2002 Sol Tax Distinguished Service Award
Art Gallaher is Professor Emeritus in Anthropology, and former Chancellor of the University of Kentucky at Lexington. His interest in applied anthropology began with his BA degree from the University of Oklahoma in 1950, and his MA from the same institution in 1951, when he did research with Seminole Freedmen. He received the Ph.D. in Social Anthropology from the University of Arizona in 1956, joined the Society for Applied Anthropology in that year, and has been an active participant ever since.
Dr. Gallaher's broader interests in cultural anthropology, and the subsequent translation of those into application issues are: short-term processes of culture change, especially in socio-economically marginal populations; change agentry and intervention models in economic development; complex social organization, especially bureaucracy and corporate cultures, higher education, and the dissolution of nation-state constructs; and sociocultural integration of communities at risk and those undergoing rapid change. His major research populations have been socioeconomically marginal farm populations in the U.S. and Ireland, and urban and rural minority populations in the U.S. His publications include three books, Plainville Fifteen Years Later, ed. of Perspectives in Developmental Change, and co-ed with Harland Padfield of The Dying Community.
A past president of the SfAA (1977-78), Art also served the Society as Treasurer and as Secretary-Treasurer, and as chair and member of many operational committees. He has served on the board of AES and the AAA, a strong proponent in each case for applied anthropology, and In 1997-98 chaired the AAA's Commission on Future Organizational Structure. In addition to the SfAA's Sol Tax award, Art is recipient of the AAA's 1993 President's Award, a Weathehead Scholarship at the School of American Research in 1990, and in 1989 was named a Distinguished Centennial Alumnus by the University of Arizona.
Dr. Gallaher has been an active consultant and advisor on issues of culture and developmental change, intervention models, academic program design and evaluation, race and ethnic relations, and higher education, in both public and private sectors. He believes strongly that anthropology is, and ought to be, a discovery-based discipline whose commitment to discovery extends not only to finding, but also to implementing solutions to problems that inhere in, and are created by, the human condition. Consistent with this view, he believes one can apply anthropology best only by first becoming a good anthropologist. His view is that the authority of applied anthropology will have arrived when those at the policy table believe they cannot start without us. Most recently, Art has been consultant in anthropology to the Board of the School of American Research in Santa Fe.