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RABANES, Raphaelle (UC-Berkeley) Hope, Finitude, and Life as Horizon: The Stakes of Post-Stroke Rehabilitation in the French Caribbean. What does neurological rehabilitation entail in a postcolonial hospital? What are the limits placed on present life by historical violence and institutional neglect? This paper examines the horizons of life for an elderly woman who experiences her post-stroke hemiplegia as an alteration of her person so dire that the desire to live is put into question. Navigating between the particular circumstances she traverses and the larger structural conditions she seeks repair in, I explore how her experience speaks to the stakes of life the historical landscape of Guadeloupe, a French Caribbean archipelago built through a history of colonialism and slavery. raphaelle@berkeley.edu (S-67)

 

RADONIC, Lucero (Mich State U) This House Harvests the Rain: Multiple Waters and Green Infrastructure in a Changing Climate. Green infrastructure is celebrated as a strategy for climate change mitigation, and their implementation is growing across the U.S. While anthropological research on large-scale infrastructure is growing, there has been little emphasis on developing approaches for analyzing the uptake of decentralized green infrastructures. I draw on cognitive mapping to understand the underlying schemes driving local implementation of rainwater harvesting systems beyond the oft-repeated explanation that it leads to water conservation in semi-arid regions. I outline a cultural model of rainwater harvesting to account for the more nuanced aspects leading to its uptake in policy and practice in a desert city. radonicl@msu.edu (TH-14)


RAMIREZ, Belinda (UCSD) From Food Deserts to Food Forests: A Case for Urban Agriculture in San Diego County. In an era characterized by increased resource extraction and monolithic solutions to societal issues, it is essential to develop more sustainable solutions around food and agriculture. Local community efforts to turn food deserts into food forests aim to do just that. Herein, I bring an anthropological perspective to understand and analyze urban gardening and farming among disadvantaged communities in San Diego County. I examine community gardens as unique spaces where knowledge, community, and place are produced and shared. These spaces reveal what it means to community members to be sustainable and food secure in the midst of outside interventions. belramirez@ucsd.edu (F-136)

 

RAMSAY, Georgina (UDel) Whose Elephant in the Room?: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography and Gender-Based Violence. What is the role of the ethnographer in representing people who have become defined in popular culture by gender-based violence when they, themselves, “do not speak about those things?” Although based on my experiences of writing and presenting ethnographic research with women from the Democratic Republic of Congo, in this paper I consider the more general problem of writing about gender-based violence in academic work, considering questions of purpose, audience, ethics, agenda, and respect. Ultimately, I ask, what is at stake in privileging stories of violence, and, are there perils in not doing so? gramsay@udel.edu (S-14)

 

RANDALL, Jennifer (Syracuse U) “Support Don’t Punish”: Activism in (and for) the Classroom and How I Learned to “Just Say No” to False Generosity. After developing a successful three-year critical pedagogy and academic skills program, I quit. The topic of drug policy guided a holistic, reflexive, slow, critical, discussion-based curriculum. Students and teacher experienced empowering and transformative shifts. I discuss the structural inequalities and false generosity (Freire, 1968) that precipitated my resignation from a permanent academic position and juxtapose this decision to the inspiring results from an anthropological pedagogy. Why quit when it’s going so well?? Reflecting on broader shifts in higher education policy this paper explores one person’s journey out of academia into the world of community education. randeezi@gmail.com (W-132)


RANGEL, Maria Lizette and JONES, Eric C. (U Texas SPH), MURPHY, Arthur D. (UNCG) Wellbeing and Participation in New Social Networks Following a Day Care Fire in Hermosillo, Mexico. This study explored the networks created after a day care fire in Hermosillo, Mexico and examined the impact on health outcomes of parents and caretakers related to symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and major depression. We looked at how political groups (created as the result of the traumatic event) are associated with mental health outcomes. People with higher levels of post-traumatic stress indicators were more active in marches and public meetings, activities surrounding the fire’s first anniversary, speaking to the press or to the crowd at an event and were involved in a group membership related to the incident. maria.l.rangel@uth.tmc.edu (S-05)


RAPOPORT, Nancy (UNLV) Concentric and Overlapping Circles of Leadership in Higher Education. Having been a one time associate dean, a 3-time dean (including one interim deanship), a one-time (acting) provost, and a one-time (acting) CFO, I’ve had the opportunity to see leadership at various units and at various levels.  How do the various roles overlap?  Where should one’s primary loyalty be?  How does one navigate changing roles? nancy.rapoport@unlv.edu (F-141)


RASKIN, Sarah (VCU) Examining the Governance of Translation: Toward Ethnographies of Policy in an Applied Anthropology of Implementation. Implementation science addresses the translation of research findings into practice. Underlying translation are facets of governance that can facilitate, impede, or alter if and how innovations are rendered. In health care, for example, even strong evidence may be negotiated, compromised, or synchronized with regulatory frameworks including provider scopes of practice, insurance coverage requirements, and reimbursement guidelines. Drawing together observations from fieldwork and advocacy with evidence-based reforms to drive oral health equity in Virginia, including school-based sealants, prenatal public benefits, and a new midlevel dental provider, this case study examines how ethnographies of policy can inform an applied anthropology of implementation. seraskin@vcu.edu (W-40)

 

RATTRAY, Nicholas (IUPUI/VA) Disability Politics, Inclusive Tourism and Looping Effects in Ecuador. In assuming the presidency of Ecuador in 2017, Lenin Moreno became one of the world’s most visible champions of people with disabilities. This presentation interrogates Moreno’s rise to power by exploring wider shifts on the status of disabled Ecuadorians. Drawing on analysis of public discourse about disability and ethnographic fieldwork based in highland Ecuador, I examine how the emergence of inclusive tourism and Ian Hacking’s notion of “looping effects” suggest mechanisms by which disability advocates position their actions against the backdrop of bureaucratic state institutions and newfound economic opportunities. nrattray@iupui.edu (F-15)

 

withdrawn RAVARY, Riley (UF) Sustaining Environmental Governance across Scales: Can Governance of the Environment Be Transnational? Mount Elgon is a transboundary protected area, a region of land that straddles state boundaries and is governed locally, nationally, and internationally (Vasilijevic et al. 2015). This paper asks, can environmental governance be sustainable when the scale of governance is changed? How does going from local or national to transnational environmental governance alter the sustainability of these approaches? Understanding these processes is imperative for comprehending conservation zones as political spaces that marshal multiple layers of governmental authority, potentially generating vulnerabilities alongside their broader purpose of assuring long-term social and environmental good. ravaryri@ufl.edu (TH-13)


REBER, Lisa (ASU) Where the Well Is Empty, Resilience Is Drawn from the Most Unlikely of Sources: Low-Wage Migrant Workers in the Arab Gulf. This paper draws on research from a nine-month ethnographic study of forty-four migrants representing a diverse range of nationalities and who occupy the lowest wage sectors in the Arab Gulf. It explores the factors that helped or hindered their ability to endure what were often extremely challenging situations as well as their ability to build and maintain resilience. This includes the often complex and contradictory ways in which deception and devotion toward family and friends in the home country both helped and harmed my study participants. lisareber@asu.edu (S-63)

 

REEDY, Julia (CO State U) Political Economic Barriers and Cultural Norms Surrounding Kidney Transplantation on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. American Indian populations in the United States have, in recent years, been plagued by a diabetes epidemic of catastrophic proportions. On the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, discrimination, extreme poverty, rampant unemployment, limited access to healthy foods, and other factors have led the Oglala Lakota population to have extremely high rates of End-stage renal disease (ESRD) frequently treated with dialysis. Despite these high rates of ESRD, American Indian populations have the lowest rates of kidney transplantation nationwide. This research explores the political economic barriers and cultural norms surrounding kidney transplantation as a treatment option for ESRD on the Pine Ridge Reservation. juliaereedy@gmail.com (W-157)


withdrawn REEGER, Stephanie (IUP) At the Intersection of Addiction, Spirituality, and Stigma: How Women Navigate Recovery. Though stigmatization varies among cultural groups, there is usually some spiritual component defining “normal” and “deviant” behaviors.  This study looks at a sample of women from Indiana County, Pennsylvania in active recovery for drug addiction.  Through structured and informal interviews and participant observation, I examine how ten women recognize, define, and adapt to stigma while rehabilitating. The sample was selected using purposive and referral sampling. This work prefaces more extensive research for an anthropology honors thesis, ultimately uncovering how women define, apply, and interpret the role of spirituality in their efforts to not only recover, but to overcome stigmatization. nsgt@iup.edu (F-100)

 

REINHARDT, Amy and KRAMER, Ethan (SUNY New Paltz) Polyamorous and Queer Reconfigurations of Romantic Love? Our research examines the ways in which queer and polyamorous young adults reinterpret, reject, and reshape cultural models of romantic love. Our guiding research question is to what extent our samples internalize, modify, or reject the heteronormative cultural model of romantic love. Through participant interviews we examine which aspects of the normative cultural model remain unmodified or which are modified by our participants in ways more suitable to their cultural identity and ideology. reinhara1@hawkmail.newpaltz.edu (S-05)


REISS, Hannah (UCLA) Improvising Tuberculosis Care in Tajikistan. Tajikistan, struggling with a devastating tuberculosis epidemic, implemented the WHO’s treatment strategy countrywide in 2010. This strategy relies on rigid documentation and bureaucratic process. However, daily clinical practice of tuberculosis treatment depends on doctors’ experience, expertise, and ingenuity in order to accommodate individual patients. This paper focuses on a district tuberculosis clinic to showcase the importance of doctor improvisation and creativity when dealing with highly structured scripts for diagnosis and management of treatment. Clinical interactions demonstrate how doctors improvise and exert agency when treating patients, departing from the prescribed scripts in order to accommodate patient needs and promote sustained wellbeing. hannah.reiss@gmail.com (W-127)


REN, Jue (Harbin Inst of Tech) and YANG, Yang (Independent) Can We Build an AI Robot to Work as an Anthropologist? When humanlike AI robot Sophia got her citizenship in Saudi Arabia, and more human works are replaced by robots, anthropologists have to ask a question: If anthropologists would be replaced by AI Robot in one day? This paper will focus on the conflicts of human-technology and human – human in the socialized Human- in the- Loop. A case study in China will be presented to show how we work as cyborgized anthropologists influencing human- computer interaction and how possible we could put Anthropological Intelligent into AI Robot system in one day. 2284164@qq.com (W-41)


RENFREW, Betsy (Guilford Tech CC), BUSH, Catherine (Elon U), and MORRISON, Sharon (UNCG) Sustaining Montagnard Cultural Knowledge through Ethnobotany, Oral History and Community Health. The Women’s Learning Group (WLG), a grassroots organization founded by community mothers, began in 2012 to meet the needs of women like themselves, Montagnard refugees from Vietnam’s Central Highlands. Montagnards are an indigenous people who suffered severe persecution since the end of the Vietnam War. WLG is a culturally appropriate exchange where members learn English, health and well-being strategies and have a social outlet to overcome urban isolation. Learn how ethnobotany, oral history and community health projects help them share and sustain Montagnard cultural knowledge, involve young Montagnard scholars and inspire academics. sdmorri2@uncg.edu (S-09)

 

REYES, David (CCSU) Left Behind: An Autoethnography of an Immigrant’s Schooling. Waterbury, Connecticut possesses the fifth lowest median income within the state. At least 70% of its students come from disadvantaged backgrounds. The town’s public high school students graduate with a mean of 10.3 out of 100 in college readiness (US News). Documentation of their experiences unveils the obstacles to prepared adulthood. This auto-ethnography investigates both personal experiences and interviews with four graduates to determine how practices and policies of the schools may be changed. Analyses reveal that graduates do not feel confident with their education. Nevertheless, graduates cite encouraging teachers and supportive parents, who stress the importance of education. reyesd@my.ccsu.edu (TH-137)

 

REZK, Alexander (U Maine) Capturing the Resilience Dividend: Post Hurricane Sandy Insights from Brooklyn’s Sea Gate Community. This paper engages in an ethnographic examination of the lived experiences of newly vulnerable populations and the impacts of current municipal resilience strategies using Sea Gate in Brooklyn, NY, as a case study in the wake of Hurricane Sandy. The paper argues emerging coastal vulnerability exceeds both the historical governmental capacity for organized disaster management and the implied priorities of municipal administrators. The paper demonstrates that resilience planning is political and must consider the perspectives and needs of stakeholders in coastal communities to ensure equitable and representative policies are enacted to protect populations from future damage due to institutional unpreparedness. alexander.rezk@maine.edu (S-40)


RIB, Wendy (USF) Anthropologists and One Health. The One Health Initiative in an interdisciplinary approach to solve health problems that affect humans and animals. While many veterinarians and global health professionals are actively involved, the concept is all but unknown in anthropology.  As more anthropologists adopt expertise in infectious diseases, global health and epidemiology, an understanding of the role of human interaction with animals in the spread of disease is essential.  A sustainable future will depend on reducing the spread of zoonotic diseases, including rabies, Ebola virus, plague and avian influenza.  This presentation will show how anthropologists can become involved in One Health. rib.wendy@spcollege.edu (S-99)

 

withdrawn RICHARDSON, Eugene (Harvard Med Sch) and FRANKFURTER, Raphael (UCSF Sch of Med) Indirect Rule Redux: The Geopolitical-Economy of Diamond Mining and Its Embodiment as Ebola Virus Disease in Kono District, Sierra Leone. The 2013-16 Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa was the longest and largest in recorded history. In the following paper, we trace the ways in which colonial strategies of indirect rule are recycled by the diamond mining industry in contemporary Sierra Leone. By tracing networks of viral transmission in the diamondiferous district of Kono, we further demonstrate how these forms of domination intentionally undermined political and public health development in the region, and ultimately became embodied as Ebola Virus Disease. eugene_richardson@hms.harvard.edu (W-62)

 

RICHMAN, Kenneth (MCPHS) Community Research Workers Under the Lens of Philosophical Bioethics. The employment of community members as front-line research personnel facilitates important research in hard to reach communities. Social scientists have identified significant tensions and dilemmas that arise for these community research workers as a result of their multiple roles at the intersection of research protocols and the expectations for commonplace social interactions in their own communities. This paper adds an interdisciplinary perspective. Using the lens of philosophical bioethics and drawing on the US and international literature, it discusses the data from the other presenters in light of core tensions about how to understand real-world ethics. kenneth.richman@mcphs.edu (W-69)

 

RICHMOND, Laurie (Humboldt State U) Fishing Community Sustainability Planning on the California North Coast. Fishing communities throughout the nation are facing many challenges including rising costs and declines in access, participation, and critical infrastructure. These factors highlight the need for communities to engage in strategic planning about their long-term futures. This paper provides insights from processes underway to develop Fishing Community Sustainability Plans for the ports of Eureka and Shelter Cove. The process involves working with stakeholders to assess community needs and develop a set of recommendations for improving the sustainability of their ports. Process steps include: formation of a stakeholder steering committee, secondary data analysis, one-on-one interviews with stakeholders, and collaborative planning workshops. (W-61)


RICKE, Audrey (IUPUI) Mapping Assessment Using Anthropological Methods: Sustaining Creative Pedagogy & Coordinating Learning Outcomes across Introductory Anthropology Courses. Anthropology departments are increasingly faced with the challenge of developing assessment strategies to document and assess student learning as it relates to university and state-level learning objectives. This paper introduces a model for aligning course learning objectives with departmental, university, and state-level goals and assessing student performance across multiple sections of an introductory anthropology course that contain different assignments, ethnographies, and exams. Drawing on case study data, this research shows how anthropological methods developed for team-based research can be applied to sustain instructor creativity in the area of pedagogy while coordinating assessment. acricke@umail.iu.edu (TH-49)


RIOUX, Jennifer (ACIH) Ayurvedic Medicine and Yoga Therapy as Sustainable Solutions to Chronic Pain Syndromes. Ayurvedic Medicine and Yoga Therapy provide a comprehensive system of whole-person care for individuals suffering with chronic pain. Ayurvedic diagnostics allow for isolation of root causes beyond symptoms. Individualizing the causal trajectory informs personalization of therapeutic approaches through identification of patients’ constitution/ imbalance profiles. Combined diet, lifestyle and daily routine modification with physical postures, stretching, breathwork and subtle therapies provide synergistic options for care, which elaborate and shift over time. These unique features promote enhanced self-understanding and adherence on the part of the patient, potentially better clinical outcomes, increased coping skills, positive outlook, sense of well-being and improved stress threshold. integralayurvedayoga@gmail.com (W-70)


ROARK, Kendall (Purdue U) Participatory Big Data Ethics: Against AI Gaydar and Other Creepy Machines. The design of networked data collection and information systems is linked to a host of emerging ethical and moral debates, including the potential for bias and discrimination against marginalized people. One response has been a call for more transparent and participatory approaches to the design, implementation and governance of such systems. The author will discuss findings from exploratory research with trans and queer technology workers, social justice activists and mobile internet users which seeks to open the design process to participation by people who are disparately impacted by ubiquitous forms of data collection and algorithmic decision-making. roark6@purdue.edu (F-130)


ROBERTS, Bill, FISHER, Alissa, and RYNER, Katherine (SMCM) Student Culture and the St. Mary’s College Library: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow. The library has long been at the heart of the “life of the mind” in academia. Today’s millennial students have spent their entire lives learning to navigate an ever expanding digital world with technologies they carry in their pockets or backpacks.  Where, how, or in what way does the academic library “fit” in the daily lives of contemporary undergraduate students? Students in a Practicing Anthropology class began a collaborative ethnography project with library faculty and staff that produced information and action to reposition the St. Mary’s College library as a place where hearts and minds come together. wcroberts@smcm.edu (W-111)

 

ROBERTS, Hannah (NAU) Resettlement of the Lost Boys of Sudan: A Perspective on Their Relationship to the United States and Sudan. The resettlement of refugees coupled with the adjustments required to acculturate are complex matters. In the 1990s these adjustments were all the more complicated for Sudanese refugees in that many who trekked to Ethiopia and back to Kenya were unaccompanied minors. The resettlement of the Lost Boys of Sudan that began in the United States in 2001 is just such an event. This paper offers preliminary research as part of larger project, on the ways members of the Sudanese Diaspora ended up in Phoenix and their relationships with friends, family in South Sudan today. hgr5@nau.edu (F-109)


ROBERTS, Jason (UTSA) “We Live Like This”: Local Inequalities and Disproportionate Risk in the Context of Climate Change and Industrial Agro-Forestry Development on New Hanover Island [Lavongai], Papua New Guinea. This study examines the local processes, effects, and responses to industrial agroforestry development occurring on Lavongai during the El Nino of 2015. It details the experiences of women and unrecognized landowners to understand why these groups were particularly vulnerable to the coupled effects of forest conversion and climate change, how they adapted to these effects, and what their hopes were regarding the future of the development project and life on the island. This analysis is significant in light of the growing threats to forests and forest-dependent livelihoods and the recognition of the importance of local forest practices to global sustainability. jason.roberts@utsa.edu (F-05)

 

ROBERTS, Taylor (TX State U) Understanding How Texas State University Undergraduate Students Experience and Manage Stress: A Qualitative Study. Research has shown that negative effects of stress on undergraduate students can have a significant impact on their college experience. However, the majority of past research was conducted using survey methods and lacks a deeper understanding of how students are experiencing and managing stress. My research aims to fill this gap with first person accounts from undergraduate students. Through interviews and focus groups the findings from this study will provide additional information to Texas State University administration about the stress that their students are experiencing and the extent to which campus resources are effective in helping students manage stress. trr63@txstate.edu (TH-139)

 

ROBINSON-LOOSE, Michelle, PEDERSEN, Janni, and SORENSEN, Kathryn (Ashford U), JAEN ESPINOSA, Marino (Panamatipico) Sustaining ‘Authenticity’: For Whom? Patrons and Practitioners of Cultural Heritage Festivals. This paper examines utilitarian and intrinsic conceptualizations of ‘authenticity’ in the context of religiously symbolic celebrations in two separate towns in Panama, Parita and Santo Domingo. Rapid assessment methodologies coupled with a knowledgeable Panamanian informant were vital for the study of the most prolific cultural aspects of a Corpus Christi celebration in Parita and patron saint festival in Santo Domingo. While both celebrations are part of constructing what is perceived as the authentic identity and heritage of that specific town, the utilitarian aspects of economy and tourism manifest themselves differently and provide different challenges for sustaining authenticity. (F-11)

 

withdrawn ROBINSON, Mariesa (GWU) and BURGETT JOLIE, Ruth (Mercyhurst U) Narratives of Women’s Fear Management Strategies Regarding Potential Sexual Assault at a Small Liberal Arts University. Sexual assaults continue to take place on college campuses in the United States, yet we lack research providing more nuanced understandings of the gendered perceptions of sexual assault. Based on our ethnographic study, we evidence a clear difference in how university students, depending on their self-ascribed gender, relate to the threat of “sexual assault.” Women, compared to men, express an elevated consciousness of the threat of assault, and manage this fear using gender-specific fear management narratives and corresponding protective behaviors. Understanding students’ definitions, perceptions, and behaviors regarding the threat of sexual assault illuminates gender roles within the assault narrative. mrobin59@lakers.mercyhurst.edu (S-74)


ROBINSON, Sarah A. (Emerita) Dealing with Anomie and Anomia in Higher Education. The psychological effect of anomie is anomia.  Symptoms are similar to those of grief after loss and to PTSD.  All three are caused by stress.  Symptoms vary according to causal conditions, but include alienation, a sense of isolation, uncertainty about the motives and treatment of unfamiliar “others,” self-centeredness, present-centeredness, anguish and anger. Universities presently are not designed to address these issues. With practice and some concepts to use as tools, it is relatively easy to construct dynamic models that subsequently can be tested against reality and adjusted accordingly.  The process itself aids in sorting out the confusion of anomie. (TH-139)

 

ROBITAILLE, Caroline (U Montréal) “Adderall, I Love You”: A Web-Based Ethnographic Study of Psychostimulant Use. Drawing on Actor-Network Theory and biosocialisation, this study uses ethnographic methods to explore three online discussion fora belonging to the Reddit community. Two objectives are addressed: to explore the practices related to psychostimulant use, and to examine how these serve to fashion contemporary subjectivities. Drug use experiences are shared openly, and the emotional relationship some develop with psychostimulants highlights their transformative power, notably, on perceptions of the self. Experiential knowledge is circulated, contributing to the emergence of a communal ethic distinguishing itself from biomedical perspectives on drug use. c.robitaille@umontreal.ca (F-37)


RODGERS, Susan (Holy Cross) Rhetorics about Refugees: Biography of a Public Anthropology Text. Narratives about refugees’ lives are often politically fraught. This paper dissects some of the rhetorical decisions that went into my and a student’s authorship of a 2017 public educational booklet about Worcester MA refugee artisans and their crafts. We asked: how could we best avoid ‘refugee love’ narratives in our text, “Refugee Artisans of Worcester: Path To Empowerment?” How could we handle issues of voice with fairness? srodgers@holycross.edu (F-19)


RÖDLACH, Alexander (Creighton U) Religion as Social Capital for Resettled Refugees: Karenni Catholics in Omaha, United States. Drawing on a case study of resettled Karenni refugees from Myanmar in Omaha, this paper explores the function of refugees’ identification with a religious belief and value system and membership in a religious organization for successful resettlement and discusses the suitability of a common social science concept – social capital – to further our understanding of religions’ role and potential for refugee resettlement. The paper argues that resettlement agencies that partner with religious organizations can increase refugees’ access to social support and the likelihood for successful resettlement. roedlach@creighton.edu (F-139)

 

RODRIGUEZ, Fredy (Mich State U) The Role of Identity in Heritage Tourism through 30 Years of Activism. For thirty years, the Ch’orti’-Maya of Honduras have mobilized politically for state recognition of their ethnic-identity and communal land titles. More recently, Ch’orti’-Maya identity has been creatively used in the tourism industry as a livelihood strategy. This paper examines the different ways through which indigenous people’s engagement with heritage-tourism contributes to the construction of different notions of Ch’orti’-Mayaness and their activism goals. We contend that while the tourism industry has the potential to encourage sustainable cultural revitalization practices, it is important to pay attention to how these practices shape different actors’ understandings of what it means to be Ch’orti’-Maya. fredyrafaelrodriguez@gmail.com (W-125)

 

RODRIGUEZ, Katheryn and CHENEY, Ann (UCR) Creating a Sustainable Future of Recovery: One Campus at a Time. Young adults increasingly enter college with substance use addiction. While some achieve recovery before setting their foot on a college campus, they often struggle to maintain sobriety throughout the college years as many act out their daily lives in abstinence-hostile environments. Building collaborations and providing a mechanism to support programs for undeserved and at-risk populations is necessary. This paper reports on the use of photovoice, a participatory action research method, to identify student-centered recommendations for recovery support and our collaborative efforts to incorporate these recommendations into college campus systems to support student recovery and reduce substance abuse among college populations. katheryn.rodriguez@medsch.ucr.edu (W-42)


ROSALES, M. Renzo (Creighton U) The Expansion of the Panama Canal and Its Challenges to the Sustainability of Panamanian Rural Communities. The completion of the expansion of the Panama Canal, in 2016, signaled the achievement of a national development project that, for more than 10 years, has been publicized in Panama as the key factor that will promote the development of the whole nation. However, research carried out in rural communities near the canal, is showing that the model of development centered on the waterway is affecting negatively the sustainability of communities that have been self-sufficient for generations.  This presentation will discuss the challenges to the sustainability of local communities introduced by the implementation of a megaproject of global projection. renzorosales@creighton.edu (S-43)


ROSTOM, M. Guffran (USF) Promoting or Contesting a Highway Expansion: An Ethnography of the Tampa Bay Next. The Tampa Bay Next involves the expansion of major interstates in the Tampa Bay area into historically marginalized residential neighborhoods. Besides ‘making public’ the related social and environmental justice ramifications, this project aims to investigate the assemblages of people joining together to resist, or effect, this expansion. Grounded in a politically-engaged anthropology, it uses a mixed-methods approach by firstly attempting a geo-spatial and discourse analysis of opponents and proponents who intervened during a recent Metropolitan Planning Organization meeting, and through a critical ethnography of those actively resisting as well as those not participating, but affected by, the highway construction. guffranr@health.usf.edu (W-02)


ROSTOM, M. Guffran and LAFARGE, Preston (USF) A Sunday with Ann & Mary. Ann Allen is originally from Brooklyn, New York, and Mary Jane Winstead was born and raised in Indianapolis, Indiana. Winstead has been a vocal radical lesbian activist in New York City from the mid-1960s to late 1970s while Allen resumed college after being married and living on a farm for more than a decade. In this film, both briefly recount the path that led to their encounter in New Paltz, New York more than 30 years ago and talk about their lived experiences and vicissitudes as an ‘interracial’ couple currently residing in Gulfport, Florida. guffranr@health.usf.edu (W-136)


ROTHSTEIN, Frances A. (Montclair State U) Gender Quotas in Rural Mexico This paper discusses the impact of electoral gender quotas in Mazatecochco, a rural central Mexico community. Although gender quotas have been in effect in Mexico since the mid-1990s, it was not until 2014 that an amendment to the Federal Constitution passed requiring 50 percent of all elected officials be women. Women’s presence in politics in Mazatecochco and elsewhere in Mexico has increased. However, among the effects of the increased presence of women in politics in Mexico, as elsewhere, has been resistance ranging from sexism, harassment, and violence. This paper describes and analyzes the diverse effects of the new law. rothsteinf@montclair.edu (S-94)


ROUTON, Erin (Cornell U) When It Doesn’t End: Legal Aid and Sustainable Futures in Migrant Detention. For the past few years, voluntary legal aid workers have passed through a town in South Texas to assist asylum-seeking women and children held in a “family” detention facility. The project that organizes these daily efforts has always held a secondary goal of forcing the facility’s closure, a place many perceived as a temporary injustice. Following the presidential election, perceptions of this shifted as concerns about the future of legal “care” grew. This paper considers “sustainability” in a different way, asking: under current circumstances, what does a sustainable future look like in the world of legal aid to im/migrant detainees? edr67@cornell.edu (TH-17)

 

ROWE, Jeffrey (Wayne State U) The Importance of Community in Telling Their Story: Community Engagement Effectiveness in the Spectrum of Alternative Food Networks (AFN). AFNs have wide-ranging goals that make consolidated monikers misleading by consigning a spectrum into one broad category. This is problematic because AFNs are frequently discussed synonymously. I differentiate discrete macro-scale engagement efforts within this spectrum, and contrast against conversations regarding effectiveness of peer-to-peer engagement. The current gap in knowledge surrounding macro-scale engagement effectiveness partly relates to an unintended propensity to engage the same audience ad nauseum. As such, engagement efforts will benefit from considering targeted dialogue and reciprocal peer-to-peer engagement with specified communities. Productive engagement therefore necessitates clear motivations from all parties at the onset to empower communities from within. jeffrey.rowe2@wayne.edu (F-136)


ROWE, Jill (W Mich U) Woman-to-Woman: Exploring Reproductive Health Seeking Behaviors of Middle-Aged Women. This study explored reproductive health seeking behaviors of middle-aged women between the ages of 45 to 64. Though the prevalence of reproductive-related cancers is high for women in this age group, little is known about their reproductive health-seeking behaviors.  Participants were asked about their current state of health, the sources they use to obtain health information, the role of social support in reproductive health decision making and present and future reproductive health cancer screening activities. An important finding is the role of health traditions passed down from generations of women in the family on health practices. jill.rowe@wmich.edu (TH-10)

 

ROY, Sudipta (Indiana U) Mainstreaming Climate Change in the Education Sector: An Ethnographic Observation of an NGO Work in Local Bangladesh. Scholars have argued that Bangladesh, being predicted as one of the most climate change affected countries in the world, needs to “mainstream” climate change adaptation in every development sector including education (Ayer et al., 2014). As formal education is often seen as an important catalyst for shaping young minds, both government and non-government organizations have devised various school based programs and activities to inform children about climate change adaptation and mitigation. In this paper, I provide an ethnographic account of an NGO’s school based interactive activity in coastal Bangladesh. I find that activities as such are often project-minded, ill-planned, and disruptive. suroy@umail.iu.edu (F-35)


ROZEN, David (Independent) Ethnographic and Evolutionary Perspectives on the Post-Welfare Reform Era. Kinship systems are a lacuna in welfare policy. Yet, ethnographic research indicates parents and children live in networks of kinship important to survival in the post-welfare reform environment.  This paper will look at poverty research within communities using ethnographic / evolutionary perspectives on competence for childbearing/childrearing within networks of kin, friendship networks, and communities.  Evolutionary psychological research, e.g. co-adaptation bonds of mother infant, communicative construals and meta culture universals, is reviewed for insight on how poor mothers and children survive in a harsh and punitive post-welfare reform era. djrozen2@gmail.com (TH-11)

 

RUBINSTEIN, Robert A. and LANE, Sandra D. (Syracuse U) An Anthropological Program for Training Health Professionals to Address Neighborhood Trauma from Gun Violence. This paper describes the integration of ethnographically-based, experiential education about the social determinants of health into a training program for health professionals training to assist community members experiencing trauma due to neighborhood violence in Syracuse, NY.  This educational program builds on a long-term collaboration with an array of community stakeholders including faculty and students from Syracuse University, the Street Addiction Institute Inc., Trauma Response Team, Mothers Against Gun Violence, the Syracuse Police Department, and the Syracuse University Marriage and Family Therapy clinic which offers its services free of charge to trauma affected individuals and families. rar@syr.edu (TH-04)

 

RUPERT, Bryan (Indiana U) A Snapshot of Development in an Amazonian Plurinational Community. This presentation will offer an examination of the state of development in the parish of Limoncocha in Amazonian Ecuador. Contact between the diverse array of indigenous peoples in the area (Kichwa-Runa, Secoya, Cofán, Shuar, and Huaorani) has been and continues to be a major shaping factor in the region’s history, as is the fraught relationship between the communities and petroleum extraction. This presentation will focus on ethnohistorical accounts drawn from members of the various local communities as well as archival resources to chart an account of development programs and their impact on people’s livelihoods over the last fifty years. brupert@indiana.edu (W-32)

 

withdrawn RUSSELL, Suzanne, VIZEK, Ashley, VAN OOSTENBURG, Max, and CARTER, Brian (NOAA Fisheries) Challenges and Innovation in a Catch Shares Program:  Perspectives of the West Coast Trawl Groundfish Participants. Catch share program goals typically include species recovery, overcapacity reduction, and economic efficiency outcomes.  Impacts include fleet consolidation, potential infrastructure reduction, and social disruptions within communities.  The Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Social Study aims to understand social changes related to the recently implemented catch share program.  Study participants inform challenges including increasing costs and non-monetary stresses of the program.  Despite these challenges, participants are adapting with plans to continue fishing participation. Quota leasing strategies, innovation in gear experimentation to reduce bycatch, and community quota funds are some of the tools participants are using to progress under this catch shares program. suzanne.russell@noaa.gov (W-91)


RZONCA, Stephanie and BURKE, Brian J. (Appalachian State U), WELCH-DEVINE, Meredith (UGA) Climate Change’s Gendered Impacts in Southern Appalachia. Can a feminist political ecology framework for understanding climate change’s impacts guide us towards more comprehensive, representative, and sustainable approaches to adaptive development? Using interviews gathered in Southern Appalachia among a wide breadth of contributors, we examine the ways in which men and women view environmental changes differently, and how adaptive or coping strategies may differ across gender lines.  This paper explores gendered vulnerability to climate change, how gender roles in relation to the environment are explicitly stated, and the ways in which gender, economy, and ecology are inherently linked in the Southern Appalachians. rzoncasr@appstate.edu (F-05)