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Tuesday 3/19  Program  Session Abstracts
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 Paper Abstracts

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BACKE, Emma (GWU) Anthropological Allyship and Ethnographic Care: Bringing #MeToo to Bear in the Field and Academy. In the era of #MeToo, grappling with sexual violence as an ethnographic object and domain of anthropological experience—in both the academy and the field—demands a reappraisal of our tools and methodologies. My presentation will consider the modes of ethnographic engagement and accompaniment that move us beyond the act of witnessing. I propose that contemporary applied scholarship requires the cultivation of alternative skills and training, critical competencies we consider in roles like social work, rape crisis advocacy, and psychosocial care, which will inform our critical orientation, while also ensuring that our presence is not simply that of ethnographic conduit. emma.backe@gmail.com (TH-98)

BAER, Roberta D. (USF) Nutritional Status and Dietary Adaptation among Refugees from the DRC: Dietary and Focus Group Data. This study of nutritional status and dietary adaptation among Congolese refugees in west central Florida was conducted at the request of local refugee service providers who wanted to improve services to this community. This presentation focuses on the results of the focus group and dietary data. 24-hour dietary recalls were collected (both weekday and weekend, N=111). We also conducted 8 focus groups split by age and gender. Discussions focused on food availability, choice, and habits surrounding diet (where/with whom you eat, food preferences, etc.). We found serious issues of food insecurity among many households in this community. baer@usf.edu (TH-39)

BAINES, Kristina (CUNY Guttman) Some Things Change, Some Things Stay the Same: Operationalizing Heritage Practices as a Health Intervention. Research linking ecological and cultural heritage practices to health and well-being in indigenous and immigrant communities in New York City has been of interest to governmental and non-governmental organizations providing health services in these communities. This paper explores ways of operationalizing heritage practices as a buffer to stressors and potential negative health outcomes related to change in New York City indigenous and immigrant communities. It discusses what interventions have been designed to support health through supporting heritage practices, including details of the introduction of indigenous languages and food practices through the creation of short videos. baines@gmail.com (F-126)

BAIRD, SeanRATTRAY, NickNATIVIDAD, Diana, and VOGT, Wendy (IUPUI) The Role of Structural Barriers in Refugees Access to Health Care in Indianapolis: Perspectives from Services and Clinical Providers. Little is known about the health perceptions and health-seeking behaviors of the increasingly diverse refugee population in Indianapolis. We conducted a qualitative study to understand access to health care for refugees resettling in Indianapolis, which identified specific structural barriers to healthcare faced by refugees, especially after the first 3-6 months of support from resettlement agencies. Issues related to cultural perceptions of health and language barriers were prevalent. Structural issues of health and resettlement organizations created obstacles to health care access, such as resourcing for translation and transportation, lack of appropriate cultural competency among staff, and cross communication among organizations. bairdsa@iupui.edu (TH-39)

BAKER, Janelle (Athabasca U) Standard Operating Procedure: The Use of Safety Regulations to Control and Alienate Northern Bush Crees in Alberta’s Oil and Gas Sector. Based on ethnographic and applied work with Northern Bush Cree communities in the oil sands region in northern Alberta, I will describe the frictions and ironies resulting from the imposition of settler health and safety regulations on people, so they can be awarded with casual oil and gas related wage labour on their traditional territories. I examine the intertwining assumptions about land, control, and bodies and the resulting regulations that reinforce the colonial order and justify the micro-management of human movement on the land to obscure and alter the landscape. janelleb@athabascau.ca (W-92)

BAKER, Jordan (TX State U) “Women Are Veterans Too!”: Exploring Gender and Identity among Female Veterans. Equal opportunity in the military became evident as an institutional goal when the opportunities for women increased. Though significant efforts have been made, gender-based problems still characterize the experiences of female service members. I conducted ethnographic fieldwork with woman veterans to explore how culturally constructed ideas of femininity and military identity coexisted during and after their military service. Here, I share findings on how these concepts impacted unit cohesion, status negotiation, military sexual trauma, and the desire to identify as a veteran. These findings have the potential to inform preventative strategies against gender-based physical and structural violence in the military. j_b195@txstate.edu (TH-160)

BALASUBRAHMANYAM, T. (Jawaharlal Nehru U) Role of Indian Universities in the National Innovative Capacity: A Study of Select Indian Universities. In the today’s world of knowledge economies universities are seen as institutions that are exploring and transmitting knowledge and also act as a generator of original ideas and inventions. The National Innovative Capacity (NIC) is a framework which synthesizes three distinct theoretical concepts: endogenous growth theory the concept of National System of Innovation (NSI); and cluster-based theory. NIC is seen as a country’s potential to produce commercially relevant innovations. In this backdrop, the present study of Research output data for 10 years (2002-2012) from select Indian Universities, proposes to explore the role of Indian Universities in generating innovations. (TH-34)

BALASUNDARAM, Sasikumar (SIUE) Lonely Grandmas: Changing Neighborhoods and an Epidemic of Loneliness. In 2018, the United Kingdom government appointed Tracy Crouch as the minister of loneliness to tackle the growing problem of social isolation. A recent health survey reveals that over half of Americans report feeling lonely. Many aspects of our modern lifestyle have contributed to the epidemic of loneliness in Western countries. Based on my oral history project in an American neighborhood, I offer an anthropological analysis of how changes in the physical and social landscapes of American neighborhoods are contributing to mistrust, unfamiliarity, and loneliness in localities. This paper emphasizes the vitality of creating healthy communities. sbalasu@siue.edu (F-96)

BALGLEY, Ethan (Harvard U), RODRIGUEZ AVILA, Leticia and MCKNIGHT, Amy (LA County DHS) Promise and Precarity: Community Health Workers in the Whole Person Care-Los Angeles Pilot. Los Angeles County’s Whole Person Care Pilot (WPC-LA) is a five-year experimental Medicaid program that employs Community Health Workers (CHWs) with “lived experience” in homelessness, incarceration, and addiction to support “high utilizers of multiple systems.” Based on ethnographic research with WPC-LA’s administrators and CHWs, this paper argues that Medicaid pilot financing is a double-edged sword for CHWs: while it enables social mobility, its time-limited nature and political vulnerability place them in a precarious position. In the face of this precarity, WPC’s CHWs use formal and informal means to advocate for improvements in both their working conditions and the program’s services. (TH-126)

BALL, Daniel (UKY) Mediating Distress in Turbulent Times: An Investigation of Psychiatric Practices in Post-War Eastern Sri Lanka. Recent movements in global health aimed at decentralizing mental health services have often come to resource-low settings following disasters and/or wars. In this paper, I will analyze problem-solving strategies utilized by patients, family members, and psychiatric doctors/staff for managing mental and emotional distress in eastern Sri Lanka, a region affected by the 2004 tsunami, a 26-year civil war, and influxes of humanitarian aid. Through fifteen months of ethnographic research in psychiatric wards, I will demonstrate how psychiatric practices mediate distress – in positive and negative ways – amidst post-war political-economic disruptions (e.g., microcredit, poverty) to patients’ social and moral worlds. dandball@gmail.com (F-36)

BAN, Sonay (Temple U) Banned Films, C/overt Oppression: Multiple Mechanisms of Cinematic Censorship from Contemporary Turkey. Compatible with the neoliberal understanding of the withdrawal of the state from “many areas of social provision” (Harvey 2005), cinematic censorship in Turkey became more dispersed since the early 2000s contrary to previous decades of mere state prohibition. Nevertheless, the Turkish state never drew back as censorship now includes both “direct involvement of state institutions” (Karaca 2011), when necessary, and of “proxies” (festivals, art institutions or NGOs, to name a few) with state-sanctioned power over cultural works and their producers. Examining certain recent cases, this presentation provides a timely account of social and political implications of censorship from contemporary Turkey. sonay.ban@temple.edu (TH-164)

BANIS, DavidMCLAIN, RebeccaHARRELL, Krystle, and MILLIGAN, Alicia (Portland State U) What Human Ecology Mapping Data Can Tell Us: A Case Study from Forests in Central Oregon. The Deschutes and Ochoco National Forests, in anticipation of updating their forest plans to comply with the 2012 Forest Planning Rule, wished to explore ways to collect data about human values and uses of the forest. In support of this effort, we created an interactive web-mapping application to collect sociocultural data from a broad spectrum of forest users. Through data disaggregation by demographics and use characteristics, and employing a number of spatial analysis techniques, we are able to discover some distinct spatial patterns of forest visitation and activity diversity, as well as threats to the experience of specific places. dbanis@pdx.edu (F-80)

BANKS, Emma (Vanderbilt U) Applying Autonomous Consultation to Mining-Induced Resettlement in Colombia’s Coal Region. My study of Colombia’s coal mining region demonstrates the importance of community-building and collective territory in rural resettlement planning. The Wayúu community of Tamaquito II used autonomous consultation to make a resettlement plan before approaching the Cerrejón Corporation to negotiate. The community created its resettlement impact matrix that honored territory as a means of cultural reproduction. Tamaquito II became more cohesive as a result of resettlement and now has a new collectively-owned 300-hectare territory. I compare this experience to Afro-descendant communities in the region who have become more divided and lost their collective territories because of resettlement. emma.l.banks@vanderbilt.edu (F-53)

BARBER, Mariah (U Albany) Exploring the Interconnected Cultural Model of Social Stress Serving as Barriers to Crop Yield, Child Care, Opportunities, and Health Care Seeking Behaviors for Women in the Peruvian Highlands. This paper will demonstrate how women in the Andean Highlands perceive stress in the context of crop yield, health services and within their lives in terms of the overall health among Andean women. This study design focused on an interdisciplinary mixed method approach with components from anthropology and community health. Cultural domain analysis consisting of free listing and unconstrained pile sorting were utilized to demonstrate the shared cultural model of stress among Andean women. Women described how different types of stress were interrelated in ways they impacted them including being sick, lack of money, and access to services within their community. mbarber@albany.edu (W-108)

BARBERO, Colleen (CDC), CHAPEL, Jack (Oakridge Inst for Sci & Ed), SUGARMAN, Meredith (Tulane U), TAYLOR, Lauren and BHUIYA, Aunima (Oakridge Inst for Sci & Ed), WENNERSTROM, Ashley (Tulane U) Applying Social Return on Investment to Community Health Worker Workforce Development. A growing evidence base for community health worker (CHW) effectiveness and cost-effectiveness is driving interest in statewide infrastructures to support workforce development. In this study, we applied a social return on investment (SROI) approach by engaging multiple stakeholder groups, creating a logic model, and collecting data on CHW workforce development investments and outcomes in three states. This presentation will share what we learned through the SROI approach about strategies to increase the organization, numeration, and sustainability of the CHW workforce, and how SROI helped to expand our focus beyond direct health outcomes and consider accountability to CHWs and other stakeholders. vrm5@cdc.gov (TH-156)

BARCALOW, Kate (Portland State U) Evaluating the Use the National Historic Preservation Act’s (NHPA) Traditional Cultural Property or Place (TCP) Construct for Consultation between Federal Agencies and Native American Tribes in the Western United States. Native American places now federally governed can become contested places regarding management practices. This paper focuses on research conducted in the western U.S. in 2014 regarding federal agencies and tribes’ use of the TCP concept for land management concerns. Three themes from the research include: ensuring government employees have the proper skill sets; incorporating tribes’ understanding of the landscape; proactively building relationships outside of compliance. The findings from this research, which Ms. Barcalow and co-author Dr. Spoon presented in the Winter 2018 issue of Human Organization, further the discussion of collaborative methods in the management of resources on federal lands. barcalow@pdx.edu (TH-140)

BARGIELSKI, Richard (USF) The White Working Class in the U.S.: A Chemo-Social Perspective. There has been an explosion of interest in the “white working class” since the 2016 U.S. Presidential election and U.K. European Union referendum. Conventional narratives tell that economic anxiety resulting from neoliberal globalization has led to increases in morbidity, mortality, and racial resentment among rural whites. Drawing on the recently introduced concept of chemo-sociality, I propose that accounts of the white working class must also consider the post-industrial manufacturing landscapes in which they live. This paper presents chemo-ethnography as a novel mode for understanding how political movements emerge from embodied suffering near a Superfund site in northeastern Ohio. bargielski@mail.usf.edu (TH-32)

BARKER, Alex (Museum of Art & Archaeology, U Missouri) Scholarly Expertise and Credentialing in International Heritage Management. Heritage management spans multiple academic disciplines and contexts of practice, including government agencies, international agencies, NGOs, private sector concerns and institutions of higher education. These dynamic and rapidly changing contexts place a premium on credentials that can be used to assess the knowledge and authority of professionals approaching the same kinds of questions from very different perspectives and have given rise to a series of different credentialing programs at both the national and international levels. The implications promise and pitfalls of several such credentialing systems are discussed and compared within the context of the anthropology of higher education. barkeraw@missouri.edu (F-35)

BARKER, Holly (UW) Transforming Research Practices and Creating Systems to Curb Ethical Abuses in the Republic of the Marshall Islands. The nuclear era’s transformation of human and environmental systems creates both challenges and opportunities for anthropologists and community members to challenge dominant representations of biomedical and environmental damages. This paper links efforts by the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands to establish and enforce research protocols encouraging responsible behavior and data collection by non-Marshallese, and to disrupt historical practices of extractive and exploitive research and journalism that, even when well-intentioned, undermine Marshallese goals for self-representation. hmbarker@uw.edu (W-167)

BARNES, Liberty (U Oregon) Prescription Toys: An Ethnographic Examination of the Distribution and Use of Toy Donations Inside a Children’s Hospital. Pediatric hospitals in the United States receive truckloads of donations from the public each year in the form of new toys, games, puzzles, arts and craft supplies, blankets, and clothing. Based on ethnographic fieldwork inside a children’s hospital on the West Coast, this paper examines how incoming donations are received, sorted, stored, and distributed to patients by hospital staff. In ethnographic detail, I describe the language used by staff to assess the value of donations: educational, therapeutic, distracting; examine how staff make decisions for toy distribution; and demonstrate how toys are re-purposed as educational and therapeutic tools. lbarnes@uoregon.edu (S-96)

BARRIOS, Roberto (SIUC) Imposing Vulnerability: Race, Invisibility, and Extraction in Post-Harvey Houston. A common narrative heard in news media following Hurricane Harvey in Houston was that the flooding it triggered was “an equal opportunity disaster,” meaning that it affected Houstonians of varied socio-economic backgrounds in exactly the same way. This paper examines how such a narrative amounts to a return to a hazard oriented definition of disaster, ignoring the processes that preceded the storm that gave the disaster shape and magnitude, and the recovery policies that followed, which have inequitably exacerbated vulnerability across lines of race and class. The presentation focuses on the area of East Houston. rbarrios@siu.edu (W-38)

BARTLE, Shannon (USF) Changing Scales and Scope in World History: Applied Anthropology and Instructional Design for the Changing AP World History Curriculum.In May 2018, College Board announced changes to the current AP World History curriculum, shrinking the scope of world history from 10,000 years of study to only 800 years of study. This shrinking in scope and scale will fundamentally change students’ perceptions of world history and reduce multiperspectivity in social studies education. I have been test-piloting and incorporating elements of a new design based on applied archaeological theory and methods in my AP World History course. I share initial observations and pre/post data regarding the initial effectiveness in increasing multiperspectivity and the voice of diverse students in the classroom. speck@gmail.usf.edu (F-38)

BASU, Pratyusha and CHAKRABORTY, Jayajit (UTEP) Remembering Environmental Injustice: Social Memory in the Aftermath of the Bhopal Disaster.In 1984, a poisonous gas leak in Bhopal, India, destroyed neighborhoods inhabited by socially disadvantaged populations and drew global attention to the dangers of industrial chemical disasters. However, Bhopal’s survivors continue to be denied compensation for persistent health problems across generations and the hazardous waste continues to seek safe disposal avenues. This paper applies theories of social memory to understand how environmental injustice is rendered invisible and its effects on our ability to address industrial pollution and its myriad adverse impacts. Drawing on media and activist representations, this paper seeks to galvanize memory in favor of environmental and social justice. (W-78)

BEBEN, Zohra (Nazarbayev U) Coping Creatively in Uncertain Times: The Case of Central Asia. Can there be an anthropology of uncertainty? This is a question the Åsa Boholm raises in an article of the same name. An anthropology of uncertainty that goes beyond risk as a negative concept and engages with and offers creative forms of decision-making for solving challenges raised by climate change including increasing risk of disasters. In this paper, I use the case studies of mountain regions in Tajikistan and Kazakhstan to address the question of this connection between creativity and uncertainty with attention to climate change in general and the resulting disasters especially glacier melt flooding. zohra.beben@nu.edu.kz (W-158)

BEEBE, Maria (Portland State U) Diaspora Leadership in Turbulent Times. The purpose of this paper is to explore the leadership journey of Filipinas who chose to work overseas and who have demonstrated leadership by contributing to the greater good not only in their country of origin, the Philippines but also in their destination countries. Key themes to be addressed will include the multiple socio-cultural, economic, and political contexts that frame overseas Filipina experience. The paper will conclude with implications for developing the next generation of leaders in a diverse and increasingly turbulent global environment. maria.beebe@gmail.com (TH-10)

BEHR, Towagh (Kwusen Rsch & Media) Indigenous Consultation and Collaborative Research Are Critical in Achieving Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC). The Canadian Government and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples have established that the free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) of Indigenous communities is required before permits for industrial development are issued within their Territories. My research places me at the interface of the objectives and strategies of my First Nations collaborators, the requirements of Environmental Assessment processes, and the evolving jurisprudence regarding Indigenous Rights. I will discuss the role of FPIC and my collaborative research, which was referenced as evidence in the recent Canadian Federal Court of Appeal’s decision quashing the Trans Mountain Pipeline Project permit. (S-02)

BEHRMAN, Carolyn (U Akron) Intentional Community-Building and Adaptive Practices among US-Based Karen Refugees from Burma. Important variables influencing the resettlement process for refugee groups in the US include the degree to which the culture-of-origin 1) aligned with formal, US-style educational practices; 2) practiced capitalism and rewarded entrepreneurship; and 3) organized power around or exposed individuals to principles of democracy. Focusing on Karen refugees’ creation of a community organization and their execution of a youth leadership workshop, I trace these variables and analyze evolving adaptive practices. Spiritualism/mindfulness, environmentalism, and concerns about local food emerge as significant devices in these practices. behrman@uakron.edu (TH-09)

BELL, David Elijah (SJFC) Docile “Patients,” the US Healthcare System, and the Science of Ineptitude. Sociopolitical theory of “docile bodies” is of direct impact within diverse healthcare interactions, involving effectiveness and appropriateness of healthcare on both clinical and systematic levels. This paper examines the role of power in healthcare, and the capacity for assumptions about knowledge, science, and medical authority to affect quality of healthcare, accessibility of effective treatments, and wider efficacy of ongoing US healthcare reform. In the modern digital age where internet knowledge has dramatically reshaped authoritative trust associated with healthcare professionalism, I argue that critically evaluating and reconceptualizing assumed inequalities inherent to passive “docile patients” is more vital than ever before. dbell@sjfc.edu (W-07)

BELL, Kayeron (K.D.) (UNT) Evaluating Neighborhood Needs for Social Programs. Due to histories of structural racism and neglect, social services, health facilities, and economic opportunities in predominantly African-American neighborhoods are difficult and sometimes impossible to access. Therefore, community centers, churches, and local neighborhood associations/organizations are left to meet their neighborhood’s needs. This paper explores the strategies of a community center in the historically African-American neighborhood of Denton, Texas to develop social programs in a cultural zone long overlooked by the state. kayeronbell89@gmail.com (W-09)

BENNARDO, Giovanni (NIU) How to Investigate the Linguistic Expression of ‘Quality’ in Tongan, Polynesian.Investigating the linguistic expression of ‘quality’ in Tongan poses methodological issues that are strictly related to the theoretical position one chooses and to the intrinsically characteristics of the language under investigation. The latter is: Morphemes in Tongan become parts of speech and specifically adjectives only when appearing in a specific syntactic place and are not defined as such in the Lexicon. The former issue is related with a choice to look at linguistic behavior as instantiating specific cognitive preferences. I propose and discuss three sets of data that I deemed necessary to collect and analyze: linguistic, ethnographic, and cognitive. bennardo@niu.edu (TH-105)

BENNETT, Elaine M. (Saint Vincent Coll) Evaluation of a Child Nutrition Intervention: Impact of a Community-based Participatory Implementation Approach. Implementation of evidence-based child nutrition interventions within communities presents an on-going global health challenge. This paper reports on a process and outcome evaluation of a child nutrition program that was substantially modified through a community-based participatory research and implementation process carried out through an academic/NGO partnership. Reflecting on data from both the implementation process, including participation and program-based data collection, and the program outcomes, including change in reported knowledge and practices related to complementary feeding and water, sanitation, and hygiene, this paper will discuss the ways in which the data were analyzed and applied in collaboration with the community partner. elaine.m.bennett@gmail.com (TH-36)

BERGANINI, Stefanie (CO State U) Neoliberal Dirt: Homelessness, Stigma, and Social Services in Fort Collins, Colorado. The stigmatization of homelessness is shaped by cultural expectations of how to fit in to society; these expectations are in turn shaped by capitalist notions of productivity and usefulness. Homelessness exists as a kind of “neoliberal dirt” whereby the existence of unhoused people causes disgust, anxiety, and often outright hostility. In Fort Collins, a lack of structural awareness means that crucial gaps exist in meeting the survival needs of those experiencing homelessness. The city’s attempts to balance public sentiment against social services leads to some policies which criminalize homelessness and make the lives of homeless residents worse, not better. (W-104)

BERNIUS, Matthew (Measures for Justice) Implications beyond Design: Practicing Anthropology in the Age of Ethnography. In 2006, Paul Dourish documented how the use of ethnography to generate design recommendations often led to practitioners overlooking the most important findings generated by that research. Since the publication of Dourish’s essay, the application of ethnography to business, social, and design challenges has increased significantly. However, the fundamental problems he laid out remain. Drawing upon my work in experience design and social technology, I will explore how a return to core anthropological concepts and attentions could help practitioners advance ethnography beyond just being a catalog of “implications for design.” mbernius@gmail.com (W-69)

BERROA-ALLEN, StephanieCHAVIS, Martha, and GANTHIER, Charline (Camden Area Hlth Ed Ctr, Inc & Community Hlth Worker Inst) The Employable Disenfranchisement of Community Health Workers as Members of the Healthcare Team. The emergence of community health worker (CHW) workforce is due to shortages of healthcare providers, changes in health care financing and delivery which have been affected by both the federal government and private insurers. CHWs are oftentimes not considered part of the healthcare team. They are not paid on a consistent basis outside of grants. Some reoccurring themes that have come across in CHWs training is the lack of foundation due to poor understanding of their role within a healthcare team. The latter is the main reason why CHWs’ work is being undermined before they can make an impact. (TH-126)

BEYER, Molly (Children’s Health System TX) and PARK Kelly (Guewon) Gulf or Stream?: Differences between Patient Caregiver and Clinician Perspective on Management of a Chronic Disease. Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease that requires continuous monitoring to avoid diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which can be lethal if not recognized and treated promptly. A pediatric health system’s endocrinology and virtual health departments developed a mobile application for diabetic caregivers to home-manage non-emergency diabetic illness. This research explores the tension between patient caregiver and clinical provider explanatory models and experiences of DKA and its management. To understand caregiver perspectives, we utilized user experience qualitative cognitive walkthrough and card sorting methodologies. Ultimately, this research was used to redesign the flow and functionality of the mobile application in multiple ways. mollybeyer7@gmail.com (W-36)

BILLINGSLEY, Krista (USF) Scholarships for “Children Affected by Armed Conflict” in Nepal: (Lack of) Education and (Not) Knowing as Proxy. In 2006, Nepal emerged from a decade-long internal armed conflict between the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoists and the Nepali government. During and after the conflict, scholarship programs for children were implemented by the national government to redress human rights violations. This paper draws attention to the meanings Nepali government officials assign to education and highlights victims’ experiences of inequitable access to scholarships targeting “children affected by armed conflict.” Based on 14 months of ethnographic research in Nepal, I argue that discourses on (lack of) education are instrumental in the concealment and entrenchment of inequitable power structures. billingsley@usf.edu (TH-164)

BILOTTA, Juliane (Rutgers U Grad Sch of Ed) The Role of Applied Anthropology in Language Education Policy: Past, Present, and Future Perspectives. English Language Learners (ELLs) continue to be the fastest growing population in US schools yet they are also the most underserved. In an age marked by increasingly restrictive language policies, applied research will be critical for protecting the academic and human rights of language minorities, especially in states influenced by anti-immigrant and nationalist politics. This paper will explore how scholars from groups like the UCLA Civil Rights Project (2013) have used applied anthropological research to change education policy to consider how similar research might be used to impact current policy debates in states like Florida and Arizona. jbilotta23@gmail.com (W-154)

BINGHAM THOMAS, Elizabeth and SMITH-MORRIS, Carolyn (SMU) The Creation of Resilient Care among LDS Latino Immigrants in Northern Utah. Familial relationships play a key role in theoretical considerations of transnationalism and the migrant experience. Care, defined as “the work of looking after the physical, psychological, emotional, and developmental needs of other persons” (Martin 2013), is central to “being” family. Yet, migration causes familial care relationships to shift and adapt (Yarris 2017), impacting both migrants and family members left behind. Through 14 care narratives of Latino immigrants in Logan, Utah, we examine how migrants utilize doctrinal beliefs, religious practices, and the international structure of the LDS church in giving and receiving familial care, thereby compensating for unstable state-sponsored resources. lbingham@smu.edu (W-07)

BIRD, Anna and WIRTZ, Elizabeth (Purdue U) Educating Engineers about International Development Projects. Undergraduate students involved in international service learning projects typically have little hands-on experience in the low- and middle-income countries where most projects take place. Students need better education on these subjects. First, we must understand how students conceptualize and approach international development projects. We take an ethnographic approach to exploring motivations, beliefs, and knowledge of students involved in Engineers Without Borders, a national organization that implements community-driven projects. We employ qualitative data analysis methods on surveys and interviews to assess the outcome of uniquely designed educational modules and to compare pre- and post-semester conceptualizations of development projects within the team. birda@purdue.edu (TH-125)

BIRD, Tess (Wesleyan U) Utilizing Everyday Material Culture in Home-based Studies of Health and Wellbeing. Recognizing the limitations of self-reporting in studies of health in the home, researchers have developed various methods to learn about the realities of everyday life. This paper presents ethnographic research from middle class households in the Northeastern US to illustrate how an everyday material culture approach in anthropology can be adapted to fit the needs of health and wellbeing studies, particularly when it comes to home-based research on health behavior. The paper describes one particularly household object—the fridge—and its usefulness in articulating everyday eating habits in different types of households. tbird@wesleyan.edu (S-66)

BLACK, Jessica and SALMON, AlexAnna (UAF) Alaska Native Fisheries Management and Well-Being: A Critical Juncture. Alaska Native tribes have inherent sovereignty, deriving from the recognition by the federal government that tribal authority existed prior to the formation of the U.S. government. Yet, Alaska Native tribes have been excluded from exercising full sovereignty when it comes to fisheries management in Alaska. A host of factors, including unjust land claims, colonization and continued racism have resulted in the current management state. For Alaska Native people, this has resulted in a loss to overall individual and community well-being, among other factors. This paper will examine the impacts of this disenfranchisement as well as offer concrete steps forward. jcblack@alaska.edu (F-143)

BLAIR, Charlotte (American U) “Los Pedregales No Se Venden”: Sweat Equity and Accumulation in a Mexico City Neighborhood. In 1971, thousands of settlers relied upon their own labor to order a sparsely populated plot of land during one of Mexico City’s largest land grabs. By giving land titles to settlers in 1974, the state gave ‘squatters’ the opportunity to begin a process of step-by-step settlement capitalization. While their shared labor and use of volcanic rock acted as an initial liaison to capitalist developments, collective labor, igneous rocks, and the settlement’s history as a self-built community are currently being used by some residents as a mechanism of resistance against new capital-producing real estate projects. cb5048a@student.american.edu (F-66)

BLAIR, James J.A. (CCP) and GUTIERREZ, Grant M. (Dartmouth Coll) Watershed Vitalities and the Free-Flowing Rivers Network in Chile. This paper analyzes the expansion of a network of environmental activists responding to alternative energy extraction in Chile. An outgrowth of the celebrated Patagonia Without Dams movement (2007-2014), the Free-Flowing Rivers Network offers lessons for how social movements jump scales from place-based campaigns to translocal action in ecological distribution conflicts. Building on a global discourse of “the rights of nature,” as well as Indigenous knowledge and science, the network reconfigures Chile as a land of interconnected, living watersheds. As anthropologists, advocates and members of the network, we examine how its promotion of free rivers confronts the problem of “extractive renewables.” 
jblair@cpp.edu (W-77)

BLOCK, Ellen and SHEEHAN, Megan (CSBSJU) Early and Often: Guiding Students through Research Projects in Anthropology Classes.Research is an important part of undergraduate education, and a high impact practice that enhances student learning and engagement in the classroom. In this paper, we argue that undergraduate coursework should emphasize research skill development early and often. We describe the accretive approach we use to introduce students to ethnographic research techniques, including interviewing, coding, interpretation, theory building, and writing. We present classroom strategies for having students engage in ambitious research projects as part of two classes: medical anthropology and qualitative methods. Finally, we argue that inclusion of research projects in anthropology classrooms is mutually beneficial for students and faculty. eblock@csbsju.edu (W-35)

BLOOM, Allison (Moravian Coll) Crossing Sacred/Secular Lines: An Ethnographic Bridge between Latinx Evangelical Churches and Domestic Violence Programs. In the current U.S. political landscape, domestic violence programs assisting immigrant women are faced with heightened levels of precariousness that may call for new sources of alliance and support. Drawing on insights from Latinx survivors at a crisis center, this research suggests that through the help of this ethnographic lens, evangelical churches can serve as a potential—albeit unusual—ally for domestic violence advocacy work. The ways immigrant Christian survivors integrated their evangelical beliefs and practices with long-term secular support programs serves as a model for how domestic violence advocates can seek productive partnerships across these secular/sacred lines. blooma@moravian.edu (W-18)

BLOWERS DE LEÓN, Brendan (NW Nazarene U) PimpmyUSB: Computer Literacy as Cultural Capital in a Marginalized Immigrant Community. Social inequality can be spatially concentrated through the disparate distribution of economic capital and then reproduced by dissimilar access to educational resources. In spite of this, instruction that is attentive to metacognitive development and is relevant to the surrounding cultural context can empower students with important skills, as well as build in them the confidence it takes to resist discrimination toward their community. Computer literacy as cultural capital is studied in the homes and classrooms of La Carpio, Costa Rica, an informal settlement and the country’s largest binational community, notoriously stigmatized for its proportionately high population of Nicaraguan immigrants. bdbhaiti@gmail.com (F-159)

BLUDAU, Heidi (Monmouth U) Handmaiden No More. This paper discusses migration of Czech nurses to the Middle East and back. An impetus for this migration is a search for professional respect. Nurses in the Czech Republic are often still the physician’s assistant rather than an autonomous practitioner. Using ethnographic data, I will examine how nurses seek and negotiate increased responsibilities in foreign hospitals. I will then discuss how return nurses address returning to the Czech environment. A key element is corresponding care ideologies between the nurse and the work environment, which has a marked difference between labor and delivery and other areas of care in this study. hbludau@monmouth.edu (W-13)

BLUMENFIELD, Tami (Furman U) Goddesses and Torch Festivals as Intangible Cultural Heritage: Public Engagement and Festival Declarations in Southwest China. This paper discusses festivals celebrated by two different ethnic minority groups in southwest China, the Na (Mosuo) and the Nuosu (Yi), examining how the relatively new vocabulary of “intangible cultural heritage” boosted the profile of two festivals beyond the people who historically celebrated it. With this expanded valorization of heritage, the festivals both became officially designated holidays. For anthropologists working in the region, the newly authorized festivals present both important opportunities to broaden “heritage” practice participation, and challenges as media attention transforms the festivities themselves. This paper draws on over ten years of ethnographic and collaborative fieldwork in the region. tami.blumenfield@gmail.com (TH-99)

BODOH-CREED, Jessica (CSULA) Big Data and Urban Ethnography: How Cal State LA and the City of Los Angeles are Working to Create Data Literacy and Equity. California State University, Los Angeles, along with the City of Los Angeles’ Data Office and Community Partners, was recently awarded an NSF grant to promote data literacy and equity in Los Angeles through the LA GeoHUB data portal. In 2017, I ran the pilot study with students in a methods class who used LA GeoHUB to study issues of equity and then the groups mapped their results and presented to the City and University. The partnership between CSULA and the City of Los Angeles is a powerful example of the possibilities of partnerships between scholarship and civic engagement. jbodohc2@calstatela.edu (W-130)

BOERI, Miriam (Bentley U) and LAMONICA, Aukje (S CT State U) Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioids: Perspectives from the Field. With national attention on rising overdose mortality due to a prescription opioid epidemic that evolved into a fentanyl crisis, much of the focus is now on providing treatment for people who are using opioids. Medication assisted treatment (MAT) has been shown to be the highly effective for medically treating opioid dependent people with an opioid antagonist, opioid agonist or a mix of the two prescription responses to opioid addiction. Drawing from an ethnographic study on opioid use in three states (Massachusetts, Connecticut, Georgia), we discuss experiences with MAT from the perspectives of active opioid users. mboeri@bentley.edu, lamonicaa1@southernct.edu (W-123)

BOSCO, Joseph (WUSTL) Coping with the Uncertainty of Pesticide Risk in Rural Taiwan. This paper discusses how rural residents of Pingdong, Taiwan, deal with the uncertainty of pesticide risks. While pesticide residue on food is often mentioned as a worrisome environmental risk, most residents do not act on this worry in daily life. Most (but not all) residents think pesticides are frightening poisons, but the claims by NGOs and advocates for organic farming clash with the widespread belief that agriculture without pesticides is impossible in a subtropical environment. In the swirl of claims and counter-claims, most families take some actions that help and some that may not, and hope for the best. josephbosco@wustl.edu (F-110)

BOTICA, Jennifer (Kleanza Consulting Ltd) Archaeology in a Post-Truth and Reconciliation Commission World: How Do We Apply the Calls to Action? In 2015, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission released 94 Calls to Action to “redress the legacy of residential schools and advance the process of Canadian reconciliation.” Four years on, what has changed in my profession as a consulting archaeologist in BC? In this paper, I discuss the Calls to Action, consider our responsibility as professionals who access First Nations’ cultural heritage, and reflect upon how archaeologists can mobilize reconciliation from the inside out. jenny@kleanza.com (F-172)

BOYD, Jade (UBC & BC Ctr on Substance Use) “I’m not a quitter, I’m not quitting drugs”: North America’s First Women-Only Supervised Drug Consumption Site and Client Challenges to Conventional Notions of Drug Use. North America is increasingly impacted by illicitly-manufactured fentanyl-related overdose deaths. Innovative community-led responses have included the expansion of supervised consumption sites, as well as low-threshold models (termed Overdose Prevention Sites; OPS). Drawing on over 100 hours of ethnographic fieldwork and 46 in-depth interviews with marginalized women who use drugs, this presentation explores women’s responses to North America’s first OPS exclusively for women, which opened its doors in Vancouver, Canada in May of 2017. Participants challenged conventional notions of drug use and indicated SisterSpace as an innovative and effective women-centered harm reduction intervention under the constraints of prohibition. (W-123)

BOYETTE, AdamLEW-LEVY, SheinaVALCHY, MiegakandaSARMAMallika, and GETTLER, Lee T. (Duke U) Unpacking Culture in Research on Parent and Child Health and Well-being: Examples from the Congo. Human development research has focused predominately on western populations. Consequently, we know little about the dynamic role of culture in shaping parental roles, child health concepts, and the impact of such factors on children’s well-being. Our biocultural research in a small, multi-ethnic village in Congo-Brazzaville addresses such knowledge gaps. For example, we show that children whose fathers are better resource providers have better energetic status in hierarchical Bondongo society, but not among the egalitarian BaYaka. Provision is valued, but BaYaka children’s health is less variable and benefits from more cooperative care. We discuss methods and applications of our approach. (S-15)

BRACAMONTE-TWEEDY, Deborah (UC-Merced) Without a Home: Alternative Subsistence and Housing Strategies of the Past and Present. Despite the changing definitions and conditions of homelessness in the US from the late 19th century to the present, one characteristic has remained the same: to be homeless is to be absent of a socially determined “home,” absent of an approved fixed permanent nighttime and daytime residence. This paper explores the history of homelessness through these absences of the American ideal of the home and examines the various alternative subsistence and housing strategies that have challenged “normative” ideals and social constructs of the American “home” in the past and present. dbracamonte-tweedy@ucmerced.edu (W-134)

BRADA, Betsey (Reed Coll) In Defense of Uselessness in the Anthropology of Global Health. Anthropologists of global health are besieged on all sides by calls to be useful. Beyond healthcare providers, policymakers, and ‘target populations,’ even our own colleagues demand “practice-based forms of evidence that can challenge orthodoxies and perceptual deficits” (Adams & Biehl 2016: 124) oriented toward an explicit moral engagement. Yet utility is not coterminous with relevance. Drawing on fieldwork in southern Africa, this paper attempts to go beyond the simple contrast of complicity (inevitable but morally compromising) and engagement (seemingly optional and morally validated) to ask what value anthropologists of global health might find in uselessness in both method and critique. bbbrada@reed.edu (W-06)

BRADLEY, Jennifer (Independent) Increased Mobilities and Women’s Honor: Experiences of Tamang Women Working across the Border upon Returning Home. The Nepal-China border is a locus of change—new roads, transnational exchanges, and plans for new transnational linkages. Nepalese citizens from Rasuwa District, along the border, experience this change most notably through the opportunity to obtain Border Citizen Cards to work across the border in Kerung. These opportunities have proven to be economically beneficial for Rasuwa inhabitants; however, the social dynamics of increased mobilities are more complicated. Focusing on the experiences of Tamang women who work across the border in Kerung, this paper focuses on the role of increased mobilities on perceptions of a woman’s honor upon returning home. jenniferlbradley7@gmail.com (F-99)

BRADLEY, Sarah (USF) The Language of Poverty-branding and the Re-politicization of Hunger in the United States. The way that we speak about food access has changed over time, most recently when the USDA definition of “hunger” was replaced with “food insecurity” in 2006. When this lexical change was made by the Bush administration, critics suggested that it was meant to minimize the scope of the hunger problem by using a less emotionally charged term. This change is part of a larger pattern in the last few decades of depoliticizing the issue of hunger and malnutrition in the United States. This paper will consider the consequences of using politically neutral language to discuss food insecurity. sarahbradley@mail.usf.edu (F-13)

BRAFORD, Deborah (Kent State U) Communicative Migration: The Fluidity and Permanence of Gender and Communication in North America. Gender and its influence on communication is a key factor in the ways in which we interact with each other daily. This paper will explore shifting or migrating patterns of communication in terms of gender in contemporary North American societies within and beyond the scope of the dichotomic male and female. Topics discussed include femininity, masculinity, nonbinary gender, the LGBTQ community, feminism and men’s rights activism throughout North America. These considerations will lead to a holistic exploration of the blending and shifting of communication in these regards. dbrafor2@kent.edu (W-32)

BRANDT, Kelsey (UNT) Navigating Roadways: An Ethnographic Exploration of Community Interactions with a Self-Driving Shuttle. How do community members react when autonomous vehicles are introduced to their roadways? This question is of interest to multiple stakeholders including car manufacturers and municipal governments. This paper reports on reactions to and interactions with a self-driving shuttle system in a growing North Texas city based on observations, ride-alongs, and interviews. Study participants included individuals who helped bring the self-driving shuttles to the city, those who share the road with the shuttles, and users of the shuttles. The study was a class project for a Design Anthropology course, conducted for the Nissan Research Center - Silicon Valley. kelseybrandt@gmail.com (W-112)

BRAULT, Erik and STOLZ, Suzanne (U San Diego) “They aren’t trapped?!”: How Teachers Make Sense of Disability. Commonly, teachers report not wanting disabled students in their classrooms or not having adequate training to support them (Home and Timmons, 2009; Mader, 2017). Although teacher credential programs require a class about teaching this population, Disability Studies in Education scholars argue that technical lessons are inadequate and advocate for engagement in discussions about the sociocultural dimensions of disability (Ware, 2004; Ware, 2008; Gabel, 2005). This study focuses on how teachers make sense of disability while participating in a fellowship program aimed at improving inclusion. ebrault@sandiego.edu (S-62)

BRAUSE, Holly (UNM) Working with Very Small Life: The Changing Relationship to Bacteria and Fungus in Agriculture. Decomposing plastics, filtering toxic chemicals, sequestering carbon: humans in many fields are looking to very small forms of life, like bacteria and fungus, to confront our most urgent environmental crises. Agriculturalists are also redefining their relationships with small life. Long considered only as dangerous pathogens, agriculturalists are increasingly partnering with bacterial and fungal lives to promote crop growth, restore soil, and defend against diseases and pests. This paper examines this shift in human-nonhuman relationships and questions what it means for our collective ability to recognize our entanglements with life beyond the human. hbrause@unm.edu (F-64)

BRAZELTON, Elizabeth Lisa (UWF) The Resilient Warrior: A Lakota Case Study in Hemp Economics. The Resilient Warrior: A Lakota Case Study follows Alex White Plume, industrial hemp farmer from the Pine Ridge Reservation, SD. Hemp farming was federally banned after World War II, but Alex attempted to become the first U.S. hemp farmer in over thirty years, planting his first crop in 2000. Tribal law supported his endeavors, but the DEA confiscated Alex’s crops in 2000, 2001, and 2002 and the Supreme Court issued an injunction against him, not lifted until 2016. Alex’s story is one that questions indigenous sovereign rights and present-day social injustice in one of the poorest areas of the U.S. Mauimomx4@gmail.com (TH-44)

BREDA, Karen (U Hartford) and PADILHA, Maria Itayra (UFSC-Florianopolis) An Anthropological Critique of the Evolution of Health Care Providers in a Turbulent Health Care Market. The fast-paced climate of today’s turbulent health care environment requires its service providers be agile and prepared to adapt and change. Uncertainly around acuity levels and the economics of health care reimbursement have pushed US corporate health care to increasingly incorporate advanced practice nurses (APNs) in the care provider mix. This paper will critique the reality of APNs in the US and analyze why the US market is particularly ripe for the use of this care provider. How this relates to the applied anthropology of health and what it means for applied anthropology research, practice and advocacy will be explored. breda@hartford.edu (W-13)

BREITFELLER, Jessica (UMD) A Platform for Whom?: Indigenous Participation and Knowledge Sharing within the UN Climate Negotiations. In recent years, policy makers, activists and scholars alike have called for greater integration of indigenous voices and knowledge within the UNFCCC negotiations. In 2015, under the Paris Accord, this call resulted in the creation of the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples (LCIP) Platform, which is aimed at facilitating the exchange of knowledge and best practices in addressing climate change. Drawing on research conducted at the 2018 UNFCCC Conference of the Parties, this paper examines the evolving roles of indigenous peoples within the negotiations, their current viewpoints and demands for inclusion, as well as their perceptions of the LCIP Platform. (W-143)

BRERETON, Elinor (U Colorado) Psychotropic Medications and Children: Perceptions of Mental Health Professionals. This paper explores mental health professionals’ perspectives on the prescription of psychotropic medications to children as well as biomedicine’s influence in the mental health field. Eight semi-structured interviews were conducted in Denver, Colorado and participants discussed factors that they believe influence prescribing practices including: professional role changes, issues of access, limited evidence, cost, and institutional pressures to practice within a biomedical model of care. This paper suggests that psychotropic medications are being prescribed for factors other than medical necessity, and yet continue to be used as treatments because of the rigidity and supremacy of the biomedical model. elinor.brereton@ucdenver.edu (F-36)

BROOKS, Benjamin (ECU) Measuring Social Stress among Andean Highland Women: Insights from Faculty-Student Collaborative Research. Applied anthropological perspectives can be effective in gaining a greater understanding of Andean women’s cultural models of social stress. Students from East Carolina University learned the research methods of Cultural Domain Analysis and developed a Women’s Social Stress Gauge as part of a study abroad program in Peru. Students engaged with local Andean women to gather cultural data on stress among highland women. Women in the Andes are disproportionately impacted by household stress due to being socially marginalized in highland society. The data the students gathered will be compared with published research scales used to measure stress. brooksb@ecu.edu (W-108)

BROOKS, EmilyPOPPERL, Simone, and OLSON, Valerie (UCI) Seeking Hydro-Social Justice: Ethnographically-Informed Planning and Community Engagement in a Southern California Watershed. Based on applied anthropological research conducted as part of an ethnographically-informed planning process for the Santa Ana Watershed Project Authority’s Disadvantaged Communities Involvement Program, this paper explores the process and politics of community engagement for urban water governance. Reflecting on fieldwork with water managers, public officials, and community leaders, we examine this process through the lens of “hydro-social justice.” How are certain people, places, and things made to carry unequal hydrological weight, or excluded from spaces where water expertise is shared and decisions are made? What lessons might water managers and urban planners learn from applied anthropologists, and vice versa? (W-100)

BROWN, Brenda (Kennesaw State U) Changing Healthcare Delivery to Meet the Needs of Refugees: The Story of the Clarkston Clinic. As refugee numbers soar so does the need for culturally sensitive, affordable, and accessible healthcare. Clarkston, GA is home to a large and diverse refugee population. The author will present the story of one clinic which began as a mobile unit and is now a freestanding building located in the heart of Atlanta’s refugee population. The physicians, nurses, students, and other volunteers who staff the clinic are grateful for the opportunity to serve the community. During these turbulent times in the US for refugees and immigrants, the clinic and staff are willing to make changes so that all may benefit. bbrow123@kennesaw.edu (TH-103)

BROWN, Madeline (UFL) Seasonal Migration and Socio-Ecological Systems in Southwest China. Rural outmigration is on the rise in China and elsewhere and is anticipated to continue to increase with climate change and greater environmental uncertainty in the future. Migration, whether permanent or seasonal, contributes to rural depopulation and shifting social and ecological dynamics. Based on longitudinal ethnographic research, this paper investigates the relationship between rural-to-urban seasonal migration, community-based forest management and wild forest product harvesting in Southwest China. Specifically, I examine how individuals from indigenous Yi and other ethnic minority communities navigate migrant labor opportunities and the implications of outmigration for rural spaces, identity and landscapes. madelinebrown@ufl.edu (F-50)

BROWN, Shan-Estelle (Rollins Coll) Anthropological Approaches to the Design of an mHealth Intervention to Improve HIV Medication Adherence. mHealth, the use of mobile and wireless devices in healthcare, provides increasing opportunities to improve health outcomes, especially for underserved populations affected by HIV. This study describes the development of an mHealth intervention informed by anthropology, health communication theory, and people-centered health for people living with HIV and who also use cocaine. Through focus groups with patients and medical providers, we establish preliminary evidence for implementing an mHealth intervention to improve HIV medication adherence. This study discusses mHealth acceptability and feasibility for these populations and suggests future directions for anthropology in healthcare innovation. sbrown1@rollins.edu (W-36)

BRUNA, Sean and STODOLA, Tyler (WWU) Teaching in Turbulent Times: A Content Analysis of U.S.-Based Medical Anthropology Course Syllabi. For more than quarter of a century science established that half of all cases of morbidity and mortality in the United States are linked to behavioral and social factors (McGinnis and Foege, 1993; NCHS, 2003a). With this revelation, the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies recommends that students entering medical school programs complete courses in the behavioral and social sciences during their baccalaureate education (Cuff, 2004). Despite the topic’s importance, there are limited guidelines regarding what should be taught in baccalaureate courses, particularly in times of change. To understand what is taught in medical anthropology courses, this study surveyed. sean.bruna@wwu.edu (W-124)

BUDUR, Diana (Princeton U) Closing the Wellbeing Gap among Clans of Romanies in Brazil. Romanies suffer from poorer health and unhealthier living conditions compared to majority populations in Europe. Meanwhile, this is only partly true in Brazil where ethnographic fieldwork on two main Romani diasporas, namely the Roma and the Calons revealed significant differences between them in both financial status and wellbeing with the Calons representing the more impoverished segment of the ethnic group summed up as ciganos (Gypsies in Portuguese) under Brazilian minority rights recognition. Better data is needed to explain the Calon health gap and to design better interventions to reduce this gap. Their poor health is closely linked to social determinants. anaid_b@yahoo.com (W-44)

BUGBEE, Mary (UConn) The Business of Medical Billing Codes: How Profit Was Produced under the ICD-10 Transition. In 2015, the US transitioned to the ICD-10-CM/PCS, a comprehensive updated coding system for medical reimbursement. This paper, situated in critical political economy, traces the ICD-10 transition using the concept of the corporate governance of healthcare, attending to the role the state plays in mediating inter-capitalist maneuvers. While there were both winners and losers under this transition, the health IT industry stood to gain the most. This case study highlights the complexity of the U.S. health sector, and how competing actors use or react to health policy in order to create or appropriate as much surplus value as possible. (TH-03)

BUKUSI, David (U Amsterdam) Knowledge to Practice: The Importance of Collecting Data on Suicide to Improve Mental Health Care. Evidence gathering practices for psychiatric care in public hospitals in Kenya is often informed by global indicators and framed in a language that strives to reflect the requirements of non-governmental organizations and international funding bodies. Based on ethnographic data collected in Naivasha County Hospital in Kenya, I argue for a reframing of our understanding of “good data” on suicide at the hospital level in order to stimulate awareness of the need for increased health worker training in mental health care and the burden of mental health at the hospital, and to provide opportunities to access to national level funding. (W-156)

BURGER, Annetta (GMU) Community Resilience in Complex Adaptive Systems: An Agent-Based Model of Disaster. Global environmental change and an increasing frequency of climate-related disasters has renewed interest in theories of community resilience and human adaptation. However, research into the non-linear dynamics underlying emergent behavioral patterns and community adaptations can be stifled by discipline-centered conceptions and methodologies. To illuminate these dynamics, cross-cutting theories of complex adaptive systems, social capital, and cognitive task analysis are operationalized in an agent-based model (ABM) of disaster. The ABM provides a platform for experimentation utilizing traditional qualitative case studies, quantitative empirical data, and methodologies from the computational social sciences, such as geo-spatial analysis, data mining, and social network analysis. aburger2@gmu.edu (F-20)

BURKE, Brian (Appalachian State U) Building Cultures of Resistance and Transformation: On the Lessons and Risks of Anthropological Re-Engagement with Culture Change in the Anthropocene. Today’s anthropologists have, appropriately, disavowed our discipline’s complicity in colonial and neocolonial projects for culture change. But these turbulent times call for radical cultural change in support of resistance and systemic transformation. This paper uses recent literature on culture/subjectivity/ontology, as well as my own research on alternative economies activism in Colombia, to explore how anthropologists might contribute to the cultural changes necessary for building decolonial, anti-capitalist, and climate-just political ecologies. How might we use our historical strengths in studying culture for projects that expand agency, self-determination, sovereignty, and genuine sustainability? What new risks, relationships, and practices will that require? burkebj@appstate.edu (W-167)

BURNSILVER, Shauna (ASU) Mixed Livelihoods and Connections: What Is “Resilience” in Arctic Alaska?In the mixed economies of Arctic Alaska households embedded in communities simultaneously engage in the cash economy, pursue some aspect of subsistence, and remain connected to each other through a culturally rich set of sharing and cooperative relationships. In the circumpolar north, mixed economies seem persistent despite significant challenges and have become a cultural touchstone for what it means to be, for example, Iñupiat or Gwich’in. This paper explores empirical structures and processes embedded in three mixed economies, which are suggestive of household or community resilience, and queries the methods necessary for understanding “resilience” under conditions of change. (F-50)

BURRELL, Blake (Miami U) Seeking Sustainable Urban Renewal: An Anthropological Study of Neighborhood Change. Urban restructuring in Cincinnati has primarily been enacted as corporate gentrification, widening class disparities and displacement. To counter this, the Enright Ridge Urban Ecovillage (ERUEV) is a grassroots organization focused on neighborhood change through integrating household and community practices of environmental sustainability. In summer 2018, I began a collaborative ethnography to understand how ERUEV envisions urban change. Fieldwork focuses on ERUEV committee projects, such as redeveloping a vacant property into a neighborhood space for gardening, live music, and a farmers’ market. Using an organizational anthropology framework, I analyze the tensions and mutuality arising from the ERUEV’s process of consensus-based decision-making. burrelb2@miamioh.edu (TH-167)

BURRIS, Mecca (USF & Indiana U), BRADLEY, Sarah and RYKIEL, Kayla (USF), HINTZ, Danielle (Juvenile Welfare Board), SHANNON, Elisa (Feeding Tampa Bay), HIMMELGREEN, David (USF) Teen Food Insecurity: Finding Solutions through the Voices of Teens. Using participatory action research, researchers collaborated with local organizations and teens to better understand the risk factors and coping mechanisms related to teen food insecurity in one Florida county. Approximately 44% of teens were food insecure. Focus groups and photovoice showed negative perceptions of food, school and programming concerns, stigma, and socioeconomic status were primary factors behind teen food insecurity. Teens relied on their communities, illegal activities, low-cost foods, and part-time jobs to cope. The findings, in combination with teens’ recommendations, highlight significant opportunities for food insecurity interventions that are sensitive to the unique biological and social experiences of teens. burris@iu.edu (TH-155)

BUTTS, Steve (U Plymouth) I Think I Might Die If I Miss Anything: The Electronic Mail Monkey on Your Back. The perception, and reality, of the ability for individuals to contact each other at a moment’s notice and our visceral reaction to the need to take heed and respond has, quite literally, changed the nature of how we choose to interact with others, and in many cases blurred the lines between traditional pillars of work and non-work time. This paper assesses discernible patterns and impacts of electronic mail on university staff, discusses how staff approach managing their electronic communications, provides some insight into the drivers for particular types of behaviour, and set out some recommendations to improve health and well-being. sbutts@plymouth.ac.uk (TH-06)

BYRD, Janette (OR State U, Benton Soil & Water Conservation District) Gendered Narratives of School Food Service Labor, and the Legend of Commodified Social Reproduction Work. Typically, school food system studies are quantitative and food-centric. These studies are important for improving students’ nutritional outcomes, sustainability efforts, and other school food system issues. (Tsui, Deutsch, Patinella, and Freudenberg 2013) However, there is a growing movement that takes a qualitative approach to school food systems from the perspective of food service workers. This movement focuses on school food service workers’ experiences, skills, and their needs as food system laborers. Utilizing data from an ethnographic study of Oregon school food service workers, this paper takes a qualitative, worker-centric approach to school food systems, exploring narratives of labor and gender. jevbyrd@gmail.com (T-125)