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Tuesday 3/19  Program  Session Abstracts
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 Paper Abstracts

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GADHOKE, Preety and BRENTON, Barrett P. (St. John’s U) Digital Stories of Food, Health, and Acculturation among Urban Immigrant Women in Turbulent Times. The racialized and gendered nature of food insecurity, hunger, and health disparities for urban U.S. immigrants is understudied. A large gap remains in the literature on women’s resilient nature of acculturation as immigrants in new and unfamiliar social landscapes. We present digital stories through the eyes and voices of predominantly African American and Afro-Caribbean women and their multigenerational households in Brooklyn, New York. This methodology forms the basis of a mixed methods approach to illustrating the double burden of food security and non-communicable diseases. It further informs health promotion and advocacy programs in this community context. gadhokep@stjohns.edu (TH-155)

GAGNON, Valoree (MTU) and RAVINDRAN, Evelyn (Keweenaw Bay Indian Community Natural Resources Dept) “This is our ‘area of concern’”: Restoring Sand Point Relations to Food, Medicines, and Seven Generations in the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community. Prior to 2006 in the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community (KBIC), Sand Point shorelines were barren for decades. Sand Point shares the related story of its Lake Superior neighbors –extraction, contamination, and waste-rock accumulation– but lacks an official designation (e.g., ‘Superfund’). This paper describes KBIC’s restoration activities since 2002, ‘capping’ the waste-rock and reclaiming stewardship obligations to land, water, and life. Likely to continue into perpetuity, the site requires demanding, costly maintenance, now intensified by extreme storm events. The conclusion argues that policy designations diminish meaning and action for local ‘areas of concern,’ creating further injustices for places like Sand Point. vsgagnon@mtu.edu (F-02)

GALEANA, Fernando (Cornell U) The Drug Trade, Indigeneity, and Territorial Governance in Eastern Honduras. This paper discusses the ways in which regional elites connected to the drug trade have attempted to shape indigenous governance in the region of Moskitia in eastern Honduras. These mechanisms involve the cooptation of indigenous leaders, the strategic engagement with discourses on autonomy and democracy, and the control over the logistics that underpin consultation schemes. In this way, some drug traffickers have placed their bets on a distorted version of indigenous territoriality to secure their interests. This research contributes to an understanding of the effects that illicit economies have on governance in frontier regions. fg255@cornell.edu (W-82)

GALEMBA, Rebecca (U Denver) Crimmigration as Assemblage: The Impact of Immigration Enforcement on the Criminal Justice System in Colorado. “Crimmigration” refers to the intersection between immigration enforcement and the criminal justice system (Stumpf 2006; García Hernández 2013), as well as how immigrant behavior is increasingly governed through crime (Inda and Dowling 2013). This paper draws from interviews with immigrant advocates, immigration and criminal defense lawyers, and county and state-level law enforcement from Colorado counties that interpret changing national directives regarding ICE collaboration in different ways. It offers the framework of “assemblage” (Li 2007, Marcus and Sake) to show how crimmigration is not necessarily uniform; but rather, takes shape through emergent interactions between heterogeneous actors and shifting policies and practices. rebecca.galemba@du.edu (F-10)

GALIPEAU, Brendan (Rice U) Challenges and Opportunities in Agricultural Research in Shangri-La. This paper discusses fieldwork experiences among Tibetan communities engaged in agriculture over several years in Southwest China. Challenges facing rural communities in this region include increasing market pressures and government coercion programs that attempt to move people off of subsistence and into cash cropping, in particular of grapes to support a growing regional wine industry. Other issues faced by communities in this paper include loss of subsistence paddy rice land for township and urban expansion. In this paper I discuss experiences working with local villagers as they cope with these changes and the potential development of sustainable futures and alternatives. Brendan.A.Galipeau@rice.edu (F-110)

GALVIN, Kathleen and EVEN, Trevor (CO State U) Local to Global: Engagement, Solutions and Resilience in African Drylands. Africa makes a relatively minor contribution to globalization and climate change compared with nations in the North, yet dryland social-ecological systems in African are increasingly vulnerable to these changes. Critical challenges include meeting basic needs for food, water, shelter, and other necessities without undermining biodiversity and ecosystem services. Coordination efforts to address multiple stressors has generally occurred at global and national levels yet involvement of actors at the local level correlates with decisions that are better adapted to local social-cultural and environmental contexts. This paper examines local knowledge of environmental changes and its links to governance at multiple scales. (F-50)

GAMWELL, Adam (This Anthro Life + Missing Link Studios) Sound Stories: Producing Narrative Media for Social Impact with the Smithsonian Folklife Festival and This Anthro Life Podcast. 2018 marked the third year of On the Move, a collaboration between the AAA and Smithsonian Folklife Festival that explores human migration. This year This Anthro Life podcast joined the collaboration, and the result is a miniseries narrating the roles craft and traditional culture play for artists, fashion designers, musicians, curators, and activists in a globalizing and migratory world. The episodes weave together ethnographic reflection, interviews, host conversations, and curatorial storytelling. Reflecting on these events, this paper offers a framework for producing ethnographically informed narrative media for social impact. Voice, narrative representation, story arc, style, and sound design are considered. adam@thisanthrolife.com (S-21)

GARCIA-QUIJANO, Carlos and POGGIE, John (URI), DEL POZO, Miguel (U Puerto Rico-Ponce), GRIFFITH, David (ECU), LLORENS, Hilda (URI) Mangroves, Estuarine Forests, and Coastal Livelihoods in Puerto Rico: Implications for Policy, Well-Being and Protecting Livelihood Resilience. Millions of people around the planet support at least part of their subsistence with resources found in estuarine tropical coastal forests. Harvesting food resources in the mangroves and estuarine forests of Southern Puerto Rico (SPR) – locally known as “pesca de monte”- is part of the subsistence and economic resilience activities portfolio of local residents. This paper reports on research conducted between 2010 and 2018. We will explore theoretical frameworks for understanding coastal forest fisheries as a human ecological phenomenon and discuss policy implications for environmental conservation and human well-being, especially in the wake of coastal disasters. cgarciaquijano@uri.edu (TH-173)

GARDSBANE, Diane (Independent) Case Study from Uganda: Intended and Unintended Consequences in Policy Addressing Domestic Violence. Uganda’s Domestic Violence (DV) Act of 2010 incorporates aspects of reconciliatory justice along with civil and criminal penalties – addressing some of the limitations of DV laws in many countries. As part of a 2013-2015 ethnographic study, I assessed how and whether policy and practice relating to violence against women in urban Kampala influenced support and justice for women. Implementation of the DV Act led to both helpful and harmful consequences for women. Findings included two explanatory models about factors affecting women’s decision making relating to reporting and insights into the role policy can and cannot play in supporting women. (F-48)

GARTIN, Meredith (Ohio U) Global Health Case Competitions: Leveraging Students to Engage in Curriculum Development and Project Management.Case Competitions are an innovative approach to engage students in the development of their interdisciplinary teamwork and critical thinking skills. This presentation explores the collaborative and applied framework employed by the Ohio University Global Health Initiative to develop case challenges, evaluate student proposals, and implement solutions and engaged learning activities for undergraduate and graduate students at local and global institutions. By highlighting the 2017 Global Health Case Competition that focused on the dual problem of marginalization and addiction in Hungary, the presentation will review the results and broader impacts of the winning team for partners in Budapest and Athens, Ohio. gartin@ohio.edu (TH-94)

GARTLAND, Natalie (U Dallas) How College Aged Individuals React to Controversy over Gun Ownership. The purpose of this study is to explore some of the social differences among those who are of or around college age and their opinions on the controversial issue of gun ownership/regulations in the United States. This is completed through an online survey, which has obtained 182 responses, and photo elicitations, focusing on six photos relating to this issue. These methods aided in observing and analyzing how and why these individuals are similar or different. The preliminary analyses suggest that political affiliation, religious beliefs, and upbringing considerably influence opinions over controversial issues, such as gun ownership, among a college-aged population. ngartland@udallas.edu (TH-35)

GAULDIN, Eric (Marine Corps U) Fire and Maneuver: Agility and Adaptability in Applied ResearchSettings. It is in times of chaos that the tightly-knit bureaucratic fabric of large organizations loosens, allowing for opportunistic change that is rarely possible. This was the case when the online misconduct of some current and former US Marines made headlines in early 2017. Marine Corps leadership wanted to find out what would cause certain Marines to act out against their female peers. In this paper, I describe the Marine Corps University Translational Research Group’s efforts to conduct rapid and scientifically rigorous fieldwork to help senior leaders understand Marine perspectives on gender, leadership, and cohesion in the Marine Corps. egauldin352@gmail.com (TH-159)

GEGGUS, Yarrow(Portland State U) Water in the Desert: The Historical Ecology of Springs in Desert National Wildlife Refuge, NV, Nuwuvi (Southern Paiute) Ancestral Territory. Springs are vital to life in the desert. In Desert National Wildlife Refuge, NV, springs are developed for wildlife conservation, and also remain sacred and fundamental features in Nuwuvi (Southern Paiute) culture. Within the multi-disciplinary framework of historical ecology, I use ethnographic and literature review, interviews with land managers and local experts, botanical surveys, archaeological surveys, and archival research to trace the ecological histories of humans and ten upland springs in the Southern Great Basin/Northern Mojave Desert Region. I found evidence that anthropogenic disturbance to springs exhibits patterns of spatial variation and became more severe under the settler and USFWS management. (S-02)

GENTILE, Lauren (Integrated Statistics/NOAA Fisheries, NEFSC) Commercial Fishing Crews: Using Intercept Surveys to Gather Information about a Hard-to-Reach Population. Fishing crews are a vital part of the commercial fishing industry, yet very little is known about them. While vessel owners are easy to document and contact, there is no registry for crew or “crew database.” Therefore, accessing this hard-to-reach population requires a more personal approach. We conducted primary data collection from Maine to North Carolina by intercepting fishermen at the docks and at fishing-related businesses. Through ethnographic observations and survey results, we present the logistical challenges and rewards of intercept surveys and how they help us characterize crew demographics, well-being, and job satisfaction in the Northeast U.S. lauren.gentile@noaa.gov (F-113)

GENZ, Joseph and NASHON, Attok (UH-Hilo) Diasporic Marshallese Voices on Exposure to Volcanic Emissions (Vog) in the Kaʻū District of Hawai’i Island. This paper ethnographically examines the lived experiences of the diasporic Marshallese community in Ocean View in the Kaʻū District on Hawai’i Island in relation to their exposure to vog. This community from the atoll of Enewetak has historically experienced exposure to radiation from the U.S. nuclear weapons testing program and are now experiencing high levels of exposure to volcanic emissions (vog) from Kīlauea volcano. Based on student-led interviews conducted in the Marshallese language, we explore the idea of multiple, cumulative environmental impacts on a marginalized population and aim to use this information to foster awareness and minimize exposure. genz@hawaii.edu (W-78)

GEORGE, Abigail (Reed Coll) Maintaining Morality, Defining Dignity: Steadfast Ethics and Strategic Essentialism in Response to Exclusionary Politics in Guatemala. Neoliberal politics in post-war Guatemala has created spaces of corruption and political exclusion based on gendered and racial lines. Based on 8 weeks of ethnographic research with the political cooperative of Indigenous women “Flor de Rejon” in Sumpango, Guatemala, this research reveals how these women respond to various forms of state power and political exclusion. They employ strategic essentialism to participate in and make political claims to various institutions, not limited to the state. Additionally, their insistence on a moral participation within these spaces forms a citizenship organically and forces us to reconsider political ethics. abgeorge@reed.edu (TH-44)

GEORGE, Glynis (U Windsor) and MOONEY, Nicola (U Fraser Valley) Interrogating Place and the ¨Particular”: Emplacing Canadian Immigration. Ideas, affects, and traces of place pervade the experience of migration. Although global discourse positions Canada as welcoming to immigrants, Canadian discussions of immigration and settlement are nation and place bound. Given that places are fraught with contestation and destabilization, we take seriously DeGenova’s call to reflexively interrogate place and our native point of view, drawing on our distinct uses of place and emplacement in diasporic and immigrant settings to question this national discourse. We suggest that an anthropology of migration might transcend national particularism by tracing cultural flows in ways that disrupt place as ‘natural’ anchor of migration trajectories. ggeorge@uwindsor.ca (W-40)

GERBER, Elaine (Montclair State U) The Campus Access Project: Generating Activism and Improving Access through Classroom Assignments. This paper highlights how anthropology curriculum can be applied to solve real-world problems and create a more accessible campus. Research methods in Anthropology and Disability Studies often utilize some form of “participatory action.” In an introductory anthropology course, students use this methodology to gather data about access on campus and design actions to redress problems found. Further, students learn to see cultural assumptions in the built environment and become empowered that they can create culture change. Positive outcomes from previous semesters, barriers to greater implementation, as well as strategies to replicate and amplify the process will be discussed. gerbere@mail.montclair.edu (F-98)

GERKEY, Drew (OR State U) and SPOON, Jeremy (Portland State U) Mapping Landscapes of Recovery After the 2015 Nepal Earthquakes. To understand resilience in coupled human and natural systems, we need to specify the parts of the system undergoing change and identify the forces that drive change. These tasks are difficult when systems are multidimensional, with many interacting parts. This presentation outlines an effort to address these challenges, drawing on theoretical and methodological tools from ecology and applying them to data from communities affected by the 2015 Nepal earthquakes. Starting with a range of recovery indicators, we identify and interpret patterns of recovery. Then we explore associations between these patterns and multiple measures of natural hazards and adaptive capacity. drew.gerkey@gmail.com (F-20)

GETRICH, Christina (UMD) “It’s a Whole Different Ballgame in Maryland versus D.C.”: Implications of Metropolitan D.C.’s Patchwork Policies for Immigrant Young Adults and Their Providers. The Washington, D.C. metropolitan area exhibits marked variability in local immigrant incorporation contexts. Immigrants are left navigating state-, county-, and city-level policy differences while attempting to undertake activities like driving, pursuing education, and seeking health care. This paper examines the lived experiences of immigrant young adults in traversing this patchwork of local policies as they weather broader immigration shifts under Trump as well as consequential changes in their lives. It also highlights how service organizations and providers deliver care despite policy restrictions and resource challenges and the strategies they deploy to ensure their immigrant patients are able to access services. cgetrich@umd.edu (F-10)

GEZON, Lisa (U W Georgia) Faces of Degrowth: Radical Well-Being, Transformational Alternatives, and Hope in Ordinary Acts. From its critique of exploitative social and environmental relationships to acknowledgement of radical alternatives, degrowth has resonated among anthropologists, many of whom have had the opportunity to witness devastation as well as practices of hope. This paper looks outside of intentional social movements to analyze ordinary, everyday acts that do not necessarily call attention to themselves as exceptional, but that, in effect, shift toward radical transformations that embrace sufficiency, reciprocity, inter-connectedness, conviviality, pleasure, dignity, and justice. Specifically, it considers the diverse contexts of the alternative khat (drug) economy in northern Madagascar and everyday alternative health behaviors in the United States. lgezon@westga.edu (TH-130)

GEZON, Lisa (U W Georgia) Political Ecology and Degrowth: Merging Analysis and Action in a Message of Transformation. This paper presents several related theoretical threads that converge in critically analyzing relationships between humans and the biophysical environments they live in. They share a common foundation of concern for both social and environmental injustices, considering how relationships of power shape access to resources as well as the (un)sustainability of their use. Inquiries through the lenses of degrowth, post-development, pluriversality, and alternative economies not only deepen theoretical understandings but also provide messages about the possibilities for transformation amidst crisis. I will trace my own research trajectory in elaborating the point that critical analysis and action work hand in hand. lgezon@westga.edu (W-17)

GIANG, VivianPALMER, Andie, and LEFSRUD, Lianne (U Alberta) New Approaches to Communities, Communication and Consultation through the Lens of Geothermal Energy Development on the Traditional Lands of the Alexis Nakota Sioux Nation. Geothermal energy has the potential to be the next transformative technology to boost Canada’s green energy sector. Given that many of the potential geothermal sites are on Indigenous lands, meaningful engagement and consultation with Indigenous communities will be key to successfully developing geothermal energy projects and policy. This paper focuses on the communication of risk, as a component of community engagement strategies, prior to/throughout the development of a geothermal energy project. This paper proposes a novel approach to develop equitable communication models for responsible and sustainable renewable energy development, while respecting Indigenous rights to free, prior and informed consent. viviang@ualberta.ca (TH-02)

GILBERT, Kellen (SELU) Crossing Borders and Building Relationships in Class: Experiential Learning Student Outcomes. Providing undergraduate students with experiential learning opportunities for “real world” experience is now required at my university. These opportunities include a variety of experiences from study abroad participation to service learning course components to class field trips. My department encourages experiential learning opportunities that involve relationship-building within the classroom but also across international borders. I compare the student learning outcomes and the challenges to assess outcomes in two cases: an environmental sociology study abroad course in Cuba and an international service learning project in an environmental anthropology course. kgilbert@selu.edu (TH-94)

GILDNER, Theresa (Dartmouth Coll), CEPON-ROBINS, Tara (UCCS), LIEBERT, Melissa (NAU), URLACHER, Samuel (Duke U), SHROCK, JoshuaHARRINGTON, CristopherSNODGRASS, J. Josh, and SUGIYAMA, Lawrence (U Oregon) Living Conditions and Indigenous Health: Associations between Market Integration and Soil-Transmitted Helminth Load among Shuar of Amazonian Ecuador.Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infection can result in many negative health outcomes (e.g., diarrhea, nutritional deficiencies). However, the impact of lifestyle changes associated with market integration (MI; participation in a market-based economy) on infection patterns is unclear. This study tests whether greater MI is associated with lower STH infections among Ecuadorian Shuar (n = 620). Participants residing in more market-integrated, Western-style houses exhibited significantly lower infection intensities, a pattern that appears to be driven by household construction materials and water source. These results highlight lifestyle factors most strongly associated with decreased disease risk in an indigenous group experiencing rapid MI. Theresa.E.Gildner@dartmouth.edu (S-06)

GILL, Harjant (Towson U) Making Ethnographic Media for Non-Academic Audiences. Based on over ten years of experience of making ethnographic films and videos which have screened at international film festival, on TV channels (including BBC, Doordarshan, PBS), I discuss the changing landscape of ethnographic film funding, distribution and circulation. I will also explore how the emergence of new media technologies (online streaming platforms, virtual reality video and other augmented/networked media environments) requires us to rethink our approach to the production and circulation of ethnographic media. Lastly, I will share skills and strategies I have acquired in making my films more accessible and widely circulated among non-academic audiences. hgill@towson.edu (W-68)

GILL, Kimberly (Disaster Rsch Ctr, UDel) Toward an Integrated, Interdisciplinary Theory of Community Resilience: The COPEWELL Conceptual Model. The science of resilience presents the opportunity to explain how natural, social, and physical systems interact to impact community functioning and well-being post-disaster. This paper presents a conceptual model of community resilience (COPEWELL), which describes the integrated and interdependent nature of constructs indicated in the research literature to influence community functioning, resistance to and recovery from disasters. The COPEWELL concept of resilience consists of ten domains of pre-event community functioning; six event-modifying domains that represent resistance to an event; and, three replenishment domains that represent recovery, including “social capital and cohesion” as a proxy for emergent collective behavior. kgill@udel.edu (F-103)

GILRUTH, Jean (Independent) Resilience and Adaptability Then, Sustainability and Proactiveness Now: Insights from a Century of one Mexican Community’s Traditional Agriculture and Water Management for Visioning the Future. Resilience. or bouncing back, and adaptability to changes in natural conditions and society are basically reactive. These focuses have characterized anthropology, but in turbulent times proactive approaches and sustainable lifeways better meet rapidly evolving challenges over time. Traditional development does not meet these needs. The traditional agroecosystems and water management of one town in central Mexico during most of the twentieth century provide insights for sustainable lifeways during times of rapid and turbulent change. (F-44)

GINSBURG, Ellen (MCPHS U) What Is This Space?This paper will focus on changes in the way that place, space and time are experienced as a result of accelerated globalization. Of particular interest are places that have no cultural-historical ties or any fixed identity, places that are “non-places” (Auge). Places that are built and designed primarily for consumption and trade are places that often leave people with little sensory intake and few memories. While beacons for post-modernization globalization they lead to a loss of feeling of identity. (W-160)

GLANTZ, Namino (Sansum Diabetes Rsch Inst) A Medical Anthropologist in Big Pharmaland. As an applied medical anthropologist and public health professional, I feared I had sold my soul when I accepted a position at a non-profit research institute dependent on Big Pharma dollars. Over a year into managing research in partnership with the pharmaceutical industry, I am getting my bearings in this bizarre territory, and now some of my most esteemed colleagues inhabit Pharmaland. In this SfAA session, I venture to mark shared coordinates – social determinants of health, qualitative research methods, community health workers, and food as medicine – and suggest a mutual destination: excellence and equity in diabetes research. nglantz@sansum.org (W-63)

GLASER, KathrynERWIN, DeborahREID, Mary, and FLORES, Tessa (Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Ctr), SHOGUN, May (Int’l Inst of Buffalo) Understanding Health Behaviors and Perceptions of Cancer in Immigrant/Refugee Populations.This study aims to understand decision making and health system factors impacting health behaviors and cancer screening by recent immigrant and refugee populations, who may not speak English, to ultimately reduce disparities in screening and care. Qualitative interviews of Arabic-speaking and Nepali-speaking individuals were conducted and analyzed focusing on contextual and health system factors that influence decisions and behaviors to engage or not engage in screenings, and explore the beliefs, concerns and cultural patterns relevant to cancer screening. Results will be used to develop targeted intervention strategies that address cultural and systems issues through a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach. kathryn.glaser@roswellpark.org (TH-39)

GLAYZER, Edward (MI State U) The Gendered Commodification of South Korean Dating Rituals: How to Find a Date Without Feeling “Uncomfortable.” This paper examines the complex consumption rituals associated with dating in contemporary South Korea. Using interviews, surveys, focus groups and ethnography I contextualize my investigation into Korea’s rapid economic development and gender inequality by exploring how Korean singles deploy various types of dating. Parent-introductions, blind-dates, group-dates, dating apps, and “hunting” are used strategically to maximize finding a match and minimize feeling “uncomfortable,” or financial, sexual, or emotional exploitation. I analyze how the hyper-commodification of dating rituals combined with a vast gender pay-gap contributes to a system of debts and obligations where inequality within the market creates inequality within intimate relationships. eglayzer@gmail.com (W-45)

GLUESING, Julia (Wayne State U) and BELL, Donna (Ford Motor Co) The Vision for the Future of Mobility: Connecting Everything Is Reshaping the Urban Landscape. In this paper we present a vision for the future of mobility from the perspective of the birthplace and heart of the US automotive industry, Detroit. The specific case of Ford Motor Company illustrates the hopes of the industry as it transforms transportation using a human-centered course forward. Efforts like SharedStreets, a data sharing platform, CSVX, a cellular vehicle-to-everything technology, and the crowdsourced City of Tomorrow Challenge will give cities and mobility companies new tools to manage congestion, cut greenhouse gases, reduce crashes, and give the streets back to people with Smart Vehicles for a Smart World. Anthropologists can contribute. gluesing@teamcci.com (W-142)

GOECKNER, Ryan (KUMC), DALEY, Sean M. (Johnson County CC), GUNVILLE, Jordyn and DALEY, Christine M. (KUMC) “Prayerful People”: Lakota Spiritual Traditions and Resistance against the Dakota Access Pipeline. The Dakota Access Pipeline resistance movement provides one example of the way in which oral traditions remain authoritative in the religious lives of American Indian peoples. The members of Lakota communities confronted with the restriction of their religious freedoms and access to clean drinking water by DAPL’s construction have faced the consequences brought on in part by scholarly assessment of the veracity and importance of oral traditions. Experiences described in interviews with Lakota “water protectors” highlight the continued importance of these oral and religious traditions to contemporary Lakota activism. r334g297@kumc.edu (TH-140)

GOLUBOVIC, Jelena (SFU) To Me, You Are Not a Serb: Ethnicity, Anxiety, and Ambiguity in Post-War Sarajevo. The 1992-1995 war has altered the meaning of ethnic categories in Sarajevo, and the possibilities for inhabiting them. This essay attends to the small gestures through which Sarajevan Serb women conceal their ethnicity in everyday social life, purposefully performing an ambiguous ethnic identity in order to avoid drawing attention to themselves as Serbs. Based on one year of fieldwork, I argue that the anxiety of feeling unwelcome charges even the most mundane social encounters, colouring Serb women’s impressions social life, and making them search for subtle cues that would reveal the hostility of others: tense silences, raised eyebrows, averted glances. jelena_golubovic@sfu.ca (W-160)

GONG, Yubei and LOU, Yongqi (Tongji U) Design Activism at a Public Secondary School in Shanghai. The fast-moving and complex technological and sociological landscape requires alternative school education models and pedagogy to prepare the students for tomorrow. With this vision, Tongji-Huangpu School of Design and Innovation initiated by a design college was born in 2016 in Shanghai. In this case, design takes the education reform challenge as an opportunity and seeks to apply design as a way of thinking. This article depicts the activities that designers have conducted at this school over the past year and the manifestation of the concept of “four orders of design.” yubei.gong@gmail.com (F-134)

GONZALEZ BAUTISTA, Noémie (U Laval) When Fieldwork Deconstructs the Concept of Vulnerability: Thoughts from a Wildfire in the Nitaskinan.In 2011, I studied a wildfire that happened one year before near an Atikamekw community. I was guided by the way social sciences often see risk: impacting more the most vulnerable people, who will then need help and will probably be powerless. But when I interviewed Atikamekw people they expressed their pride at being able to protect their community, about the relationships they built during the fire, and how they dealt with all the challenges which emerged from being evacuated. It shows how the concept of vulnerability is often incomplete without considering agency, solidarity and trust between beings. noemie.gonzalez@gmail.com (F-40)

GONZÁLEZ, Alessia (UVG) Persisting Barriers to Health Care for Trans Women in Guatemala City. A presentation on the results of my undergraduate thesis titled: Barriers to access health care in Guatemala City for trans women. This research will use an approach based on critical medical anthropology, following the access paradigm. Through interviews with trans women, health providers and participant observation with local activists, the aim is to understand the historical, political and social barriers that affect access to comprehensive health for trans women in Guatemala City. The importance of this research lies in documenting the situation of trans women in Guatemala City, where historically from structural violence their identity is invisible. gon13109@uvg.edu.gt (TH-134)

GORDON, TheodorTHERCHIK, Regina, and KOLOSKI, Sophie (CSBSJU) Increasing Native Student Inclusion by Empowering Native Undergraduate Researchers. We present a model where native undergraduate researchers apply anthropology to investigate the extent to which native students experience inclusion, or isolation, on campus. Our specific goal is to develop recommendations to make our institutions, The College of St. Benedict and St. John’s University, more inclusive for native students. In our paper, we share results from our research and offer ways that other institutions can adopt our model. We argue that a key step toward making higher education more inclusive is to empower native students with the tools needed to investigate, analyze, and disseminate native student experiences on campus. tgordon@csbsju.edu (TH-95)

GORNIK, Vivian (U W Georgia) Student-Led Exhibitions as Applied Anthropology. This paper explores the pedagogical value of student-led exhibitions by examining two iterations of the Museum Methods undergraduate course at the University of South Florida. The course gives students the opportunity to put theory to practice through the curation and installation of a formal exhibition. Both exhibitions (The Anthropocene: Is This the Age of Humans? in 2016 and Exposure: Photography and Social Justice in 2018) contextualized contemporary sociopolitical issues within an anthropological framework. These projects challenged students to find ways to display and communicate anthropological knowledge to a broader audience, with the goal of stimulating conversations on timely topics. (S-21)

GORUP, Meta (Ghent U) Identity Construction among University Department Heads. In an increasingly managerial higher education environment, the position of university department heads (DHs) has become continuously more complex. To uncover the tense dynamics between individual DHs and their social milieus, this paper draws on an ethnographic analysis of DHs’ research management activities at an English university. Constructing their identities as managers, DHs are prompted to draw on a multiplicity of often contradictory discourses stemming from their personal biographies, various organizational units, and national directives. The findings uncover the numerous struggles pertaining to DHs’ identity construction processes as they respond to ongoing change while accounting to multiple, heterogeneous audiences. meta.gorup@ugent.be (F-95)

GRABOYES, Melissa (U Oregon) Rebounding Malaria and the Ethics of Eradication: The WHO Campaign in Zanzibar, c. 1957-1968 and Contemporary Implications. This paper chronicles the history of malaria elimination attempts in Zanzibar, taking a close look at the World Health Organization’s failed efforts between 1958-1968, and the epidemic of rebound malaria that followed. The paper focuses on how local communities understand the risks of failed elimination and how global health groups can plan responsible endings. The case study is framed in light of current malaria elimination activities in Zanzibar, which are led by the Gates Foundation. Findings are based on materials from the Zanzibar National Archives and the WHO Archives, and ethnographic observation and interviews in Zanzibar. (S-06)

GRACE-MCCASKEY, Cynthia (ECU) Understanding Climate Change Adaptation in Coastal North Carolina: Perceptions of Risk and Barriers to Action. In the past three years, North Carolina’s coastal plain has been severely impacted by two major hurricanes, resulting in widespread flooding, extreme storm surge and wind damage, and the displacement of residents. Simultaneously, incremental environmental changes such as sea-level rise and saltwater intrusion threaten the livelihoods and well-being of residents and visitors, who are dependent on coastal areas for economic, social, and cultural reasons. This paper will examine whether incremental environmental changes and extreme weather events are perceived as threats related to climate change, and what affects the willingness and ability of individuals and communities to actively pursue adaptive strategies. gracemccaskeyc15@ecu.edu (W-20)

GRAHAM, Molly and PINTODA SILVA, Patricia (NOAA Fisheries), LITWACK, Avi and RUSSELL, Suzanne (NOAA Federal) Voices from the Fisheries: Building an Oral History Database to Ensure Digital Preservation, Access and Use. The Voices from the Fisheries Database is a valuable resource available to the public to inform, educate, and provide primary source information for scholars and students interested in the human experience of and historical changes taking place in the fisheries. Voices recently evaluated their access and digital preservations solutions and reconstructed their database. This paper describes the design and methodology of migrating the nearly 1300 oral histories to a content management system that allows for more intuitive searching and discovery. Additionally, this process has highlighted the need to define standards and best practices for prospective oral history practitioners. molly.graham@noaa.gov (TH-23)

GRANT, Jenna (UW) Translating ‘the Migrant.’Midway through a malaria drug resistance research team meeting in Phnom Penh, we entered heated debate about ‘the migrant’ as a term, a risk category, and a politics, even. Our project included anthropologists, entomologists, parasitologists, geographers, and public health professionals. At issue was the desire to define a risk group in order to intervene, and the concern for how this defining could harm people already living a socially, politically, economically, and indeed biologically precarious existence. I use our debate about ‘the migrant’ to explore the translation of sensitive terms in interdisciplinary global health research. jmgrant@uw.edu (W-06)

GRAY, Benjamin (U Montana) Natural Cycles Climate Change Skepticism and Analogies. Interviews with Oklahomans show that climate change skeptics who use the “natural cycles” argument support their position with an analogy drawn between past and current extreme weather events. This analogy supports cultural models of the climate as cyclical or unchangeable and is supported by lived experience. However, analogies can fail to capture relevant details or map misconceptions from one domain to the other, creating inaccurate assessments. This exploratory paper examines the analogical reasoning behind climate change skepticism and suggests that climate change communications must address audiences’ lived experience as well as their conception about how the world works. (W-143)

GRAY, Benjamin (U Montana) Toward Enhanced Community Sustainability with Renewable Energy Powered Water Treatment and Ammonia Production. Communities in the Central Arkansas River Basin are challenged by saline water that negatively affects agricultural production, and high expenses for commodities such as fuel and ammonia fertilizer. They also have abundant wind energy. Our team is investigating the use of wind energy to power small-scale water treatment and ammonia production plants. Community efforts needed to implement these technologies could strengthen community capitals (particularly economic, environmental, and social capitals), and thus communities’ adaptive capacity. The distribution of project benefits is beyond our control, but we see potential for equitable outcomes. This talk presents the vision of a proposed project. (TH-107)

GRAY, Deven (USF) “This makes men not care about Zika”: Reproductive Governance, Health Discourses, and Infectious Disease Surveillance. In Belize, restrictive reproductive governance and an increasingly neoliberal healthcare model are negatively impacting family planning and epidemiological surveillance concerning the Zika virus. Mirroring international public health approaches, only pregnant women are targets of disease monitoring while men are ignored in discourses and health interventions, despite Zika being mosquito-borne and sexually transmissible. Based on mixed-methods ethnographic fieldwork conducted primarily in 2017 at an endemic site of Zika transmission, I argue that a critical medical anthropology that addresses biosocial risk factors of disease transmission and gender disparities in healthcare can better inform public health policy interventions and alleviate future disease burdens. devengray@mail.usf.edu (S-37)

GREEN, Harold (Indiana U Network Sci Inst), WAGNER, KarlaAULDRIDGE, NicoleO’LEARY, Caitlin, DAWKINS, AshleyCRAWFORD, CorinthiaWONG, Ryan, and DIAZ, Elvira (UNR), STOCKMAN, Jamila (UCSD) Networks and Normative Influences on Sex and Drug-Related HIV Risk Behavior in Black Women. In response to these risks related to HIV/AIDS and Substance Use among Black/African American women, we are evaluating how BAAW’s social network structure, social norms, and experiences and behaviors of influential social network contacts are associated with HIV status, HIV risk behavior, and history of HIV testing. In this talk I present results from ongoing qualitative and quantitative analyses of Phase I data and discuss implications for Phase II qualitative research and for interventions aimed at HIV testing and treatment for BAAW in the US. hdgreen@indiana.edu (S-63)

GREENBERG, James (PESO) Neoliberal Governance and the Political Ecology of the Guitar. The paper examines neoliberal governance of the international trade in guitars and their woods by focusing two conservations acts: The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), and the U.S. Lacey Act that outlaws trafficking in illegally taken wildlife or plants. Under neoliberalism, I argue, governance has been infused with new business ideas and practices emphasizing efficiency and accountability which despite their appearance of rationality, are infused with hidden political interests. I argue Acts help large corporations dominate trade in these commodities, and species protection does not address threat that commoditization of woods in global markets pose to forests. zavaletas@earthlink.net (W-47)

GREGER, Jeffrey (SJSU & The Dumbarton Circle) and PAWAR, Bhargavi (SJSU) Autonomous Vehicles, Tactical Urbanism, and the Future of Power in America’s Streetscapes. Urban streetscapes are contested social spaces, slowly defined over decades by complex interactions between groups and their often-competing demands and uses for these spaces. Anticipating the disruptions autonomous vehicles could bring to these spaces, we explore various forms of tactical urbanism such as parklets and Parking Day, people’s differential access to public spaces, and power relationships etched onto the streets of the San Francisco Bay Area. Learning from historical patterns of inequality in urban spaces, we recognize that technological disruption need not harm marginalized groups, offering instead an opportunity advocate for the inclusive reimagining of our streets. (W-142)

GRENON, Marie Michele (U Laval) The Arrowmight Program: A Cuban Contribution for Literacy in Canada.Education should be considered as a means to address 21st century challenges such as climate change. However, most countries, including Canada, are still facing low levels of literacy. On the contrary, Cuba has one of the highest literacy rates in the world as a result of the intensive actions of the government in the field of education. In 2009, a Canadian NGO asked for the Cuban expertise to create a literacy program that would answer the educative and sociocultural needs of the Canadian population. This presentation seeks to analyze the ArrowMight program and its impact on literacy levels in Canada. marie-michele.grenon.1@ulaval.ca (W-154)

GRIFFITH, Lauren (TX Tech U) Ends versus Means: When a Foreign Sport Leads to Local Social Awareness. When historically privileged populations (e.g. white Americans) adopt an art/sport created by a structurally disadvantaged group (e.g. slaves in colonial Brazil), they are often accused of cultural appropriation. While not dismissing these concerns, my research on capoeira in the U.S. suggests that the adoption of this Afro-Brazilian martial art can foster awareness of and concern for the experiences of people in their own society that are dealing with oppressive situations (e.g. racial profiling, religious discrimination, etc.). This presentation highlights the experiences of several Americans whose engagement with capoeira has resulted in a deeper understanding of contemporary, local social issues. laurenmillergriffith@gmail.com (W-160)

GROCKE, Michelle (MT State U) and MCKAY, Kimber (U Montana) After the Road Came: Insights into the Nexus of Food Security and Malnutrition in Northwestern Nepal. This paper presents ethnographic research from Humla, Nepal, that was designed to understand how the first road in this mountainous area is affecting food security and nutritional status. Data from participant observation, the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale questionnaire, and a Food Frequency questionnaire suggest that while the road provides increased access to food, villagers’ micronutrient intake remains low, which contributes to a double burden of malnutrition. Paradoxically, high food security levels mask this emerging public health concern. This paper provides a framework to better understand the nexus of food security and nutrition, and offers recommendations for increasing health outcomes. michelle.grocke@montana.edu (TH-155)

GROSS ALMONTE, Ann and GUERRA, Lauren (Providence Coll) Compromiso and Healthcare Workers in Puerto Rico: Theorizing Resilience after Hurricanes Irma and María. After Hurricanes Irma and María hit Puerto Rico in September 2017, healthcare workers became first responders charged with helping the injured and reconstructing the healthcare system. This paper uses semi-structured interviews with healthcare providers to document their experiences in the immediate aftermath of the storm and in the longer-term recovery period. Many providers expressed that it was their compromiso [commitment] to aid their neighbors, which is a form of resilience that this paper theorizes. Insights from health care providers are also analyzed to provide policy suggestions for continued health system recovery. agrossal@friars.providence.edu (S-07)

GROSS, Joan (OR State U) Researching Engagement, Engaging Research in Alternative Food Movements. The study of how people around the world are increasingly organizing to change their food system in one way or another is a growing academic subject. This paper explores scale, focus and mode within various types of food activism in the mid-Willamette Valley of Oregon and in Ecuador. The “observant participation” of the activist researcher is examined in the context of our roles as agents of change as well as university-based researchers. jgross@oregonstate.edu (TH-13)

GRUSZKO, Mariel (UCI) Designing Care and Conviviality in Activist Barcelona. In this paper I examine participation in activist projects of care as a designed phenomenon. I highlight two interventions in Barcelona’s urban politics: an occupied community garden where users collaborated with eco-architects to build a pergola with locally sourced river reeds; and a first-of-its-kind housing cooperative on public land that was designed by its future residents using participatory design methods. I ask: How did design help activists create mechanisms of egalitarian accountability and embodied responsiveness to one another and to the landscape? What role did design play in remaking the modes of interaction and knowledge production of collective projects? mgruszko@uci.edu (F-134)

GRUß, Inga (Kaiser Permanente) The Pragmatic Practitioner: Advancing Qualitative Methods in Health Services Research. Health services research is an interdisciplinary field that focuses on researching the impact of micro and macro factors on access to and delivery of health care services. The prominence of mixed methods approaches provides an opportunity to promote the uptake of anthropological concepts and methods in this research field. Establishing common understandings of the opportunities provided by anthropological methods can at times be challenging among researchers from multiple disciplinary backgrounds. For anthropologists to be successful in this context, it requires a pragmatic stance and flexible attitude. I will also discuss strategies that anthropologists can employ to further a qualitative agenda. (W-69)

GUERRON MONTERO, Carla (UDel) Is Practicing Anthropology in Latin America a Political Act? Historically, anthropologists worldwide have developed the skills to embed theoretical perspectives within public action and dialogue to influence policy and decision-making processes outside academia.  However, there has been relatively little exploration of diverse world anthropologies. In this paper, I revisit the trajectory of applied anthropology in Latin America, using the South American countries of Brazil and Ecuador as illustrations. I address the similarities between these anthropological traditions and world anthropologies, but also the singularities that characterize the multifaceted formation of Latin American anthropologists, who are trained to develop intellectual and methodological plasticity to navigate conflicting political, economic and political contexts. cguerron@udel.edu (TH-158)

GUEVARA, Emilia (UMD) Creative Care: Maryland’s H2B Migrant Crab Workers and the Providers Who Serve Them. In this paper, I consider the lived experiences of Mexicanmigrant women and the medical and social service providers that work specifically with them. These women labor as seasonal H2B crab pickers in rural and isolated areas in Maryland’s economic and culturally significant crab and oyster industries. Through their narratives, I explore both the creative approaches that providers develop as a result of the heightened political climate, and psychological and physical suffering endured by female migrant workers who face H2B visa shortages and increased social vulnerability magnified by the Trump administration’s “America first” visa policies and anti-Mexican rhetoric. eguevar1@umd.edu (F-10)

GULLETTE, Gregory and BROWN, Marni (Georgia Gwinnett Coll) The Biosocial Effects of Structural Inequities among Immigrant and Refugee Communities in Atlanta, Georgia. This paper considers the ways in which immigrant and refugee communities in Atlanta, Georgia experience structural inequities, including their biosocial effects. Specific attention is given to the subjective experiences of socioeconomic, political, or cultural stressors—such as poverty, labor abuse, stigmatization, or prejudice—and how such conditions negatively affect individuals’ biosocial health. Drawing from research in syndemics and medical anthropology, we focus on the ways in which social inequalities and injustices contribute to health complications and increased vulnerabilities among immigrant and refugee communities resettled to the United States. Ethnographic data were collected in collaboration with undergraduate students and non-governmental organizations. (TH-40)

GUNDERSON, Lara (PIRE) Changing Alliances in Turbulent Times: Conflicting Narratives on the Contemporary Unrest in Nicaragua. April 2018 commenced the greatest unrest Nicaragua has seen since the 1970s and 80s. Unrest was catalyzed by the Ortega administration ignoring a wildfire in a biological reserve and undemocratically reducing pensions. Ortega’s actions warrant condemnation. But Ortega is not operating in a vacuum. What other factors contribute to the current state and who stands to gain from the outcomes? I draw from ethnographic fieldwork and the social media of Christian Base Communities, practitioners of liberation theology who contributed to the success of the Sandinista revolution and Ortega’s 2006 reelection, and who now appear divided over the current unrest. laragunderson@gmail.com (F-66)

GUNN, RoseDAVIS, Melinda M.DICKINSON, C.STOCK, I.FERRARA, L.FAGNAN, L.J.,HATCH, B., and CARNEY, P.(OHSU) Increasing HPV Immunization Rates in Rural Oregon through Applied Anthropology. Each year in the US, 14 million people become infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) and about 31,500 men and women are diagnosed with HPV-related cancer each year. Nationally, and in Oregon, HPV vaccination rates are exceptionally low, particularly in rural and frontier regions. Through participant observation and informal key informant interviews at 15 rural clinics, we examine the organizational workflows, clinical structures, and aspects of the provider/patient dyad that enable vaccine initiation. Findings from the qualitative aim are being applied to the development of a tailored intervention approach for rural primary care practices for implementation in August 2019. gunnr@ohsu.edu (TH-123)