding community engagement. (W-100)

STORM, Linda (EPA) Integrating Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Wisdom into Wetland Protection, Management, and Restoration in the Pacific Northwest. Several Pacific Northwest tribes have developed wetland program plans incorporating tribal cultural values and traditional ecological knowledge. These plans identify core elements with specific actions to develop and strengthen tribal protection of wetland and aquatic resources, both on and off reservation. Funding and technical assistance from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency supports tribes to integrate western scientific approaches and tribal ecological knowledge and practices into wetland management. Tribal wetland monitoring and cultural value assessments are used to establish wetland protection and restoration priorities, and to inform development of water quality standards and tribal ordinances. storm.linda@epa.gov (T-35)

STREET, Colette (Fielding Grad U) Embodying Emotion and Change through Plutchick’s Circumplex Model and Greco Roman Myth. During paradigm shifts, how might executive teams best manage employee emotions to create effective organizational change and resiliency? Due, in part, to a wake of horrific child deaths, communities in Los Angeles County have demanded radical business and practice changes from their child protection agency. The subsequent and impending use of actuarial tools and predictive analytics, respectively, to facilitate safety and risk decision making threatens to render human emotions and intuition obsolete. In each case observed, human emotion appeared as the social attractor, initiator, and driver of radical organizational change; however, the issue of generating resiliency within the organization. cstreet@email.fielding.edu (TH-08)

STRONG, Adrienne (UFL) and WHITE, Tara (Vrije U Amsterdam) Using Cultural Consensus Analysis (CCA) to Reexamine Local Norms of Care, Disrespect, and Abuse in Maternity Care in Tanzania. Using results from a cultural consensus analysis conducted in Kigoma, Tanzania, we explore the ways in which hitting during the second stage of labor (pushing) is a locally respected form of care, despite being labeled globally as disrespect and abuse. Tanzanians across groups believed hitting to be necessary to ensure a woman gives birth to a live baby. People classified hitting a laboring woman as necessary if she is unable to push. We relate these insights to conflicts between local and global policies, and challenges during the implementation of programs aimed at reducing these behaviors in Tanzanian public hospital settings. adrienne.strong@ufl.edu (W-33)

STRUBB, Adrienne (U Minnesota) Tracking Forest-Use Influences Before and After the Timber Wars: A Social Narrative of the PNW Forest Economy. The Pacific Northwest Timber Wars enacted substantial changes in public policy, mandating more ecological restoration practices than ever before in forest management. This was not an erasure of industry interests, instead a shift in how economic-based decisions persisted through such an event. I use a narrative policy framework to illustrate the evolution of economic pressures from before and after the listing of the Northern Spotted Owl (1975—2004). A closer look into the social narrative of public forest economy, as persisted through the Timber Wars, can help explain current public decision-making paradigms as diverse stakeholders vie for Pacific Northwest forests. strub038@umn.edu (TH-20)

STUDEBAKER, Jennifer (Independent) Above and Beyond: Meeting, Managing, and Exceeding Client Expectations.Client relationships are key in creating and maintaining a practice. For anthropologists and others taking on clients, a contract with a statement of work is signed at the start of the relationship to set expectations in regards to pay and deliverables. Yet this document does not fully capture the pressures of time, the variability of individuals, and the unknown. This paper will discuss building and maintaining client relationships, strategies for setting expectations, and when to go beyond the scope. Based on observations and experiences in US corporate research and consulting firms, I will share best practices and personal failures. (W-22)

STUMPF-CAROME, Jeanne Marie (Kent State U) Ecotourism: Habituation of Non-human Primates and Humans - Vectors for an Invasive Species.In the context of my on-going ecotourism research relating to non-human primates, the ecotourist is portrayed as a kind of invasive species, a touristic vector. The circumstances under which the invasive species and the habituated, and not so habituated, species behave are characterized. This juxtaposition of “native” and “invasive” species is delved in terms of comparisons of their ecological footprints. Possible forms of succession are considered. Explored is the possibility and/or probability of removing touristic invaders from ecologically unique environments, e.g., rain forests and savannas. Highlighted are the, now apparent, unforeseen outcomes of these migration patterns as an ecological disturbance. jstumpfc@kent.edu (W-32)

SULLIVAN, BrianaLEE, Mary, and MURPHY, Shayna (SUNY New Paltz) What’s the Point?: Understanding Religious Identity among College-Aged Individuals. Religion often offers solace to individuals seeking reason for existence and answers their questions about the afterlife. The climate of today’s college campuses can lend to a sense of hopelessness about the future, with job fields growing more competitive and student debt rising. We postulate that participation in faith will provide the college-aged individual with a stronger sense of ontological rootedness - that is, a more emotionally rewarding and reverent experience of existence. This study investigates the correlation between religiosity and optimism towards one’s future as expressed by SUNY New Paltz, college-aged, research participants. (W-135)

SULLIVAN, LaShandra (Reed Coll) Ethno-Racial Land Conflict and the State Mediation of Rural Labor in Brazil. For decades, in center-west Brazil indigenous people have been gradually crowded onto reservations due to agribusiness plantations. Subsequently, they have provided the base of manual labor for agribusinesses. Third party labor contractors illegally use control over state-issued identification documents to mediate access to these laborers. At the same time, some indigenous people have begun to “occupy” plantations via protest squatter camps, seeking to re-appropriate land from which they were dispossessed. This paper queries the concept of ethno-racial commons lent by indigenous land titling as it presents a counterpoint to the state mediation of relations to land and labor via state-issued ID. sullival@reed.edu (F-104)

SULLIVAN, Stephen (Northwestern U) Lip-Syncing and Voicing Presence: Sounds of Drag as Critiques of Community. While primarily studied as a visual phenomenon, drag performance depends upon a rich array of sonic and vocal practices, involving attentive interplay between performers and audience members. Employing listening as an epistemological framework and drawing from fieldwork conducted in a gentrifying neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York, this paper traces the ways that queer performers of color experiment with sound aesthetics to call attention to racial hierarchies within LGBTQ social spheres, bridge on- and off-line networks, and disrupt the sensible order. Sound, space, and bodies intersect in performance to create new political communities across traditional boundaries. stephensullivan2016@u.northwestern.edu (TH-157)

SURREY, DavidLEDBETTER, ChaseCAMPEN, RyanBARBOUR, Alaa, and SANANGO, Erika (Saint Peter’s U) Engaging for Change: Lighting of a Brighter Torch for Change. Student engagement is not new; however, the faces, hierarchies and tactics have changed. This paper compares and contrasts generations of activists whose co-presenters are a veteran participant in numerous movements since the 1960’s and four college activists. The former has been inspired by the new generation’s participatory inclusiveness and social media savvy. The students are a hijab wearing Muslim American, a Dreamer (DACA), the president of our universities’ PRIDE (LGBTQI) and Black Action Committees, and a white male who has come to grips with his own privilege in order to be an equal participant in several youth led movements. dsurrey@saintpeters.edu (W-74)

SUZUKOVICH III, Eli (Little Shell Band of Chippewa-Cree & Field Museum) Finding a Common Ground between Cultural Relationships and the Economic Development of NTFPs in Native American Communities.For many reservation and rural Native American communities Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFP) provide direct contact with traditional knowledge, diet, language, and worldviews, as well economic stability, whether as subsistence or for a market economy. As communities maintain and/or regain their cultural values and relationships with NTFPs, the drive for economic development and national/international demand for NTFPs such as American ginseng, maple syrup, and wild rice and can push the line between traditional views and meeting market demands. This presentation will examine two plant species: American ginseng and maple trees. Within the stories of each of these plants and their human communities, we will examine how Native American communities are maintaining, regaining, and adapting their cultural relationships, while creating sustainable economies for individuals and tribal nations. (W-47)

SWANSON, MarkSCHOENBERG, Nancy, and OLMEDO RODRIGUES, Raquel (UKY) Water, Water, Everywhere ...Overconsumption of sugar sweetened beverages is a significant health concern in the United States, particularly among youth. This is especially true in health-disparity populations, such as central Appalachia. This community-based participatory development project in Appalachian Kentucky approaches this challenge by promoting water consumption, rather than vilifying SSB consumption. The “Go H20” campaign installed filtered bottle filling stations in middle and high schools and provided refillable water bottles to all students. This paper reports preliminary findings about the impact of improved water availability on overall beverage consumption, as well as current social marketing efforts in support of the project. mark.swanson@uky.edu (F-126)

SWEENEY-TOOKES, Jennifer (GA Southern U) and FLUECH, Bryan (U Georgia Marine Ext/GA Sea Grant) Fishing Traditions and Fishing Futures: Commercial Fishing in Georgia. For generations, commercial fishing has been an integral part of coastal Georgia’s culture and heritage. Experiences of local fishing community members can provide an invaluable historic and current database of knowledge that can be useful to science as well as local community history. This project uses oral histories collected by undergraduate Anthropology students to document local fisheries knowledge and perspectives about the state and fate of Georgia’s commercial fishing industry. It helps to preserve Georgia’s rich fishing culture and provides educational outreach, in addition to helping train the next generation of social science researchers who will interact with fishing communities. jtookes@georgiasouthern.edu (TH-23)