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Tuesday 4/3  Program  Session Abstracts
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 Paper Abstracts

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JACKSON, Deborah (Earlham Coll) Skin in the Game: Embodied Workers, Corporate Persons, and Risk in Canada’s Chemical Valley. This paper seeks to illuminate the daily experience of workers on the shop floors of Canada’s ‘Chemical Valley’ during the latter part of the 20th century, emphasizing encounters with hazardous conditions and materials as perceived bodily. At the same time, the unique political economic conditions in the region are considered, as they allowed corporations to exercise extraordinary control locally over information about their operations. In this paper, ‘risk’ is the primary analytical lens through which I contrast the experience of embodied workers with those of corporate ‘persons’ in one of the most industrialized regions of Canada. jacksde@earlham.edu (TH-44)


JACOB, Steven (YCP), WEEKS, Pris (HARC), and MCILVAINE-NEWSAD, Heather (W Illinois U) Please Help: Social Media, Disasters, and Citizens. During Hurricanes Harvey and Irma citizens responded to immediate needs of other citizens without waiting for official responders.  Responses ranged widely from people with gasoline cans providing some small amounts of fuel to evacuees to people with small recreational boats assisting in flood rescues.  At the center of all these quick responses were social media platforms.  Little is known about how such locally organized social media responses motivate citizen responders, who accesses social media to respond to urgent requests for help, or the decision-making process for choosing to post or respond.  This study will explore this phenomenon. sjacob@ycp.edu (W-137)

 

JAKUBOWSKI, Karin (Antioch U) Perceptions of Fishers to Climate Change in Puerto Rico’s Coastal Communities. Coral reefs provide important resources to Puerto Rico’s commercial fishers, recreational anglers, and ornamental collectors and exporters. However, the degradation of coral reefs and the decline in fish and other organisms that live in and depend upon these ecosystems have serious consequences of both ecological and socioeconomic nature. Climate change is also considered a major aspect affecting the well-being of coastal communities worldwide including fishing resource dependent communities. For these reasons, there is a strong need to understand what factors influence the perceptions and behaviors of fishers around the reef. This study investigated the perceptions of fishers and other stakeholders within coastal communities in Puerto Rico by interview and survey. karin.jakub@gmail.com (TH-01)

 

JALIL-GUTIERREZ, Sylvia (CCSU) No Tenim Por! (We Are Not Afraid!): An Autoethnography of the Terrorist Attack in Barcelona, August 17, 2017. In the aftermath of the attack in Barcelona, how did the residents of Barcelona make sense of the tragedy? What were ordinary citizens of Barcelona saying? How does this compare with the mainstream media reports in Barcelona and globally? How did I, as an anthropologist, make sense of what happened? Using autoethnography, this paper will elucidate my own personal experiences during and after the attacks in Barcelona and the discussions I had with others who were with me. I hope to draw attention to the larger cultural, historical and political issues as the residents of Barcelona understood and interpreted them. gutierrezs@ccsu.edu (TH-105)


JAMISON, Amelia and CROUSE QUINN, Sandra (UMD), FREIMUTH, Vicki (U Georgia) Trust, Race, and Flu Shots. Despite a recommendation for all healthy adults to be immunized for seasonal influenza annually, only 43% of adults report vaccination during the 2016-17 flu season; with significant racial disparities between Black and White adults. We conducted extensive qualitative research (utilizing both interviews and focus groups) with both Black and White adults (n=112) to explore salient themes related to flu vaccine uptake.  Distrust emerged as one of the greatest impediments to vaccine acceptance.  This presentation will discuss the role of trust and race as they relate to the flu vaccine and the pharmaceutical and governmental entities involved in vaccine production. (F-97)

 

JARAMILLO, Elise (PIRE) Talking to Neoliberalism: Negotiating with Organizational Theory in Implementation Science. Implementation science focused on organizations increasingly draws on organizational theories, which seek rational and replicable patterns in organizations’ structures and interactions with their external environment, as explanatory frameworks. However, these theories largely assume that stakeholders are capacitated to act as rational agents on a “level playing field.” Anthropological critiques of neoliberalism expose underlying assumptions about responsibility, power, and choice upon which organizational theories rest. Using examples from studies of an evidence-based child welfare intervention and healthcare access among Native American seniors, this paper problematizes the way in which organizational theories function ideologically to reinscribe existing structures of power and inequality. etrott@pire.org (W-40)


JENDOUBI, Heather (U Memphis) Sewing-up Discontent: Performing Virginity in Neoliberal Tunisia. Colonization of and through the female reproductive system has occurred for 10,000 years. In this study, I will explore the contours of one attempt at vaginal colonization through examining the importance of hymenal virginity and the use of hymenoplasty in unmarried Tunisians. Tunisia’s dichotomous forces toward Western modernization and maintaining its rich tradition, the increase in access to education for females, women’s entry into the labor force, and neoliberal economic policies have created a crisis within the marriable female population. Delicate dances between structure and agency illustrate the class-associated variance of symbolic violence (Bourdieu 1991). heatherjendoubi@gmail.com (F-129)


JENIKE, Mark and ERICKSEN, Doniell (Lawrence U), VANDERLINDEN, Lauren (UCSB) Community-Level Barriers to Maintaining a Healthy Bodyweight in Northeast Wisconsin: Support for a Collective Impact Model Initiative. Community health initiatives can build local support and target their efforts more effectively by including the voices of community members with relevant life experience.  Weight of the Fox Valley is a three-county, collective impact model, healthy weight initiative in Wisconsin.  In order to inform and support the initiative, we conducted five focus groups with 46 area residents with obesity.  Analysis revealed salient barriers to healthier dietary and physical activity patterns, as well as specific recommendations for community action.  Food culture, food systems, physical activity infrastructure, temporal and financial constraints, social support, fat stigma, and information dissemination were significant themes. mark.jenike@lawrence.edu (S-41)


JENSEN-RYAN, Danielle (U Wyoming) Wood-based Bioenergy Development in the American West: An Ethnographic Political Analysis. Qualitative policy analysis offers an ideal venue for examining local processes that connect actors, organizations, and institutions. To better understand whether and how policies impact wood-based bioenergy development, established policies were identified and investigated based on their association with the bioenergy industry. A typology of factors were assessed at the federal, state, and local levels across four Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and Montana. These factors were analyzed through archival materials and key informant interviews to identify how legal, regulatory, and administrative requirements constrain or enable wood-based bioenergy development in the American West. (TH-152)

 

JEROLLEMAN, Alessandra (Louisiana Water Works) Personal and Institutional Timelines for Hurricane Preparedness, Recovery and Mitigation. Institutional and personal timelines are constantly placed in tension by hurricanes, from decisions regarding preparedness and evacuation, to recovery and hazard mitigation decisions.  Government timelines for evacuation must allow time for the large-scale movement of populations; but, individually, evacuation timelines are impacted by myriad personal decisions that push the decision-making window out.  In recovery, institutional timelines, spread out across several agencies and timescales, don’t align with family decision-making timelines in which returning to a sense of normalcy is prioritized.  These varying timelines result in complications with the marrying of various sources of assistance leading to confusion and missed opportunities. alessandra@waterworksla.com (S-40)


JESKE, Christine (Wheaton Coll) Eliciting Good Life Narratives: What I Wish I Knew as a “Sustainable Development” Practitioner. From 2006-2008, I codirected a microfinance project aiming to build sustainable futures for young South Africans through entrepreneurship. Less than two years later, we shut down the organization. The reason stemmed from a disconnect between the kind of good life narratives assumed by our organization versus those of local youth. Moving beyond seeking local definitions of development—a task many anthropologists have undertaken—my subsequent years of research sought conceptions of sustainable futures that lie beyond ideas of development. This talk presents tools and methods valuable for both practitioners and researchers to elicit contextualized narratives of sustainable futures. christine.jeske@wheaton.edu (F-47)

 

JESPERSEN, Brooke, KORBIN, Jill, and SPILSBURY, James (CWRU) Older Adults and the Neighborhood Context of Child Maltreatment: Pathways to Improving Child Well-Being. Protecting children from child maltreatment is a complex challenge that warrants a thorough investigation of the context in which abuse and neglect occur.  Neighborhood ecologies are increasingly seen as an important context in which to examine maltreatment. Previous mixed-methods research in Cleveland, OH, revealed inverse associations between the presence of older neighbors and child maltreatment rates. Building on that research, this study of 400 adult residents in 20 Cleveland neighborhoods further explores the older neighbor-maltreatment association and delineates specific pathways through which neighborhood elders improve neighborhood quality and safety, contribute to child-rearing, and thereby reduce child maltreatment. (S-39)


JESSE, Amanda (U Dallas) Codeswitching in Hispanic College Students at Small Catholic Universities. The purpose of my research is to explore the various ways higher education in the US can influence Spanish language use and Spanish preservation. My ethnography, inspired by an interpretivist approach, examines how language use, particularly codeswitching, influences students’ understanding of their culture. Specifically, I am interested in how students raised in bilingual environments navigate spaces that are more clearly understood by their monolingualism. In my study, I use structured and semi-structured interviews and focus groups to examine codeswitching between Spanish and English in college students at two small private Catholic schools in Texas, one of which has a reputation for its Hispanic student outreach. ajesse@udallas.edu (TH-141)


JIAO, Yang (Miami U) Resource Thirst?: A Network Analysis of Chinese Aid in Africa. A common understanding of China’s role as an emerging global donor maintains that its development aid is primarily motivated by its need for natural resources and thus poses threat to sustainable development in recipient countries that rely on resource exports. By investigating 396 Chinese aid projects in the 2000-2014 period in Africa as an affiliation network that involves both implementing contractors and recipients, this article identifies central players among recipients and contractors. It argues that recipients with higher density of Chinese aid are not necessarily resource rich, nor do they export more shares of resources to China. fdujiaoyang@gmail.com (W-32)

 

JOHNSON SEARCY, Julie (Indiana U) Birthing a Better Way: Alternative Models of Care in South Africa. Public health care in South Africa provides free care for pregnant and birthing women, however this public health care system is overburdened and taxed creating conditions that disrupt women’s subjectivity and limit the care medical professionals can provide. This paper examines two alternative models for prenatal care and birth to women in the Eastern Cape. Based on over 30 interviews and participant observation at both sites, I discuss the interventions two midwives made in a system they felt did not best serve women. I draw on interviews with women who used these alternative models and their service providers to discuss key points of intervention for birth and prenatal care. jj78@indiana.edu (W-97)

 

JOHNSON, Ariel (MS State U) and COPELAND, Toni (U Alabama) “People Think Racism Is Dead, but It’s Not”: African American College Students’ Perspectives on Retention. African American students exhibit low retention rates at predominantly white institutions across the US. Mississippi State University is no exception, despite programs to address this. Available resources, support systems, aggressions, and racism impact enrollment and graduation rates. This paper presents research using anthropological methods to explore African American students’ experiences as well as knowledge of resources. Results indicate that too many students continue to experience racism. This project explores students’ experiences and the resources used by these students. Understanding students’ perspectives can inform future programs and policies to create safe and welcoming campuses and promote diversity and inclusion. anj226@hotmail.com (S-75)


JOHNSON, Jeffrey (UF) The Relevance of “Social Structure” in Anthropological Research Over-Time. This paper examines the importance and salience of the study of social structure in anthropological research through a qualitative data analysis of American Anthropological Association Conference Programs over-time. In the early eighties Norman Whitten, then editor of The American Ethnologist, received comments for a special issue on social structure such as “Issues of social structure are now dead.” Viewing social structure broadly, we also include studies using kinship, social networks and social relations.  The analysis looks at trends in the prevalence and networks of such concepts paying particular attention how such shifts in use relate to broader ideological shifts. johnsonje@ufl.edu (S-95)


JOHNSON, Mei (UDel) Delaware’s First Responders: The Complexities of a Sustainable Permanent Disaster Volunteer Structure. This paper uses the structure of Delaware first responders as a case study to explore the benefits and challenges of depending almost exclusively upon permanent volunteer responders for day-to-day operations and in disasters. Such heavy reliance on these volunteers can be both a boon and a barrier to planning for and engaging in sustainable long-term recovery, underscoring both strengths and vulnerabilities at the local level. Examining how first responder systems vary and work is critical to our operationalizing the concept of sustainability in disaster planning, as well as to our comprehending the complexities of preparedness and risk mitigation. mjohn@udel.edu (F-65)


JOHNSON, Melissa (USF) But What About the Children?: A Critical Analysis of Welfare Reform’s Effects on Vulnerable Children and Families. Public discourse on welfare in the United States has been fueled by faulty logic and stereotypes about the poor. Largely absent from the debate is recognition of how children are affected. This paper concerns the ways in which vulnerable children have been further disadvantaged by welfare reform. Specifically, I examine how particular values and beliefs about “the family,” children, and mothering are embedded in welfare policy and imposed onto poor families, as well as the implications this has for children’s welfare. In the post-welfare reform era, families who do not conform to state ideology risk losing both public assistance and their children. mhjohns4@usf.edu (TH-11)


JOHNSON, Teresa R., MAZUR, Mackenzie, and MURPHY, Kat (U Maine) Graying of Maine’s Lobster Fleet and Its Implications for Social Resilience. Although landings in the Maine lobster fishery are historically high, the sustainability of this iconic fishery is uncertain. The average age of fishermen in this fishery is increasing in a pattern that is consistent with the graying of the fleet seen elsewhere. Through oral history interviews and an analysis of existing data, we illustrate what graying of the fleet looks like in this fishery. We situate it in the social-ecological and institutional context of the fishery, consider generational differences, and then explore how it likely impacts the social resilience of the fishery, or its ability to respond to social-ecological change. teresa.johnson@maine.edu (W-61)


JONES, Barbara (Brookdale CC) “Respect the Locals”: Re-imagining Wildlife Protection through a Human-Centered Wildlife Conservation Strategy. Traditional conservation strategies rely on othering wildlife as if it can survive as wild nature separate from us. By connecting the services intact ecosystems provide to our human well-being, today’s more pragmatic and inclusive approach to conservation highlights how our own survival is predicated on co-existing with wild nature. In examining how strategies like the “respect the locals” conservation campaign, where wolves, sharks, and moose are being redefined as highly regarded and beneficial co-residents in popular human landscapes, this paper will explore how human-centered conservation strategies can make successful co-existence possible. bjones@brookdalecc.edu (S-02)

 

JONES, Rose (Perot Museum) Visitor Studies and Anthropology: An Emerging Paradigm Shift. This paper explores the methodological explosion that is quietly unfolding in museums, particularly within visitor studies. The rigid boundaries between evaluation and research are being deconstructed while anthropological concepts and methods are being reconfigured and repurposed. Ethnography is morphing into Human Design, cultural diversity is being dismissed, and fictionalized characters are replacing case studies. At core, is a methodological mash-up, a fusion and amalgamation of disparate disciplines, methods, and principles blending and colliding to transform the focus and scope of visitor studies. The implications this mash-up poses for anthropology and visitor studies constitutes the focus of this paper. rose.jones@perotmuseum.org (TH-131)


JORDAN SHETH, Alisa (UIC) Beyond Surveillance: Exploring the Environmental Influences on Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities and Dementia. Despite the increasing number of adults aging with intellectual disabilities (ID) and dementia, there is limited research that examines this group’s experiences, specifically considering participation across various environments within current service systems. While there is a growing body of literature focused on surveillance data, this group has traditionally been left out of the knowledge generation process. Understandings of these experiences will help illuminate how this community responds to environmental challenges that impact resilience and challenge social constructions.  This paper will discuss the preliminary findings of an exploratory qualitative study with implications for future accessible methodologies and ethnographic study. ajorda25@uic.edu (S-37)

 

JOSEPH, Daniel (UKY) We Are Stronger Than Hunger: Forced Migrants and Informal Economic Practices in Anse-À-Pitres, Haiti. After thousands of Dominican-Haitians and illegal Haitian migrants were forced out of the Dominican Republic in 2015, they arrived in a country socially, politically and economically deteriorated. They entered Haiti dispossessed, and had to undertake informal economic practices to survive and be, as one respondent put it, “stronger than hunger.” Drawing on 12 months of fieldwork in the Dominican-Haitian border town of Anse-à-Pitres and theories of the informal economy, I explore in this paper how everyday border-crossings of this group of forced migrants serve as a locus of informal economic activity in the face of statelessness and economic precarity. daniel.joseph@uky.edu (F-139)

 

JOSHI, Mahima and HAIDER, Kasuar (U Rochester) Birth, Bonding, and Buddhism: The Relationship between Religious Identity and Infant Care Practices in Ladakh. For decades, ethnographic studies in Ladakh, India have described parenting as more relaxed as compared to parenting in Western societies. Wiley interpreted this “emotional reserve” on the part of parents as stemming from Buddhist values of immaterialism, detachment, and impermanence. We challenge Wiley’s views as well as explore the changes in sociocultural circumstances in Ladakh over the last few decades and how they have impacted maternal thinking. We conducted ethnographic interviews with forty-two mothers from the city of Leh and surrounding villages. These maternal narratives paint a picture of infant care practices in a harsh high altitude environment. mjoshi2@u.rochester.edu (TH-159)

 

JUGO, Admir (Durham U) Sustaining Divisions: Ethnicising Genetic Research in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The war that ravaged BiH during the 1990s was brought to a standstill in 1995 through a peace agreement that placed ethnic collectivity above individuality further entrenching wartime ethnonational division between the warring parties. This paper aims to trace and examine how these ethnic divisions have found their way into scientific practice and narrative in Bosnia and Herzegovina: from the Austro-Hungarian physical anthropologist, to molecular biologist becoming nationalist war leader, propagandists and convicted war criminals, to today’s DNA scientist including ethnonational identities as biological categories in their research, arguing that it is now contributing to keeping wartime divisions alive today. admir.jugo@durham.ac.uk (S-47)