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 Paper Abstracts

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ZAMORA, Kara (VA), PALYO, Sarah, SINAVSKY, Karin and SEAL, Karen (VA & UCSF) Chronic Pain Care at the Manila VA Clinic: Results from a Tailored Pilot Telementoring Program Delivered to Clinical Staff. Providers at the VA Manila Outpatient Clinic (VAMOC), the only VA clinic located in a foreign country, face unique challenges treating chronic pain. Qualitative interviews with providers at VAMOC were used as part of a mixed-methods quality improvement project aimed at tailoring a chronic pain education telementoring program for providers.  Results highlighted unique institutional, social, regional, and logistical factors that influence pain care delivery. The program was tailored to be sensitive to these factors and to limited resources available at VAMOC. This program can serve as a model for future clinical trainings tailored to unique local contexts, supporting more sustainable, structurally-competent health education programs. (S-99)


ZARGER, Rebecca (USF) Saltwater Meets Freshwater: Climate Change and the Politics of Water in Tampa Bay, Florida. As climate change begins to reconfigure hydrosocial relations in urban coastal cities, applied anthropologists strive to better understand compounded vulnerabilities and the ways existing inequalities will intersect with factors such as sea level rise, flooding, drought, and infrastructural failure. In this paper I examine the ways municipal leaders, regional planners, climate scientists, and local residents view the intersection of water scarcity and climate change risk and vulnerability in the Tampa Bay region, as saltwater meets freshwater in unintended ways. I analyze points of contradiction and consider how anthropologists may contribute to new forms of water governance and climate change adaptation. (TH-14)


ZAVALA, Melissa (CUNY) From Wasteland to Wetland. Climate change and habitat destruction are affecting biodiversity levels everywhere, exacerbating already vulnerable conditions in cities.  The predominance of human populations and emphasis on human uses impacts the levels of degradation and fragmentation of green spaces.  New York City is pioneering the largest land reclamation project, transforming the Fresh Kills landfill into a nature reserve.  This article traces its transformation using archival and field data on the practical applications of restoration ecology city parks.  How can work in urban ecology contribute to environmental anthropology and conservation literature?  This article is aimed at growing this burgeoning area of research. (TH-45)


ZEWERI, Helena (Rice U) Expanding Definitions of Family and Gender-based Violence: Knowledge Politics in Australia’s Emergent ‘Forced Marriage’ Sector. As forced marriage occupies an increasingly prominent role within Australian national policy agendas around family violence and modern slavery, social service workers tasked with prevention and intervention projects struggle to design a unique set of risk assessment and first-response mechanisms that avoid stigmatizing young adult women from immigrant backgrounds. Through presenting these actors’ dilemmas, the paper analyzes how state-led attempts to broaden the familial relations that count as criminal forms of violence, intersect with contemporary racialized pathologies of gender-based violence. I also examine how anthropological knowledge practices around multi-scalar forms of violence, resonate and brush up against social service frameworks. (F-09)


ZHANG, Ann Yao and DONOVAN, Samuel (U Rochester) A Priest, a Doctor, and a Deputy Mayor Walk into an Interview: Conflicting Perspectives on Women’s Psychosocial Well-Being in a Mountain Community. In Borca, an ancient mountain community in Italy, economic transitions through agrarianism, industrialization, and tourism have caused household-level restructuring giving women innumerable, conflicting responsibilities. Transition away from mutualistic agrarian labor has also led to pervasive isolation in different forms, including social, geographic, economic and existential. We conducted interviews with male and female residents on how these factors affect the psychosocial well-being of women ages 35-65.  Conflicting professional and social perspectives emerged concerning women’s role(s) in the community and their often maladaptive coping strategies (hidden drinking, tobacco smoking, benzodiazepine abuse, etc.), demonstrating the dissonance women themselves face in managing expectations. (TH-129)

ZHANG, Meiyin (Fudan U) An Ethnographic Study of the Young Deaf People in China: Linguistic Practices and Deaf Identities in the Making. Prior research on deafness has been characterized by an existing dichotomy between the medical and cultural models that have offered contrastive paradigms from which to explain what sets the “abnormal” from the “normal.” This ethnographic research explored the strengths and limits of both models. By tracing implementation of a sign language standardization project, this paper discusses the perspectives of policy makers and local deaf people, and analyzes how a well-intended welfare policy failed to get the recognition. I argued the importance of local knowledge in the policy-making process and tried to present the multilayered meanings of “being deaf.” (S-67)

ZLOLNISKI, Christian (UTA) The H2-A Program as Recruitment and Disciplining Tool for Baja’s Indigenous Farmworkers in the United States. Examines the recruitment of indigenous farm laborers from Baja as temporal H-2A workers in the United States. In light of tight border enforcement of the US-Mexico border, many growers in the United States increasingly rely on H2-A workers to fill their labor needs. I discuss the growth of this program in the San Quintin Valley in Baja California, one of the major agro-export enclaves in northern Mexico. I focus on the mechanisms used by US companies to recruit in this region, the role social media play in the process, and workers’ own assessment about their experiences in this program. (F-169)


ZUREK, Michael (UF) Grounding Research Questions: How Exploratory Text Analysis Guides Ethnographic Fieldwork in Antarctic Crews. Operated by the European Space Agency, Concordia Station is analogous to long-duration space exploration in regards to isolation, confinement, and crew autonomy, and therefore relevant for human expansion into space. Since 2013, the organization has published blogs titled “Chronicles from Concordia” to facilitate public engagement with these Antarctic missions. Exploratory text analysis on these blogs has yielded themes that are believed to be influential in shaping human behavior in isolation. These findings will be utilized in upcoming ethnographic fieldwork amongst over-wintering Antarctic crews. This paper demonstrates the importance of inductively generating research questions from empirical evidence to guide anthropological fieldwork. (TH-15)