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 Paper Abstracts

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NADELMAN, Rachel (American U) El Salvador: An Extraction Dilemma Solved? In April 2017, El Salvador became the first country globally to pass a law banning all mining of metals. This followed a decade during which three successive presidents from opposing conservative and progressive political parties maintained a de facto moratorium on industrial metals mining.  El Salvador’s bi-partisan choice not to unearth its metals resources lies in stark contrast to policy across Latin America where governments view intensive national resource extraction as crucial for development. This paper shows how El Salvador’s broad-based mining opposition reshaped the national debate to value water over wealth, thus moving public opinion, influencing policy-making, and halting extractive-based development. rachelnadelman@gmail.com (TH-02)


NAGEL, Beverly (Carleton Coll) Leading Change from Within the Village. Several recent commentaries have suggested that chief academic officers, traditionally and still often drawn from the ranks of faculty, are “too imbedded in the academy,” and that the rapidly changing environment and complexity of demands on higher education leaders today demand skills and perspectives that leaders would not likely develop through this traditional academic path to leadership. Some academic leaders not only come to their positions from experience as a faculty member, but are drawn from the faculty of the institutions they lead. How does (or does not) being recruited to a dean or provost position from within the institution affect the challenges and opportunities that a leader faces in addressing change? Focusing especially on small residential liberal arts institutions, this presentation will explore how these academic leaders foster innovation, adaptation, and culture change in their institutions. bnagel@carleton.edu (F-111)

 

NARITA, Hironari (Ohkagakuen U) Social Anxiety and Healing in the Café Kingdom: Case of Vietnam. The development of infrastructure for transportation in the Asian Economic Corridor Country of Vietnam, seems to promise economic prosperity, but the rapid urbanization cannot give satisfaction sufficient to compensate for the great demand on community life.  In this situation, I focus on the bird café where new urban people are looking for healing. The number of bird cafés has increased in Vietnam very recently.  This new phenomena will have great potential for tourism, but also indicates the increasing complexity of urban life with social anxiety influenced by social environmental change. hn20jp13@yahoo.co.jp (F-131)


NARVAEZ, Guillermo (U Minnesota) “We Are Fine, but...”: Puerto Rico in the Aftermath of Hurricane Maria. On September 21 Puerto Rico and other Caribbean islands were on the path of one of the most powerful hurricanes on record. For over 20 hours extreme winds and rains that caused severe and widespread physical damage. The whole island has been affected and people are living with the lack of basic services. Now as the island begins the process of recovery a question expressed by many is “how to rebuild so we can deal with this when it happens next time?” This paper examines the initial impressions by national and local relief workers, local officials, public and others on the ground in the immediate aftermath of the event. It also examines the response by policymakers to the work of reconstruction. narvaezg@gmail.com (S-10)

 

NATHAN, Martha (Baystate Hlth System) and FRATKIN, Elliot (Smith Coll) The Lives of Street Women and Children in Hawassa Ethiopia. Despite gains in national income, Ethiopia’s cities have seen a steady increase of homeless women and children. This study focuses on the lives of 25 adult women and 27 children living on the streets of Hawassa SSNPR. Nearly all were driven to the streets by poverty compounded by abuse and violence and/or loss of supporting family members, illness, and lack of social supports. The Ethiopian government offers a food-for-work program, but this is an inadequate social safety net. Recommendations include government provision of long-term shelter, food assistance, school supplies for children, legal and economic assistance, and access to medical care. martygjf@comcast.net (S-94)


NEBIE, Elisabeth (UNCCH) The Political Ecology of Land Use and Land Cover Change in Pastoral Zones. After major droughts in the 1970s, the government of Burkina Faso resettled agriculturalists from drylands in more fertile valleys. In the outskirts of these resettlement areas, chiefdoms –agricultural communities – have conceded land to create secure grazing spaces to resettle traditional pastoralists. The borders of these pastoral zones are increasingly encroached by autochtons who claim land tenure. This study uses a political ecology framework to examine processes underlying land use tensions. This research integrates maps with ethnography to argue that pastoral zones are ethnic and physical boundaries illustrated by differentiated land use and land cover changes inside and outside these zones. nebie@live.unc.edu (F-13)

 

NICHOLS, Catherine (Loyola U) Redistributing Collections: Lessons from the Past for Future Museum Collections Planning. Nineteenth-century collecting resulted in the large-scale movement of Indigenous material culture into museums, where storage shelves teemed with objects. With limited financial resources, the Smithsonian Institution implemented a system of redistributing “duplicate” specimens to local and regional museums across the nation. This system reduced the costs of collections care while supplying museums with exhibit-quality objects to draw in local audiences. Though deaccessioning has become a difficult topic for contemporary museums, this paper will discuss some of the practical and intellectual considerations of the past practice of collections redistribution, and suggest that the museum field consider these practices in collections planning. cnichols@luc.edu (TH-131)


NICOSIA, Francesca, SPAR, Malena, and BROWN, Rebecca T. (SFVAMC & UCSF) “It’s Everyone’s Responsibility”: Designing an Interprofessional Intervention to Improve Measurement and Use of Functional Status Data among Older Veterans in Primary Care. As part of an initiative to improve the measurement of functional status for older adults in VA primary care clinics, we interviewed interdisciplinary team members, patients, and caregivers. The aim was to understand barriers and facilitators to routine assessment, documentation and use of these data to inform clinical care. We used implementation science and sociotechnical analytic frameworks to inform thematic analysis. Our findings showed the need to balance standardized data collection with meaningful metrics and flexible workflows. These findings informed the design and implementation strategies of an intervention to improve measurement and use of functional status data among older Veterans. francesca.nicosia@ucsf.edu (W-40)


NOHRIA, Raman, TSE, Julia, CARPENTER, Elise, and NOKES, Keith (Greater Lawrence Family Hlth Ctr) Food Insecurity in an Urban Latino Immigrant Community. Food insecurity (lacking sufficient or worrying about access) has been linked to negative health outcomes. In our community health center, we have implemented a method to screen our patients for food insecurity. In addition, our community health center has partnered with a local food agency to increase access to fruits and vegetables. We conducted focus groups to further understand the perception and challenges of food insecurity in our patients. This paper highlights the most common challenges in accessing foods experienced by an urban Latino immigrant community. raman.nohria@glfhc.org (S-63)


NORDIN, Andreas (U Gothenburg) How Much Counterintuitive Content Does Religious Dreaming Contain?: Reports from a Case Study in a Hindu-Nepalese Context. Dreaming has rarely been an object of theoretical reflection in cognitive anthropology or the cognitive science of religion. How and to what extent do counterintuitive dream representations occur in religious dreaming? Not all bizarre dreams are counterintuitive, and what constitutes bizarreness varies by individual experience and cultural norms, while that may not be the case with counterintuition. This presentation reports from a case study in a Hindu-Nepalese context about possible counterintuitive content in religious dreaming. One ambition is to describe the prevalence of and establish a scale of dream counterintuitiveness, for which a six-step system for coding will be employed. andreas.nordin@sant.gu.se (TH-45)


NORWOOD, Frances (GWU) and DANNER, Victoria X. (WAPA) Voices of Virginia: A Qualitative Study of Shared Understandings and Civic Engagement in the Aftermath of the 2016 U.S. Presidential Elections. The 2016 U.S. elections and the contentious public debates that followed appear to show a nation divided. What is not clear is if this is indicative of what U.S. citizens and voters think and feel about their neighbors.  Using qualitative data from two communities in the swing state of Virginia, researchers will explore the extent to which people from different sociopolitical backgrounds share the divisive views permeating politics and the media and how this impacts civic engagement at the local level. The aim is to use Foucauldian discourse theory and ethnographic data to illuminate what divides and unites U.S. citizens. fnorwood@gwu.edu (W-44)