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Tuesday 3/19  Program  Session Abstracts
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 Paper Abstracts

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ABBAS, Chelsea (Widener U) State Failure, Migrant Others and the Formation of Community Vigilante Groups in Rural Costa Rica. Recent political violence in Nicaragua has sent waves of migrants south to Costa Rica in numbers not seen since the Nicaraguan Revolution. At the same time, proposed fiscal reforms in Costa Rica have led to massive protests and strikes straining the nation’s response both in terms of resources and attitudes. Rising xenophobia and perceived failings of the Costa Rican state have led to the formation of armed community vigilante groups that are taking direct action in some regions. This research explores this tense reality, drawing upon interviews with vigilante members in the San Carlos region. (F-130)

ACEVEDO, Sara (Bellevue Coll) Naming Silences: Reclaiming Disability Narratives through Curricular Intervention. This paper documents my experiences as Diversity and Disability Advocacy Fellow, a PhD candidate in Anthropology and Social Change, and adjunct faculty at the California Institute of Integral Studies. I discuss my role in the implementation of disability-specific curricula through the punctual delivery of a three-installment lecture series entitled “Disability as Diversity.” In so doing, I call attention to the overall barriers that disabled constituents face as they contest the absence of disability representation in the curricula. Second, I argue that the systematic neglect of disability-specific materials magnifies existing inequalities and effectively erases disability identity. (F-98)

ACOSTA-MUNOZ, Felipe (NCSU) Ko’ox T'aano’on ich Maaya: Yucatec Maya Language Revitalization Efforts among Professional Educators in the State of Yucatan, Mexico.Indigenous languages throughout the Americas are endangered. In Mexico 14 million people spoke an indigenous language in 1930; today that number has declined over 60%, even among the Yucatec Maya, who number around 795, 000 speakers. In the summer of 2018, my research in Merida and Valladolid, through interviews and systematic observation, had as its purpose collecting data about efforts among Maya educators to revitalize Maya. I report in this paper that despite lukewarm support for Maya revitalization from the government, there is insufficient legislative action and enforcement to secure the linguistic and cultural rights of Maya speakers in Yucatan. feacosta@ncsu.edu (S-04)

ADAMS, Ryan (Lycoming Coll) The Local Food Movement in San Juan, Puerto Rico: Challenges and Opportunities. The small and struggling local food movement in San Juan, Puerto Rico could be understood as occupying two distinct settings. The first is among new farmers, environmentalists and other activists interested in various counter-culture causes. The second setting is among chefs and restauranteurs. The interaction between the two settings is not robust, but their shared motives and experiences suggest that they might be able to find common cause if circumstances changed. Based on six months of ethnographic fieldwork, I examine the distinctions between these settings and the potential for the local food movement in Puerto Rico. adamsr@lycoming.edu (TH-13)

AGBELIE, Chris-Mike (Stony Brook U) Contestations of Citizenship: Paradox of Recognition and Redistribution in Cash Transfers for Disabled People in Ghana. This paper joins contemporary discourses in anthropological disability studies about the lived experiences of disabled people in sub-Saharan African contexts. I draw on a qualitative study of cash transfers for disabled people in Volta Region of Ghana to frame disabled people’s claim-makings as contestations of citizenship. I argue that disabled people’s contestations of citizenship in this context constitute a “recognition-redistribution paradox.” This thesis advances new theorizations of citizenship as an institution in flux embedded in current cultural, social and political struggles that constitute it. It calls for multidimensional strategies to simultaneously curtail maldistributive and misrecognition mechanisms that marginalize disabled people. chris-mike.agbelie@stonybrook.edu (TH-21)

AHMED, KhadaraRAHRICK, AnnaSWENSON, Riley, and DAGGETT, Alexandria (CSBSJU) Language Matters: Interpreter Efficacy through Technology in the Clinical Setting. This study explores the use of interpreters with Limited English Proficient (LEP) patients in a small midwestern city. It examines the efficacy of the current interpreter system and explores potential differences in interpreter use by profession and by diverse patient groups. There were three primary barriers to in-person interpreters: time, availability, and patient anonymity. Surprisingly, technological solutions, such as video and audio interpreters, increased flexibility, availability, and language choice for LEP patients. This research reveals a need for improvements in interpreter formats, including increased access to technological solutions, in order to better provide care for diverse groups of LEP patients. kaahmed@csbsju.edu (W-35)

AHMED, Saleh (U Arizona) Data Collection in Data Poor Regions: Understanding the Demands for Climate Information in Coastal Bangladesh. Data collection is sometimes a challenge in many developing countries, largely because of lack of available human resources and poor accessibility. This presentation focuses on a research that has been conducted to understand the local demands of weather and climate information in coastal Bangladesh. Using the theoretical arguments of social vulnerability to climate change, it highlights agrarian societies are not homogeneous, which also determines by capturing the local social and cultural nuances that shapes differentiated power and access to opportunities as well as capacities to use and needs of weather and climate information for local disaster preparedness and adaptation decisions. ahmeds@email.arizona.edu (F-128)

AJIBADE, Idowu (Portland State U) The Double-Edged Nature of Patronage Politics, Capital Accumulation, and Transformative Adaptation in the Philippines.This paper explores the relationship between power politics and socio-ecological patterns of vulnerability and adaptation in Quezon City, Philippines. The paper discusses how patronage politics and a culture of indebtedness were mobilized to create transformational change in a certain low-income community but show that these same factors engendered vulnerability and subverted meaningful engagement on risk reduction and transformative adaptation in an adjacent community. The paper further interrogates the contradictions and dependency relations embedded in patronage politics and how this creates subjectivities and an alignment with visions of resilience that may not be in the long-term interest of low-income communities. jajibade@pdx.edu (TH-137)

ALANIZ, Ryan (Cal Poly) “A resettlement is not the same as a community”: Evaluating Post-Disaster Social DevelopmentStrategies.Mass migration and disaster refugee crises have spurred debates about how non-governmental organizations should respond to the difficult task of relocation. Research on seven Honduran resettlements built for survivors of Hurricane Mitch (1998) by different organizations evidences the critical need to invest in social development for long-term success including: Sustaining basic resources, Accompanying vulnerable residents over time, Guiding the creation of political, economic, and social institutions, and Empowering residents toward self-reliance (the SAGE strategy). ralaniz@calpoly.edu (TH-43)

ALBERTIE, Mariah (U Arizona) Aztec Butte: Sacred or Profane.This paper evaluates an apparent disconnect between interpretative signage and naming at Aztec Butte, in Canyonlands National Park, and indigenous interpretations documented in an ethnographic study. Drawing on 38 interviews conducted at this location with tribal and pueblo representatives, I show how Aztec Butte structures were identified by park signage as “granaries,” whereas native interpretations reached a general consensus that the structures were for ceremonial purposes. Traditional meanings of both the structures and the area as a whole are drastically changed by indigenous interpretations. I argue that this case demonstrates the scientific and management significance of applied research documenting indigenous voices in parks. (S-08)

ALBRIGHT, Karen (U Denver) and GREENBAUM, Jordan (Int’l Ctr for Missing & Exploited Children) Medical and Mental Health Services for Child Survivors of Sex Trafficking: Barriers to Access. Globally, approximately 4.5 million children are victims of forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation. It is critical that child survivors are offered health services, yet little is known about the availability of medical and mental health services, or barriers to care. This presentation will report results from a global literature review and 44 interviews of academicians, service providers and health care professionals from around the world and will identify existing services and common barriers (related to the quality, availability, accessibility, acceptability, accommodation and affordability of services) to medical and mental health care access by child sex trafficking victims. karen.albright@du.edu (W-44)

ALEKSEEVSKY, Mikhail (Ctr for Urban Anth-Moscow) Freedom of Choice: Quality of an Urban Environment and Migration Strategies of Highly Qualified Specialists in Russia. After the collapse of the USSR, many factories in Russia were closed. Experienced specialists left small degrading industrial cities. In the 2000’s the industries revived. But the qualified specialists from Russian metropolis refused to move to less developed towns where the factories were built. Analyzing the case of the city of Svobodny near the Chinese border (where the largest gas processing plant in Russia is currently being built) the author presents an applied anthropological study of the demands of highly qualified migrants in relation to the urban environment. The research helped with the development of a strategy for the city. alekseevsky@yandex.ru (S-35)

ALESHIRE, Jewel (UNT) Impacts of Climate Change: A Comparison of Fijian and Tuvaluan Culture. Prior research concludes that climate change is generally impacting islanders’ culture. This comparative research of Fiji and Tuvalu aims to identify the specific impacts of climate change on island environments and islanders’ lives, how climate change is defined and perceived, education surrounding climate change, and local responses and solutions to climate change. This study uses semi-structured ethnographic interviews as the primary source of data. This data is intended to assist aid organizations in providing culturally competent aid. Furthermore, the research will provide an important contribution to the literature by highlighting islanders’ personal lived climate change experiences. jewelaleshire@my.unt.edu (W-158)

ALEXANDER, Megan (NMSU/UConn) The Fine Line between “More Harm Than Good” in Medical Education. The existing pedagogy of biomedicine pushes residents to perceive the practice of medicine as foremost lifesaving. This paper considers this perception within the dynamic structure of power and agency in resident education, and through the lens of resident-patient interactions at end of life. Drawing on ethnographic findings, this paper 1) identifies particular resident experiences that are at odds with the current didactic paradigm, 2) examines how this creates a space in which resident physicians, in particular, are caught in a moral conflict in which their care may do more harm than good, and 3) considers an alternate pedagogical space. (F-153)

ALEXANDER, William (UNCW) The Classroom After the Disaster: Hurricane Florence and Environmental Justice Ethnography in Coastal North Carolina. In a semester disrupted by Hurricane Florence and its catastrophic flooding, the content of the course “Environmental Justice Ethnography” at University of North Carolina Wilmington took on unexpected significance for anthropology undergraduates. Before the storm, three on-going local issues– drinking water contamination from decades of chemical dumping in the Cape Fear River by the Chemours (DuPont) corporation, coal ash spills from Duke Energy plants, and pollution from hog waste lagoons in concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) owned by Smithfield Foods— had been chosen as focal topics. This paper discusses the opportunities for engaged learning and community involvement after the storm. alexanderw@uncw.edu (W-08)

ALLEN, Alejandro (TX State U) Study Hard, Eat Less: Contextualizing and Exploring Food Insecurity among College Students. Rates of food insecurity are significantly higher among college students than among the general population. In this presentation, I share findings from an ethnographic study exploring how college students experience food insecurity. In particular, I highlight the challenges students face in living up to expectations of the collegiate experience while managing various interconnected demands, including feeding themselves, rigorous coursework, employment, socializing, and time management. In reaction to these challenges, students develop creative ways to eat, and construct a view of food insecurity that relies on its status as a shared and temporary condition tied to their identities as college students. aca95@txstate.edu (F-08)

ALLEN, Karen (Furman U) Changing Conservation through Conversations: The Role of Dialogue. Anthropologists have developed extensive critiques of popular market-based conservation strategies, analyzing the ways that they advance a neoliberal agenda; but we are often hesitant to offer alternatives. This research examines how anthropologists can work as boundary agents in conservation through engaged research that embraces dialogue. I present a case study of workshops held in the Bellbird Biological Corridor, Costa Rica, during July 2018. These workshops demonstrate how conservation dialogues can serve to: 1) strengthen social capital and networking across communities, conservation practitioners, and policy-makers, 2) increase the knowledge base of locals, and 3) elucidate local concerns for improved conservation actions. karen.allen@furman.edu (W-111)

ALMEIDA-TRACY, Katia (CWRU) Beyond Words: A Linguistic Anthropological Approach to Active Learning. The goal of this paper is to analyze theoretical and practical pedagogical implications of my experience teaching a first-year seminar on language & communication to a diverse group of students primarily interested in STEM fields. On one hand, I will explore the educational impacts that an anthropological approach with focus on language and communication may have on student’s intellectual engagement, learning outcomes, and analysis of diverse modes of being and belonging. On the other hand, I will discuss the pedagogical implications of applying linguistic anthropology to the design and implementation of an active learning seminar. (TH-125)

ALTIMARE, Emily (FTE Performance Consulting) Leveraging Process Improvement as a Driver of Culture Change in the Workplace. Organizations are quick to assert that they desire culture change yet slow to enact meaningful modification to workplace behaviors and practices. Process improvement, when grounded in redefined roles, responsibilities and standardized work can serve as a carrier of culture change and represents an underutilized approach. This paper presents an illustrative case study drawn from the manufacturing sector and describes one company’s effort to improve efficiency a process that generated a secondary benefit—culture change. The dynamics and context that contributed to the culture change are explored in an effort to document process improvement as an effective lever of culture change. emily.altimare@fteperformance.com (S-65)

ANANEA, Danielle and DUNCAN, Whitney (UNCO) Project HealthViews: Understanding Patient Experience and Putting Medical Anthropology to Work in Greeley, Colorado. In this presentation, I present data collected through an undergraduate medical anthropology community engagement project with a local safety-net clinic, Sunrise Community Health. Specifically, I will explore how factors such as ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, and insurance coverage play a role in access to treatment and satisfaction with healthcare. Although data are still preliminary, they point to high degrees of satisfaction with care despite considerable socioeconomic barriers, suggesting that Sunrise plays an important role in providing care to vulnerable populations. In my presentation I also discuss the community engagement model for putting medical anthropological tools to work in real-world contexts. jone7291@bears.unco.edu (S-96)

ANDERSON, Barbara (Frontier Nursing U) The U.S. Nursing Shortage: Determinant of National and Global Health. The nursing shortage is a global problem. In America, the numbers of graduates have not met the growing health care needs of the nation. Downsized university budgets restrict adequate number of nursing faculty and clinical sites. The shortage affects rural and frontier areas in the U.S. where many critical access hospitals have been closed. The U.S. nursing shortage impacts low-resource nations who experience large-scale migration of nurses helping to fill our gap but resulting in closure of health services and public health programs in poor nations. The U.S. needs national policy and immediate action to develop a sustainable, domestic workforce. (W-43)

ANDERSON, Barbara (Frontier Nursing U) Where Is My Mama?: Escalating Maternal Mortality in America. Maternal mortality in America, death during pregnancy or the first year postpartum, is the highest among all developed nations, rising exponentially in the last 15 years. The greatest impact is on African-American and American Indian/Alaska Native women. Cardiovascular events have replaced hemorrhage as the leading cause of death. Severe morbidity is also high with many “near-miss” events. This crisis is grounded in the social determinants of health, structural-systemic forces, declining accessibility to care, insufficient number of maternal health providers, and lack of national priority on maternal health. This presentation engages participants in interactive critical thinking about advocacy across multiple sectors. bandersoncnm@gmail.com (W-73)

ANDERSON, Brittany (U Iowa) And So We Waited: Biosecurity and Ebola in Freetown, Sierra Leone. During the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak in West Africa, tens of thousands were placed into quarantine. In Freetown, Sierra Leone, the government and international health organizations chose a different, household-based quarantine for families suspected of being exposed to Ebola. The consequences of quarantine, however, did not end with the cessation of their confinement. Building on two summers of research in Freetown, Sierra Leone, this paper will focus on the long-term social, psychological, and economic effects of quarantine in four distinct communities. Specifically, how these experiences have shaped understandings of place, family, and social relationships in a context of resource scarcity. (F-123)

ANDERSON, ColinBUCHANAN, ChristabelMAUGHAN, ChrisMACKINNON, Iain, and SINGH,Jasber (Ctr for Agroecology, Water & Resilience - People's Knowledge Group) Grappling with Sticky Questions: Practicing Radical Pedagogies in Food System Education. We need new pedagogies to contest the marginalization of subaltern knowledges in the dominant food system(s) – those of people of colour, indigenous people, women and sexual minorities. But, how can we effectively teach decoloniality and participation within fundamentally oppressive societies and within education institutions mired in cognitive injustice? What kind of pedagogies can help us in this regard, and what are their dynamics, challenges and opportunities? How do we grapple with our positionalities vis-à-vis oppressive systems of domination? These are the sticky questions that we are grappling with in our pedagogical projects at the People’s Knowledge Collective. (TH-18)

ANDERSON, E. N. (UCR) and ANDERSON, Barbara A. (Frontier Nursing U) The Wolf You Feed. There is a Native American story of two wolves living in you, a good wolf and a bad wolf. Research on genocide shows that every genocide reveals ordinary people who are good, caring, harmless citizens suddenly turning into murderous monsters. Hitler may never have killed anyone except himself, but his “good Germans” and others killed tens of millions. Little investigation has been carried out on this phenomenon. With the help of modern psychology and our field experiences, we can provide explanations from cognitive, cognitive-behavioral, and emotional theories of psychology, and construct a model of what disposes individuals to care. gene@ucr.edu (F-36)

ANDERSON, E. N. (UCR) Cycles of Empire.Several recent works have argued that climate change drives a great deal of human history. Testing this against the cycles of Chinese history suggests that the classic explanation of cycles by the Tunisian historian Ibn Khadun (14th century) is a more successful argument. Ibn Khaldun maintained that conquering a realm required solidarity, but then population growth and elite distancing from the mass eroded solidarity. Empires collapse as people worked against each other instead of with each other. However, climate is an important part of the back story. Andrew Vayda’s analysis of causality is valuable for understanding the connections. gene@ucr.edu (W-15)

ANDERSON, Matthew (EWU) and RADIL, Steven (U Idaho) Rethinking PGIS: Participatory or (Post)political GIS? Participatory GIS (PGIS) represents a means of political intervention whereby GIS is used to enhance the political engagement of historically marginalized populations. Yet, PGIS is predominately guided by a politics of “inclusion,” which, we argue, has left PGIS ill-equipped to truly challenge the political-economic structures responsible for (re)producing the very injustices and inequities it strives to ameliorate. As a result, PGIS has become de-politicized, operating within existing spheres of power. By adopting a more radical conception of “the political,” PGIS praxis can be re-theorized around disruption and brought closer to its goal of supporting progressive change for the historically marginalized. manderson22@ewu.edu (S-13)

ANDREATTA, Susan (UNCG) Degrowth: How to Move to Talk to Action with Students. The recent IPCC report predicts a 1.5- degree Celsius temperature increase by 2040. Should this trend continue, scientists claim it will lead to a world of climate catastrophes, food insecurity, and climate genocide. The Degrowth movement calls for radical and systemic transformation of current behaviors, practices and values away from economic growth to retard this rate of increase. This paper provides examples for educators and practitioners on how to move Degrowth dialogues to action, and how to motivate students to collectively work together to create social responses to combat a wide range of ensuing environmental-related problems. s_andrea@uncg.edu (TH-130)

ANDREWS, Courtney (U Alabama) La Buena Vida: Cultural Consonance and Health Outcomes among Mexican Women in Alabama. Research linking acculturation and health outcomes has been equivocal, with some studies suggesting an improvement for certain groups but most showing a decline on several key health indicators, particularly among immigrants from Mexico. Cultural domain and consensus analysis is used to infer a cultural model of la buena vida, or the good life, among Mexican-born women in Alabama. Cultural consonance is measured to determine the extent to which participants approximate this model in their actual lives, and consonance is examined as a moderating variable between typical measures of acculturation and two health outcomes - type 2 diabetes and depression. jonescourt@gmail.com (F-45)

ANDREWS, Deborah (UNF) The Critical Role of Elders in Maintaining Biodiversity During Globalization. The role of elders in traditional knowledge is a well-known cultural phenomenon, and this study affirms the importance of seed experts, known as semillistas, in maintaining agricultural intra-species diversity in the Peruvian Andes. During times of rapid globalization, however, traditions, knowledge, and biodiversity can be rapidly lost, perhaps out-pacing the ability of traditions to survive. Conservation of biological diversity often relies upon independent farmers who serve as experts and conservators. The scientific community should facilitate the in situ conservation among these special farmers who arguably are doing more for conservation than many government programs. deborah.andrews.esq@gmail.com (S-32)

ANNECHINO, Rachelle (CPHRG, PIRE), HUNT, Geoffrey (CPHRG, Inst for Sci Analysis), ANTIN, Tamar (CPHRG, PIRE), WILSON, Ida and SANDERS, Emile (CPHRG, Inst for Sci Analysis) Perceptions of Police among LGBTQ+ Youth. The advent of the Black Lives Matter movement, together with social media circulation of encounters with police use of force, has brought increased attention to perceptions of law enforcement within marginalized communities. Based on in-depth interviews with 65 Bay Area LGBTQ+ youth, we will examine circumstances in which LGBTQ+ young people are motivated to seek out or avoid police. In particular, we will focus on intersecting factors such as race, gender presentation, housing status, and employment status in relation to conceptions of police as agents of protection or agents of control. rachelle@criticalpublichealth.org (TH-108)

ARCEÑO, Mark Anthony (Ohio State U) To See or Not to See: Landscape Change and the (Lack of) Avian Presence in Central Ohio Vineyards. This paper draws on nearly a year of ethnographic research conducted in central Ohio, where winegrowers have especially complicated relationships with avian wildlife. Here, I first define what is generally meant by seeing “good” and “bad” birds, or evidence thereof, among the vines. I then describe winegrowers’ experiences throughout the last wine cycle regarding the presence (or non-presence) of birds and other species. Ultimately, I make a case for how the appearance (or lack) of certain birds may not be merely coincidental but might very well align with concurrent changes in migratory patterns, climate, and vineyard landscapes. (W-138)

AREFAINE, Micknai (OR State U) Degrowth as an Inclusive Project: The Role of Intersectional Feminism. Degrowth is a salient and relevant topic for the United States, as it intersects with many past and present movements and social justice issues that arise from the deeply ingrained legacies of white settler colonialism and the transatlantic slave trade. In order to be inclusive, Degrowth can utilize the lens of intersectionality, a concept rooted in US black feminist traditions. This paper will explore the various ways in which Degrowth can become an intersectional project by reviewing and relating black and indigenous feminist theories and praxis to Degrowth mission and values. arefainm@oregonstate.edu (TH-130)

ARELLANO-LOPEZ, F. Sonia (Independent) Sustainable Development, Tourism and Indigenous Peoples: The Case of the Plurinational State of Bolivia. The election of Bolivia’s first indigenous president, in 2005, and its 2009 constitutional reform, transformed the country’s approach to tourism development. Under the banner of the new constitution, the government designed, planned and implemented tourism models based on indigenous peoples as rights holders over Bolivia’s environmental and cultural patrimony and legitimate brokers to negotiate if and how to share that patrimony. The tourism model that emerged promotes international sustainable development policies that indigenous peoples consider appropriate. It also disseminates a public image of traditional indigenous people as business-oriented and able to lead economic development alongside with environmental and cultural care. (TH-141)

ARLT, Stephanie (UVic) Advocating for Evidence-Based Policy to a Conservative Government: Challenges to Ontario Harm Reduction Policy Implementation. This paper is a dialect between the science of addiction and Conservative ideology. The recent election of Conservative leader Doug Ford has halted progress in safe substance consumption. This essay draws upon the example of Switzerland an extremely right-wing country, which legalized heroin-assisted treatment. It proposes a guide to translate evidence-based progressive research into an order-restoring framework without using economic growth or threats of criminalization. The significance of this paper is to propose a better way to communicate life-saving research to a political party interested in preserving traditional means of treatment. stephanie.arlt@gmail.com (W-123)

ARMSTRONG, Lisa (USF) Education in Sulphur Springs-Spring Hill: Creating a Museum Display for African American Heritage.Heritage narratives are often limited to popular court cases, socially accepted themes and people. This rhetoric creates a narrow view that silences major achievements of Black people. Specifically, the “South” is known for centuries of perpetrating racial oppression against non-White people that obstructs their pathways to equality and stability. Under-representation of Black heritage in scholarship and public spaces is particularly relevant in Tampa, Florida. This study of Sulphur Springs-Spring Hill community’s heritage advances existing research and community knowledge; intersects race and gender themes; and diversifies perspectives in a museum by exploring strategies to maneuver beyond boundaries of oppression in education. lkarmstr@mail.usf.edu (W-51)

ARPS, Shahna and PERALTA, Karie (U Toledo) Health Care Use and Access to Food, Water, and Sanitation among Haitian and Dominico-Haitian Households in the Dominican Republic. The political marginalization of Haitian families living in the Dominican Republic is well-documented. Less clearly described are the material circumstances that characterize these households. This paper examines access to resources and health care use by families (61 urban, 30 rural) residing on the north coast. Household survey data show that people used diverse types of biomedical and traditional health care. Overall, food insecurity was high (73.6%). Rural households had more unmet sanitation needs and less stable access to water than urban families. These findings identify public and environmental health issues and can provide guidance for organizations that serve these communities. shahna.arps@utoledo.edu (S-06)

ARTZ, Matt and SEVERICHE MENA, Carolina (UNT) New Perspective: How Consumer Genetics Can Foster Ethnic Understanding. We live in a time rife with ethnic tensions, yet many of us unknowingly share an ethnic heritage with those that are perceived to be the other. If we knew more about our genetic heritage, would we be more accepting of others? In a recent ethnography of direct-to-consumer genetics (DTCG), that is what we found. When people took a genetic test, they not only gained a better understanding of what they already knew but more importantly about their unknown ethnic heritage, leading to a desire to share and learn more. This paper shares how DTCG can foster ethnic understanding. (F-172)

ASGARILALEH, Tara (U Amsterdam) Inequality and Infertility in Iran: Assisted Reproductive Technologies and Masculinities. How do involuntarily childless couples, especially men, access and use assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs), in the socio-cultural, religious and medical context of contemporary Iran? Iran is the only Muslim country in which ARTs, including the use of donor gametes and embryos, have been legislated by religious authorities and regulated by the state. (In)fertility is generally considered a ‘woman’s problem’; male (in)fertility and its consequences are hardly recognized in public debates. This ethnographic study will enhance understanding of male (in)fertility and the use of ARTs in Iran, building on three core theoretical notions – (Islamic) biopolitics, ‘stratified reproduction’ and ‘emerging masculinities.’ (S-37)

ATKINSON, Hannah (NPS) Promoting Local Stewardship in the Caribou Hunter Success Working Group. Modern caribou hunters in Northwest Alaska have adapted their hunting practices to work around jobs and to utilize new technology in boats, snowmobiles, and guns. Iñupiaq values of hunter success are adapting, too. The Caribou Hunter Success Working Group is a multi-agency collaboration with Iñupiaq tribes and elders to identify caribou hunting values. Values have been used to manage resource use since long before management systems were implemented by the federal and state government. Making space for Iñupiaq people to identify their values in the context of modern hunting adaptations is promoting local stewardship of the Western Arctic Caribou Herd. hannah_atkinson@nps.gov (TH-48)

AUDELL, Acacia (CSULB) Lost in Transition: The Compounding Issues Regarding Insufficient Funding for Homeless Services. Many individuals experiencing homelessness (IEH) return back to the streets after being placed in permanent housing. This cycling in and out of housing is compounded by inadequate assistance during the crucial “transitional period” when individuals are expected to assimilate to a new environment. Although case managers and outreach workers are trained to help individuals adjust to their housed status, they are required to continue outreaching because of community pressures to remove IEH off the streets. Utilizing ethnographic methods, this paper focuses on how insufficient funding for transitional services creates disparity in addressing the needs of the Long Beach homeless population. a.audell@gmail.com (W-165)

AUSTIN, Diane (U Arizona) Place Matters: Tracking Coastal Restoration after the Deepwater Horizon. This paper analyzes the allocation and use of Deepwater Horizon oil spill settlement funds that were directed toward coastal restoration. Despite its enormity, the oil spill was only one of many disasters to affect coastal Gulf of Mexico communities between 2000 and 2010. We examine the influence of disparate governance mechanisms and experiences with disasters in Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana and illustrate where, how, and under what circumstances recovery resources have begun to flow to restoration projects. We explore the lasting environmental impact of the Deepwater Horizon that may result from implementation of restoration projects across the Gulf coast region. (W-17)

AZADEGAN, Shadi (CO State U) Vulnerability, Resilience, and Social Justice in Disaster Recovery. The materially destructive and socially disruptive impacts of natural hazards run parallel to patterns of historical inequality that put marginalized communities in harm’s way. This qualitative research project explores disaster recovery in a low-income Hispanic community in Houston, Texas that was impacted by Hurricane Harvey 1) as a lived experience at the household level; 2) as a process of neighborhood organization at the community level; and 3) as part of a broad-scale response at the city level. Research outcomes will support disaster recovery initiatives to better understand and explicitly address vulnerabilities and structural barriers to resilience rooted in social injustice. shadi.azadegan@colostate.edu (S-68)