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 Paper Abstracts

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MACDONELL, Christine (CARF Int’l) Crossing Borders: Lessons Learned from an International Health and Human Services Accreditor. CARF International is an international, third party, independent non-profit accreditor of health and human services. The same standards are used across the countries making an international network to learn, collaborate, and grow from. Lessons learned would be applicable to the development of standards for health care professionals across countries. The need for stakeholder involvement is paramount for success. (F-21)

MACFARLAN, Shane and GARCIA, Juan Jose (U Utah), SCHNITER, Eric (Chapman U), HOAGSTROM, Christopher (Weber State U) Cultural Values and Knowledge Associated with the Aridland Springs of the Sierra de La Giganta or Baja California Sur, Mexico. The aridland springs of Baja California Sur’s Sierra de La Giganta mountain range have regional, national, and international conservation importance. In addition to serving as paleo-refugia, the springs are important cultural sites and act as genetic refuges for mission-era heritage crops with substantial economic value. As the only source of permanent freshwater in the region, these springs have promoted human occupation for at least 5000 years and currently, support a traditional ranching population (Oasiana-Rancheros). Here, we assess how ranchers conceive of spring water sustainability, hydrologic cycles, and the effect of climate change on the future of water. (S-02)

MADRIGAL, Tomas (UCSB) The Case for Self-Determination: The Role of Anthropologists in Corporate Union Busting in Global Agriculture in the 21st Century. This paper shares the findings of ethnographic research on the union busting strategies and techniques deployed by a Global Agricultural Corporation on a source farm in Burlington, Washington from 2013 to 2017. The connection between this and other farmworker uprisings against the same corporation in California and in Mexico merits further investigation. I seek to interrogate the role of anthropologists in legitimating the continued exploitation of farmworkers through the excuse of “objectivity” and instead that an ethical approach to studying vulnerable communities is only conducted through the lens of dignity, with respect to their self-determination as a people. (F-169)


MAES, Kenneth, CLOSSER, Svea, TESFAYE, Yihenew, GILBERT, Yasmine, and ABESHA, Roza (OR State U) Why Are Volunteers in Ethiopia’s Women’s Development Army More Distressed Than Their Neighbors?: Food Insecurity, Social Support, and Community Health Worker Recruitment in Rural Amhara. Epidemiological research in high-income settings suggests that volunteering is good for you, mediated through various biopsychosocial pathways. With survey data collected in 2015 from 422 women involved in Ethiopia’s national Women’s Development Army, we show that volunteers in the “army” are actually more distressed than their neighbors and report more food insecurity and other indicators of socio-economic precarity. Food insecurity and psychological distress were also highly correlated. Discourses suggesting that volunteers are healthier and happier than non-volunteers are misleading in settings of deep poverty like rural Ethiopia. Our results point to the need for support, including pay, for such volunteers. (S-97)


MAHON, Francis (UDel) Artifacts of Agency: Counter-narratives and Alternative Histories within the Zwaanendael Museum. The Zwaanendael Museum in Lewes, Delaware is dedicated to the presentation and preservation of the town’s colonial maritime history, however most of the artifacts the museum uses in telling this story focus on the narratives of white men.  This paper will discuss the construction and implementation of an alternative history tour that will use the museum’s artifacts to highlight Indigenous and Black narratives within maritime history. By implementing a counter-narrative tour the museum will be able to present a more holistic view of the town’s history, and create a more accessible and sustainable future for its cultural resources and guests. (F-69)


MAHONEY, Dillon and OBURE, Renice (USF) The Politics of Language and Community Organizing among Swahili-Speaking Refugees in Tampa, Florida. Refugees from the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo struggle constantly with food insecurity, transportation, employment, and basic communication. This paper explores the ethnic, generational, and gendered politics of language (including code-switching, accents, and language ideologies) among recently arrived Swahili-speaking refugees in Tampa, Florida. We reflect specifically on the ways we as a team of researchers needed to learn new dialects of Swahili while also negotiating internal politics within the community that intersected along an array of social differences. This paper also aims to add to the discussion of best practices for applied, interdisciplinary research on newly arrived refugee communities from Central and Eastern Africa. (W-33)


MAITRA, Amrapali (Stanford U) The Limit Case: Abused Women Workers Who Never Leave. In a Kolkata family planning clinic, the gynecologist asks patients, “Why do you fight?  You’ll drive your husband away.” Here, gender relations are grounded in valorization of family. Yet, interrogating scenes of liveliness and exhaustion in slums, the ethnographer wonders why women whose wage labor sustains the family do not leave abusive husbands? Women’s management of violence is suspended in threads of possibility: of abandoning husbands, of returning to the natal home, and of retaliating. These possibilities are not fantasies, as Gammeltoft argues regarding Vietnamese women’s silent endurance of domestic violence (Ethos 2016); they represent the real limits of conjugality. (W-104)


MAKINO, Fuyuki (Komazawa Women’s U) Local Memorial Sites in Cambodia and Individuals’ Sense of Co-Sharing Experiences. Cambodia has entered a period of rapid economic growth due to the flourishing real estate market. Daily life has largely stabilized, and the inheritance of negative memories of the country’s long civil war and the Khmer Rouge’s massacre of fellow countrymen has come into question. Due to the aging of the generation that experienced these events, such negative memories are rapidly being lost. This research focuses not on public facilities like museums but on the “negative heritage” found throughout Cambodia in everyday life and religious rituals. Pointing out how individuals’ shared sense of being has been affected or involved in the events in question functions to overcome the binary opposition between victim and perpetrator; it attempts to understand the local memorial spaces that support this shared sense of being. (F-41)


MALDONADO, Korinta (UIUC) Local and Transnational Community Building through Digital Storytelling. This paper examines digital storytelling method as a transformative practice for combatting immigrant racialized narratives and as a collective tool for community building as community engaged collaborative method. Drawing from decolonial, feminist, Latina/o, Indigenous frameworks scholars I analyze the Digital Storytelling projects with indigenous immigrant youth. I argue that oral histories that emerge from such collective productions become an important site of decolonial knowledge production, local and transnational community building while also contributing to theoretical ideas of social justice, intersectionality, and critical race. (S-33


MANDACHE, Luminiţa-Anda (U Arizona) I’m Not Gonna Let This Fear Paralyze Me!”: Resistance and Activist Strategies in a Context of Drug-Related Violence in a Brazilian Periferia. Scholars have discussed the challenges that drug-related violence pose to mobility trying to understand the nature of urban violence or differences in the manifestations of power (Winton 2015, among others). Here I discuss how local leaders in Fortaleza, Brazil, respond to the recent increase in violence. They perceive random acts of violence as a “dehumanization” process to which they respond by navigating rival territories– an act of resistance which I understand as a form of nonmovement (Bayat 2010). The similarities between the Middle East and Brazil create a locus of reflection on the nature of violence in war and “peace.” (S-31)


MANITOWABI, Darrel (Laurentian U), MAAR, Marion (N Ontario Sch of Med), and OMINIKA, Tim (Wiikwemkoong Unceded Territory) Naandwe Miikan (The Curing Path): An Indigenous Holistic Model Addressing Opioid Addictions and Recovery. In 2013, the Wiikwemkoong Unceded Territory in northeastern Ontario, Canada, initiated naandwe miikan (the curing path); a holistic case management model to address opioid addiction and recovery. Naandwe miikan is an inter-sectoral initiative blending the expertise of traditional knowledge holders/healers, community mental health practitioners, physicians, pharmacists and local administrative agencies. Through visual ethnographic interviews and participant observation, we examine how naandwe miikan is reconnecting clients to land-based experiential activities such as storytelling of place, hunting, fishing and camping. Results suggest the program is addressing the structural violence of colonialism by reconnecting clients to a sense of self, family, community and land. (W-70)

MANZANO, Russell (USF) ‘Parli Italiano?’: The Socioeconomic Impact of Language on Refugees Living in Sicily. Migration to Italy has drastically increased in recent years, particularly in Sicily, a major entry point to Europe. While many migrants intend to travel to Italy, others are in transit, fleeing their respective countries without a predetermined destination. Thus, they have little to no knowledge about Italian culture or language before arrival. While local organizations provide Italian classes, they are often inadequate and fail to address issues of illiteracy, intensifying the difficulties of “integration” These ineffective programs hinder migrants’ abilities to acquire employment and create relationships in the local community, resulting in a loss of social and economic capital. (W-135)


MARES, Teresa (U Vermont) Feeding the Family across the Border: How Measuring Food Insecurity Doesn’t Fully Capture the Complexity of Farmworker Food Access. This paper examines household food security practices among Vermont’s Latino/a dairy workers, revealing how the standardized USDA questionnaires are inadequate for fully understanding the complexities of food access for migrant households. For migrant households, the realities of Vermont’s rural economy present significant challenges to achieving food security on their own terms. Drawing upon more than five years of applied ethnographic fieldwork, I argue that food security is an inadequate and overly simplistic concept to fully encompass the discourses and practices that migrant workers engage as they feed their families, who often reside on both sides of the border. (TH-03)

MARIL, Lee and MILFORD, Ellen (ECU) Building the Mexican Wall: A Presidential Campaign Promise, the Federal Procurement Process, and a History of Contract Mismanagement at Customs and Border Protection. Running for the presidency in 2016, one of Mr. Trump’s most influential campaign promises to his potential voters was “I will build a great, great wall on our southern Border.”  However, the exact design of his new border wall, who would construct it, how much it would cost, and other important considerations are necessarily embedded in a federal procurement process subject to specific rules, regulations, and legal remedies. This research specifically focuses upon the recent history within CBP of repeated contract mismanagement with regard to border wall construction and surveillance technology contracts.  Data are analyzed from government reports along with information from industry and government insiders who prefer to remain anonymous. (TH-17)

MARKOWITZ, Lisa (U Louisville) Transdisciplinary Research, Holism, and Institution Building. Increasingly, recognition has grown that the insights, approaches, and skill-sets from multiple disciplines are necessary to address intransigent social problems. How in practice can universities create the mechanisms and, even more importantly, the scholarly/activist communities which nurture the emergence of integrated research teams? Based on seven months of participant observation, aka, co-directorship, this paper describes a recently launched experiment in creating a new research structure designed to serve as a hub for transdisciplinary social justice research in the city of Louisville. (TH-153)


MARTEN, Meredith, FISHER, Rosalind, ATWELL, Ashley, and FERNANDEZ RODRIGUES, Bruna (UWF) Stress, Coping, and Maternal Health in Pensacola, Florida. In the US, more women die from maternal causes than in nearly all other highly-developed countries. African-American women are four times more likely to die from maternal causes than are white women, contributing to the large-scale pattern of racial inequities in health in the US. Recent research indicates the greatest proportion of increasing maternal deaths are due to cardiovascular conditions, which are linked with experiences of chronic stress. This paper presents preliminary data from ongoing research of stress, coping and maternal health in Pensacola, Florida, outlining experiences of chronic stress that may contribute to poorer health outcomes among African-American mothers. (F-97)

MARTIN, Samantha (SUNY Geneseo) Ni Una Menos: A New Movement Against Gender Violence in Chile and Argentina. This ethnographic research project was conducted principally in Valparaíso, Chile, and seeks to capture the goals, methods, and effectiveness of Ni Una Menos, a new movement against gender violence in Latin America.  Participant observation during a protest march in Buenos Aires supplements interviews with feminist activists and representatives of organizations against sexual violence.  Because Chile and Argentina have considerable youth involvement in protests concerning social justice issues, this project also investigates students’ perspectives on the movement’s efficacy and shortcomings.  A key objective is to understand how the movement fits into the sociocultural context of a traditionally machista society. (F-129)


MARTIN, Stephanie (U Arizona) Cultural Perceptions and Social Responses to Volcanic Events: Three Eruptions of Mount Vesuvius. Mount Vesuvius has a long eruptive history which has impacted numerous human populations and cultures throughout the Holocene. Volcanic eruptions often have severe and long-lasting impacts on human societies, although societies often recover and are incredibly resilient in the aftermath of such disasters. In this study, I compare three eruptions of Mount Vesuvius: the Early Bronze Age “Pomici di Avellino” eruption (ca. 1900 BCE), the Roman “Pompeii” eruption (AD 79), and a yet-to-occur future, yet heavily theorized eruption. By examining and comparing the three eruptive events closely, I identify volcanic impacts on the populations and societies, community perceptions of the volcano and volcanic threats before and after the eruption, and community responses and adaptations to volcanic disaster. (F-95)

MARTIN, Stephanie (UNCCH), MATARE, Cynthia R. (Cornell U), KAYANDA, Rosemary A. (IMA World Hlth-Tanzania), RIGGLE, Kari R. (UNCCH), OWOPUTI, Ibukun and BEZNER KERR, Rachel (Cornell U), DEARDEN, Kirk A. (IMA World Hlth-Tanzania), NNALLY, Luitfrid P. (Tanzania Food & Nutrition Ctr), DICKIN, Katherine L. (Cornell U) Increasing Family Support for Recommended Complementary Feeding Practices in Tanzania. Suboptimal complementary feeding and gender inequality contribute to high rates of malnutrition in the Lake Zone. We assessed the acceptability and perceived feasibility of complementary feeding recommendations through qualitative data analysis from household behavioral trials and in-depth interviews with mothers and fathers of children 6-18 months. Mothers were motivated by their child’s improved health and appearance, and reported that fathers supported child feeding efforts by providing additional food or money. Key barriers included difficulty accessing recommended foods and insufficient time to prepare them. While families successfully practiced several complementary feeding recommendations, they need additional support to overcome socioeconomic barriers. (TH-133)


MARTINEZ, Konane (CSUSM) Ties That Bind, Clinics That Cut: Ethnography of Post ACA Health Care Access in a MIxtect Transnational Community. Ethnographic data gathered in collaboration with a transnational migrant community from Southern Mexico, as well as observation in community clinics uncovers the complex conditions hindering access to health care for undocumented immigrants in the United States. The research explores how the transnational community is currently utilizing healthcare in the face of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and Executive Orders related to immigration.  The research analyzes how the current structure of the transnational community impacts healthcare access and utilization.  The research also explores the provision of information and services from the perspective of the community clinic. (S-12)


MARTINEZ, MaryAnn (Antioch U) and TROCCHIA BALKITS, Lisa (Green Mountain Coll) On the Social Ecology of Local Food Production: Reframing Value Beyond Economic Metrics. Paradoxically, the conceptual frame of the ‘food revolution’ supports the language, initiatives, and evaluation metrics of the dominant economic system. This represents a challenge for community-based food producers as they balance the values of food systems change against capital concerns.  This dynamic contributes to an emergent social ecology of the local food movement. Through an analysis of ethnographic data collected from food producers throughout the United States, we assert that social relationships among local food producers constitute bioregional praxis, radically re-ordering and re-claiming geographies and culture. These self-organized values-based food networks are weaving webs from local to global, building the capacity for transformative social change. (F-46)

MATERA, Jaime (CSUCI) Addressing the Disconnect between Global and Local Views on Climate Change. Climate change has quickly become one of the leading research areas in the natural and social sciences. The use of technical terms such as climatic variability, ocean acidification, bleaching events and thermal expansion, however, are foreign concepts to many experiencing such events, but the effects associated with these are not. This talk draws upon research conducted in the Northern and Southern Groups of the Cook Islands to addresses how social and natural scientists can cooperate in climate change research in communities where limited access to scientific and social information poses challenges to understanding local-scale effects of global-scale events. (F-35)

MATTES, Seven (Mich State U) “No-Kill 2020?”: Obstacles to Tokyo’s Stray Cat Reduction Plan. Tokyo officials have publicly embraced Trap, Neuter and Release to avoid the need to cull stray animals prior to the 2020 Olympics. However, “No Kill” plans that may have succeeded in America are met with distinct cultural obstacles in Japan, including anti-euthanasia, the prohibitive cost of spay/neuter, and the popularity and tactics of pet shops. Addressing the steps Tokyo would need to take to ensure a long-term reduction of stray cats, this paper introduces key social problems regarding Japan’s ongoing pet boom while amplifying the advice of those who have worked on TNR projects across Japan for decades. (W-32)


MAUPIN, Jonathan (ASU) Variation in Diarrhea Beliefs and Water Treatment in Highland Guatemala. Several studies in Guatemala emphasize the importance of social factors, in addition to demographic variables, in the distribution of hygiene related beliefs regarding diarrhea causation and water treatment.  This research expands upon these studies by examining the distribution of hygiene-related beliefs among a sample of women in a semi-rural community in Highland Guatemala.  Using a mixture of hypothetical vignettes, sentence-frame questionnaires, and self-reported behaviors, this paper examines variation in beliefs regarding the causes of diarrhea and water treatment practices.  While there is widespread belief in biomedical causes of diarrhea, this study highlights the nuanced variation in beliefs and water-related practices. (W-160)


MAXFIELD, Amanda (Emory U) Poverty amid Plenty: Food Insecurity, Aspirational Consumption and Mental Health in India. Food has both biological and social value. That is, food offers more than just nutrients; it is an information system. In particular, when individuals consume food they communicate information about relative social position. Yet, the vast majority of research on food insecurity considers only the importance of food’s biological value for wellbeing. This paper uses consensus analysis and cross-sectional surveys to explore whether differential access to one aspect of food’s social value—prestige—mediates the relationship between food insecurity and mental health among slum-dwelling households in Jaipur, India. (TH-33)

MAYOCK, Paula (Trinity Coll) Ethnography: Not Simply a “Methodological Adjunct.” Interest in combining epidemiological and ethnographic approaches in the conduct of research on alcohol and drug-related behaviors and problems has grown. Epidemiology has, of course, a strong tradition of investigating the interplay between ‘agent,’ ‘host’ and ‘environment.’ Nonetheless, as it strives to understand the relationship between individuals and their social embeddedness, modern epidemiological discourse continues to focus primarily on the agent. Michael Agar argued strongly for the introduction of qualitative ways of thinking about epidemiology. This paper considers his contribution to ethno-epidemiology, which integrates ethnography or ‘thick’ description, to furthering understanding of drug use in context. (TH-125)


MAZUR-STOMMEN, Susan (Indicia Consulting) and GILBERT, Haley (Lawrence Berkeley Nat’l Labs) Ethnographies of Energy: Recruiting Participants for In-Home Interviews. This paper offers an overview of the Cybernetic Research across California project examining the emotional relationships consumers have with their personal technology. Our goal is to understand how this relationship may affect the way consumers respond to feedback about energy consumption. This paper reviews recruitment efforts for participants in detail. This includes the development and deployment of a screener survey and the production of a guide used by the team when conducting in-depth interviews (IDIs). Small cash incentives were helpful in converting interested respondents from survey to in-home interviews This paper offers suggestions and processes for those wishing to undertake ethnographic research on energy and technology. (TH-02)


MCALLISTER, Karen (St Mary’s U) Conservation Or Commercialization?: Contested Landscapes in the Nam Ha National Protected Area, Northern Laos. The Nam Ha National Protected Area (NPA), Laos is subject to competing representations, valuations and uses. Villagers within and around the park are represented as traditional ‘hilltribes’ living in ‘jungles’ by ecotourism companies, yet they are entering commercial contract-farming agreements with Chinese entrepreneurs and transforming the ‘aesthetic’ value of the park. The government supports agricultural commercialization to decrease village dependence on forest resources, yet this has increased land clearing within the NPA. This paper examines how the zoning and revaluation of land for ‘commercial’ or ‘conservation’ uses has created new conflicts and has altered villagers’ perceptions of land and forests. (F-62)


MCBETH, Sally (UNCO) Culturally Modified Trees in Native American Cultural Landscape: An Applied Anthropologist’s Dilemma. Culturally scarred trees were created when Numic [Ute etc.] peoples peeled the bark off of Ponderosa Pine trees to eat the protein-rich cambium layer under the bark. The result is (usually) clearly identified trees in the cultural landscape of tribes who used this land. The dilemma is that non-Natives have taken up the cause of identification (in Colorado and other parts of the country) and begun appropriating the interpretation of culturally modified trees to include prayer, prophecy, vortex (and other) trees. So widespread is this practice that the Colorado State Archaeologist, Attorney General, three Ute Nations, and the National Park Service have had to request that these zealous volunteers cease their tagging of any mis-shapen trees, resulting in a controversy that has yet to be resolved. (F-41)


MCCAFFREY, Katherine (Montclair State U) Transnational Digital Lives. Smartphones, with apps such as Google translate and maps, are important tools for refugees navigating paths away from danger and reestablishing themselves in new homes. Field research with Syrian and Iraqi refugees in New Jersey suggests that Smartphones take on a double purpose for newly resettled families, facilitating both everyday navigation, and instant connection to loved ones across international boundaries and time zones. This paper considers how integration may be complicated by the dual nature of the Smartphones as everyday tools and visceral connectors to ongoing war, trauma, and suffering in the Middle East. (F-49)


MCCARTHY, Maureen and ROJAS-PION, Carolina (SUNY Buffalo) Young Adults Opposing Marginalization: Reimaging Civic and Community Engagement. We present findings from ethnographic studies with immigrant/refugee and African American youth pursuing higher education in Buffalo, New York. We investigate how these individuals from underresourced communities, practice civic and community engagement in a highly segregated city in the United States. Drawing on sociological theories of immigration to analyze face-to-face interviews with young people ages 18-25, we illustrate how these young adults oppose social marginalization through varied ways of community engagement. We pay special attention to the educational and societal experiences that led these young adults to participate in their local communities and reimagine their own civic agency. (S-64)

MCCARTY, Christopher (UF) A Social Network Analysis of Collaboration in the AAA Annual Meeting Data. This presentation explores the network relationships within the American Anthropological Association as exhibited in the text of the programs for the annual meeting.  One mode data are defined as direct collaboration on a presentation through authors being listed together on the same presentation.  Two mode data will examine an author by keyword or concept matrix.  We will use combinations of time periods to identify trends. The result will be a better understanding of the way the discipline has changed regarding collaborative behavior and the development of a set of concepts that are built upon as a (S-95)

MCCAY, Bonnie (Rutgers U) Multi-Species Interactions in Research. My experiences as an anthropologist working with people from other disciplines on marine topics such as fisheries, ecosystem management, and climate change have led me to value the following, which I will discuss: large investments in learning and sharing the knowledge and values of others in interdisciplinary research; stepping up to take leadership roles when possible and appropriate; and efforts to achieve balance between going off into disciplinary specialties and coming together to rise above the disciplines in actual research as well as publications and other products. (W-31)

MCDONALD, James (U Montevallo) Academic Ethnic Group Complexity and the Challenges of University Administrative Leadership. I have served in administration at three public universities in a variety of roles. I have come to think of the cultural diversity within and between institutions in the very anthropological terms of ethnic identity and relations. Internally we form groups and boundaries that are fluid, manipulable, and have transactional resources that narrow or broaden depending on the need for political mobilization. From a leadership perspective, we work with situationally shifting constituencies that morph dynamically depending on the issues at stake. Consequently, leadership must read this complex topography and draw on symbolic and material resources to engage successfully. (F-141)


MCDONALD, Kevin (UMD) Pine Nuts and Good Dreams: Using Museum Collections to Apply Anthropology. As William C. Sturtevant pointed out in 1973, museums all over the world have massive stores of anthropological data in their collections. This data can be used to understand past human cultures, but it also has a number of uses for anthropologists and present-day communities. This paper examines the ways in which museum collections can serve anthropology in the present via ethnobotanical samples from the Southern Paiute in the National Museum of Natural History collection. These samples can be a window into past environments, help present day anthropologists interpret landscapes, and be tools for teaching about native knowledge. (W-92)

MCELROY, Ann (SUNY Buffalo) Alternative Perspectives on Training for Applied Medical Anthropology. This paper considers alternative training models for applied health careers.  As this session’s papers demonstrate, graduates often experience a sense of disconnect between classroom discourse and the employment and research opportunities that require practical and analytic skills to work effectively with activist networks, care providers, and community health programs. This paper suggests that training programs emphasizing early participation in field “immersion” experiences such as internships, externships, team projects, and participatory action research may foster resilience, competence in networking and collaborating, and proficiency in drawing upon anthropological theory and ethnographic tools to understand cultural systems. (W-132)


MCFARLAND, Kelly and SEMLOW, Andrea (UNT) The Hidden Citizens: Shaping Identity and Infrastructure in Crisis. Climate change is causing disasters more frequently, especially in coastal areas. These crises highly impact water resources. Adaptation to water crises led us to our current infrastructure; however, how will we adapt going forward? We consider this question while looking at the disaster in Puerto Rico. The historic structural violence Puerto Ricans experience has been brought to light with the recent hurricane disaster coverage. Understanding the dual identity present for Puerto Ricans today, both in their management of crisis and their management of identity, is key to developing relief models. These insights help develop better community approaches to emergency aid. (W-04)

MCGRATH, Janet and ROLLINS, Andrew (CWRU) Interdisciplinary Approaches to Achieving Sustainability in Technologies for Health. Sustainability in global public health means many things, including “affordable,” “environmentally friendly,” and “locally acceptable.” The term is applied to programs, policies, and things. The engineering principles of “designing for context” or “designing for scarcity“ encompass this breadth of meanings and frame contemporary engineering approaches to designing technologies for health. We argue that the multidimensional concept of sustainability offers a means to blend anthropological and engineering approaches to achieve sustainable solutions to global health problems. This paper reviews how we collaboratively approach global health design in multiple ways, including by co-teaching an undergraduate course on global health design. (S-99)


MCGUIRE, Joseph (UN-Omaha) Men Who Care: A Biocultural Examination of Caregiving and Masculinity. What role does gender play in the embodiment of the caregiving experience? Historically a feminine domain, U.S. men have, over the last 30 years, provided increasing amounts of caregiving to ill, older kin. How does caregiving impact the health of these men? Twenty caregiving men (19-49) completed a 36-hour caregiving diary and provided data on: BMI and salivary C-reactive protein, and levels of psychosocial stress, social network strength, and caregiving burden. Preliminary results suggest that higher gender norm role adherence correlates to higher amounts of caregiver burden and the physical embodiment thereof, measured via survey and biomarkers. Implications are discussed. (F-40)

MCILVAINE-NEWSAD, Heather and DELANY BARMANN, Gloria (WIU) When Disaster Strikes Your Field School: Opportunities Gained in Service Learning Study Abroad Experiences. Hurricane María devastated the island of Puerto Rico, including the southern city of Ponce.  In 2016 we received a US Department of Education, Title VI Grant “Communities as Agents of Change,” and have been working with WIU alumni and local NGOs in Ponce.  With two years left on the grant, we will continue our work, changing only slightly the focus to include community driven, long-term recovery planning. This paper outlines the project pre-María and plans to further cultivate a “pedagogy of place,” creating internships that are responsive to the needs of post María Puerto Rico and meaningful to our students. (F-95)


MCKEE, Emily (NIU) Improv Actors: Midwest Farmers Coping with Unstable Local Food Markets. Farmers engaged in small-scale, diversified agriculture define success in financial terms but also prioritize non-chrematistic goals like growing clean food, fostering rural communities, and raising environmentally connected children. However, they feel pushed to choose between financial and non-financial priorities by what they perceive to be increasingly mercurial and opaque markets for local food. This paper describes Illinois farmers’ frustrations and the coping strategies they use, which create uneasy hybrids of alternative and conventional economic relationships. The paper also discusses applied research aimed at clarifying local food buying trends and considers how these data can inform farmers’ strategies. (F-46)


MCKENNA, Brian (UM-Dearborn) Doing Anthropology as a Government Whistleblower: The Importance of PEER (Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility). In 2001 I became a whistleblower against the suppression of three reports I produced on water, food and air pollution for a county public health department in Michigan. I requested the help of PEER, a Washington DC social justice group, who released the studies to a national audience. In this presentation I discuss the growing use of whistleblowing as a form of resistance in the U.S. I detail the multiple ways PEER assists cultural activists and applied academics, like anthropologists. I teach the “weapons of the weak” – including whistleblowing, community organizing and journalism – in the struggle for sustainable futures. (TH-44)

MCLEAN, Elizabeth and BECKER, Austin (URI) Barriers to Climate Change Adaptation for Seaports: A Cultural Consensus Model for North Atlantic Medium and High-Use Port Decision Makers. Recent studies report many barriers that impede, prevent or delay the implementation of climate adaptation strategies for many aspects of society. Climate impacts, such as heavy rains, storms, sea level rise and extreme heat particularly threaten coastal critical infrastructure, if it is not properly adapted. Using a cultural consensus model, this study identifies barriers to inform seaport decision makers about the barriers to adaptation in their ports. It focuses on the 23 medium and high-use ports of the USACE North Atlantic Division. Understanding the decision-makers’ barriers perceptions will contribute to the development, planning and implementation of more resilient seaports. (F-35)


MCLEAN, Nadine (U Memphis) Beyond Data. While there has been a rise in the use of ethnography in various fields to give voice to the voiceless, studies show a distance between data and action, with many struggling to translate data into more humanistic policies, programs, and products. For research to result in sustainable impact, practitioners of ethnographic methods must ask themselves how does one move beyond data to action and knowledge mobilization. Drawing on social network theory, this paper explores how interdisciplinary anthropological techniques can be used to enhance knowledge mobilization in the context of business design research projects. (TH-42)

MCMAHON Liza (U Hartford), MERRILL Marydell (Hamden High Sch), and PARZIALE, Tina (Classical Magnet Sch) Gidion’s Knot: Building Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Urban Schools through Principles of Applied Theatre and Paideia Seminar. School interdisciplinary teams consists of educational and health professionals.  A lack of understanding of the varied perspectives and terminology associated with disciplines involved results in ineffective outcomes. The shared experience of a paideia seminar; pre -and post- seminar activities, based on the performance of Johnna Adams’ Gidion’s Knot, can create mutual understanding. The focus of the presentation is a professional development workshop implemented with faculty and staff at an urban public school.  This structure provides a scaffold that can be adjusted to meet the ongoing needs of school professionals to meet challenges present in their individual communities. (W-139)


MCNEILL, Natalie (ALLARM) and BEDI, Heather (Dickinson Coll) Citizen Scientist Fracking Risk Perceptions in Pennsylvania. With the exponential increase in hydraulic fracturing (fracking) wells drilled in Pennsylvania, some concerned citizens voluntarily monitor local waterways for potential impacts. Drawing from qualitative research, this paper examines how volunteer monitors perceive fracking risks. A review of the literature on how the general public perceives fracking risks provides the opportunity to analyze how the risk perceptions of aquatic volunteer monitors align or differ from broader civil society. With this context, we are able to examine what motivates civil society to convert their risk concerns into active monitoring of their waterways. (F-92)


withdrawn MCWHORTER, Jaclyn (UF) A Philosophy of Life: Capoeira as a Tool for Social Development in the Periphery of São Paulo, Brazil. This project employs Freire’s phenomenological methodology to dissect the underlying implications of capoeira, an Afro-Brazilian martial art historically rooted in resilience and resistance. This methodology includes understanding structures of experience and consciousness, and how capoeira may or may not alter these phenomena. I conducted unstructured interviews in the form of oral stories and participated actively over a three-year period to unravel the complexities involved with structures of power and how they are created within this community. Although the research set out to focus on social development, it seems as though they recreate those very structures they seek to resist. (F-103)


MEAD, Chelsea (MNSU) Engaging Community Discourse: Using Localized Social Media for Linguistic Anthropology and Reflexive Learning. In 2017, I incorporated a class-wide research project on sexualized and gendered discourse amongst college students using the localized social media application Yik Yak.  I found that utilizing new technologies to explore the digital forms of human lives can foster a deeper understanding of the relationships between language, community, power, and negotiation amongst our students.  This paper examines the use of social media for teaching applied linguistic anthropology, explores the reflexive potential for student growth, discusses challenges and opportunities based on my case studies, and suggests the untapped potential to bring linguistic awareness into student lives. (S-75)

MEDEIROS, Melanie (SUNY Geneseo) The Role of Im/migrant Farmworker Activism in Mitigating Challenges to Health and Well-Being. Across the United States, immobility among undocumented im/migrant farmworkers threatens im/migrant farmworker health and well-being in a multitude of ways. In this paper, I draw from ethnographic research conducted among im/migrant dairy farmworkers in Western New York to briefly discuss two pathways by which immobility impacts farmworker health and well-being: access to health care and the perceived mental health effects of isolation. I examine the ways in which participation in a farmworker-led grassroots organization encourages farmworkers to advocate for their rights as both immigrants and workers, subsequently mitigating some of the obstacles to their health and well-being. (W-10)

MEHMOOD, Saira (SMU) Counting Culture?: Mental Health Care Challenges, Practices, and Sustainability in New Orleans. Based on three years of ethnographic fieldwork in New Orleans, this paper focuses on the relationships between mental health professionals and clients using services at community based mental health care centers. In a city where many of the clients are Black but mental health professionals are White, this paper will tackle the complexities that arise out of these situations. When does culture ‘count’ in patient care? Through participant-observation and interviews with mental health practitioners and clients, this paper will examine the challenges health care professionals and clients face because of their identities and offer suggestions for sustainable health care practices. (TH-40)


MELLO, Christy (UH-West O’ahu) ‘Imi Na‘auao: Kahumana Organic Farm. A collaborative University of Hawai‘i West O‘ahu based research project, entitled ‘Imi Na’auao, is supporting the restoration of lahui (nationhood) by identifying methods for improving Native Hawaiian wellbeing through subsistence practices. The described research project is one of the larger project’s six studies and is specifically organized around Kahumana Organic Farm’s Food Hub, located in Wai‘anae, Hawai‘i. This subproject is designed to identify culturally relevant ways to improve food growers’ wellbeing through micro-entrepreneurial opportunities, while also developing supportive land use policy. Preliminary findings and the leadership role of community partners will be discussed. (F-136)


MELLOTT, Claire (NCSU) Seeking Wellness in Santiago Atitlán, Guatemala. The municipality of Santiago, Atitlan, Guatemala, is the largest urban area around Lake Atitlan. Over 50,000 residents live in the municipality, and was the site of my ethnographic fieldwork in summer 2017. The local indigenous population daily deals with several health conditions and illnesses. From pharmacies, the CAIMI, the Centro de Salud, the Hospitalito Atitlan, natural remedy providers, and a few small private clinics, residents are faced with making decisions about what facilities or providers to use and how to use them. With an ever-changing community, due largely to globalization, residents must decide how they will maintain wellness for their families and themselves. In this paper I explain how they choose where to go for their health needs. Between natural remedies and chemical medicines, public and private facilities, and other resources, residents must decide the most feasible and accessible care for their families, and what a healthy life means to them. (TH-05


MENDENHALL, Emily (Georgetown U) How to Fail a Scale: Reflections on a Failed Attempt to Capture Resilience. Anthropologists have demonstrated increasing interest in how resilience is translated and measured cross-culturally. This paper reflects on integrating a resilience scale into research with cancer patients in urban South Africa. In short, the attempt was a failure because our resilience scale was too long, wordy, and culturally inappropriate. Midway through the study we created an alterative, ethnographically-derived scale that, despite our best efforts, also failed in part because capturing resilience within this population is difficult to quantify and define in such narrow ways. This paper reflects on these challenges and proposes some thoughts on future numeration of such broad concepts. (W-130)

MICHAELIS, Adriane (UMD), WEBSTER, Don (UMD Ext), WALTON, William (Auburn U), and SHAFFER, L. Jen (UMD) The Beneficent Bivalve: The Oyster in Ecosystem Services in Maryland. Ecosystem services dominate discussions surrounding oyster management.  Oysters are important ecologically, economically, and culturally in Maryland, however cultural services receive limited attention.  Here we present data gathered through interviews aimed at understanding participation in Maryland oyster aquaculture.  Though ecosystem services were not targeted, participants regularly mentioned all four types while discussing motivations.  Supporting, provisioning, and regulating services filling ecological and economic roles were often discussed after a prompt, however cultural services were mentioned unprompted.  Additionally, the relative importance given to each type of service varied among participants.  This project will guide work describing the cultural services associated with shellfish aquaculture. (S-02)


MILANES, Lilian (UKY) Azúcar, Presión y Colesterol: ‘Yo No Tengo Problema Ninguno’; Diabetes, (Blood) Pressure and Cholesterol: ‘I Don’t Have Any Problem.’ Type two diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol are among the many conditions disproportionately affecting marginalized communities in the U.S. This paper emphasizes communities of care outside of clinical spaces through focus-support group interviews conducted with Latin@s living in Chicago who experience these conditions (diabetes, high blood pressure or high cholesterol) in one form or another. Fieldwork was conducted in two different neighborhood areas, both predominately Latin@, burdened with health inequities, but also strategizing resources for their and their families’ well-being. These stories provide insights into the various navigations of well-being amidst chronic disease. (S-39)


MILLER-FELLOWS, Sarah (CWRU) Making Healthcare Amish: An Examination of Creating Culturally Competent Novel Healthcare Systems. The Old Order Amish have a high burden of genetic disorders due to founder effect. This paper explores how medical clinics providing care for these disorders are shaped by the Amish context. Patients, providers and the community at large engage with questions regarding how to best provide care within the context of the Amish relationship with technology, cultural values and rejection of commercial health insurance. This paper presents research from an ethnographic study of clinics in three communities. This study provides insight into creating culturally competent healthcare to best serve a diverse population and provide care for complex medical needs. (TH-40)

MILLER, Elizabeth and DEUBEL, Tara F. (USF) Food Insecurity and Infancy: Anthropological Perspectives. Food insecurity is a critical global concern for infants. Increasing global commodification of infant formula feeding has led to considerable inequalities in breastfeeding and consequently, poor infant health.  Drawing from frameworks of political economy and vulnerability, we highlight specific examples of food insecurity for infants in the U.S. and globally. We will use theoretical approaches from biological and medical anthropology, including developmental origins of adult health and disease, biocultural theory, and embodiment to discuss the “insecure biology” of unreliable food access for infants. We conclude with research recommendations for applied anthropologists working to improve infant food security status. (TH-133)


MILLER, Molly and JOHNSON, Teresa R. (U Maine) Assessment of an Aquaculture Policy Innovation on Maine’s Coastal Communities. Maine’s aquaculture industry emerged in the 1970s and has grown rapidly over the last decade. In order to encourage learning and appropriate site selection necessary for the industry’s growth, the state created a Limited Purpose Aquaculture License (LPA) that allows individuals to farm up to four, four hundred square foot plots with annual renewal. With the number of LPAs having more than doubled in the last five years, this paper draws on a spatial analysis of existing data and semi-structured interviews to explore how this policy innovation is changing the landscape and governance of aquaculture in Maine’s coastal (W-91)


withdrawn MISHRA, Swasti and MANDLER, Tait (U Amsterdam, ERC Chemical Youth Proj) Silicon Valley Hype, Optimized Brain, and the Lure of Microdosing. Enacting their own post-industrial capitalist cyborg fantasies, some Silicon Valley creative types have taken to micro-dosing drugs like LSD as a way to boost creativity and productivity. Information about micro-dosing has spread largely through online spaces, such as magazines and forums, where micro-dosing is often discussed in terms of optimizing the brain and compared to the use of drugs like Ritalin but without the negative possibilities of come downs and addictions. In this paper, we discuss how micro-dosing and its online discourses raise questions about and complicate ideas of drug efficacy, addiction, and the idea of medical or productive drug use. Through this we also trace how online worlds becomes generative of newer drug use practices in offline worlds. (F-07)

MISHTAL, Joanna (UCF) The Polish State and Parenthood: Critical Perspectives on Defunding Infertility Care and the “Family 500 Plus” Program. This paper explores political aspects of parenthood in Poland, with a focus on the persistently low birth rate and the state’s responses to this demographic phenomenon. Given recent policies that promote childbearing while defunding infertility care, I explore the disjunction between the declining population concerns proclaimed by the state and the Church on the one hand, and the policy decisions that fail to support parenthood on the other. Drawing on long-term ethnographic fieldwork in Poland, I offer critical perspectives that question these decisions on the grounds of their political agendas and effects, and raise questions for anthropological and feminist observers. (W-129)


MITCHELL, Shannon (Friends Rsch Inst), LOUNSBURY, David (Yeshiva U), LI, Zhi (NYU), SCHWARTZ, Robert P. and GRYCZYNSKI, Jan (Friends Rsch Inst), KIRK, Arethusa S. (United Hlth Care), OROS, Marla and HOSLER, Colleen (Mosaic Group), DUSEK, Kristi and BROWN, Barry S. (Friends Rsch Inst) Application of System Dynamics to Inform a Model of Adolescent SBIRT Implementation in Primary Care Settings. The implementation of screening and brief intervention within primary care settings poses significant challenges related to complexity of the setting as well as the coordination of staff. The proposed presentation will describe the application of system dynamics (SD) modeling to better understand the influence of different implementation strategies on the effective implementation of adolescent screening and brief intervention for substance use in US urban primary care clinics. Using data from an on-going cluster randomized trial of adolescent SBIRT implementation involving seven federally qualified health center sites we examined the effect of varying quality and frequency of training and trouble-shooting efforts. (W-40)

MITTMANN, Helen, SANGARAMOORTHY, Thurka, and PAYNE-STURGES, Devon (UMD) Social Network Analysis of Cumulative Impact Legislation in Maryland. Americans are exposed daily to multiple chemical compounds, however little progress has been made to advance policy responses to scientific findings about cumulative impacts and risk. In Maryland, three bills were recently introduced on cumulative impacts, but none were successful. The primary objective of this study is to use social network analysis to explore the roles and relationships of stakeholders involved in the proposed cumulative impact legislation. Preliminary findings indicate that the distribution of the social network, particularly as it relates to influence and access to evidence, is a barrier to addressing cumulative environmental health impacts in Maryland. (W-92)


MIYAMAE, Ryohei (Osaka U) Discovery of Everyday Lives for the Future Recovery: A Case Study of ‘Picturescue.’ After the Great East Japan Earthquake, many volunteers participated in the recovery of photographs lost in the tsunami, which we call the “Picturescue Movement.” This gathering has been held in various places in the disaster-affected areas. We revealed two types of photograph restoration gatherings, “aiming” and “staying.” The “aiming” approach emphasized returning photographs to their owners quickly, whereas the latter approach is one in which volunteers stay for a period with the survivors and encourage them to recall the past at their own pace. I discuss how the “staying” approach promoted collective remembering among survivors. (F-65)


MOKHTAR, Hasnaa (Clark U) Beyond Victims and Villains: Politics of Gender-Based Violence in the Arab Gulf States. Reductionist –orientalist, islamophobic, and colonial– analyses of Gender-Based Violence in Muslim contexts generally and Arab Gulf states specifically, that often depict women as victims and men as villains, continue to plague mainstream media, politics, and international development. This problematic framing of a highly complex and variable epidemic impacts policy formation and intervention on global and local levels, and is an important and underrepresented area of academic inquiry. Drawing on an array of news articles and decolonial literature, this paper unpacks how western epistemologies, ontologies, and methodologies that conceptualize GBV in this region disadvantage the cause of addressing the grave injustice. (F-99)

MONAGHAN, Paul, ROKA, Fritz Michael, MORERA, Maria C., and TOVAR-AGUILAR, J. Antonio (UF) Field Supervisors and Crew Leaders in Citrus and Vegetables: A Key Professional Sector in Florida Agriculture. In Florida, more than $6B worth of fruits are produced using temporary “crews” of immigrant workers. Agricultural producers, whether they are large growers or family farms, depend on the largely Hispanic sector of labor supervisors and crew leaders to provide transportation, housing, regulatory oversight, safety and health to these labor crews. Crew leaders are often cited as a source of abuse, workplace risk, transportation accidents, and labor exploitation.  Recent training offered to this sector through Cooperative Extension has provided insight into potential changes to crew based production and the barriers to improving future health and safety conditions for workers. (W-76)

MONOCELLO, Lawrence (U Alabama) Buff in Bama and Komely in Korea: Cultural Consensus and Variation in Male Body Image Ideals. Male body image (BI) is an understudied, yet increasingly important, mental health phenomenon. Non-anthropological studies of BI tend to employ culture as a categorical variable, if at all. Ultimately, they assume universality in BI experience, ignoring decades of research showing that bodies are modeled and made meaningful with vast cultural variation. Using cultural domain analysis and residual agreement analysis, I explore agreement and disagreement in the importance and desirability of male BI features to Americans and South Koreans. I further suggest that attending only to superficial similarities obscures emic considerations of BI that are important to effective mental health intervention. (F-107)


MONTAGUE, Angela (USU) Timbuktu’s Catch-22: Tourism and World Heritage as Targets for Development…and Terrorists. In 2012, Timbuktu’s heritage was targeted by Salafists who destroyed ancient manuscripts and mausoleums which they viewed as haram. Prior to 2012, Timbuktu’s strong tourism economy was built around its tangible and intangible heritage, some formally designated as World Heritage by UNESCO. Viewing culture as a renewable resource, the UNWTO promotes tourism as a key driver of socio-economic development. However, tourist sites and World Heritage are often specifically targeted by extremist groups like ISIS. Based on fieldwork conducted in Timbuktu, and ongoing research, this paper looks at the opportunities, challenges, and constraints of using heritage and tourism for sustainable development. (W-95)


MONTEITH, Daniel (U Alaska) Pathways to Healing in an Alaskan Community through Social Justice. In Alaska there are many Alaska Native communities that are trying to rectify and heal from cultural trauma.  In Douglas, a community adjacent to Juneau the capital City of Alaska there were twenty Alaska Natives homes burnt and bull dozed by the city government in 1962.  Douglas Indian Association the federal recognized tribe for the community is both trying to educate the community about this history and is also working to heal the trauma inflicted by this event.  This presentation will examine the role anthropology can play in the community. (TH-99)

MONTEMAYOR, Isabel (UTA) Precarious Undocumented Lives: Strategies for Safety and Protection after Changes in Immigration Policy. Undocumented immigrants live precarious lives, never knowing when their family’s life in the U.S. could be altered due to deportation. These worries are compounded further for individuals living in new areas of destination, where immigrant enclaves are small and not well integrated. This presentation considers the emotional stress involved in being undocumented with mixed status families in the Mid-West, after recent shifts in immigration policy to criminalize all undocumented immigrants. Additionally, I highlight the strategic agentive steps taken by a structurally vulnerable immigrant population to ensure safety and protection for their families during uncertain times. (F-19)

MOOLENAAR, Elisabeth (U Bremen) Beyond Gas?: Opposition to Conventional Natural Gas Extraction in the Groningen Gas Field. This paper investigates the socio-cultural context of the earthquakes induced by conventional natural gas extraction in Groningen, The Netherlands, and particularly the resistance to extraction in the wake of these seismic events. Once considered the nation’s treasure, for Groningers the gas has become associated with loss of security regarding landscape, government, and nation. The paper examines how communities of resistance experience and navigate regimes of power/knowledge and complex interweavings of governmentalities, economic interests, social justice, and environmental concerns. Moreover, it describes how the induced earthquakes have affected local ideas about energy production/consumption, climate change, and how people imagine energy futures. (F-92)

MOONZWE DAVIS, Lwendo (ICF) Methods for Disseminating Research Findings to Study Participants, Community Members and Other Stakeholders in Lusaka, Zambia. While there is a strong emphasis on disseminating research results in the form of presentations and publications, significantly less emphasis is given to providing findings to study communities. This neglect is particularly problematic for researchers who depend on the development of close personal relationships with study participants that contribute under the premise that the researchers’ work will be of utility to the community. This paper provides a case study in which dissemination events were held to present, validate and facilitate the use of research findings from a study on women’s empowerment and sexual risk in Lusaka, Zambia. (F-77)


MOONZWE DAVIS, Lwendo (ICF) Moving Beyond Hunger in Understanding Food Insecurity. The household hunger scale (HHS) measures household hunger in food insecure areas and was developed and validated for cross-cultural use. This article presents HHS data from 10 countries (Bangladesh, Guatemala, Haiti, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Uganda and Zimbabwe), collected as part of the baseline studies for the USAID FFP Development and Food Assistance Projects. Findings highlight that although rates of poverty were uniformly high, there was great variation in HHS scores. Qualitative study findings provide insights into the variation and indicate that focusing only on HHS results limit our understanding of a community’s holistic experiences of food insecurity. (TH-03)

MOORE, Bethany S. and DANLAG, Jaine (USF) “I Must Be Doing Something Right”: A Legacy of Activism with Bob Kunst. Born and raised in Miami, FL, Bob Kunst has dedicated his life to ensuring the equal treatment and human rights of both the LGBTQA+ and Jewish communities. During a lengthy afternoon conversation about his life, his work, and his beliefs, Kunst describes his involvement in several iconic moments in the civil rights movement in the South, including the Johns Committee and the orange juice boycott. The message is clear: the South has been absolutely pivotal in any type of change happening, and should never be forgotten. (W-136)


MORA, Amalia C. (U Arizona) Intersectionality and the Politics of Disclosure: When Voicing Means (More) Violence. This paper addresses the relationship between the disclosure of sexual violence and interlocking oppressions, focusing on the experiences of transgender sex workers of color in Tucson, Arizona. For many, disclosing violence—to family members, law enforcement, or health professionals—involves retraumatization vis-à-vis their racial, professional and gender identities. I argue that understandings of gender-based violence must take into account overlapping forms of systemic discrimination, which often help to produce skewed or incomplete data, and must also recognize the particular vulnerability of transgender women of color, who are often perceived to be an insidious threat to hegemonic masculinity. (F-09)


MORAES REIS, Rodolfo (State U Campinas) Documents and Their Magic: An Ethnographic Approach to Bureaucratic Artifacts of the Brazilian Rating Policy for Audiovisual Productions. In this paper, I propose to map some political processes around the rating policies for TV programs and motion pictures conducted by the Brazilian Federal Government (Ministry of Justice), taking as an ethnographic issue the agency of administrative documents and procedures elaborated through this agenda. Reflecting on ethnographic material from extensive fieldwork realized in the Rating System Department, I explore how procedures and documents formulated by agents of this policy (especially the Content Rating Practical Guide and the technical report) are mobilized in political disputes between categories of “protection” and “censorship.” (F-121)

withdrawn MORALES, Martha L. (NMSU) Exploring Perceptions on Obesity Prevention among Hispanics along the U.S.-Mexico Border. To address the knowledge gap related to obesity prevention among preschool caretakers along the U.S.-Mexico border, Leininger’s Culture Care Diversity and Sunrise Model was employed to conduct qualitative focus groups in both English and Spanish.  Three themes surfaced: balancing nutrition and physical activity, resources, urban and rural differences.  Resources varied among the participants representing two generations and diverse environmental settings.  The challenges experienced by the caretakers are described in this paper, and recommendations for further community-participatory based research are recommended. (TH-135)


MORROW, Sarah Elizabeth (U Alabama), PAGLISOTTI, Taylor and RIPPER, Lisa (U Pitt) Negotiating and Representing Gender-Based Violence Experienced by Vulnerable/MarginalizedPopulations. Narrative re/production can be retraumatizing for participants who have experienced gender-based violence (GBV). This becomes a more complex process when participants fall within traditionally defined vulnerable/marginalized populations. Anthropologists occupy a position of power that must be thoughtfully negotiated to respect the experiences of individuals and to not reproduce stereotypes of victims and/or vulnerable/marginalized populations. Drawing on experiences with adolescents, populations with disabilities, and LGBTQIA populations, this paper reflects on methods for and lessons learned when reconstructing and representing narratives of GBV while maintaining the autonomy, distinctiveness, and authority of those who entrust their stories to,, (S-14)


MOSAVEL, Maghboeba, LAROSE, Jessica, FERRELL, Dwala, and HENDERSON, Alesha (VCU) Community Researchers: Anticipating and Addressing Ethical Challenges in Community Engaged Research. Using methodologies that engage the community member in key roles, including that of data collector, is steadily becoming an important consideration for researchers from varied disciplines. While it can be argued that the local expertise and credibility of the community member are essential to the practice of robust research, this role is not without its complexities. This paper discusses the experiences of community researchers and how the project collaboratively addressed ethical conundrums. Conducting research with community researchers at the forefront of data collection efforts is both feasible and prudent but requires adaptability and an openness to address ethical challenges. (W-69)

MOSES, Joshua (Haverford Coll) “Band Aids Are OK”: Realism, Idealism and the Arts of Collaboration. This paper focuses on the Urban Ecology Arts Exchange, a collaborative project among Haverford College, three community organizations in Philadelphia, and a local artist funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The paper examines the role of higher education in supporting urban grass roots environmental organizations, as well as larger issues in how funding bodies image these collaborations. I also examine recent initiatives on “civic and ethical engagement” in higher education and how this discourse is embedded in larger national political debates on education, citizenship, and environmental futures. Finally, I suggest ways that partnerships between community organizations and colleges can be used as leverage points for transforming education during this time of social and environmental rupture. (W-141)


MOTTA-OCHOA, Rossio, LENCUCHA, Raphael, and PARK, Melissa (McGill U) Typologies of Time: Epiphanies and the (Un)making of (Dis)ability. Time is an actor in mental health wards, typecast into roles which serve a range of structural requirements in the institutional care of chronic, and often recursive, disabling experiences. Drawing from an ongoing ethnographic study of the everyday ethical tensions that emerged with the implementation of recovery-oriented policy in Montreal, Canada, I will explore what happens when, what we are calling, epiphanies suspend—if fleetingly—expected typologies of time, transforming disability into capability. (S-07)


MOURITSEN, Alina (U Arizona) “No al Cuchillo”: Fear and Mistrust of Biomedical Providers by Guatemalan Women. Pregnant Guatemalan women fear and mistrust biomedical providers and avoid hospital births, yet in an effort to reduce the high maternal mortality rates, the state considers hospitalized care essential in complicated births. Interviews conducted in the four-week NAPA-OT Field School in Antigua, Guatemala, revealed abuses by biomedical providers. Women are blamed for complications with their birth or missing prenatal appointments and shamed for crying out in pain during labor or getting pregnant later in life. This paper advocates for restructuring Guatemala’s perinatal care to a women centered care model, reducing maternal mortality and empowering mothers in hospital settings (Horiuchi, 2006). (TH-97)

MULLA, Sameena and HLAVKA, Heather (Marquette U) The Good Father: Race, Class and Fatherhood in Milwaukee Sexual Assault Adjudication. In seeking justice for gender-based violence, how do we reproduce racist and classist norms and stereotypes? This presentation examines how defendants resist the prosecution’s efforts to cast them as criminals by tapping into the potent cultural role of “father,” particularly as it intersects with race and class to position themselves in relation to the narrative of alleged sexual assault. Fatherhood can become the grounds for leniency and mercy, or punishment and discipline. A potent cultural signifier, fatherhood can also be pathologized by playing to problematic norms about the black family, or the paternal failures of poor fathers., (F-99)


MUNDELL, Leah, GARZA, Jorge, AUSTIN, Danielle,and ARELLANO-HARING, Aaron (NAU) Student-Led Research Collaborations as Capacity-Building Tools. This paper will explore a new university initiative that engages advanced undergraduate students in community-directed, interdisciplinary research. Local community organizations are invited to partner with student inquiry pods to investigate a particular problem. Our pod partners with a local community organizing group to research issues affecting the immigrant community, particularly access to post-secondary education. This research collaboration is structured to build the capacity of students, community members, and the organization itself, yet the needs of one of these groups is privileged over the others at any given time. Can student-led research collaborations actually bolster the capacity of community-based organizations? (W-09)


MURDOCH, Richard (Independent) Rich Points, Illness Narratives, and Avocados: Learning to Listen in Clinical Encounters. Effective listening is central to both ethnographic and clinical healthcare encounters, though, historically speaking, medical providers have not been the best listeners.  Arthur Kleinman presents a prescriptive solution in his book The Illness Narratives outlining an attitude and a specific set of questions that health care providers can ask to better understand the needs of their patients.  I present an outline of how Michael Agar’s concepts of Rich Points and Languaculture, those moments when the unexpected and/or unanticipated can be applied in the clinical setting to foster better communication and understanding between patients and medical providers. (TH-125)

MURIN, Ivan (Matej Bel U) Cultural Transmission, Sustainability and Role of People Connectivity with Heritage. Transmission of culture is considered to be an essential condition in the process of vitality of man and local societies. The transmission process indicates how dynamic a local culture is; it is studied in contemporary global world civilization as well as in traditional, slowly changed localities. Some ways of generation transmission from elderly generation to next generation are imprinting predisposition of man in process of culture adaptation. The aim of an anthropological research is then to understand all the mechanisms involved in cultural transmission included in all three areas of communication schemes, in the area of communicants, code transfer and information context. (TH-122)

MUSARIRI CHIPATISO, Linda (U Amsterdam) “A Black Man Is a Cornered Man”: Exploring the Intricacies of Race, Class and NGOs on the Social Construction of Violent Masculinities in Johannesburg, South Africa. This paper will explore how intersectional factors such as race, class and migration intersect with the practices of masculinity and more specifically the construction of violence. It will also look at the role of NGOs in the construction of gendered violence. The paper will build upon an ongoing ethnographic research being conducted by the author among migrant and South African nationals in Berea, a high-density crime infested suburb in Johannesburg. Arguments will be based on data collected using ethnographic observation and unstructured in-depth interviews with women and men. Data will be analyzed using NVivo software based on thematic review. (F-129)


MUZYCZKA, Kelly, CHAPMAN, Kelly, and MCCARTY, Christopher (UF) Cultural Consensus and Social Networks in Critical Infrastructure. We apply cultural consensus and social network analysis to critical infrastructure systems, to see how consensus (or lack of) may affect information dissemination, decision making, and protocol adherence. We focus our research on the transportation, power, and communication industries. We look at what individual factors may contribute to a higher cultural consensus competency score, and what benefit a cohesive industry may present. We also collected personal social networks and apply network and node level measures to examine what structures may decrease critical infrastructure vulnerability. (F-47)


MZAYEK, May (UTSA) Understanding Waiting and Wellbeing through the Liminal Experiences of Syrian Refugees. Waiting is connected to mathematical clock time, but it is also a subjective emotion that is linked to hope, endurance, or dread, anger, and fear. In this paper, I trace the ways in which individual histories of displacement and resettlement affect the relationship between waiting and wellbeing of Syrian refugees. Drawing from ethnographic research with resettled Syrian refugees in Austin, Texas, I focus on the tension between identity loss and resiliency development during periods of liminal waiting. My work contributes to applied efforts to improve Syrian refugee living conditions and anthropological literature on forced migration and wellbeing. (F-139)