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LAIRD, Lance and HOUSTON, Ashley (Boston U) Improving Care for Muslim Immigrant Women Experiencing Domestic Violence in Boston. Previous research on domestic violence in US Muslim communities suggests differences in indigenous Black, immigrant and refugee histories and patterns of abuse; and identifies communication gaps within Muslim communities and between Muslim communities and DV shelters, legal, and healthcare systems. In collaboration with local community partners, researchers interviewed 5 Muslim DV advocates, 4 Somali and 4 Arab Muslim female survivors in Boston. We will present 1) analysis of patterns of experience with DV, immigrant vulnerabilities, religious and cultural interpretations, and pathways to care; and 2) recommendations for mutual education between Muslim community leaders, advocates, survivors, and service providers. llaird@bu.edu (S-63)

 

LAMM, Rosemarie (Rath Ctr) Community Collaborative Concept: Sustainability for Senior Independence. The Rath Center provides connections between seniors, families and services. The collaborative process includes development of coordination between government, agencies and providers. This provides stability, cohesion and integration for the social organization of a community (Warner) This model provides a framework for establishment of a partnership between city government and the Rath Center. This enables network coordination of education, resources, leadership and services assisting aging individuals. The Rath Center community collaboration partnership enhances quality of life while supporting sustainability. rslamm1@tampabay.rr.com (W-139)

 

LAMONICA, Aukje (S CT State U) The Gendered Experiences of Opioid and Heroin Users in the Suburbs: A Qualitative Investigation. Epidemiological data show a dramatic increase in opioid and heroin use, largely due to nonmedical use of opioid prescription medications. Despite focused efforts toward stopping the spread of the opioid epidemic, the latest epidemiological reports show both opioid and heroin use is increasing. Because the use of opioids and heroin has exploded in the suburbs, this ethnographic study focuses on approximately 50 qualitative interviews with suburban opioid/heroin users in the suburbs of Atlanta, Boston, and New Haven. Here, I discuss the gendered experiences of drug users and pay particular attention to differences in use patterns, trajectories, and treatment experiences. lamonicaa1@southernct.edu (TH-93)

 

LAMPE, Frederick (Fritz) (NAU) Sustainable Futures within the South Sudanese Diaspora. Refugees and resettlement are in the news. This is not new. When the Lost Boys of Sudan were being resettled beginning in 2001 they received a lot of attention as well. Just as non-governmental organizations (NGOs) were active in their resettlement so they are with current refugees. From refugee camps to community partnerships. This paper represents the nexus of the applied:critical theory dichotomy, reporting on preliminary research on NGOs and the South Sudanese diaspora in Arizona including organizations formed by post-refugees themselves with a goal of sustainable futures for the Diaspora and those who remain behind. frederick.lampe@nau.edu (F-109)

 

LAMPMAN, Aaron (Washington Coll) and CASAGRANDE, David (Lehigh U) Mr. President “Build Your Wall Right Here”: Managed Retreat Is Defeat. Scientists predict that sea level rise will displace millions of people in North America over the next 100 years.  This paper examines how residents of flood-prone communities on the Eastern Shore of Maryland perceive managed retreat as a policy.  Content analysis of interviews with 32 stakeholders shows that while policy makers view retreat (managed or involuntary) as inevitable in some cases, this is anathema to Chesapeake communities.  Local residents prefer structural solutions that address erosion over relocation.  This entrenched attitude has implications for effective communication between stakeholders looking for sustainable flood mitigation strategies. alampman2@washcoll.edu (W-107)


LANGILLE, Justin (U Toronto) “A Great Collection of Pictures”: Photography as Methodology in Stewardship and Ethnography of the Ottawa River Watershed. The Ottawa River is the main waterway flowing through Canada’s National Capital Region and the source of freshwater sustaining life in the landscapes of Canadian federal power. Based on fieldwork using participant-observation and visual ethnographic methods, I describe in this paper how water monitoring programs in the region increasingly produce digital photographs with mobile devices to document ecological change, engage citizens in issues via social media and prove the efficacy of their work to funders. I argue that photography mediates forms of water stewardship emerging to address risks to watershed integrity and is therefore a key method of ethnographic inquiry. justin.langille@mail.utoronto.ca (W-04)


LANTTO, Kathleen (Loyola U) Survival Hospitality: An Ethnographic Study of the Relationship between Homelessness and Service Providers. Many human service agencies in urban Chicago provide services to low-income people with unstable living conditions. But people experiencing homelessness face barriers to accessing these services, including limited access to the Internet, libraries, and public transportation. This paper will present results from a project that used ethnographic methods, surveys, and asset mapping to explore 1) the complex needs and desires of people experiencing homelessness on the north side of Chicago, 2) the barriers to resource access they face, and 3) the ways in which resource providers work to meet the needs of the people they serve. klantto@luc.edu (TH-123)

 

LARA, Devon (UNM) Sharing the Medical Platform: Biomedical Perspectives of Traditional Guatemalan Midwives and Their Role in Healthcare. State-biomedical providers play a large role in the biopolitics of maternal and child health in Guatemala. With public hospitals being government run, women are encouraged to seek care and give birth in biomedical-institutions instead of with ‘comadronas’- local midwives who care for rural and indigenous communities. Biomedical providers are oversaturated in hospitals, yet the push to bring women into facilities continues. Research conducted amongst biomedical providers in Guatemala showed the lack of trust in comadronas due to their absence of formal training. This paper discusses biomedical-provider perspectives and opinions of a shared medical platform with comadronas and non-biomedical care. dlara13@salud.unm.edu (TH-97)

 

LARRIVEE, Anne (U Penn) Shifts toward Interdisciplinarity within the Library. The interdisciplinary culture within academia is taking its hold and libraries are increasingly feeling these shifts. Although libraries welcome change and growth, interdisciplinary programs present some challenges. These shifts toward interdisciplinary programs are influencing libraries’ budget structure, collection purchases, and librarian attitudes about collection development. There is not one simple solution; the contextual roots of these programs and combination of subjects vary between schools and across universities. This paper will examine how one university library is approaching these interdisciplinary shifts and how to create a sustainable plan for the future. Larrivee@upenn.edu (W-111)


LARSEN, Birgitte Romme (U Copenhagen) Are There Other Migration Stories to Be Told?: Local Understandings of a Sustainable Future through the Influx of Refugees to Rural Denmark. Whereas anthropologists in the Global North, including Denmark, have long studied representations of refugees within national public debate, less do we know about more localized, site-specific narrations. For instance, within Danish peripheral districts local populations often experience the regional inflow of refugees as an opportunity to reclaim local sustainable futures in the face of rural crisis. Such understudied nuances to national level immigration dispute, dominated by xenophobic or humanitarian ideology, call for a viewpoint of local pragmatism through which, as anthropologists, we might contribute to a more multifaceted national public debate that gives rise to new, less polar refugee depictions. birgitte.romme@hum.ku.dk (S-33)

 

LARSSON, Simon and SJÖLANDER LINDQVIST, Annelie (U Gothenburg) ‘The Sea Is Boundless’: Challenges with a Collaborative Approach to Coastal Management. This paper investigates environmental communication and conflict of interests in Swedish coastal and maritime management. The empirical focus is a collaborative project involving eight Swedish municipalities, Gothenburg Region, the County Administrative Board and actors from the industry. The project aims at establishing an intensified cooperation between municipalities, authorities, and other relevant actors regarding social, cultural and environmental planning. While an awareness of local cultural conventions is crucial for securing support for maritime governance, this study points to inherent difficulties of integrating cultural values and local perspectives in maritime management. simon.larsson@gu.se (TH-92)


LAUER, Matthew (SDSU) How Do Polynesian Coral Reef Fishers Perceive and Respond to Large-Scale Loss of Coral? In 2010 the island of Mo’orea, French Polynesia lost more than 95% of the coral on its outer reefs from the combined impacts of a massive urchin outbreak and a strong cyclone. This paper examines how Mo’orea fishers perceived and responded to this loss of coral by drawing on household surveys, fish census surveys, and fish-seller surveys. Results show that both the size, species, and abundance of fish on the reef and in the catch shifted after the disturbance, although changes in biomass on the reef for some taxa did not always match shifts in the catch. Despite these shifts in ecology and catch, only 20% of the households reported that they changed how they fished and what they ate after the disturbance. mlauer@mail.sdsu.edu (W-47)

 

LAURENCE, Misha (Grinnell Coll) Unlikely Scientists: Crowdsourcing of Knowledge on Leafly. This paper explores the relationship between legal and scientific norms and how online medical communities navigate them to share information, particularly through medical reviews and news articles on Leafly. This site, the most visited cannabis site worldwide, is (among other things) a search engine to find cannabis strains based on health effects reported by other users. Thus, while American institutional cannabis research is stifled, Leafly facilitates its own users’ research, mediated through a commercial enterprise and methodology legitimized as compassionate and crowdsourced care. Communities of consumers adapt the nature, standards, and dissemination of their evidence to legal and scientific developments. (F-07)

 

LAVOIE, Anna, SPARKS, Kim, and LEE, Jean (PSMFC), KASPERSKI, Stephen (NOAA AFSC) Alaska Native Women in Fisheries. Bristol Bay Alaska maintains the largest sockeye salmon fishery in the world, where women significantly engage in subsistence and commercial salmon fisheries. We documented oral histories of Alaska Native women engaged in these fisheries to explore their roles and experiences in fisheries and perspectives of climate change. Our findings show that these women play a major role in preserving traditional native culture and values, including fishing culture and knowledge, and maintaining fishing permits within families and communities. Their contributions are critical to the sociocultural well-being of households and fishing communities in a region facing fishery related challenges and climate change. anna.santos@noaa.gov (W-121)

 

LAZRUS, Heather, WILHELMI, Olga, DIETRICH, Alexa, GAMBILL, Jill, HANSON, Thomas, and MORSS, Rebecca (NCAR) Information as Intervention: How Does Hurricane Risk Communication Interact With and Reduce Vulnerability? When weather hazards such as hurricanes threaten, certain populations may stand to be particularly affected due to the cultural, social, economic, and physical characteristics of their exposure and sensitivity to hazard impacts. Unfortunately, improved forecast and warning information may not automatically lead to better decisions and outcomes. Recognizing the numerous constraints that vulnerable populations face in responding to hazards, we explore how information can be provided in order to enable protective actions that leverage adaptive capacity and reduce vulnerability. We examine how risk communication interacted with vulnerability in studies of recent hurricanes including Hurricane Sandy, Hurricane Matthew, and Hurricane Harvey. heatherlazrus@hotmail.com (F-125)


withdrawn LE JEUNE, Christine (UF) Diverse Economies Research and the Degrowth Movement: Insights from the Soviet and Post-Soviet Experience. Along the lines of diverse economies research, advocates of degrowth strive for sustainable systems of governance based on anti-consumerist and eco-economic concepts (Gibson-Graham 2008, Gritzas and Kavoulakos 2015). While the academic-activist degrowth movement has gained a foothold in Latin America, North America, and Western Europe, voices from post-socialist Eastern Europe have been largely absent. I argue that the experiences of non-monetary economic practices in Soviet and post-Soviet Russia (Ledeneva 1998, 2006 and Ries 1997, 2009) have much to contribute to ways of imagining alternative economies. I discuss examples of diverse economies in Russia obtained through interviews from snowball sampling. cmlejeune@ufl.edu (TH-13)


LEE, Alison (UDLAP) A Lively Science Approach to Migration Studies: Thinking with Agar to Link Intentionality and Structural Causes of Human Displacement. The structural causes of human displacement in Mexico and Central America have a double analytical life. On the one hand, they are rendered invisible in receiving states. On the other hand, to speak of how neoliberal policies generated migration is to move the conversation too uncomfortably to the left and risk being ignored in favor of theories focused on individual, rational choices. The epistemological lessons from Agar’s The Lively Science and the insights from Dope Double Agent can help us understand the central contradictions of U.S. Immigration Policy and the urgent need to focus on human social worlds of migrants. alison.lee@udlap.mx (TH-95)

 

LEE, Juliet P., ANDERSON, Rakiah, ANNECHINO, Rachelle, and WAITERS, Elizabeth (PIRE) What Do We Mean When We Talk about Exposure?: Young People on Cannabis, Tobacco, and YouTube. The epidemiological concept of illness resulting from exposure to pathogens is broadly used to describe the relationship between the social environment and people’s use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. In a study of digital media and youth dual use of cannabis and tobacco, we critically assess the exposure concept. We compared representations of dual use in YouTube videos with reports from young cannabis users. Many of aspects of offline dual use corresponded with what we saw on YouTube. However, the relationships between offline ideas about cannabis and tobacco and respondents’ use of YouTube complicate the idea of exposure. jlee@prev.org (F-07)

 

LEE, Peter (Brooklyn Coll) Caring Without Curing: Students, Medical Brigades, and Transitory Care in Rural Nicaragua. Global Brigades (GB) is the largest student-led, nonprofit health and sustainable development organization in Nicaragua. For seven to twelve days, students from the Global North are mobilized on various brigades to address the health, environmental, and sanitation concerns of rural communities by distributing medicine and constructing latrines. Through ethnographic research with community members who used GB’s health services in 2015, this paper evaluates the efficacy of a short-term health project to resolve an endemic rural parasite infestation; analyzes transnational dynamics of dependence disguised by the rhetoric of care; and argues GB failed both their Nicaraguan recipients and their student participants. (S-99)

 

LEE, Ramon (SUNY Albany) Practice What You Preach and Keep On Practicing: Sustainable Community Development in Albany NY. Coalition-building is a salient strategy for sustaining future programs and initiatives for the development of Arbor Hill and the South End communities of Albany, NY. Coalition-building and cross-group collaboration also serves as a way to develop intergenerational methods and strategies for social equity. Sustainable programs involve food justice, economic development, child care, better birth outcomes, and other initiatives. I discuss the ways in which coalition-building functions as a way of assessing and accommodating community needs. I will discuss some of the practical methods and barriers to group collaboration and coalition building in the battle for social equity. rlee3@albany.edu (F-133)

 

LEISCHNER, Emily (UBC) Interrogating the Digital: Process and Possibilities in Creating a Nuxalk Cultural Heritage Database. Recent initiatives in museum anthropology have embraced digital technologies as a new avenue for providing sustainable access to the cultural heritage of First Nations and descendent communities. This paper explores the beginning stages of creating a digitized ethnographic database of museum objects, organized by the Nuxalk Stewardship Office in Bella Coola, British Columbia. Emphasizing the importance of process reveals the challenges and possibilities of the digital, and provides insights into the role of language in accessibility and authority, the goals and limits of creating spaces for Indigenous knowledge within organizational systems, and the shift towards community control. emilyjeanleischner@gmail.com (TH-131)


LEMASTER, Barbara (CSULB) Global Commodification of the Deaf Body: Agentively Creating Sustainable Futures through Defining New Realities. Whether being Deaf rises to the level of a commodity depends on the signing communities’ political economies.  Only when there is advantage, such as economic, linguistic, and/or political, does the Deaf body and/or Deaf signing become commodities.  In these situations, Deaf people are sought after for employment, speaking engagements, Deaf art, Deaf tourism, and so on.  This paper uses global data to demonstrate emergent commodification in some signing communities, while not in others. It explores how commodification of Deaf bodies and languages serve to solidify Deaf people’s right to exist, and simultaneously provide sustainable futures, defined in their own ways. barbara.lemaster@csulb.edu (W-74)

 

LEMONIUS-WALKER, Sierra (Lakehead U) Evaluating the Construction of the Canadian Multiculturalism Ideal. The Canadian government professes a multicultural country and has adopted policies and services to support this ideal. This study explores how multiculturalism works through government immigration organizations and policies, with a particular focus on various forms of aid rendered to recent newcomers to Canada. The results challenge the Canadian ideal through an examination of day-to-day operations and interactions.  I conclude that multiculturalism, as expressed through government communications, cannot be achieved without dedicated volunteers who make things ‘work’ under an under-funded and often-flawed system of settlement support. In other words, multiculturalism viewed at a local residential or social context speaks differently. sylemoni@lakeheadu.ca (S-03)


LEO, Aaron (SUNY Albany) Culture, Capital and Liability: Ethnic Communities and Immigrant Student Success. While it has been widely argued that immigrants’ academic success is closely related to their integration into mainstream society, there is little consensus regarding the factors which facilitate or inhibit integration. This paper explores the role of ethnic communities, one factor identified as significant in the process of integration and academic success for immigrant students. Drawing on a school-based ethnographic fieldwork project, I demonstrate that immigrant students often exhibit contradictory feelings towards their ethnic communities due to assimilation pressures and the resurgence of nativism. Such dispositions threaten the ability for ethnic communities to positively affect social integration and school performance. aleo@albany.edu (W-42)


LEVIN, Betty Wolder, MEHRAN, Lillian, and TSUI, Emma (CUNY SPH) Sustaining Caregivers Sustaining People Dying at Home. Until recently most people around the world died at home, often surrounded by their friends and family. Experience with caring for the dying was widespread. However by the middle of the 20th century, in the United States and Canada, most people died in institutions and most people who were not health professionals had no experience caring for the dying. Recently, trends have shifted – many more people are dying at home.  Yet often, family members and even paid aides have had little experience with death.  This paper will analyze some of the challenges caregivers face and discuss ways to support them. betty.Levin@SPH.cuny.edu (TH-07)


LEVINE, Rachel (U Toronto) Landscapes of Vulnerability: Urban Poverty and Post-Human Futures. Climate catastrophe is quite literally changing the landscape of urban class politics. When the boundaries of class-segregated spaces are destroyed by so-called “natural” disaster, economic inequality becomes visible in new ways and with new social consequences. Drawing on my own ethnographic research, this paper focuses on human-pet relationships in the wake of urban ecological devastation. In doing so, my paper asks how the Anthropocene pulls “everyday” relationships (i.e., those between humans and companion animals) into significant practical and theoretical questions of ecological worldview. How does climate change ask city-dwellers to reconsider speciated conceptions of the value of life itself? rachel.levine@mail.utoronto.ca (F-05)


LEWIS, Asaad (Coll of William & Mary) The Alternative Food Movement and the Production of Health Disparities among Racial Lines. The link between health disparities and race has been noted within anthropological discourse. This paper examines the racism of the alternative food movement and how it produces health disparities among racial lines through concepts such as cultural consciousness, embodiment and the human biology of poverty. Ethnographic methodology will also be used to understand perceptions behind these health disparities. Finally, I hope to address how the alternative food movement exposes and reinforces health disparities among racial lines in the United States. avlewis@email.wm.edu (F-97)


LEWIS, Denise (UGA) and YOUNG, Savannah S. (Point Forward) Forced to Flee yet Powerful in Flight: Examining Refugees Power and Agency. Resettled refugees are shaped by traumatic experiences before and during flight. Yet, their own power and decision making is often ignored. Rather than viewing refugees as powerless in the face of catastrophic events within a context of managed migration, our research focuses on the power and agency Karen and Cambodian refugees possess as they navigate flight and settlement. We argue that when we, as host country residents and researchers, and others such as humanitarian service agencies and policy makers, clearly hear and respect refugees’ voices, we can begin to co-create responses to refugees’ needs in collaboration with the refugees themselves. denise.lewis@uga.edu (F-139)


LEYKUM, Luci (UTHSCSA) Understanding Physician Team Relationships and Sense Making Using Agent Based Modeling. Efforts to improve healthcare systems have traditionally focused on individuals rather than on the relationships between individuals in clinical systems.  We created an agent-based model to explore the impact of physician relationships and sensemaking on the outcomes of hospitalized patients. Leykum@uthscsa.edu (TH-95)


LI, Jian (UNI) Rural-to-Urban Emigration and Its Impacts on Rural Host Communities: Household Farming, Dietary Changes, and Nutritional Impacts in Rural Southwest China. Today, nearly 280 million rural people, or more than 40 percent of China’s rural labor force, have left their home villages for wage jobs in cities all over the country. Such a massive rural-to-urban migration has brought about unprecedented changes in rural China and has affected rural communities profoundly. While a great deal has already been learned about the roles and significance of such an emigration in China’s urbanization and rural economic development, its nutritional impacts and challenges on rural host communities have remained inadequately understood. Embedded in my ethnographic research, this paper investigates the major dietary changes brought about by emigration and their nutritional impacts upon a rural community in mountainous Southwest China, one of the least developed regions in China. lee.jli@uni.edu (F-106)

 

LI, Qiuxi (UDel) and XU, Yilan (UKY) Displaced by Disaster: Stories of Migration and Adaptation of Qiang Ethnic Minority. The magnitude 8.1 earthquake in 2008 that struck Sichuan, China left more than 87,000 deaths and millions of people homeless. Many of the victims are Qiang, an ethnic minority. In the years since the catastrophe, the Chinese government has undertaken an enormous task of reconstruction. Within two years after the earthquake, thirty-eight cities and towns had been reconstructed through three types of methods: namely, in situ reconstruction, nearby reconstruction and relocation. The communities affected directly by the earthquake had varying levels of lifestyle change regardless of the reconstruction method chosen, especially relocation. This paper focuses on a specific Qiang village which had been relocated 150 miles away and addresses the issues of post-disaster migration, reconstruction and adaptation from everyday livelihoods and sociocultural dimensions. (S-33)

 

LIEN, Chia Yu (U Chicago) Battle in Nursing Homes: Nurse Practitioners’ Professional Jurisdiction over Prescribing Medication. In Western European and North American countries, nurse practitioners have extended their professional jurisdiction to prescribing medication. The extension takes place largely in dealing with older adults. This study examines nurse practitioners’ prescribing practice in treating anxiety and agitation in older adults with dementia. Specifically, I explore why, despite American Psychiatric Association warnings, benzodiazepine is frequently prescribed by nurse practitioners to this population in nursing homes. Drawing on my ethnographic work, I contextualize the high prevalence of benzodiazepine usage in the unsettled jurisdiction competition between nurse practitioners with other professions as well as with policies from state and federal government. chiay.lien@gmail.com (TH-130)

 

LIN, Ying-Jen (MSU) Making Sustainability Governable: The Opportunities and Potential Pitfalls of Integrating the Satoyama Initiative into Conservation Policies in Taiwan. The Satoyama Initiative, which focuses on promoting the conservation and sustainable management in socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS), has gained increasing global significance. Since its introduction to Taiwan in 2010, the Satoyama Initiative has also become a buzzword for Taiwan’s new conservation policies aimed at developing strategies for sustainable use of natural resources at the community level. While the Indigenous communities of the Rukai people were thus able to make alliances with governmental and nongovernmental organizations, they also experienced constraints and tensions caused by new governance tools for sustainability. linyingj@msu.edu (W-122)

 

LITTLE, Peter (RIC) From Decolonization to Neoliberal Decontamination: Hazardous Waste Control and Management in Ghana. In 2016, Ghana’s parliament passed the Hazardous and Electronic Waste Control and Management Act “to provide for the control, management and disposal of hazardous waste, electrical and electronic waste and for related purposes.” Drawing on engaged ethnographic research, I discuss how this recent decontamination legislation synthesizes environmental management and economic development goals. In particular, I propose that efforts to control certain hazardous wastes, especially electronic waste (or e-waste), amount to what I shall call “neoliberal decontamination,” a concept deployed to make sense of the complex ways in which toxics control and management can reinforce structural violence, social displacement, and economic marginalization. plittle@ric.edu (TH-166)


withdrawn LLOYD, Robert (GSU) Life in Hurricane Alley. Residents of “Hurricane Alley” have a remarkable – though by no means unique – set of cognitive and emotional mechanisms for coping with the annual threat of violent storms that can utterly rearrange one’s personal and social life, as well as cause enormous physical and financial damage. However, these tools exist in tension with the typical civil responses to these storms, as well as the socioeconomic – and cultural – forces that position people to be impacted by them in the first place. This paper examines how hurricanes are conceived of, prepared for, and remembered by residents of the Gulf Coast and nearby areas. omniscate@gmail.com (F-95)

 

LOBO, Stephanie (U Dallas) Dyscalculia Awareness among Educators. While there is substantial research on learning disabilities, such as dyslexia, there is a lack of information, awareness, and intervention programs for the math learning disability, dyscalculia. In my study, I use structured and semi-structured interviews to examine the different levels of awareness among educators, as well as what methods are already being utilized to address the issue. I approach these interviews from the perspective of both educators and adults who have dealt with dyscalculia as a student. My aim is to inform educators about the disability and utilize gathered information to suggest new programs or changes to traditional math courses. slobosaenz@udallas.edu (TH-141)

 

LOEWE, Ronald (CSULB) Maxcanu Revisited: Social Change in a Yucatecan Town. This paper discusses social change in Maxcanú, Yucatan – a rural, mestizo town in the former henequen zone -- over a thirty period. Using my original dissertation research in 1987-1989 as a baseline, the study assesses the influence of capital flows, neo-liberal economic policies at the national and state level, and tourism on the local economy, health status, and civic life of the town. Taking advantage of the growing local interest in anthropology, the paper incorporates the views of two native anthropologists, and, to borrow Gramsci’s infelicitous phrase, Maxcanú’s “organic intellectuals.” The paper is based on fieldwork in 2017. Ronald.Loewe@csulb.edu (F-131)


LOGAN, Ryan (USF) “Reaching Them Where They’re At”: Exploring the Challenges, Potentiality, and Sustainability of the Community Health Worker (CHW) Model in the United States. The community health worker (CHW) model, which consists of medical laypersons serving as key health promoters and community outreach workers, has been utilized in various capacities throughout the United States since the 1950s. Despite waxing and waning in usage, the CHW model has been adopted throughout a variety of states and has gained momentum as a legitimate component of health care teams in the United States. Drawing on ten-months of dissertation research, I will explore the CHW model as it has been developed and applied in Indiana as well as the challenges, potentialities, and the sustainability of the model. ryanlogan@mail.usf.edu (S-97)


LOKER, William (CSU-Chico) Challenge and Change in Higher Education. Higher education faces a series of intensifying challenges familiar to those in academic leadership, but less evident to disciplinary faculty.  These include: 1) rising costs; 2) diminishing state support; 3) accountability regarding the quality of our academic programs and graduates; 4) technological changes that challenge the academy’s role as society’s primary purveyors of information; 5) reporting mandates that strain institutions’ abilities to cope, and; 6) changing student demographics that challenge institutions to be “student ready” (McNair, 2016). The rapidly shifting external environment challenges academic leaders and faculty as our institutions attempt to respond nimbly to change. wloker@csuchico.edu (F-111)

 

LONG, Anneliese and KIHLSTROM, Laura (USF) “You Don’t Feel Like You’re Coming in as a Beggar”: Emotional Coping Mechanisms of Food Pantry Clients and Food Pantries as Sites of Social Interaction. Food pantries may not traditionally be viewed social spaces, however, there are emotions that can arise in visiting a food pantry. Using a qualitative approach, this study primarily investigated the ‘last mile’ of produce, from the pantry to the household. Four focus groups and nine household interviews were conducted with food pantry clients in the Tampa Bay Area of Florida in April-May 2017 in collaboration with Feeding America. Our preliminary results revealed several emotional coping mechanisms in clients such as thankfulness, deservingness, and resentment. The emotional and psychosocial effect of food insecurity can help broaden our knowledge on food insecurity. anneliesel@mail.usf.edu (TH-33)

 

LÓPEZ, Marcos (Bowdoin Coll) El Agua Calienta: Indigenous Farmworker Struggles for Water in an Arid Landscape. Labor studies rely on two areas of inquiry: 1) changes and control in the labor process, and 2) the rise of collective labor movements. With farmworkers, studies normally highlight the plight of farmworkers and farmworker union narratives. However, a postcolonial approach questions the ontological assumptions foundational to labor studies. Drawing on an ethnography of indigenous farmworker organizing in Mexico’s San Quintin Valley, this paper examines how limited access to water in Baja California inspired labor protest. Using indigenous practices, farmworkers built a movement highlighting their struggles to survive in a valley where transnational agriculture controls the region’s diminishing water deposits. mlopez@bowdoin.edu (F-169)


LOTT, Jessica (SMU) Reproductive Futures: Gendered Negotiations, Modernity, and Kinship. In the American context, Latina women’s bodies are emblematic of a variety of demographic and political concerns. This paper asks how Latino/a couples negotiate reproductive choice and family formation in this context.  It is based on a year of ethnographic research (including in-depth life history interviews) with middle-class, heterosexual Latino/a couples over a variety of life stages and with a variety of reproductive goals. It includes gendered narratives from women and men surrounding reproductive choice and family formation couples. As we consider sustainable futures, nuanced information about how gender, class, culture shape reproductive choice informs a variety of issues. JessicaL@smu.edu (W-37)


LOWRY, David Shane (Biola U) Swamp Neighborhoods: Lumbee Indian Ecologies Before and After Hurricane Matthew. Hurricane Matthew plunged into the North Carolina coast in October 2016. The most severe flooding took place in the Lumbee Tribe (the largest indigenous community in the eastern United States). Importantly, however, the Lumbee Tribe already suffered from systemic racism in the form of decrepit infrastructure, displacement of people from/within particular regions, and inequitable encroachment by corporate polluters. Matthew simply magnified already-established racism. Using interdisciplinary NSF- funded fieldwork after Hurricane Matthew, I will discuss this socio-economical vortex as a “swamp neighborhood,” within which global climate policy must focus on institutions/policies that destabilize disaster areas before hurricanes ever arrive. david.lowry@biola.edu (F-155)

 

LOY, Christopher (CNU) Economic Racialization in the Seafood Industry on the Eastern Shore of Virginia and Maryland. Seafood packing operations remain a key source of employment in many coastal towns in the Mid-Atlantic region. The watermen, independent fishers who exploit naturally occurring resources such as oysters and blue crab in the Chesapeake Bay and sell to the packing houses, are nearly all white. The seafood processors, crab pickers, and oyster shuckers who work for the packing houses, have historically been nearly all black. I examine the historical context for this clearly segregated labor market and rely on ethnographic data to better understand how this racial divide in employment was realized in a region where employment opportunities are limited. christopher.loy@cnu.edu (W-01)

 

LUQUE, John (FAMU) Experiences of Accessing Healthcare among Hispanic Immigrants in South Carolina. This qualitative study examined uninsured Hispanic immigrant women’s strategies for accessing healthcare in South Carolina. Aside from safety net clinics, there are few affordable healthcare options for low-income, uninsured immigrants in South Carolina. Access is compounded for immigrants who encounter language barriers and discrimination in healthcare encounters. Thirty Hispanic women originally from Mexico and Central America shared their experiences with barriers and facilitators to healthcare access, disease prevention and management strategies such as home remedies, and community and social support. These study findings have been shared with community partners to increase awareness of healthcare access issues in the Hispanic community. luquej@musc.edu (TH-70)

 

LYNCH, Kathleen, PUGLIESE, Laura, CHOKSHI, Sara, BEDASSIE, Shanice, and KACHNOWSKI, Stan (HITLAB) Using a Social Mobile App to Support Alcohol Addiction Recovery: Results from a Mixed-Methods Pilot Study in New York City. This paper explores participant experiences with an app-based addiction recovery support tool. 12 individuals in NYC with a self-reported history of alcohol addiction used the application for 30 days, engaging with its features and curricula. The results highlight the potential of online sociality to support recovery efforts: engaging with in-app user posts reduced feelings of self-stigma among participants, helping reframe self-identities from an “individual” struggling with recovery to a member within a “community.” Adopting a community identity created feelings of “accountability” among app users, increasing engagement with curricula and leading to insights about how digital interactions can foster intervention efforts. klynch@hitlab.org (F-37)


LYNCH, Kimberly (Montclair State U) Mental Health Perspectives of Ethnic Minorities in Dublin, Ireland. This paper presents original ethnographic research on mental health services and perspectives among ethnic minorities in Ireland. Previous studies have assessed mental illnesses among White Irish men and women, but very limited data include diverse populations, despite the fact that Irish youth suicide is the 4th highest in the EU (NOSP 2011). Participant-observation and interviews examined availability and quality of existing mental health services, as well as cultural positions on mental conditions. Findings reveal Ireland’s mental health organization and services as ineffective. Moreover, shame and fear influence perceptions of mental illness and effect treatment-seeking among ethnic minorities, specifically Nigerian immigrants. kimlynch34@gmail.com (TH-130)


LYON, Stephen (Durham U) Social Networks of Water: Rain Fed and Canal Irrigated Farming in Punjab, Pakistan. Environmental challenges for farmers in rural Pakistan are significant and growing. Water resources are critical for survival and economic success, but rains have become less predictable and competing demands on the country’s major riverine supplies have made water management, particularly for irrigation, a substantial problem for farmers, industrialists and the state. The political sensitivity of resource control makes data production and their analyses decidedly problematic. This paper suggests a strategy for developing robust descriptive and analytical models of farmer networks in relation to irrigation management that is feasible for widespread use along major riverine basins, such as the Indus River. s.m.lyon@durham.ac.uk (F-12)