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SAKAI, Risako (OR State U) Sustainability For Whom and For What?: A Case Study of Mo’orea, French Polynesia. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have been established throughout the world for biodiversity conservation and sustainability. On the island of Mo’orea, French Polynesia, MPAs were launched for sustainability of natural resources. However, MPAs on Mo’orea have privileged particular users, tourists and natural scientists, while local people were informed that MPAs would be designed for local people’s future generations. This has caused their hostility towards MPAs and privileged users, which is jeopardizing continuity of MPAs. MPAs need to include those who rely on natural resources and what they desire through conservation. This paper presents data collected in 2016, drawing on political ecology. sakair@oregonstate.edu (W-155)


SAKELLARIOU, Dikaios (Cardiff U) Imaginative Horizons and Problems That Are Yet to Come. Using empirical evidence from a study with people living with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Wales, UK, I aim to foreground the interplay between disability, temporality, and intersubjectivity. Disability often turns possibilities into uncertainties. If an imaginative horizon for Crapanzano refers to an ability to imagine what might lie beyond the present, what possibilities might emerge in the future and what these might look like, for some people disability can highlight the unpredictability of the future, foregrounding difficulties that are yet to come. In this paper I discuss the ways people negotiate action to deal with these, still imagined, difficulties. sakellarioud@cardiff.ac.uk (S-37)


SAKELLARIOU, Dikaios (Cardiff U) The Health System as a Topos of Structural Disadvantage for Disabled People. My aim in this paper is to discuss how disabled people are turned into costly bodies through processes of individualisation and responsibilisation of the right to healthcare. Chile has undergone an extensive process of marketisation of its healthcare, as part of a broader social policy approach influenced by neoliberalism. Health has changed from being a right to being a marketable need, creating a structural disadvantage for disabled people who cannot afford the better-quality services and timely attention of private providers. In this paper, I will discuss the emergence of sites of disability in the Chilean healthcare system. sakellarioud@cardiff.ac.uk (F-15)


SALGO, Eszter (John Cabot U) Is the Political Soteriology Built around the Dogma of the “Ever-Closer Union” Sustainable in an Increasingly Heterogenous Europe? Following the recent economic and refugee crises, the federalist utopia turned into the European Union’s political religion. The creation of the “United States of Europe,” home for one (European) demos, is now represented as the only salvation, the only way for citizens to transcend today’s overwhelming conditions and re-conquer the lost idyll. Gaining insights from political anthropology, social theory, philosophy and psychoanalysis, the goal of this paper is to illustrate a) what prompted the supranational elite to fabricate a soteriology and b) why their doctrine is not sustainable (if the organization is to strengthen its representativeness and democratic legitimacy). esalgo@johncabot.edu (W-44)


SALVI, Cecilia (CUNY Grad Ctr) No Hay Cuchillo Sin Rosas: Urban Repurposing and Literary Art in South America. In an era of rapidly-advancing and easily accessible technology, the editorial cartonera movement handcrafts book covers from upcycled cardboard. Born of the 2001 economic crisis in Argentina, artists began creating published materials by repurposing cardboard that was initially bought from trash collectors. Today, cartoneras continue to prosper throughout Latin America as either worker-run collectives or individual artistic projects, undergoing cycles of “transformation and continuation” (Maneiro 2012). What gives rise to and sustains the movement? How do notions of trash collection circulate in the cartonera’s discourses and become productive? How is value (art-as-value) produced through the circulation of a discarded good? (F-14)

 

SAMMELLS, Clare and GONZALEZ, Christina (Bucknell U) Creating Campus Commensality: Food Security, Conspicuous Consumption, and Other Ways That Campus Dining Can (Inadvertently) Reproduce Social Inequality. We will consider an under-examined side of sustainability: how food creates community on campus.  Through the examination of a particular college campus system, we consider how campus meal plans and a-la-carte food purchases can maintain and highlight pre-existing social divisions by class, gender, and age.  These divisions manifest through the conspicuous consumption of expensive foods, such as quinoa, which evoke healthy, middle-class lifestyles. Meal plans also divide student dining experience by gender and class year.  Campus food sustainability must consider social aspects of food distribution, unequal access, and who is structurally enabled to eat together. c.sammells@bucknell.edu (W-21)

 

SANDESARA, Utpal (U Penn) Gendered Violence at the Limits of Human Life: Attempts to Control Sex-Selective Abortion in Western India. In Gujarat (western India), selective abortion of female fetuses is a widespread family planning strategy with tremendous demographic consequences. Drawing on fieldwork among clinicians and government officials in a district with one of the country’s most skewed ratios of boys to girls, this paper examines the realities of a government prohibition on sex selection. An ethnographic perspective highlights the challenges of implementing a law that aspires to detect and stop gendered violence in utero. The paper goes on to ask how ethnography can identify openings for fashioning new policy, simultaneously less invasive and more just. utpals@mail.med.upenn.edu (W-104)

 

SANTOS-GOMEZ, Hugo (UCSB) Farmworkers, Citizenship, and Soccer. In most agricultural towns across California’s agribusiness main regions, soccer organizations have served as public forums for civil society by bringing together assemblages of people, gathered upon their own will, who debate issues of common concern. Paraphrasing Clausewitz famous words, I will try to show how soccer is the continuation of politics by other means, by highlighting some of the processes through which farmworkers become part of an active civil society by participating in the public sphere and, ultimately, stimulating novel forms of substantial citizenship. hugo.santos1@gmail.com (F-169)

 

withdrawn SCAGGS, Shane and GERKEY, Drew (OR State U) Subsistence Harvest Biodiversity and Social-Networks in Subarctic Alaska. A salient theme has emerged out of the social-ecological systems literature on resilience: the importance of diversity. Some scholars have utilized measures of biodiversity have been developed by ecologists, like the Shannon-Wiener Index, to assess variation in livelihood diversification between communities. In this paper, I describe the application of this index to survey data collected by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game. I calculate the diversity of species harvested by households in communities on the Kuskokwim River of Alaska. I discuss the relationship between a household’s composition, harvest biodiversity, and position in networks of food-sharing and subsistence collaboration. scaggss@oregonstate.edu (W-31)


SCANLON, Matthew, SWEENEY TOOKES, Jennifer, and BEDORE, Christine (GA Southern U) Perceptions of Georgia Shrimp Fishermen towards Shark Depredation of Gear. Southern Atlantic commercial shrimpers are struggling financially due to a number of socioeconomic factors. One additional pressure is shark depredation: Fishermen spend hours repairing nets that have been bitten by sharks. For two years, fishermen have contributed to the collection of scientific data to quantify the frequency of damage.  They say this problem has worsened as protections for sharks have expanded, and are receptive to potential mitigation techniques. This paper will report the results of interviews and observations, relating them to biological data to analyze the extent of this problem and make recommendations for further citizen science with this population. ms11728@georgiasouthern.edu (F-32)


SCHAFFT, Gretchen (American U) Conducting Studies among a Population of Old Order Amish in a Pennsylvania Community. Structural parameters of an Old Order Amish community present certain challenges to anthropological research.  Gaining access to the lives of those living in such a community has to be based on mutual trust and transparency against a background of an Amish culture of separateness and extreme privacy.  A discussion of methodology presents issues of passive resistance, the ying and yang of personal relations, and the need for empathy and understanding on all sides.  It is also necessary to convey an understanding of respectful research methods. gschafft@verizon.net (TH-41)

 

SCHALGE, Susan and PAJUNEN, Matthew (MNSU) Known Unknowns: Meta-education as Framework of Frameworks. Students bring varied cultural capital and understandings of higher education on to campus. Meta-education, educating about education, allows students to understand the larger puzzle that their classes, their degree, their discipline, fit into. Drawing on ethnographic, interview, and student evaluation data, we explore meta-education and student success in anthropology. We argue that meta-education plays a significant role in students’ lives and, most importantly, is an area that educators can directly affect. Meta-education can improve our teaching, help students navigate the higher education system efficiently and effectively, and contribute to the sustainability of the discipline. susan.schalge@mnsu.edu (TH-153)


SCHENSUL, Jean (ICR) and REISINE, Susan (UConn Sch of Dental Med) Matching Anthropologically Driven Preventive Interventions to Clinical Trial and Implementation Research Approaches: The Case of Oral Health Interventions for Older Adults in Senior Housing. Intervention science is not thought of as an anthropological pursuit. Yet the formative mixed methods research conducted by anthropologists can generate the infrastructure, interventions and evaluation to improve organizational and community health.  In this paper I describe a case study of an NIH funded community based clinical trial to improve oral health of older adults, developed, piloted, implemented and evaluated by anthropologists with interdisciplinary and community colleagues, with broader implementation of results in mind from the start. We argue that anthropologists need methodologies that capacitate them to take leadership in moving their formative research into intervention design, evaluation and dissemination. Jean.schensul@icrweb.org (W-100)


SCHENSUL, Stephen (UConn Sch of Med) and SCHENSUL, Jean (ICR) Implementing the Ethical Responsibility for Disseminating Research Results to Study Populations. Anthropologists and other researcher frequently create an explicit or implicit bargain with study community members; provide information and the research will benefit the community. Just as frequently, those that conduct the research do not keep their part of the bargain. This paper argues for instituting an ethical and professional requirement that results generated from community research conducted in a community be shared with that community and the development of dissemination methodology that can implement this responsibility. Examples of dissemination and methodological guidelines will be provided from the US, Mauritius, Sri Lanka and India. schensul@uchc.edu (F-77)

SCHLOSSER, Allison (CWRU) Technoference in Recovery: Social Inclusion and Stigma in Online Worlds. In the past twenty years, social interaction has increasingly occurred online, providing new venues for identity formation and social belonging. Virtual spaces, however, are not isolated from “real” life. This paper explores recovery at the intersection of online and offline worlds, drawing on an ethnography of client experiences of residential addiction treatment in Northeast Ohio. Clients seek social connection online, yet surveillance from authorities and peers limits efforts to escape stigmatized identities. “Real” and virtual worlds constitute one another, introducing a double-bind: hope for newfound inclusion and threat of continued marginalization as individuals attempt an elusive “new you” in recovery. avs29@case.edu (F-37)


SCHMID, Mary Beth (UKY) Temporalities, Human Rights, and Everyday Violence of the U.S. (Im)migration System. Debate concerning human rights in the immigration realm are concentrated on space and the claims of the state to define territory and belonging status through the use of monopolized violence. Current policy debates necessitate expression of temporal as well as spatial aspects of cultural citizenship. Supported by ethnographic dissertation research, this paper argues that U.S. immigration policy imposes a temporal logic that inflicts everyday violence. By taking the temporal aspects of U.S. immigration policy into account, scholars can contribute to the groundwork necessary for new legal challenges and a re-imagining of immigration policy that takes people’s time into account. mary.beth.schmid@uky.edu (TH-17)

 

SCHMIDT-SANE, Megan (CWRU) Pass the Khat: Bar Groups, Reciprocity and Men’s HIV Vulnerability in Kampala, Uganda. Men in Uganda are “missing” across the HIV cascade, with low numbers testing and seeking treatment for HIV/AIDS (PEPFAR, 2017). The question remains, what about the social environment shapes men’s behavior? This research posits that “bar groups” play a role in men’s behavior and concomitant HIV vulnerability. “Bar groups” are a social mechanism with cultural and historical roots. Men form groups in various locations, sharing resources, alcohol, and drugs. These groups buffer against economic scarcity, but may promote unhealthy behavior. This research explores the dualistic nature of “bar groups” as resilient and vulnerable social mechanisms, with implications for community-level programming. mms44@case.edu (F-40)

 

SCHNEIDER, Luisa (Oxford U) Something Heavy/Something Light: The Multifaceted Lived Experiences, Opinions and Emotions of Women Experiencing Gender-Based Violence in Freetown, Sierra Leone. Based on long-term ethnographic fieldwork on (sexual) relationships and gender-based violence in post-war and post Ebola Freetown this paper maps the multi-layered positions, emotions and attitudes of women who experience GBV. Rather than assuming a position of resilience or victimhood it is the women who define their experiences and my work is based on their positioning and terminologies. I accompanied my respondents in their day-to-day lives and conducted life history interviews. My respondents’ experiences are analysed based on their positioning, their trajectories and daily lived realities as well as broader social, economic, and cultural conditions. luisa.schneider@spc.ox.ac.uk (S-74)

 

SCHUG, Seran and FANOURGAKIS, Nikonia (Rowan U) Resisting Stereotypes of Vulnerability: Performances of Agency, Resilience, and Virtue. Our paper (based on research conducted at Rowan University’s Institute on Aging) analyzes survival stories from 30 aging adults who experienced Hurricane Sandy. While the initial purpose of the research was to assess the supports and resources these aging adults needed and used during periods before, during, and after the Hurricane, discourse analysis of the data uncovers the performative nature of these narratives. We show that these aging adults narrated themselves not as declining elderly in need of help but as competent and moral individuals who throughout this existential crisis were agentive heroes with qualities they appreciate and respect. schug@rowan.edu (W-74)


SCHULLER, Mark (NIU) A First Look at Cuba’s Response to Hurricane Irma. Category-5 Hurricane Irma, two weeks after Category-4 Harvey, battered the Caribbean in September 2017, including Cuba, with a world-renowned hurricane preparedness and response. Irma caused massive flooding and infrastructural damage all along Cuba’s nearly eight-hundred-mile Northern coast, however international media agencies focused on Havana, the capital, where ten people died and several large buildings collapsed. Cuba’s official response to Irma, also prioritizing Havana, underscores tourism’s increasingly central importance. Based on months of initial fieldwork, this paper analyses how the official disaster response shapes the first national election scheduled since the Revolution and how it reflects Cuba’s ongoing transition and transformation. mschuller@niu.edu (S-10)

 

SCHULTE, Priscilla (U Alaska SE) Shared Memories of Food Gathering and Cultural Keystone Places. The Tlingit, Haida and Tsimshian peoples of southern southeast Alaska have fished, hunted and gathered the natural resources from their ancestral areas since time immemorial. Interviews with elders and cultural teachers regarding the harvesting, storage, and consumption of local coastal foods reveals their strong connection to the landscape, and ‘cultural keystone places’ (CKPs). The shared memories are evoked by the gathering, preparation and consumption of ‘traditional foods.’ Coastal resources including fish, berries, plants and cedar bark are best understood in the context of the relationship between the people, the landscape, and the memories that link them. pmschulte@alaska.edu (TH-99)


SCHUMAN, Andrea F. (Centro de Estudios Científicos y So) Tourism as an Extractive Industry: The Case of Quintana Roo, México. Since the 1970’s, founding decade of the Cancún megadevelopment, QRoo has depended on the international tourism industry and its national partners. A territory of pristine waters and forests gave way to a Disneyfied playground for visitors- around 10 million in 2016.  Coastal development produces clear evidence of negative environmental effects. Playa del Carmen, Latin America’s fastest growing city, had three of Mexico’s most polluted beaches in 2015.  This paper describes tourism’s extractive nature, as enacted in QRoo. From water usage to land grabs, cultural misappropriation and threatened livelihood strategies, tourism brought little of value to the existing socio-ecological complex. ctriples@aol.com (W-32)

 

SCHWARZ, Carolyn (Goucher Coll) Not Insured but Not Uninsured Either: The Unusual Position of Healthcare Sharing Ministries in the United States. This paper offers an ethnographic contribution to pressing concerns about health insurance and healthcare policy. I do so by way of examining non-profit, faith-based organizations called healthcare sharing ministries (HCSMs) that share in medical bill costs but stand just outside of the insurance world. HCSMs have grown considerably after the passage of the Affordable Care Act because the law exempts HCSM members from the individual insurance mandate. I pay particular attention to HCSMs as one process through which healthcare takes on a socially-embedded character—a quality that has usually been associated with provider-patient relations, and not with medical bill payments. Carolyn.Schwarz@goucher.edu (TH-70)

 

SCOTT, Christian and CHI, Guangqing (Penn State U) Fresh Air and Clean Water: Sense of Place in the Southern Kyrgyz Highlands. The Mountains of Kyrgyzstan are not just a topographic feature but also are a reflection of livelihoods. This study examines the relationship between environmental attitudes and perceptions. A strong connection to the environment as a reflection rural identity was found. “Fresh air and clean water” goes beyond natural beauty and is reflective of intrinsic value and valour. Contemporary and historical analysis yields insights into the nuanced relationship between rural communities and the environment. Sense of place and cultural affinity for ‘pasture’ are examined. Findings display the affinity for pasture as a source of health, educational, social, economic, and physiological benefits. cks8@psu.edu (F-131)


SCOTT, Monique (Bryn Mawr Coll) Africa, Art, Artifact & Audience. Museums have long constructed an imaginary Africa through the reductive, metonymic context of the traditional anthropological exhibition. I will share research I conducted of audience perceptions of African displays in internationally diverse anthropology and natural history museums. I will share research I conducted on the progress narratives constructed in human origins exhibits; as well as recent research on the tension between art and artifact in the representation of Africa in contemporary art and anthropology exhibitions, particularly as this plays out in two iconic Philadelphia institutions, the Penn Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology and the Philadelphia Museum of Art. mrscott@brynmawr.edu (TH-131)

 

SCRIMSHAW, Susan C. (Nevin Scrimshaw Int’l Nutrition Fdn) Academic Leadership as Applied Anthropology. As anthropologists, we learn to play many roles as we live with different cultures and absorb cultural knowledge. In my experience, leading a college or university is an exercise in applied anthropology.  Anthropology provides the ability to enter a community, listen to its members, and analyze what is important, what is working, what is not, and how to effect change - all hallmarks of a successful college leader. This paper discusses leadership strategies based on 33 years of academic administrative experience ranging from associate director of a center to dean to two college presidencies. susan.scrimshaw@gmail.com (F-141)

 

SEAGLE, Caroline (McGill U) Mining-Conservation Landscapes, the ‘Offset Ideology’ and Notions of Life in Madagascar. Multinational mining companies and international conservation NGOs increasingly partner around ‘biodiversity offsets’ that allegedly achieve a “net positive impact.” Premised upon the commodification of nature through the green economy, offsets allow industry to destroy biodiversity in one location while conserving it in another. Drawing on fieldwork in Madagascar (2016-2017), I argue that an ‘offset ideology,’ where nature and life become transactional, is central to green corporate legitimization, but that this ruptures social-ecological landscapes and depoliticizes the uneven impacts of mining itself. Offsets risk neglecting complex, multifaceted and relational experiences of landscape, labour, and heritage so important in rural Madagascar. caroline.seagle@mail.mcgill.ca (F-62)


SEAR, Vicki (UBC) Face-to-Face: The Impact and Implications of Videoconferencing Use in Kaska Language Revitalization Work. This presentation addresses the impact that videoconferencing technology is having in Kaska language revitalization work, and suggests new ways that this emergent technology can be incorporated into language revitalization methodology and practice. Ethnographic and linguistic research shows that this technology not only introduces new possible methods to revitalize the language, but also creates opportunities for new types of collaboration among Kaska stakeholders. Importantly, these research findings also suggest that videoconferencing may help endangered language stakeholders undertake more sustained and collaborative language projects that will help ensure that these languages do indeed have a sustainable future. vsear@alumni.ubc.ca (W-50)

 

SEARA, Tarsila and JAKUBOWSKI, Karin (U New Haven), POLLNAC, Richard (URI) Fishers’ Perceptions of Climate Change: Implications for the Adaptation of Puerto Rico Coastal Communities. Healthy coral reefs are essential to the people of Puerto Rico. Assessments of socio-economic impacts of climate change are critical for understanding and addressing challenges associated with fisheries management, coral reef conservation, as well as social resilience under new climate future scenarios. Data was collected using surveys in four different regions in Puerto Rico to investigate perceptions of fishers with regard to current and potential impacts of environmental change, and specifically climate change, on coral reef fishery resources and users. This research provides knowledge for developing innovative strategies for safeguarding the sustainability of fishery resources, particularly under uncertain future scenarios. tseara@newhaven.edu (TH-01)

 

SEBAI, Ines, DECELLES, Stéphane, and BATAL, Malek (U Montreal) Household Food Security and Diet Quality in Haiti. The United Nations have emphasized the importance of achieving Zero Hunger in the Sustainable Development Goals. To reach this goal, it is necessary to understand how food security and diet quality interact in times when national food supplies are adequate and inadequate. Thus, our study aims to assess the association between household food security and diet quality in Haitian households during lean season and post-harvest. Given that Haiti is one of the most food-insecure countries in the World, this study will provide globally relevant lessons on addressing hunger. sebai.ines94@gmail.com (W-16)


SHAFFER, Franklin (CGFNS) International Standards for Professional Nurses (ISPN) Program to Advance Nursing Education in China. Despite the universality of demand for nursing care, there is no one set of standards that unify the preparation of nurses worldwide. This program represents an effort to bring western nursing concepts and approaches to China to stimulate cross-cultural fertilization and to effect educational reform.  With a collaborative network of nursing schools now in place in China, the work moving forward includes a nursing curriculum and an English curriculum, a faculty development institute, a study abroad program for nursing faculty, and a leadership program for healthcare leaders. There is a growing demand for implementing this emergent model in other countries. (F-51)


SHAFFER, L. Jen (UMD) Building Conservation Capacity to Save Africa’s Vultures. Vultures fill an important ecological niche by removing waste, controlling disease, and recycling nutrients. Following a decade long population decline, seven of the African continent’s 11 species are in crisis – classified as critically endangered – due to human activity.  A recent effort, led by an international team of natural and social scientists, is bringing together various stakeholder groups throughout southern and eastern Africa to share data and best practices across borders to prevent the extinction of these migratory birds. This paper describes the existing vulture conservation network and assesses the strength of this network in order to build and strengthen its capacity. lshaffe1@umd.edu (W-92)

 

SHAH, Rachel (Durham U) Why Is State Schooling Failing in Papua?: Is Micro-data Useful for Interpreting Macro-development Problems? Diverse stakeholders in Papuan education unanimously report widespread systemic failure in state schooling which disproportionately disadvantages rural parts of Papua Province. I use empirical data from one rural community in Papua Province to examine conflicting explanations for state schooling’s apparent failure. I argue that different visions of schooling “success” and “failure” between indigenous Papuans and foreign educationalists lead to different understandings of state schooling’s “failure.” Through this argument, I explore the value (or otherwise) of using in-depth “micro” data to interpret large-scale “macro” problems, and what this might mean for anthropology’s contribution to development. r.c.hughes@durham.ac.uk (TH-15)


SHAPIRO, Judith (Teagle Fdn) Academic Leadership and Participant Observation. A new president or other senior academic administrator would do well to begin in the spirit of fieldwork: How is this institution organized? What should I know about its culture?  Then, life on the job is a combination of participating in the various activities of the institution while maintaining something of an outsider’s perspective.  This stance has the additional advantage of serving as a psychological defense mechanism. (S-15)

 

SHAVER, Amy D. (Hartwick), SELLER, Kathleen (SUNY Poly), and LOUGEE, Laura (St. Peters Hlth Partners) Effects of Suburban Sprawl on the Future of Rural Elders. The desire for larger plots of land and increased privacy may pose a threat to the future of rurality. This research looks at the trends as Americans migrated away from urban settings to suburbs to rural areas. It seeks to find how encroachment upon rural communities will change the meaning of rurality. Increased utilization of both natural and financial resources, land use changes, and urban expectations may decrease a sustainable healthy environment for elders. Answers will be sought through the process of community assessment and interviews of both newcomers and old timers in rural communities in New York State. shavera@hartwick.edu, sellerk@sunyit.edu, lbws12280@yahoo.com (W-139)


SHAW, Kevin and HARDY, Lisa J. (NAU) Who Decides What’s Worth Knowing?: Navigating Different Approaches of Partner Organizations to Support Research Capacity Building in Community-Engagement. Partnerships across institutions and organizations can support research and build capacity among community members. However, what happens when differing approaches affect the process? In community engaged projects with two tribal health organizations in Northern Arizona, an anthropologist and a graduate student co-facilitated trainings with representatives of a local non-profit and a university-based environmental organization to train community health workers to collect data on structural and environmental home risks and offer accessible solutions. In this paper we contribute to a conversation about differing lenses of partner organizations to methodological capacity building that may impact community member decisions on what kinds of knowledge are important and how to build them. (W-09)


SHAY, Kimberly (Wayne State U) Aging and Adaptation; The Role of Social Others in Helping Older Adult Museum Volunteers Maintain Established Roles in Later Life. This paper explores how traditional museum roles are adapted for aging volunteers to illustrate the social benefit of continued inclusion and ongoing performance of established roles in later life. I draw from an ongoing ethnography of a local museum featuring extensive use of older adult volunteers. I examine how modifications of habitual tasks allow aging volunteers to continue practicing their roles, the role of social others in facilitating these modifications, and the subsequent strengthening of community and of the individual’s role in that community. Findings are relevant to understanding late life sociality and identity. kimberly.shay@wayne.edu (W-74)

 

SHEEHAN, Lisa (CSUSM) Improving Diabetes Medical Care in a Student-Run Free Clinic. Improving outcomes for vulnerable patients with diabetes in student-run free clinics requires consistent provider diabetes parameter documentation. A 24-week post-education retrospective chart review comparing provider documentation rates with (anticipated) improved HbA1c results (a diabetes control indicator), suggests that American Diabetes Association (ADA) guidelines and electronic medical record (EMR) documentation adherence improves patient outcomes. Intensive patient interaction and consistent documentation can be a model utilized to improve diabetics’ quality of life. Diabetes is a global public health issue. Therefore, this paper will be of interest to health professionals, those working in population health, and applied anthropologists working in the health sector. lsheehan57@gmail.com (F-124)

 

SHEEHAN, Megan and CASTELLANOS, Alexandra (CSBSJU) Observing, Recording, and Analyzing. Participant observation is a foundational method in anthropology, and observational assignments appear frequently on syllabi. This presentation explores observation assignments as approaches that concurrently develop understandings of course content and ethnographic skills. This paper surveys strategies for incorporating observation assignments into the classroom, interrogating the ways in which these assignments are made most relevant to student learning. Additionally, students reflect upon their experiences, offering their thoughts on the durability of learning outcomes. This presentation reflects on diverse variations of observation-based assignments and offers suggestions for faculty seeking to adjust the ways in which they incorporate observation into the classroom. msheehan001@csbsju.edu (TH-51)

 

SHEPHERD-POWELL, Julie (King U) The Case of Callahan Creek: Combating Audit Culture in the Coal Industry with Citizen Science. In the coalfields of far southwest Virginia, local members of the grassroots organization the Southern Appalachian Mountain Stewards (SAMS) conduct their own testing of waterways that have been polluted by mountaintop removal mining. In 2012, water samples collected revealed contaminants above the legal level in the Callahan Creek watershed. With this data, SAMS successfully brought a lawsuit against the responsible coal company. This paper explores the ways in which citizen science can compensate for state regulatory agency workforce limitations and combat the audit culture (Kirsch 2014; Li 2015) that allows corporate polluters to feign compliance and widespread community support. julie.shepherd.powell@gmail.com (F-02)

 

SHERLICK, Lucille (Comm Missions Inc) Accessing Contextual Perspectives as an Avenue to Improving Participant Engagement. After working as a rehabilitation counseling professional in community and university settings I recognized the need to better understand diverse perspectives toward rehabilitation services. Unsatisfied with approaches available through psychology, rehabilitation and counseling resources I explored the field of cultural anthropology, also finding a home with medical anthropology. The applied approach was a natural fit with my clinical background. This presentation will examine the role anthropology and the applied approach plays in accessing and understanding people’s contextual meanings and perspectives as an avenue to enriching care provision and increasing participant engagement, hoped for outcomes, satisfaction and personal power. lasherlick@gmail.com (W-132)


SHIMAZAKI, Yuko (Waseda U) Survey on Actual Conditions of Child Soldiers during Civil War: Considering Peace Reconstruction in Cambodia. This paper attempts to illustrate that how the experience of their being child soldiers could influence on their private lives afterwards, on the basis of a survey conducted on the actual situation of the child soldiers during the civil war time. After a few decades passed from the war conditions in the country, many of the persons served as child soldiers then still suffer from aftereffects both physically and mentally. The damage they had received from their experiences as child soldiers could be possibly a major factor preventing them from breaking away from poverty. yshimazaki@aoni.waseda.jp (F-103)


SHIMIZU, Hidetada (NIU) Nature in Human: Cultural Models of Food Production in Central Japan. My interviews with food producers in central Japan reveal the importance of having basic knowledge and skills about the soil, light, wind, and temperature conditions, etc. for successful farming. However, the interviewees also noted personalizing and branding their products so as to create authentic relationships with customers as the key for their business success.  I will juxtapose the two orientations with the Kardiner and Whiting’s concepts of primary and secondary institutions, and argue that the farmers’ insistence to humanize nature is the “third” variable of “value” (Whiting) that neutralizes the psycho-cultural ambivalence between their pragmatic and personal concerns. shimizu@niu.edu (F-132)

 

SHOKEID, Moshe (Tel Aviv U) The Lifespan of Ethnographic Reports. Only a minority among our colleagues has the opportunity to revisit their earlier fieldwork sites, review their initial observations and research conclusions. This paper presents the researcher’s experience witnessing the dramatic social transformations that have taken place within the span of 20-30 years, as consequence of changing cultural, economic and political circumstances, in three fieldwork sites, the subjects of his ethnographic monographs: Moroccan Jewish immigrants in Israeli farming communities; Israeli immigrants in the Borough of Queens; the gay and lesbian synagogue in New York City. These processes of change, unconceivable “in real time,” but inevitable aftermaths of most ethnographic projects, present a reality that anthropologists rarely consider in their work and teaching. shokeid@post.tau.ac.il (TH-132)


SHUBOWITZ, Devorah (NYC Dept of Ed) Can Disability Studies Transform the Rehabilitation Professions? Medical rehabilitation models create able-bodied norms that define and marginalize disability as impairment and dysfunction. In contrast, The New York City Department of Education rejects therapists’ treatment of impairments and requires therapists to only train students for successful functioning in the school environment. While this approach views all children equally within a class’s average performance, it assumes and reproduces narrow ideals of able-bodied performance. In this paper, I discuss how disability studies, developed within the humanities, may transform rehabilitation and therapy frameworks to practices that value movement difference, disabled personhood, and open-ended possibilities for all. devorahshubowitz@gmail.com (W-127)

 

SIEGELMAN, Ben (NCSU & Duke U) Lies Build Trust: Social Capital, Manhood, and Ethnographic Insights for Fisheries Management. Social capital is a useful concept for environmental managers and scholars, but simplified models of trust limit the theory’s analytical and practical power. This paper examines the importance of lies and conflict for building social capital in a rural Mexican fishing community. Participant observation and interviews showed how fishermen use lies to earn social capital and maintain gendered practices of resource extraction. These lies build trust among fishermen, mitigate conflict over resources, and create opportunities for material gain. The complexities of social capital in this fishery has practical implications for ongoing conservation efforts, including land trusts and marine protected areas. basiegel@ncsu.edu (TH-121)

 

SILVIERA, Christiane (CCSU) An Insider’s Glimpse in the Lives of Brazilian Immigrants in an Era of Anti-Immigration Policies. January 25, 2017, President Donald Trump signed an executive order to deport illegal immigrants with criminal records. Since then, the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has raided, arrested and deported those deemed illegal immigrants. The undocumented immigrant is treated as a criminal. Many innocent people without ‘real’ criminal records are repatriated to their home countries. This paper examines the fears and behaviors of Brazilian immigrants in Hartford, CT who face possible deportation. Based on fieldwork, Brazilians have substantially altered their lives. They prepare for the worst, as they exist in a state or liminality whether they are documented or not. csilviera@my.ccsu.edu (TH-137)

 

SITTLER, Christopher E. (U Arizona)The Last Fishermen: Risk Communication and Small-Scale Fishers of the Utila Cays.Since occupation in the mid-1800s, generations of fishermen have co-adapted with their environment through maritime industries in the small village of the Utila Cays, Honduras. These lifeways are threatened by a severe decline of fish stocks in local waters. Recently, regional governmental and non-governmental organizations have initiated communication with the local fishermen to implement management of local oceanic resources. However, the local fishermen maintain that the proposed solutions involving no-take zones are not viable solutions to the greater problem, and dissolution of maritime industries is inevitable. This paper will demonstrate how epistemological differences drive these contrasting risk perceptions between stakeholders. csittler@email.arizona.edu (TH-92)

 

SIVÉN, Jacqueline (USF) Providing Services in a Time of Uncertainty: Narratives of Refugee-Serving Professionals. In an effort to improve the assistance available to local refugees, resettlement organizations in west central Florida have come together with other local agencies to form a network of care. These networks are crucial in Florida where funding for refugee services has been limited, and recently further strained by additional funding cuts. This paper analyzes the narratives of local professionals in this network to reveal how they position their work and themselves in the network, how they manage the uncertainty of continued employment, as well as how the needs of local refugees are represented within this narrative. jsiven@mail.usf.edu (W-03)


SJOLANDER-LINDQVIST, Annelie (U Gothenburg) Spoken and Silent Matters of Concern in Wildlife Management. The forested landscape, ‘home’ to hunters, forest-edge farmers and outdoor explorers and a space for environmental protection, is a complex and ever-changing entity. It is embedded in imaginations of the forest as a moral and physical escape and fortitude, but is also a foundation for resource extraction juxtaposing contradictory understandings regarding stewardship. This study of predator management in three Nordic countries highlights how contrasting values and representations run through contemporary wildlife management. In a field engaged with encounters, the microcosms of wildlife management and associated visions of landscape must continually be discovered to transcend spoken and silent complicity and contradictions. annelie.sjolander-lindqvist@gu.se (TH-92)


SKOGGARD, Ian (Yale U) and STEWART, Kris (U Durham) A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Photographic Compositional Aesthetics and Preferences. In this study of cultural aesthetics we examine the compositional preferences of 19 Century Chinese and Western photographers working in China— whether or not they differ in their emphasis of linear perspective in their compositional arrangements. We also test Western and non-Western students for their preferences in photographic composition.  Our thesis is that the emphasis of linear perspective to arrange physical objects in space privileges a singular point of view and reflects cultural values for individualism. Therefore, we should find a statistically significant difference between photographers’ emphases of and viewers’ preferences for orthogonality in photographs corresponding to their cultural background. ian.skoggard@yale.edu (F-42)


SMITH, Angèle (UNBC) The Land of Fire and Ice: Migrant Workers and Sustainability in the Tourism Industry in Iceland. When the economy in Iceland catastrophically collapsed in 2008, tourism emerged as a new industry that, through its rapid success, brought the country back from the brink. However, the population in Iceland cannot support the growing numbers of tourists and as a result, the tourism industry must rely on migrant workers to sustain the economy. Who are these workers? How do they experience travel, work, and life as “outsiders” in this tourist destination? And, what role do they play in helping to find a balance between tourism growth, and sustaining the fragile environmental landscape and cultural heritage of Iceland. angele.smith@unbc.ca (F-131)

 

SMITH, Rachel (UMD) Exploring Conditions of Violence Against Asylum-Seeking Families in U.S. Detention. In this paper, I explore the conditions and forms of legal violence that immigrant families are subjected to in for-profit immigration detention centers in Texas and Pennsylvania. Specifically, I examine my experiences working on non-profit legal teams to support families’ asylum cases during 2017. I argue that U.S. immigration policies and practices inflict suffering through the effects of confinement and through the re-traumatization and depersonalization processes produced by immigration proceedings. This paper sheds new light on these institutions, which represent a more recent development in the U.S. immigration industrial complex, and draws out implications for anthropological practice. rachelmarsmith@gmail.com (TH-47)


SMYTH, Lauren (UCSB) Creating Beautiful Heritage: The Leh Town Beautification Project and Ladakhi Muslim Spatial Expression. Contemporary urban religious spatial production must often contend with beautification projects, state-sponsored efforts to improve infrastructure or aesthetics, boosting tourism and establishing sustainable local commerce. In Leh Town (pop. 30,080), capitol of Leh, Ladakh, an Autonomous Region of Jammu & Kashmir in northwest India, the Beautification Project (2013-2017) aligned these goals with Tibetan Buddhist heritage, neglecting the city’s multireligious past and present. For Leh’s minority Muslim communities, whose mosques and public spaces are centrally located in the bazaar, this “beautification” potentially erases their own expressions of being Ladakhi—erasure fought with monumental construction projects and public works of their own. lsmyth@umail.ucsb.edu (TH-107)


SMYTHE, Tiffany (URI/RI Sea Grant), BIDWELL, David, MOORE, Amelia, SMITH, Hollie, and MCCANN, Jennifer (URI) Applying Social Science to the Nation’s First Offshore Wind Energy Development: A Study of the Effects of the Block Island Wind Farm on Tourism and Recreation. The Block Island Wind Farm (BIWF), a five-turbine facility off the coast of Rhode Island, is the first offshore wind energy development in the United States, and a prelude to larger projects proposed to meet state renewable energy policies. This presentation introduces an integrative social science research project examining the effects of the BIWF on recreation and tourism. Our project integrates content analysis, participant observation, and focus groups with strategies to ensure results are relevant to managers and stakeholders. Results will be used to develop social indicators to evaluate future offshore wind energy projects. This presentation will highlight methods, preliminary findings, and challenges and opportunities. tcsmythe@uri.edu (F-101)


SNODGRASS, Jeffrey (CO State U) Ethnographic Alternatives to Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD): Assessing Gaming-Related Wellness and Distress in North America, Europe, and Asia. Both the APA and the WHO have proposed variations of “Internet gaming disorder” (IGD) as formal psychiatric diagnoses. But researchers disagree about the utility of treating problematic online gaming as an addictive disorder resembling substance abuse and problem gambling, as currently formulated in by these organizations. My team used mixed methods to elicit cultural frames of meaning that help distinguish highly engaged from problem play. In this paper, I discuss how we combine ethnography and survey data to construct gaming-related distress and wellness scales sensitive to cultural differences, with special attention to the U.S., France, China, and India. jeffrey.snodgrass@colostate.edu (W-130)


SOLIMEO, Samantha and SEAMAN, Aaron (VA & U Iowa Carver Coll of Med), STEFFEN, Melissa (VA), DOO, Taisha (U Iowa Carver Coll of Med) Understanding the Crisis in Osteoporosis Care through Metasynthesis. In this presentation we discuss what has been recently characterized as a “crisis” in osteoporosis care: Few people with risk factors are being evaluated for osteoporosis with imaging, and among those with the diagnosis, few accept or maintain pharmacotherapy. Largely absent from this clinical discussion are the views or experiences of osteoporosis patients. We conducted a metasynthesis of scholarly literature to identify experiential and perceptual barriers to care. Our findings signal compelling areas for future inquiry into patient beliefs regarding risk and susceptibility to osteoporosis and how patient beliefs reflect prevailing age and gender norms. samantha-solimeo@uiowa.edu (TH-10)


SOLOMON, Nancy (Long Island Traditions) Documenting Disasters. In the aftermath of Superstorm Sandy, I worked with several anthropologists from NOAA’s social sciences division to assess the impact of the storm on fishermen’s livelihoods.  As a folklorist, I come from a different academic background, but shared a commitment to preserving and restoring the fishing industry, inshore and offshore.  In this presentation I will share some of my efforts to both preserving their occupations, guiding them to federal grants and loan programs, and recording their stories as part of a NOAA Preserve American grant funded initiative, partnering with local schools to develop a climate change oriented curriculum. director@longislandtraditions.org (W-35)


SOMERS, Jessica (SUNY Albany) Mindset Matters: Anthropological Practice in Public Health Settings. How am I thinking anthropologically? This question was persistent and perplexing for me as I hammered out what it means to be an anthropologist working in public health. In this paper, I describe some challenges and opportunities that advanced my anthropological practice while working in public health settings. The lessons I gathered from my personal and professional journey formed the basis of a strategy I call, “my cognitive anthropological tool kit.” I close this paper with suggestions for how a cognitive tool kit model can advance educational activities for present and future applied anthropologists. jsomers@albany.edu (W-132)


SORENSEN, Julie (NY Ctr for Ag Med & Hlth, Bassett Healthcare Network) How Important Is Producer Health and Health Care Access to Food System Sustainability? In this presentation we will examine comments from a panel of healthcare providers discussing existing health and health care access challenges for producers. Provider comments will be based on their extensive advocacy work in producer communities (farm owners, migrant farmworkers, fishing boat captains and fishing crews). Concerns regarding recently proposed healthcare policy changes and how these could impact producer communities will also be examined. These issues will be considered within the context of the “large constellation of economic costs (externalities) frequently ignored by economists” as discussed by K. Thu (2009), in order to critically examine the sustainability of producer communities. (W-76)

 

SOURDRIL, Anne (CNRS / UMR 7533), BARBARO, Luc and DCONCHAT, Marc (INRA Dynafor), GARINE, Eric (UPN Lesc), RAIMOND, Christine (CNRS Prodig) Listening to Birds: How Local Populations Understand Environmental Changes through Everyday Sounds and Soundscapes. We highlight here the contribution of social sciences to the apprehension of sound environments in studies on landscapes dynamics and conservation politics. Social scientists have focused on sounds as witnesses of social representations and vectors of social interactions. We show through our interdisciplinary project, SONATAS, that perception of everyday sounds - particularly birds songs – can be crucial to understand how environmental changes are perceived by local populations in rural areas of Southern France. Local ecological knowledge associated to sounds could reveal potential discrepancy between diagnostics of stakeholders (scientists, inhabitants, environmentalists, etc.) and obstacles about the implementation of concerted conservation measures. asourdril@gmail.com (S-62)

 

SOUZA, Margaret (SUNY Empire State) The Hype of Medical Advertising. People faced with end of life issues seek to continue and sustain their life as long as possible hoping that a cure is available. In this paper I analyze radio and television commercials that encourage people to believe that science, medicine, and pharmaceutics can save them from death.  These commercials create an environment in which those who are dealing with terminal illness can believe if they find the answer and make the right choices they will survive.  The presentation explores the ways in which the commercials provide unrealistic ideas to consumers. Margaret.Souza@esc.edu (TH-37)


SPARKS, Kim, LAVOIE, Anna, and LEE, Jean (PSMFC), KASPERSKI, Steve (NMFS) Oral Histories and Visual Ethnography of Native Alaska Women in Fisheries. Oral histories allow for the collection of rich, personal narrative but are often under-represented in fisheries management research. Oral histories of Native Alaskan fisherwomen were documented in Bristol Bay as a way to collect and preserve the life histories of how women have related to fishery resources. In addition to voice recordings, we video recorded interviews and fishing activities as a form of visual ethnography. This presentation documents how oral histories allowed for meaningful engagement and partnerships, and demonstrates the various ways visual ethnography can be used to highlight the role women play in salmon fisheries. kim.sparks@noaa.gov (W-121)

 

SPIROPOULOS, Jacqueline, DONALDSON, Susanna, and MORRIS, Ann M. (WVU) Cultural Perceptions of Cancer among a College-Educated Population in North Central West Virginia. West Virginians experience suboptimal health outcomes, including above average cancer rates.  Previous studies suggest that cultural factors may explain this phenomenon in low-income, uneducated populations.  Few studies, have examined college-educated populations.  In this study, we interviewed students and employees of West Virginia University to explore perceptions of cancer within an academic community.  Preliminary results indicate that while college-educated populations may be more inclined to accept a biomedical framework, they exhibit negative perceptions of biomedical treatments and express little faith in their long-term success.  Our findings suggest a need for further research on health-based decision-making and its relation to socio-economic class. jdspiropoulos@mix.wvu.edu (TH-10)

 

SPREHN, Maria (Montgomery Coll) “The First Time I Saw My Mother Cry” and Other Stories about Migration. Anthropological studies of migration demonstrate the value of recording personal narratives within the context of political, economic, and social structures for informing public conversations about migration. Historical perspectives also provide an increased understanding of migration by describing the country where migrants arrived. This paper focuses on Montgomery County, Maryland, a Washington, D.C. suburb, to address agency, structure, and history in migration. Using census data, state records and oral histories, I explore a county that changes from predominately “white” with 4.5% foreign born in the 1950s to one of the most diverse in the nation with over 32% foreign born today. maria.sprehn@montgomerycollege.edu (S-33)


withdrawn SPRINGER, Emilie (UAF) The Role of Women in Oral History and Public Media to Communicate Cultural Identity in Alaska’s Seafood Industries. I explore the gendered relationships between researcher and subject, and the emerging research methods used to build trust. As a commercial fisher and cultural anthropologist exploring the primarily masculine industry of Alaska commercial fisheries, I have found the role of gender to be central and usually beneficial in my research and work at sea. Several interacting components of identity and methodology have encouraged industry participants to share personal experiences.  These include: 1) my personal and family history in Alaska’s salmon industry, 2) a focus on oral history, storytelling, and “Fisher Poet” performances, and 3) public media interactions with fishermen throughout the publication process. (W-151)

 

STANLEY, Daina (McMaster U) Living, Dying, and Caring in a Men’s Prison State Infirmary. My ethnographic research explores how older and terminally ill inmates are cared for in U.S. correctional institutions.  In this paper, I critically examine a participatory prison hospice and palliative care program that engages prisoners in the process of care.  I discuss prisoner experiences of living and dying “inside” and highlight one man’s end-of-life experience in a prison infirmary.  I suggest that meaningful peer engagement and person-centered care improves the life and death experiences of prisoners.  My research highlights the complexities of living, dying, and caring in custody and opens up a discussion about humanizing end-of-life care in correctional contexts. stanld@mcmaster.ca (W-129)

 

STANLICK, Sarah (Lehigh U) Community-Engaged Research and Service-Learning to Foster Sustainability Orientation and Global Citizenship Identity. Development of global citizenship and sustainable development orientation in undergraduate students is increasingly cited as a goal for higher education.  In 2015, the United Nations adopted sustainable development goals (SDGs), marking global citizenship education as a priority.  The intent is cultivating critical, active, humble leaders who can tackle global wicked problems.  Further, we know that service-learning and community-engaged research projects are pedagogical tools and learning vehicles to bring about such identity development and agency.  In this paper, I will explore the question: how do sociological and anthropological approaches to service-learning and research develop student orientation toward global citizenship and sustainability? ses409@lehigh.edu (TH-51)


STAPLETON, Charles (NIU & Coll of DuPage) and STAPLETON, Maria (NIU) Cultural Models of Nature in a Semi-rural Highland Community in Central Mexico: Phase II. Preliminary ethnographic and semi-structured interviews with farmers in a small semi-rural, semi-arid highland community led to the discovery of several potential cultural models regarding the relationship between elements of nature and humans motivating a second phase of research using other methods such as free listing and rating of elements. The authors will share the updated results that refine these relationships, such as the causal relations between man, the supernatural or divine, technology, and the natural environment. (F-12)


withdrawn STEACY, Chad (U Georgia) Values Told: Ecosystem Services in Southern Appalachia Explored through Narrative Research. Following Chan, et al.’s (2012) call for more robust qualitative treatments of cultural-ecosystem services, this paper engages with Polkinghorne-ian narrative analysis to explore the values residents of southwestern North Carolina’s Blue Ridge province derive from their interaction with local natural landscapes. Facing pressures from global climate change and exurban development, the ability of this environment to continue to support many traditional and contemporary modes of human-nature interaction is being threatened. This paper supports Chan, et al.’s assertions that narrative research facilitates the communication of values in controversial circumstances and provides detail of the contexts in which particular human-ecological values emerge. steacy@uga.edu (S-32)

 

STEFANO, Michelle (American Folklife Ctr) At the Intersection of Public Folklore and Applied Anthropology: ‘Intangible Cultural Heritage.’ In a relatively recent, global context, one device that can bring together the theories and practices of applied anthropology and public folklore is the concept (and applications) of ‘intangible cultural heritage.’ Constructed through UNESCO policy, ‘ICH’ is not only a category representing diverse living cultural expressions, but a means for promoting their importance, and a mechanism for their safeguarding. This inherent, applied facet of ‘ICH’ signals its interventionist and, thus, political nature, raising all-too familiar issues of power and control. It is argued that the longstanding/tried-and-tested, local-level/community-based – and professionally-reflexive – practices of public folklore and applied anthropology constitute the most significant contributions to be made to this increasingly widespread UNESCO-ICH paradigm. mstef@loc.gov (W-35)

 

STEIN, Max (U Alabama) Using Dynamic Network Analysis to Model an Andean Migration Network in Northern Peru. The Peruvian village of Chugurpampa was once a vibrant Andean farming community, but three decades of economic and climatic instability drove many to out-migrate in search of new opportunities in nearby Trujillo. Using a network approach, I explored how long-term kinship ties, reciprocal obligations, and collective support among Chugurpampans have made migrating progressively more accessible. Dynamic network analysis was used to model the thirty-year development of Chugurpampa’s migration network to determine if certain migrants are healthier and more successful at achieving shared migration goals and lifestyle aspirations. Results suggest Chugurpampans more embedded in the diaspora network are more likely to attain migration success and demonstrate improved well-being. mjstein1@crimson.ua.edu (TH-09)

 

STIGLICH, Janice and FREDRICKS, Katie (Rutgers U) Children as Becomings: Branding Sustainability in ‘Future’ Consumers. Children and youths’ histories of consumerism have been coalesced through neoliberal initiatives of self-making and personal responsibility, yet, are contained within paradigms of protection and innocence.  This paper critically explores Target and IKEA to assess how each brand constructs sustainable futures through employing hegemonic ideals about children and childhood. Through marketing and products, both brands incorporate an attention to children’s needs to sell an ‘ideal’ lifestyle to parents, to children, and to these same children once they become parents. In their different approaches to the imagination of youth, these brands promulgate their own respective conceptualizations of desirable, ‘sustainable’ futures. (W-131)

 

STINNETT, Ashley (WKU) Stickers, Splitters, and Gut Men: Butcher Hierarchy in Small-Scale Meat Processing Facilities. Historically, large-scale meat processing facility positions were allocated based on tenure, skill, and race, with varying degrees of prestige associated with differing responsibilities. This stratification has endured, despite shifting demographics–increases in female and immigrant workers. Findings from my ethnographic research indicate that hierarchy is also perpetuated within small-scale facilities. This suggests that stratification is not necessarily a reflection of the scale of industry, but that of blue-collar packinghouse culture. I argue that long-term public stigmatization of the ‘dirty work’ butchers perform redirects practices towards a stratified socio-occupational hierarchy, highlighted by a moral framework related to masculinity and responsibility. ashley.stinnett@wku.edu (TH-91)

 

STOFFLE, Brent (NOAA Fisheries)Fishery Policy, Natural Disasters, and Environmental Communication: An Examination of the USVI Fisheries, Fishermen and Fishing Communities.Environmental communication refers to the study and practice of how individuals, institutions, societies, and cultures craft, distribute, receive, understand, and use messages about the environment and human interactions with the environment. NOAA’s management of federal fisheries incorporates many strategies for engaging local stakeholders socially and economically linked to marine resources.  In the United Stated Virgin Islands, stakeholder groups in consultation with NOAA anthropologists demonstrate the efficacy of consultation when discussing fishery policy and natural disasters.  This presentation focuses on more than 15 years of research on various fishery related issues and the impact of Hurricanes Irma and Maria on the USVI fisheries.  It demonstrates how environmental communication plays an important role in the collaboration between local stakeholders and fishery scientists/policy makers. brent.stoffle@noaa.gov (TH-92)


STOFFLE, Richard (U Arizona) Grandfather Tree: Ute Horror at the Killing of a Heritage Tree. This paper illustrates epistemological barriers that can stand in the way of environmental communication. This common problem becomes explicit by using the killing of a living Ute grandfather tree in Delta, Colorado. The 260-year-old tree, which was recognized as culturally central to the three Ute Indian Tribes, was cut down while still alive by the Delta County Heritage Association. Communication about this action was short, one sided, and clouded by the contrasting beliefs: i.e., to Euroamericans the tree was just wood without rights, while to the Ute people the tree was a living grandfather with full rights to exist. rstoffle@email.arizona.edu (TH-122)

 

STOREY, Angela and DAY, Allan (U Louisville) Developing an Ecology of Seeing: Teaching Participant Observation and Understanding More-than-Human Environments. How do we observe—and learn to observe—interactions between humans and the environment? As a central method of ethnographic fieldwork, participant observation is often utilized as a course activity in order to encourage students to understand the method itself and to prompt development of anthropological thinking. This paper examines the challenges and possibilities of an iterative and collaborative participant observation assignment utilized in an environmental anthropology course with undergraduate and graduate students enrolled. We ask: How does participant observation serve to engage students in thinking about human-environment interactions? How do we effectively teach participant observation for more-than-human settings? angela.storey@louisville.edu (TH-51)


STOTTS, Rhian, DU BRAY, Margaret, WUTICH, Amber, and BREWIS, Alexandra (ASU)Environmental Valuations and Ecosystem Services: Top-Down Versus Bottom-Up Derivations of Environmental Values. The paradigm of ecosystem services has primarily been used by economists to understand how people value the benefits of different environments. Scholars have proposed certain categories of ecosystem services to individuals to understand their economic value. This etic approach to understanding environmental values has often failed to explore how ecosystem services are locally defined and understood, particularly in the context of “intangible” or “subjective” values. Using data collected from the 2016 Global Ethnohydrology Study, we explore how community members perceive the cultural services of local riverine ecosystems in four cities: Phoenix, Arizona; London, England; Brisbane, Australia; and Hamilton, New Zealand. rstotts@asu.edu (S-02)

 

STRAWN, Astrea, CONWAY, Flaxen, and HARTLINE, Lori (OR State U) Old(er) Men of the Sea: Examining Potential Connections between Fishery, Graying and Community Resilience. Previous research indicates that the average age of commercial fishermen is rising, a phenomenon known as “graying of the fleet.” This has served as the basis for a research program that explores how aging trends intersect with resilience of communities of interest and place along the Oregon coast. While the program focuses on understanding how changes in fisheries management and other external drivers may impact resilience of intergenerational fishing family businesses and coastal communities, this research project specifically investigates if and how the fisheries prosecuted by fishing family businesses might factor into graying and community resilience. strawnas@oregonstate.edu (W-61)

 

withdrawn STREET, Colette (Fielding Grad U) Where Is the Love? And Why Creating Sustainable Futures for Families Post CPS Case Closure Can’t Work Without It. When families enter the child protection system, the journey is often uncertain for all parties involved. What does not appear to be factored into healthy familial interactions is the level of love between children and caregivers. Caregiver sociopathic deception can often obscure the ability to sustain the family post case closure.  An Interpretative Phenomenological research project is underway involving the Time Space Intelligence Inventory for Child Protection to assess for evidence of love, invisible child syndrome, and for the presence of caregiver sociopathic deception, which is the unit of analysis as a nexus of recidivism in child protection court cases. cstreet@email.fielding.edu (W-129)


STUDEBAKER, Jennifer (SMG) Satisfaction in the Silicon Prairie: Connecting Client and Customer. Companies are capturing big data to transform into actionable insights. This paper will examine the growing role of anthropology in the tech industry and share examples of how we can guide high level decision making. My case studies come from experience as a practicing anthropologist at mySidewalk, a civic tech startup, and SMG, a consumer experience and market insights firm. While their client bases differ, each of these companies bring their value in the translation of satisfaction survey data into real world business opportunities. jennifergstudebaker@gmail.com (W-101)

 

STUMPF-CAROME, Jeanne Marie (Kent U) Zoonotic Transmission: Tourism and Reverse Zoonoses (Anthroponoses). Another facet of my nine-year ecotourism research project, participant observation in settings with endangered non-human primates is explored in this paper. Disease transmission between animals and humans can be animal-to-human, zoonoses, and/or human-to-animal, or reverse zoonoses, anthroponoses.  Although over 200 zoonoses have been identified, not until recently have cases of anthroponoses been documented in both wild and captive settings. Considered are the animals, locations, and modes of transmission for events of the spread of anthroponoses.  Deliberated are some consequences of closing this transmission loop from animal-to-human-to-animal, such that the disease cycles may add to concurrent reservoirs—diseases considered as anthropozoonoses. jstumpfc@kent.edu (F-131)

 

SUESS, Gretchen (U Penn) Programs to Change Today, Evaluation to Change Tomorrow: University-Community Research and Evaluation Partnerships. The health of neighborhoods is complex and best examined through multidisciplinary approaches and collaborative partnerships.  Supported by the Netter Center at the University of Pennsylvania, University-Assisted Community Schools in West Philadelphia allow for important school-based programs to exist that connect ongoing research, teaching, and direct service to address local conditions over time. Although these programs have had numerous funding-driven evaluations conducted to assess goals and objectives, they have not pointed us toward solutions for addressing the deeper roots of social inequality. This paper explores lessons learned for developing university systems for researching and evaluating complex programs and form sustainable collaborative partnerships. gsuess@sas.upenn.edu (W-49)


SULAIMAN, Samee (Brown U) Between Survival and Rights: Temporal Scales of Future Imaginaries in Lebanon. This paper will explore how complex political conditions in states like Lebanon shape the temporal scales through which people with disabilities construct future imaginaries as they consider how to address their most immediate concerns. I will draw upon ongoing ethnographic research on how the disability rights movement in Lebanon contends with the nation’s sectarian politics, refugee crisis, and a generally dysfunctional government. This paper attempts to understand how people with disabilities from different groups including Lebanese citizens, Palestinian refugees, and Syrian refugees construct future imaginaries on different temporal scales in relation to their varying political and economic conditions. samee_sulaiman@brown.edu (S-67)

 

SULLIVAN, Kristin (Humanities Washington) Social Science in the Service of Washington Folklife. As an anthropologist leading a new state folklife program (the Center for Washington Cultural Traditions), I utilize an anthropologist’s toolkit to explore Washington’s cultural traditions, in order to develop culturally appropriate programming. Folklife program development is usually the realm of folklorists, though, and I’ve found a great deal can be gained through having a foot in both folklore and anthropology. This presentation will reflect on convergences of folklore and anthropology in CWCT development, with attention to lessons learned from a series of community meetings I led across Washington State to learn about community needs, concerns, and ideas related to Washington folklife. krismsulli@gmail.com (W-35)


SULLIVAN, Margaret (Harvard TH Chan SPH) Perceptions of Access to Health Care among Immigrants and Refugees in the Greater Boston Area. Compared to U.S. citizens, immigrants are less likely to have health insurance and experience structural barriers to accessing and utilizing healthcare services. Immigrant communities are becoming increasingly vulnerable to gaps in health care coverage, loss of trust in governmental institutions and law enforcement, and fear. In order to better understand perceptions of access to health care by both immigrants/refugees and healthcare providers, semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 50 participants in the greater Boston area. Themes include: meaning of immigrant integration, relationship of integration and health, what is not working in health centers and suggestions for improvement. maggie.sullivan@mail.harvard.edu (S-12)

 

SURREY, David (St Peter’s U) Awakenings: A New Generation of Political Action. In 2016 only 50% of 18-29 year olds voted. While this was within a few points of the last three elections, it was a disappointing turn-out. Many loved Bernie but why bother? The Democrats well, to quote Justin Bieber, somebody has to, his mamma don’t like Hillary and she likes everybody. Trump was seen as too much of clown to get elected.  Now they woke. Having witnessed demonstrations on a unifying number of issues since January 2017, it seems clear that the election turn-out would be much higher today. This paper discusses the new, active and angry generation of activists. dsurrey@saintpeters.edu (F-121)

 

SURREY, David, BRIGGS, Page, LEDBETTER, Chase, MERCER, Kareem, and AUSTIN-HOLLENBECK, Alexa (St Peter’s U) LBGTQ in Trump Time: Recent Victories, More Recent Threats. Saint Peter’s University, a Jesuit College with an 80% minority student population, as a result of strong student leadership through Protecting and Respecting Individuality Diversity and Equality (PRIDE) has made significant progress. While certainly not enough, a safe place has been established, there are gender neutral bathrooms in somewhat convenient places and student led training for faculty and staff. Now, as in so many areas, the shadow of the Presidency is casting huge threats as executive orders are diminishing protections and opportunities. This panel of faculty and students will explore the current and future impact of these changes. davidssurrey@gmail.com (S-31)

 

SWEENEY TOOKES, Jennifer (GA Southern U), LARKIN, Sherry (UF), and YANDLE, Tracy (Emory U) “No One Asks the Fishermen”: Research and Key Stakeholders in the USVI. Qualitative interviews and intercept surveys conducted with fishermen in 2016 and 2017 indicated frustration with scientific research and fisheries management in the territory.  They cited examples such as poorly-attended fisheries meetings, and a lack of financial support for fisheries enforcement as problems that lead to problematic regulatory changes. Describing their experiences in cooperating with marine science efforts that often disregard their traditional ecological knowledge, they identify a privileging of the interpretations of individuals from the mainland US.  This paper discusses fishermen’s perspectives on what they perceive to be their marginal positions in the decision-making that affects fisheries in the USVI. jtookes@georgiasouthern.edu (TH-31)

 

SYVERTSEN, Jennifer, OTTICHA, Sophie, ROTA, Grace, ROBERTSON BAZZI, Angela, OHAGA, Spala, and AGOT, Kawango (UCR) Sharing Research Results with Local Communities: Lessons Learned from Male Sex Workers in Kisumu, Kenya. In order to successfully engage in long term, sustainable research, anthropologists have a responsibility to share their work with communities. Drawing on research with male sex workers in Kisumu, Kenya, we offer a novel approach to disseminating study results. Although our project was framed around HIV, we never directly addressed HIV during the event. Instead, men shared strategies for safer sex work and grappled with issues of self-stigma, substance use, community acceptance of non-heteronormative sexual expression, and human rights. Creating forums to discuss research results also invites critical dialogue and can iteratively inform future projects responsive to community needs. jennifer.syvertsen@ucr.edu (F-40)

 

withdrawn SZYMKOWIAK, Marysia (PSMFC), MARRINAN, Sarah (NPFMC), KASPERSKI, Stephen and HAYNIE, Alan (NOAA AFSC) Gendered Impacts of Fisheries Management Regimes in Alaska. The intersection of social gender norms and commercial fisheries often occurs within fishing families. This study presents preliminary results of research examining fishing family dynamics and responses to management changes in Alaska’s fisheries, utilizing a mixed-methods approach of focus group workshops and panel data analysis. In a landscape of a perceived evolution of gender norms towards greater female ownership of fishing vessels and permits, fishing participants in Alaska still note a disproportionate grounding effect on women from having children and gendered impacts from changing regulatory regimes. This study explores these dynamic impacts on women and gender roles in fishing families. marysia.szymkowiak@noaa.gov (W-121)