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Tuesday 4/3  Program  Session Abstracts
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KAHN, Linda (U Buffalo) Community, Clinics, and Courts: An Applied Anthropology Journey. My work focuses on vulnerable community members: people with serious mental illnesses, the chronically ill urban poor, women in recovery from opioid use disorder, and the justice-involved. My career trajectory was nontraditional and nonlinear: educational anthropology, corporate finance, college teaching, psychiatry, primary care, health services research, evaluation, and translational community-based research. Serendipity, curiosity, persistence, pragmatism, and collaborations have opened doors and illuminated my path. This presentation will recount how a series of personal and professional challenges led to unexpected opportunities and a productive, fulfilling career in applied medical anthropology. lskahn@buffalo.edu (W-102)

 

KAISER, Bonnie (Duke U) Development, Adaptation, and Validation: An Overview of Methods in Cross-Cultural Mental Health Assessment. Drawing on examples from Haiti, Kenya, and Nigeria, this presentation reviews multiple approaches to achieving valid mental health assessment tools. With emphasis on ethnographic validity, I describe development “from the ground-up” of assessment tools based on local constructs like idioms of distress. I describe an iterative approach to rigorous translation and adaptation of standard assessments for use in new contexts. Finally, I describe multiple approaches to validating assessments, from standard clinical validation to alternatives to be used in the absence of a gold standard. Throughout, emphasis will be placed on strengths, limitations, and methodological trade-offs of each approach. bfullard@gmail.com (W-130)


withdrawn KALMAN, Rowenn (Mich State U) The Elusive Sustainability of Community-Based Conservation: Collaborations and Disruptions in the Andes. Communities in Peru have become involved with new ways of protecting resources through collaborations with NGOs. These projects inspire participation but reproduce idealizations of community-based stewardship as efficient and natural. Structural and economic factors prevent these idealized models from being sustained long term by actors. In one case, water stewardship began as a collaboration among NGOs and a campesino community but faced disruptions due to shifts across scales and contexts, including local politics and global markets. Anthropological engagement over ten years reveals the challenges of long-term stewardship in the form of contradictory narratives and hard-to-predict contingencies. kalmanr1@msu.edu (W-122)


KARLSSON, Marianne (Norwegian Inst for Water Rsch) and MCLEAN, Elizabeth (URI) Climate Change Adaptation and Sustainability of Small-Scale Fisheries in the Caribbean: A Comparative Study of the Dominican Republic and Belize. Small-scale fishers with high exposure to current climate variability and with livelihoods closely tied to marine resources are considered to be particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts. In the interest of sustaining coastal livelihoods, a better understanding of how fishers adapt to climate variations and change as well as alterations to their environments is needed. Using a contextual approach to livelihood vulnerability and adaptation, this paper explores the strategies small-scale fishers’ in the Dominican Republic and Belize use to adapt to climatic and non-climatic stressors. Results show the importance of situating climate change adaptation within a broader livelihood context. elmclean@uri.edu (TH-31)


KASNITZ, Devva (CUNY/SDS) Disability Time – Crip Time. I interrogate the phenomena of “disability time” or Crip Time, part of “disability culture” or Crip Culture, including distinctions between chronic illness and disability seen in age-dependent embodied temporality. Taking a cross-impairment, and cross-diagnosis or adiagnostic approach separates this from the first half of the panel. I relate this to policy around accommodation that either ignores temporality or devalues the time of disabled people. We expect change through the life course, but often assume unidirectional change into dependence, dysfunction, and poverty. As the “IL” (independent living) movement rebrands itself the interdependent living movement, activists realize that the elevation of care into a profession with external management is problematic as are other approaches to desired and hard-won services when temporality is viewed through a single lens. devva@earthlink.net (S-07)

 

KATIN, Nicole (Tulane U) An Ethnobotanical Investigation of Peasant-Forest Relations in Núcleo Itariru (Serra do Mar State Park, Brazil): Implications for Conservation Planning and Policy. Itariru is a state park unit located in Southeastern Brazil. Concomitantly it is a space of human occupation, for a resource dependent peasant population. They cultivate their crops upon its soil, they drink the water of its rivers, and they use native plants for medicinal purposes. Since 2006, however, with the enactment of a new conservation initiative, restrictions upon land use and other activities have jeopardized local lifeways. This paper presents findings from an ethnobotanical study in Itariru, investigating peasants’ connections to their forest environs. It highlights the value of such an approach for informing more sustainable conservation policies. nkatin@tulane.edu (W-122)


KATZ, Pearl (JHU) The Anti-Scientific Culture of Surgeons. Whereas all clinicians are applied scientists, the historical and contemporary culture of surgeon has a distinct anti-scientific bias. Although surgeons’ practices are based upon empirically-derived scientific principles, a variety of influences detract from their scientific identities.  These include: a) the historical separation of surgery from medicine; b) The active and heroic postures of surgeons, and c) the emphasis surgeons place upon the personal characteristics of the surgeon. This paper is based upon extensive field-work with contemporary surgeons and examines the rationales and practices that detract from their scientific identities. pearlka@gmail.com (TH-45)

 

KAYAALP, Ebru (Istanbul Sehir U) Scientific Uncertainty, Disaster Expertise and the Istanbul Earthquake. In November 1999, only three months after Marmara Earthquake, which caused the death of 17.000 people, national and international scientists claimed that the next earthquake would hit the biggest city of Turkey, Istanbul. Although its exact time, place and magnitude remained equivocal, the expected Istanbul earthquake has become a “scientific truth” in a very short span of time. Drawing from the ethnographic research conducted with scientists, this paper analyzes how an earthquake expertise has been constituted and how it has been governing the “present” of the society with a reference to a natural disaster that has not happened yet. ebrukayaalp@sehir.edu.tr (W-47)


KEDZIOR, Sya (Towson U) Awareness-Raising as Political Strategy in Struggles Over Water Pollution: Education Programs at India’s Kumbh Mela. Political ecologists emphasize the ideological nature of political struggles over resource control. Despite the prioritization of education programs by environmental organizations, critical analyses remain rare. This paper examines awareness-raising programs held at the 2013 Kumbh Mela in Allahabad. This festival brings millions to the Ganges River, one of India’s most polluted. Two programs, one organized by the state and the other by a non-governmental group, sought to raise popular awareness of pollution. Drawing on interviews and analysis of program information, I examine how efforts to raise awareness and change knowledge are structured. Discussion emphasizes the shifting power-relations behind efforts to change environmental knowledge. skedzior@towson.edu (TH-44)

 

KEEN, Diane (Kennesaw State U) Enhancing the Well-being of Older Adults and Young Adults with Developmental Disabilities through Participation in an Intergenerational Community Garden. The purpose of this Participatory Action Research (PAR) study was to discover ways to enhance well-being in young adults with developmental disabilities (DD) and older adults in the Oak Grove community. Themes discovered in the data include the five elements of the Well-being Theory as they relate to the people of Oak Grove. In addition, multiple aspects of the unique nature of young adults with DD were revealed. Therefore, this paper details how PAR with qualitative methods were used to identify ways to enhance sustainability and meaningful activity for older adults while developing positive relationships with younger adults with DD. dkeen2@kennesaw.edu (W-139)

 

KELLETT, Nicole (U Maine-Farmington) Identifying, Reclaiming and Reconstructing Gender-based Violence in Highland Peru. Peru experienced extreme political violence enacted by government forces and the Shining Path throughout the 1980s and early 1990s. Even though ‘La violencia’ caused deaths, population displacement and massive human rights violations, little has been written on insidious long standing impacts of gender-based violence. In chronicling the life of a female survivor, my research examines quotidian expressions of gender-based violence predicated on race, class, gender and ethnic identities. My paper reflects on the role of anthropology in retelling someone’s story who has survived political violence questioning conceptions of victimization and the complications inherent in identifying, reclaiming and reconstructing violence. nicole.kellett@maine.edu (F-39)

 

KELLY, Kilian and BAER, Roberta (USF), WILSON, Jason (TGH, USF) The Patient Perspective: Applying Medical Anthropology to the Patient Experience in the Emergency Department. Interdisciplinary collaboration is essential to designing and executing effective programs in healthcare settings. The emergency department (ED) is an environment where diverse patient populations are treated by medical providers on a daily basis. The varying levels of health literacy and understandings of how the ED works presents issues during the provider-patient interaction and communication. This paper examines the development of an educational leaflet intervention targeting ED patients. This study focused on ethnographically understanding the patient perspective during their stay in the ED and shaped the leaflet to fit the needs and health literacy levels of the overall population. kiliankelly@mail.usf.edu (TH-160)


KELLY, Patty (Haverford Coll) “I Never Thought I’d Be Here”: Institutional Sexism and Gender Violence in the U.S. Family Court System. In October 2017, a judge in Michigan awarded joint legal custody to the father of a child conceived after the rape of a twelve-year-old girl. Though extreme, this case is a testimony to the ways the U.S. family court system perpetuates gender inequality and normalizes gender violence. Based upon long –term ethnographic fieldwork in a large northeastern city, this paper will examine family court and the “divorce-industrial complex;” by analyzing how middle and working-class women (many of whom have experienced domestic abuse) experience and navigate the family court system, I will illustrate how institutional sexism (and other factors) creates experiences and outcomes that often contradict popular cultural mythologies of women as financial and custodial “winners” in the U.S. family court system. pattykel@gmail.com (S-94)


KELSAY, Zachary (U Kansas) International Trade, Market Reform, and Entrepreneurs: Renegotiating Social Relationships in Havana, Cuba. As the Cuban government increasingly engages in global capitalist trade relations and implements market reforms, socialist objectives are reaffirmed in changing market regulations.  This tension is mirrored at the local level where a study of Cuban entrepreneurs in Havana revealed the negotiation of new kinds of social relationships between business owners and their customers. Based on interviews in the winter of 2016-17, this paper considers the meaning and implications of these negotiations and relationships for Cuban economy and society. z729k320@ku.edu (W-131)


KENNER, Alison (Drexel U) Creating Climate Carescapes with Science Education. This paper describes a Philadelphia-based project on the health impacts of climate change. The collaborative project involved six organizations, and resulted in a workshop series that facilitated learning about climate science and its regional impacts; the health risks of heat waves; and activities designed to help workshop participants prepare for extreme environmental events locally. The paper will focus on the collaborative dynamics of the project, and describe the work as a ‘climate carescape’ that used community-based learning strategies to explore how community members are situated in a different resource and service networks. ali.kenner@gmail.com (W-141)


KHANNA, Sunil (OR State U) Cultural Competency and Humility in Health Care: Translating Knowledge into Policy and Action. In 2000, the Office of Minority Health published the first National Standards for Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services in Healthcare (CLAS Standards) to provide a framework for healthcare organizations to best serve the nation’s increasingly diverse communities. A total 14 CLAS Standards were developed to ensure that all people accessing health care receive equitable treatment that is culturally and linguistic appropriate. Since 2000, several states have proposed or passed legislation related to cultural competency training; 6 states require some form of cultural and linguistic competency training for health care workforce. This presentation will examine the extent to which state-level legislative proposals or requirements align with the National CLAS Standards and will discuss the possible impact of the alignment between state level efforts to promote cultural and linguistic competency and the National CLAS Standards. sunil.khanna@oregonstate.edu (TH-40)


KIESSLING, Brittany, MAXWELL, Keely, and BUCKLEY, Jenifer (US EPA) How Clean Is Clean?: A Review of the Social Science of Environmental Clean-Ups. Cleaning up environmental contaminants and hazardous waste is key to protecting public health and the environment. Best practices for clean-up work include social as well as technical dimensions. Yet social science research on clean-ups is scattered. To date, there has not been a comprehensive literature review. We fill this gap by providing an interdisciplinary review of the social science of environmental clean-ups. Our review reveals themes such as economic impacts of remediation, decision-making processes, and clean-up worker health. This review assimilates critical lessons that scholars have drawn from environmental clean-ups and points to areas where future research is needed. (TH-166)

 

KILFOIL, Ryan (U Memphis), KENT, Suzanne (CO State U), and BRONDO, Keri (U Memphis) The Heritage of Turtling: Sustainable Tourism and Belonging on Utila, Honduras. In Utila, a small Honduran island and popular dive tourism destination, the harvest of sea turtle eggs represents a contested site between different claims to autochthony. The language of autochthony, or to be “born of the soil,” is a common mode on Utila of articulating who has the right to belong where, and informs conservation efforts and responses to them.  Harvesting exemplifies tensions, contradictions, and conflicts regarding what should be protected, how it should be protected, and why it should be protected.  This paper critically examines multiple registers of belonging and how these inform community understandings of what is “sustainable.” rrklfoil@memphis.edu (W-125)


KIM, Andrew (Northwestern U) Evaluating Resilience in Urban South Africa: Mixed Methods Perspectives on the Psychometric Properties of a Resilience Scale. As anthropologists become increasingly interested in resilience in non-Western settings, the need for methodologies that identify and surveys that reflect locally-salient constructs becomes greater. This paper discusses ethnographic and quantitative approaches used to adapt an existing resilience scale and evaluate its psychometric properties among a clinical sample in Johannesburg, South Africa. The mixed-methods approach included an ethnographic analysis of scale administration, content analysis of narratives themes relating to stress and coping, psychometric testing, and bivariate analyses of resilience and self-reported health surveys. I further reflect on the difficulties faced during the adaptation process and universality of resilience as a concept. andrewkim2022@u.northwestern.edu (W-130)

 

KING, Beth (KBCC CUNY) Working in the Hazardous Waste Industry. Hazardous waste disposal in the U.S. is a for-profit industry with various levels of regulation and enforcement.  What is it like working with hazardous waste?  Do workers feel they are effectively containing and protecting nearby communities?  What are their concerns?  This paper will focus on the experiences of workers within the hazardous waste disposal industry, primarily radioactive waste. Interviews have been conducted with workers from several UMTRA (Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action) projects throughout the Southwestern U.S.  Using ethnographic interviews, their perspective on the science, safety and effectiveness of their work will be explored. bking@kbcc.cuny.edu (W-02)


KINGSTON-MANN, Esther (UMass emerita) The Economic Agency of Rural Women: Case Studies. The productive economic agency of rural women has rarely been a popular research topic.   In histories of rural England, Russia and the Soviet Union, data gatherers frequently began with the assumption that backward women were not a useful source of information about their lives.  As a consequence, they did not question women, and produced economic databases that were extremely one-sided and unbalanced. In 2014, when Kenya scholar Patrick McAuslan reviewed nine essay collections on land use published between 1996 and 2011, only two out of 86 essays considered “gender issues.” Integrating their economic activity into today’s development theory and practice represents an unparalleled research opportunity. (F-74)


KIRSCH, Nancy (Rutgers U) Inter-Institutional Taskforce to Develop an Interdisciplinary Curriculum to Prepare Rehabilitation Professionals to Serve Global Communities. The Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions (ASAHP) is a not-for-profit national association for administrators, educators, and others who are concerned with critical issues affecting allied health education. Recently, the ASAHP International Taskforce was charged with developing a solution to the urgent need for sustainable health professions education curricula aimed at training rehabilitation professionals that can serve communities across the globe. The taskforce is serving as the organizing center for ASAHP member organizations to develop an inter-institutional program that can be offered locally with the aim of equipping professionals with core clinical competencies, rather than a specific academic degree. mahongm@shp.rutgers.edu (F-51)


KIS, Adam (Burman U) Contested Perceptions: Quantitative Differences in Understanding the Meaning of Development in the Philippines. This study conducted a quantitative survey of various stakeholders in the international development process to statistically determine if there are significant differences in their understanding of the term “development.” Using qualitative data gathered in Bato, Leyte, Philippines, a pictorial survey instrument was produced. Respondents in an ADRA Philippines livelihoods project near Tacloban, Leyte were shown a series of staged photographs depicting one of the themes emerging from the qualitative data. Respondents then rated how developed each photograph seemed to them, using their own understanding of the word “development.” Data were analyzed using ANOVA to highlight differences in perceptions between stakeholders. Author of The Development Trap: How Thinking Big Fails the Poor, Routledge 2018. adamkis@gmail.com (F-43)


withdrawn KLEIBER, Danika (JIMAR, PIFSC) Applying Gender and Fisheries Knowledge to Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management. Gender or sex disaggregated data are rare in fisheries research leading to gender blind and biased understanding of human fishing practices and culture. This can translate into governance that overlooks the distinct contributions and priorities of women and men. In particular women’s role in fisheries are more likely to be included as oral histories which are often assumed to be ineffective at informing policy. I will explore the knowledge and policy gap in the context of the inclusion of gender in the implementation of Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management. (W-151)

 

KLEIN, Charles and GAMBURD, Michele (Portland State U) Keeping It Real: Training Agents of Change at Portland State University. Like their counterparts at other large urban universities, our students juggle school, work, family, and community responsibilities. In this talk, we present four strategies we use to attract and train students given these realities: 1) skills-based learning throughout our curriculum, 2) a Practicing Anthropology course in collaboration with local practitioners, 3) partnering with community-based organizations in our methods seminars, and 4) expanded online offerings. Through providing these multiple opportunities for practice and structured reflection, we believe our program offers a flexible model for producing critical and pragmatic agents of change who exemplify PSU’s motto of “Let Knowledge Serve the City.” chklein@pdx.edu (TH-49)

 

KLINE, Nolan (Rollins Coll) “Mi Existir es Resistir (My Existence Is Resistance)”: LGBTQ Latinx Activism in Response to the Pulse Shooting in Orlando, FL. On June 12, 2016, Omar Mateen walked into the Pulse club in Orlando, Florida and fatally shot 49 people and injured 53 others. The shooting occurred during Pulse’s Latin night and disproportionately affected LGBTQ+ people of color, especially those who identify as Latinx. In this paper, I draw from theories of citizenship and intersectionality to examine how LGBTQ Latinx activists in Orlando make citizenship claims to assert sets of rights. Findings from one year of engaged fieldwork with LGBTQ+ Latinx organizations and interviews with Latinx-identifying LGBTQ+ individuals reveal how intersectional LGBTQ+ Latinx organizations resist marginalization, violence, and identity erasure. nkline@rollins.edu (W-04)


KLINGLER, Gretchen and COHEN, Jeffrey H. (OH State U) More Than Babel: Iraqi Women’s Narratives of Migration and Settlement. We explore how Iraqi women negotiate migration, settlement and their status as movers and in the US. The processes of migration includes three phases: the complexity that movers confront as they decide to leave; the challenges they face upon leaving, and the contests that are associated with settlement.  We explore how Iraqi women negotiate these moments in migration and how they manage securities and insecurities, cultural expectations and Islamophobia as they relocate.  Once in the US and as they settle we define how they confront the expectations that other immigrants, ethnic minorities and native born North American citizens carry. klingler.65@osu.edu (W-03)


KLIPOWICZ, Caleb (U Iowa) “Daak juon bato” – (Mis)communication, Misrecognition, and Neocolonial Entanglements in a Public Health Clinic. Duke (2017) argues that migrants from the Marshall Islands suffer numerous health problems in large part due to structural violence sustained by their neocolonial status in the US. Based on ten weeks of ethnographic fieldwork, I explore how (mis)communicative events within a public health department response to tuberculosis among Marshallese migrants unintentionally perpetuate neocoloniality by misrecognizing the underlying structural forces driving periodic outbreaks. I conclude by reflecting on the role of a critical and applied anthropology in public health using my own unfolding engagements with this public health department over several years. caleb-klipowicz@uiowa.edu (TH-09)


KOHEJI, Marwa (UNCCH) Surviving Heat: Indigenous Engineering and the Challenge of Sustainability in the Arab Gulf. Record-shattering temperatures in the Arab Gulf have sparked wide concerns about the effects of climate change in the region. In the face of this challenge, efforts were made to revive vernacular architecture as a sustainable solution to achieve thermal comfort. This paper draws on the anthropology of design to explore vernacular building traditions in the Gulf and their relation to the environment. In addition, it addresses contemporary vernacular built by interrogating the following question: Can a new vernacular unfold from imitating the elements that made the old vernacular sustainable even when the socio-cultural context that made it possible has transformed? koheji@live.unc.edu (F-35)


KOHL, Stephanie (Creighton U) Obtaining Legal Status in the United States: Undocumented Latinas Near Chicago and the Strategic Use of Mental Health. Caught between abusive partners and restrictive immigration law, many undocumented Latina women are vulnerable to domestic violence in the United States. This thesis analyzes the U-Visa application process experienced by undocumented immigrant crime victims and their legal advisors in a suburb of Chicago, Illinois. I focus on the strategic use of mental health by applicants for U-Visas related to domestic violence cases by investigating the complex intersection between immigration law and a humanitarian clause that creates a path towards legal status and eventual citizenship. stephaniejkohl@gmail.com (F-139)

 

KOHUT, Mike (Johns Hopkins Med) “There’s No Right Answer”: Knowledge and Authority in Antibiotics Prescribing. Whereas expert authority is generally conceived as “having knowledge,” the uncertainty of medicine requires that doctors have something else—a gut-feeling used to justify treatment decisions that may otherwise be difficult to explain. This gut-feeling is both necessary to clinical practice—since uncertainty may otherwise lead to inaction—and at odds with efforts to institute evidence-based practices through clinical guidelines. Interviews with prescribers and pharmacists, in the context of a research program aimed at improving antibiotic use across several health systems, reveal why doctors may be reluctant to go “by the book,” and what that means for antibiotic stewardship. mike.r.kohut@gmail.com (F-10)

 

KOKITKAR, Saayli (Emory U) Creating Empathetic Public Discourse After Encounters of Racism. Current public discourse on issues of racism flare tensions and divide communities. Studying the public discourse on encounters of racism in suburban communities provides another lens to examine the overarching systematic social inequalities present in the United States. In this paper, I discuss and analyze the discourse on social media and the news surrounding encounters of racism in a suburban community in Indiana in which there have not been any official allegations of racial bias, profiling, or abuse. I argue that there is a need for anthropology in public discourse to create empathetic conversation and offer possible solutions. saayli.kokitkar@emory.com (W-99)


KOLAVALLI, Chhaya (UKY) “We Know We’re Being Treated Like Tokens”: Black Urban Farmers Navigating and Contesting Structural Racism in Kansas City’s Local Food Economy. Kansas City, Missouri and Kansas, is reshaping itself as a ‘green,’ sustainable city; public discourse promotes urban agriculture as a stable income and an equal opportunity, available to all, for involvement in the city economy. However, African American farmers face significant, historical and current, barriers in food production (Weiss 2011; Benson 2012). This paper explores the exclusion of black urban farmers in Kansas City’s local food economy, describes their acts of agency and efforts to participate in the local food movement, and offers policy recommendations to work toward racial inclusion and equity in this growing industry in US cities. crkolavalli@gmail.com (F-136)


KOOPMAN GONZALEZ, Sarah, TRAPL, Erika, ANTOGNOLI, Elizabeth, ISHLER, Karen, CAVALLO, David, LIM, Rock, PAGANO, Maria, MARINO, José,and FLOCKE, Susan (CWRU) “I Got a Little Addiction”: Cigarillo Users’ Self-Perceptions of Habit and Addiction. This paper examines smokers’ perceptions of and identification with habit and addiction using interviews with 60 adolescent and young adult cigarillo users. All participants described the concept of addiction similarly. Participants reporting only a habit and those reporting an addiction did not differ by demographics or tobacco use. However, smokers reporting an addiction had higher nicotine dependence scores. Although cessation experiences did not differ by group, a perceived ability to quit was a common reason for not identifying with an addiction. Deeper understanding of self-perceptions that distinguish addiction from habit can inform targeted interventions to encourage cessation. sjk98@case.edu (F-100)

 

KOPELENTOVA-REHAK, Jana (UMBC) Smith Island Women: Work, Kinship and “The Yarns.” This study follows the history of gender divisions of labour and leisure in the fishing community of Smith Island, Maryland. Traditionally, women managed daily life while watermen left for weeks to work in Chesapeake Bay. Over time, women took on the work related to the business of crabbing and oystering. There are shared tasks and space among men and women, but also clearly divided labour in response to the needs of family and community. Smith Island women organize women-only events including entertainment and storytelling. Today, women are re-inventing their labour and engaging with new economies to create a “promising future.” jrehak@umbc.edu (W-121)

 

KOPFMAN, Jocelyn and MCGILLIVRAY, Ciara (U Rochester) “I Create Change By…”: Adolescent Agency and Identity Formation through Photovoice. PhotoVoice is a participatory research tool used to identify community strengths and weaknesses, while eliciting data and spurring social change. This method was used among youth in the Italian Alps, to understand the perspective of this group while providing them with tools to elicit social change. These adolescents experience marginalization both as members of a rural community and as youth. This method was then adapted into an educational tool for youth in Rochester, New York, who also experience marginalization as African-American children of low socioeconomic status. We see Photovoice as promoting adolescent identity development while encouraging skills for agency. jocelyn.kopfman@gmail.com (TH-129)


KRAUSE, Stefan (Beacon Coll) and PERKINS, Reed (Queens U) Cultural Heritage, Social Resilience and Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change Impacts in Yap State, FSM. In western Micronesia, sea levels are rising at 3-4 times the global average, saltwater intrusion is impacting freshwater supplies and food production, and local cultures are being forced to respond.  This paper examines aspects of Yap State’s intangible cultural heritage that must be considered when assessing the state’s adaptive capacity.  Cultural support networks connecting people throughout the state will almost certainly be relied upon to lessen the severity of climate change impacts.  More consideration should be given to efforts to safeguard elements of Yapese culture that maintain social resilience and thus decrease vulnerability to climate change impacts. skrause@beaconcollege.edu (W-04)


KRONENFELD, David (UCR) Culture’s Underlying “Atomic” Entities. Following up on my exploration of what culture is (in Culture as a System...) - as seen from a cognitive perspective as a differentially distributed system of pragmatic knowledge of goals, motives, values, groups and group structure, action options, the interpretation of the actions and motives of others, and so forth - I now would like to begin exploring the nature of culture’s underlying “atomic” entities (loosely speaking, the analogs of genes). david.kronenfeld@ucr.edu (F-102)

 

KRUG, Melissa (Temple U) Challenges to Sustainability in Fair Trade: Competition, Innovation, and Persistence. Fair Trade is often seen as an ecological and ethical alternative to conventional capitalism because its principles support sustainable human relationships, artisanal traditions, and environmental practices. To uphold these principles, fair-trade organizations must remain in business. I examine these multiple sustainabilities both in a Peruvian handicrafts organization and in Fair Trade generally as corporate “mainstreaming” (Dolan 2010; Raynolds 2009) and global competition challenge the strength and continuation of the movement. I additionally investigate the ways in which artisans negotiate prices, innovate designs, compete with industrial products, seek new markets, and otherwise struggle to sustain their businesses whilst upholding fair-trade practices. melissa.krug@temple.edu (W-131)


KUCHMAK, Eveline (Perot Museum) The Science of Temporary Exhibits: Why Museums Need Anthropologists. Although anthropologists are broadly trained and acquire a skill set that is holistic in scope and focus, few for-profit companies recognize the benefits of such training. By contrast, non-profit museums value and depend on employees that can synthesize information from a variety of sources and understand the cultural factors that influence a project’s impact on the community. I present a case study on how my undergraduate degree in anthropology prepared me to meet the demands of science museum project management, evidenced through my experience managing three temporary exhibitions. The implications this poses for undergraduate training and employment opportunities will be summarily discussed. ebkuchmak@gmail.com (TH-131)

 

KUGO, Yoko (U Alaska) Perceptions, Memories, Histories, and Languages in Indigenous Place-naming Practices. This paper focuses on indigenous and official place names in Western Alaska. The Iliamna Lake Central Yup’ik speakers named places based on their perceptions of the landscape and their interactions with plants, fish, and animals. Some narratives about places highlight a resilient way of Yup’ik life in sharing food with humans and non-humans at places and in remembering historical routes, whereas many official names originated from personal names that do not associate with the local environment. Using indigenous place names is an element of environmental communication that connects indigenous people to their local landscapes, languages, and cultural ethics. ykugo@alaska.edu (TH-122)

 

KULSTAD GONZÁLEZ, Tess M. (Grinnell Coll) The 500 Year Hurricane: Vulnerability in the Caribbean Region. Hurricanes are part of the Caribbean region’s natural environment.  They have affected its inhabitants for millennia and have become an intrinsic part of the area’s histories, cultures and worldviews.  Despite their regularity, hurricanes have become increasingly devastating.  In this paper, I describe how five centuries of colonization, imperialism, and capitalist exploitative models have helped make these normally-occurring and recurring hazards deadly.  Drawing from historical, archaeological, archival, ethnohistorical, and ethnographic data, I analyze how sociocultural, economic, political and historical processes have made the Caribbean particularly vulnerable to hurricanes. kulstadt@grinnell.edu (S-10)

 

KUNSTADTER, Peter (Prog for HIV Prev & Treatment) Persistence of Multiple Sources of Health Care under Universal Health Insurance in Multi-Ethnic Northwestern Thailand. We describe and consider policy implications of the persistence, in rural communities near the Thai-Myanmar border, of modern private health services, traditional remedies and market medicines along with Thailand’s Universal Healthcare insurance providing subsidized modern health services from widespread government facilities for citizens.  Survey data from adult men and women (88 Northern Thai majority citizens, 261 Chinese, 329 Hmong, 619 Lahu, 318 TaiYai ethnic minority citizens and non-citizens) allow analyses of relationships between purposes for which these options are used (including ANC, childbirth, family planning) vs. ethnicity, citizenship, Thai language ability, education, economic status, transportation, geo-location and self-rated health. peter.kunstadter@gmail.com (W-70)

 

KUONEN, Jessica, CONWAY, Flaxen, and STRUB, Ted (OR State U) Decoding the Role of Risk Perception & Uncertainty in the Communication of Marine Environmental Information: An Ocean Condition Forecast Case Study. A powerful way to adapt to changing environmental and social conditions is to understand how information about the environment is produced, distributed, consumed, and interpreted. Publically available short-term forecasts of currents, wind, and waves of are an important type of information that aids in decision-making and risk management.  Despite this, there are challenges that have prevented these forecasts from being as user-friendly as weather forecasts. This research examines differences in perceptions of risk and comfort with uncertainty between two interdependent communities: the “information provider” and “information user;” and how these perceptions influence the accessibility and usefulness of data. (W-47)