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Tuesday 4/3  Program  Session Abstracts
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 Paper Abstracts

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HA, JeongSoo (Independent) Visual Anthropology of Child Labor in Progressive Era New Jersey. Social photography disseminated in the Progressive Era portraying a significant young population in New Jersey working in harsh factory conditions was revolutionary in altering normative ideals of childhood, ultimately instigating a successful movement for the restitution of human rights deformed by industrialism through child labor protection laws and public education advocacy. Such publications, in their unvarnished mimesis, conclusively intervened in the public debate against the previously ineffective child labor laws and industrialists who manipulated visual fictions of children as worthless and unworthy of safeguard. (F-130)


HAANSTAD, Eric (U Notre Dame) Collaborative Ethnographic Assessment: An Anthropological Rubric for a Community Ecosystem. Over two summers, the ethnographic team of a community-based engineering project in South Bend, Indiana, continues to create modes of anthropological assessment while conducting collaborative research. The Bowman Creek Educational Ecosystem (BCe2) is an NSF-funded project designed to restore and enhance a vital but polluted St. Joseph River tributary by linking the efforts of local community groups, schools, and universities in a revitalizing small city. The team developed a modification of rapid ethnographic assessment, used previously in environmental, military, and other research applications. This paper provides an ethnographic rubric of community-based anthropological research for potential replication in future collaborations. ejhaanstad@nd.edu (W-49)

 

HADLEY, Craig, HRUSCHKA, Daniel, and MAXFIELD, Amanda (Emory U) Household Livelihood Strategies and Mental Wellbeing. Unlike many diseases, there some debate about whether poor mental health is a disease of poverty or a disease of affluence. Here we interrogate these opposing hypotheses by using novel techniques to estimate and categorize household wealth in large population-based surveys. Our preliminary results from Namibia suggest that wealth accumulation in the wage economy is associated with worse mental health whereas wealth in the agricultural economy predicts better mental health, even when we account of the impact of urban dwelling.  In the talk we ask whether these findings extend to non-African economies and what our findings mean for our understanding of the economics determinants of health. (W-130)

 

HAGER, Mackenzie (UCF) Reproductive Rights and Justice Advocacy: Who Is Represented? While reproductive rights campaigns in the United States have traditionally focused on promoting “reproductive choice,” feminists of color have called for a shift to “reproductive justice” in order to identify the needs of a wider range of women and promote advocacy that is more representative of the population it aims to serve.  How key activists engage with these intersectional issues remains understudied. Based on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in 2016-2017 at Planned Parenthood in Florida, I examine how advocates and volunteers understand the intersectionality of racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic representation in their work, and how that understanding shapes their advocacy strategies. maryh@knights.ucf.edu (F-134)


HALDANE, Hillary (Quinnipiac U) Decolonizing the State: Rethinking Indigenous Engagement with State Programs to End Violence. Indigenous peoples in Aotearoa New Zealand, Australia, and the Torres Strait Islands have, in good faith, engaged with the colonial state apparatus as they seek to address and ameliorate gender-based violence in their communities. In government documents and prevention policy there is generous space devoted to the issues uniquely facing Indigenous communities, but funding and enforcement has not been forthcoming. This paper explores the way Indigenous communities are speaking back to the state, and making claims for sovereignty through their focus on gender-based violence. hillary.haldane@quinnipiac.edu (F-39)

 

HALL-CLIFFORD, Rachel (Agnes Scott Coll) and ROHLOFF, Peter (Harvard U) A Lay Midwife-Centered Approach to Mhealth Technology for Improving Maternal Care in Guatemala. Rural indigenous populations in Guatemala have inadequate access to government health services, and reluctance to seek maternal care in available facilities is often based on a well-founded fear of mistreatment.  This presentation describes the co-design and implementation of a low-cost mobile device, centered on locally-produced pictorial and audio guides, to screen for perinatal complications with local midwives.  By assisting lay midwives in identification and referral of complications, the project supports existing community health resources with a cost-efficient, culturally-appropriate approach.  In this presentation, we discuss the advantages and challenges of supporting lay midwives and their patients in accessing biomedical care. rhallclifford@agnesscott.edu (TH-97)


HALL, Casey (UMD) Mothering After Incarceration: Navigating Reentry and Renegotiating Motherhood. With the unprecedented increase in the incarceration of women in the U.S., the impact of maternal incarceration on families and how mothering is constituted within the larger context of the U.S. correctional system have yet to be fully realized. Based on participant observation, interviews with formerly incarcerated mothers and community stakeholders, and archival data in the District of Columbia, the research explores the lived experience of mothering after incarceration. Findings suggest that mothering must be negotiated and renegotiated upon reentry, and that fictive kinship ties formed with other women while incarcerated continue after release and provided important social support. clh@terpmail.umd.edu (F-134)

 

HANDA, Ruchika, BATAL, Malek, and VISSANDJEE, Bilkis (U Montreal) The Importance of Gender Sensitivity in Diabetes Health Management: A Review of the Evidence from India. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a global health epidemic, and its management requires sustained changes in behavior and lifestyle practices. Our literature review shows that, in India, dietary habits, physical activity, and access to healthcare for diabetes management are mediated by gender. Despite this evidence, healthcare professionals do not integrate gender-sensitive diabetes management practices, pointing to a need for gender -sensitization. This research builds on the understanding of gender dynamics in diet-related disease management, thereby contributing to the Sustainable Development Goal of achieving Gender Equality. ruchika.handa@umontreal.ca (W-46)

 

HANES, Samuel and JOHNSON, Teresa (U Maine) Artisanal or Eyesore: Aquaculture Farms and Rural Gentrification on the Maine Coast. How does rural gentrification affect coastal community sustainability? Rural Americans have watched jobs drain away and young people exit. Meanwhile, a wave of amenity migrants descended on rural communities. Literature on rural restructuring captures the cultural and class conflicts abounding in these towns. In this presentation, we discuss two cases from coastal Maine where amenity migrants and aquaculture farmers find common ground, and we find that personal relationships and trust building are central to this process. These stories hold lessons for the numerous coastal regions facing similar economic and demographic upheavals. samuel.hanes@maine.edu (W-91)

 

HANSON, Francesco (CSBSJU) The Sun Shines for Everyone: Creating Community Solar Business Models That Include Culturally and Geographically Diverse Low-Income Americans. This paper explores the creation of new ownership strategies that allow low-income communities in the United States to access the benefits of solar energy. Through interviews with two new non-profits working in the emergent field of low-income community solar, this paper compares the practical applications of two ownership models- cooperative and community trust- serving low-income communities in Arizona and Minnesota. Furthermore, this paper examines the potential of expanding cooperative and community-trust-owned solar energy to a Somali community in central Minnesota. FJHANSON@csbsju.edu (F-133)

HANSON, Thomas (UC-Boulder) Invisible Lines in the Forest, Unfolding Risks and the Production of Vulnerability in the Bolivian Chiquitanía. The fire prone landscape of the Bolivian Chiquitanía is rapidly changing.  The confluence of development, resource grabs, natural resource policy, and land change is altering resource access, land tenure, and fire regimes. In this context risk and vulnerability are unevenly distributed across the landscape and population. Dynamics in the material and social landscape create new zones of risk and produce new forms of vulnerability in and for communities. Many people must burn to make a living but fire also threatens life and livelihood; in Bolivia’s eastern frontier, fire inhabits a liminal space between utilitarian and disastrous amid “21st century socialism.” thomas.hanson@colorado.edu (W-04)

 

HARBOR, Lucy (PSU) Nature, Culture, Services, Infrastructure: Capitalizing on Tourism in a Highland Maya Town? The Lake Atitlán region is rich in cultural and ecological resources, yet residents of Santiago Atitlán struggle to access benefits of the growing tourism industry based on those resources. This ethnographic assessment yields both emic and etic insights into the ways that the indigenous Tz’utujil negotiate the opportunities and challenges associated with their integration into the global tourism market. A Community Capitals Framework organizes this analysis of tourism’s impact on the factors that Tz’utujil residents identify as most essential for community development. Implications of lacking forms of capital are discussed in light of the anticipated growth of tourism in Atitlán. lharbor@psu.edu (TH-35)


HARPER, Krista, HUTTON, Sarah, HERNANDEZ, Castriela, GIRARDO, Vanesa, HOLMRICH, Caitlin, and SESMA, Elena (UMass) Exclusion and Belonging in the University Library: Building Inclusive and Sustainable Spaces for 21st Century Students. University libraries stand at the crossroads of technological changes to information publishing and transmission models and demographic transformations as students from underrepresented groups enter higher education.  Students of color and first generation students, in particular, face challenges in their social and academic lives that affect their experience of the library and campus. Our project applies ethnographic participatory action research and participatory design principles with students, faculty, and librarians setting the research agenda, collecting and analyzing data, and interpreting how research findings could be applied in library practice to build more inclusive spaces for the next generation of students. kharper@anthro.umass.edu (W-111)

 

HARRISON STOUMBOS, April, SCHAFFT, Gretchen, and WATKINS, Rachel (American U) Measuring Health Inequities of the Old Order Amish: Resources and Limitations. The Old Order Amish have been cited as paragons of good health and fitness in health literature; however, they also experience health disparities that are difficult to measure. Distinctive from other Anabaptist groups, the Old Order Amish have the most restrictions on technology. Most lack electricity and running water, and do not drive despite rural distances. Health reporting on this genetically inclusive group is inconsistent; neither the NIH nor the CDC keep databases exclusively focusing on Amish health. The Old Order Amish face special health needs that they manage with community financing for care, home-based cures, and family hospice services. ah3775b@american.edu (TH-41)


HARRISON, Frances (Binghamton U) Perspectives from Lithuania: How Militarization and Free-Market Fundamentalism Compromise the Integration Process. Since the Ukraine Crisis military spending and recruitment has increased in EU/NATO member Lithuania - but dramatic cuts to its refugee integration program have also been made since 2016. The program is already hardly sustainable on its 2020-capped EU funds, nor within a social system based on a labor code that forces its own citizens to emigrate. This paper argues that the relationship between Lithuania’s emigration rate and its national security policy is fostering new forms of insecurity and explains how militarization and free-market fundamentalism fortify a false sense of security that can only operate on destructive methods of exclusion. fharris2@binghamton.edu (S-03)


HARROD, Ryan, OGILVIE, Kristen A., and STERNBERG, Anna I. (U Alaska) TBI in Southcentral and Southwestern Alaska: Reviewing Alaska Trauma Registry Data for Cultural Patterns. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an epidemic in our country, but according to the State of Alaska, the incidence rate is 28% higher than the national average. Common risk factors for traumatic brain injury are well-established in the literature, but many specific settings and circumstances in Alaska put people at greater risk (e.g., rural transportation) and also result in the likely underreporting of TBI (e.g., lack of medical facilities). We analyzed a data set from the Alaska Trauma Registry to identify potential cultural patterns that put Alaskans at risk for TBI and that call for more investigation. rharrod2@alaska.edu (W-160)

 

HARTMAN, Hayley (Washington Coll) How Does Sense of Place Influence Decisions on Sea Level Rise. Community identity on the Eastern Shore of Maryland is socially, culturally and economically tied to the Chesapeake Bay.  On Tilghman Island, Hoopers Island, and Smith Island, what the Chesapeake Bay means to local residents is embedded in social relationships.  Interviews with 32 residents indicate that a profound sense of place influences how people interpret their observations of a changing environment, increases tolerance for flood risk and normalizes adaptative behaviors that preclude relocation. hhartman2@washcoll.edu (W-107)

 

HARVEY, T.S. (Vanderbilt U) Sustainable Stories, Capacity-Building, Environmental Protection, and the Work of Anthropology in Global Public Risk Reduction in Guatemala. Can the original science of humankind, anthropology, answer the needs of human beings, however varied or complex they may be? Though a perennial question, the urgency of our times demand real world answers. Based on two-years of medical and linguistic anthropological investigations in environmental protection and global public health as well as interdisciplinary collaborations and community engagement in Guatemala, the research and capacity-building efforts presented here, “stories of sustainability,” demonstrate challenges and opportunities involved in translating social science theories, methods, and tools into research that can contribute to sustainable (community-based) capacity-building in environmental protection and global public health risk reduction. t.s.harvey@vanderbilt.edu (F-65)

 

HASSOUN, Rosina (SVSU) Unsustainable Deportations and Exclusions: U.S. Policy towards Muslim and Christian Arabs and Chaldeans. Following the attacks of 9/11, over 900 Arabs and Muslims were detained and deported. Under the Trump administration, deportations of Arabs and Chaldeans and exclusions including refugees have increased. Beginning in April of 2017, the administration targeted Iraqi Christians and Muslims for deportations back to war zones. The unsustainability of such actions regarding ethical violations, UN rulings, and ramifications for U.S. image in the world is critical. This discussion includes 20 case studies and personal interviews from Michigan Arabs and Chaldeans that highlight the human suffering caused by these policies on their families and communities. rhassoun@svsu.edu (TH-17)

 

HAVEN, Forest (UCI) State Sensibility and Food Sense: Implications for the Regulation of Traditional Food Resources in Southeast Alaska. Throughout Alaska, Native peoples’ rights to access traditional subsistence food remains a point of tension with the state. Traditional foods are a resource conceptualized both as objects of cultural significance, and as a practice necessary for survival. Recognizing that our knowledge and connections to the world around us are reified through our senses, this paper will discuss the potential sensorial effects of state-regulated access to traditional foods. Specifically, how might liberally-based models for subsistence regulation—which dictates when, where, and how Native people can access traditional foods—work to shape Native peoples’ conceptualizations of these practices? fhaven@uci.edu (TH-99)


HAWKINS, Skyler (U Manchester) Violence, Politics and Intimate Knowledge Production: An Ethnographic Study of Progressive Social Policymaking in Conservative North Carolina. With thousands of North Carolinians experiencing homelessness or housing insecurity, the lack of affordable, safe and stable housing prohibits victims of gender-based violence from fully rebuilding their lives. If the goal of sound public policy is to offer support for victims, how can female lawmakers and community leaders whose keen interest and intimate knowledge of this particular kind of violence best provide much needed services for their most vulnerable constituents? This paper argues that legislative inactivity amounts to its own form of state-sponsored violence, and will highlight the work being done by women tasked with enacting social programs and policies. (F-99)


HAYES, Lauren (UC-Davis) Metaphors of Cleanliness and Contamination at an Auto Parts Factory in Appalachian Kentucky. A legacy of coal mining in Appalachia has linked regional working class identity to shared experiences of dangerous and dirty work. Manufacturing plants in the region, however, are increasingly fixated on individually operated machinery and systematized practices of cleanliness. This paper explores how work disciplines at a multinational auto parts manufacturing plant in Appalachian Kentucky intersect with metaphors of cleanliness and contamination that also characterized historical campaigns of reform directed at Appalachian people. I argue that these practices reproduce ideologies of class difference across multiple levels of work hierarchy. Applied anthropological research that informs workplace policy must take into account the local cultural-historical context of such work disciplines. (TH-91)


HECKERT, Carina (UTEP) Syndemics in Symbiotic Cities: Advancing Syndemics through Border Health Research. The syndemics framework has made significant contributions in understandings of how upstream social factors shape epidemiological patterns and disease vulnerabilities. This paper examines how border health research offers a compelling lens for understanding syndemic interactions due to the symbiotic relationships of border cities. Taking the US-Mexico border as a focal point, this paper reflects on three lines of research that could advance syndemic understandings of health: 1) the syndemics of deportability; 2) eco-syndemics and environmental disparities of the border; and 3) syndemic pathways and transborder flows. checkert@utep.edu (S-69)

 

HEINTZ, John (Harvard U) Critical Care: Social Space and the Reconfiguration of Consciousness in Intimate Partner Violence. In what spaces do we address the perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV)? The work that informs this question began from the broad notion of violence as any thought or action that leads to suffering, and was applied through ethnographic research in a marginalized district of Bogotá, Colombia. Working primarily with the perpetrators of abuse, this discussion will trace the unusual trajectory of one participant, ‘Jairo,’ away from violence. His experience raises questions about where the perpetration of IPV is addressed, in particular the under-realized potential of health care to serve as a critical space for reconfiguring gendered relations.John_heintz@hms.harvard.edu (W-104)


HELMER, Matthew and CERVENY, Lee (USFS PNRS) Cultural Heritage as an Ecosystem Service: Archaeological Perspectives on Identifying Priorities, Benefits, and Challenges of Integrating Heritage within Ecosystem Services. Of all the recognized cultural ecosystem services, heritage is one of the most clearly defined from a resource management perspective. Cultural resource management is primarily guided by laws and criteria which prioritize historical importance. However, conceptualizing cultural heritage as an ecosystem benefit alongside multiple complementary or competing benefits is a novel way for approaching cultural resource management. This paper will provide a critical analysis of cultural heritage as an ecosystem service, identify the human-ecosystem benefits that heritage may or may not provide, and present a framework through which heritage can contribute to the ongoing development of cultural ecosystem services. (S-02)


HEMRAJANI, Aashish (CHOW Proj) Sustaining Vulnerability: Notes of an Anthropologist Working in the Homeless Industry. Honolulu, Hawaii has for several years maintained the highest per capita rate of homelessness in the United States. This paper presents the perspective of a medical anthropologist employed as a homeless outreach worker. While trying to access housing, it becomes clear that institutional structures are designed not to end homelessness, but to sustain it within bounds optimal for the functioning of a neoliberal capitalist system. However, this paper also contrasts the effects of structural violence with the myriad benefits of a Housing First program that offers a sustainable future for the most vulnerable among the unsheltered homeless community. ahemrajani@chowproject.org (W-14)

 

HENDERSON, Heather (USF) and WILSON, Jason (TGH, USF) Evolving Epidemiology: Perceptions of Stigma and Access to Care in Acute Opioid Crisis. Opioid abuse is a serious public health issue. Opioid overdose is now the leading cause of injury death in the United States. Patient populations struggling with opioid addiction routinely experience barriers to treatment however in the form of stigma, often fearing reprisals (especially in an emergency). Challenging stigma, and articulating the needs of patients has the potential to begin removing these barriers. This paper aims to uncover how to reduce the stigma of opioid addiction during acute crisis, both with participants in various stages of addiction and health-care professionals who are involved with treatment in an urban emergency department. heather42@mail.usf.edu (TH-160)

 

HENDERSON, Nicole (U Alabama) Consensus and Contention in Cultural Models of Substance Use/Misuse in the US and Brazil. Two distinct cultural models of substance use/misuse risk were elicited in the United States and Brazil. While the models exhibit high content similarity, the structure and organization of the models vary significantly. The American model was shared, albeit internally contested, with individuals emphasizing either the importance of medical or moral factors. In contrast, the Brazilian model did not meet consensus, but subgroups based on residual agreement coefficients approached consensus with one group emphasizing psychological aspects of the model and the other emphasizing social aspects of the model. nlhenderson1@crimson.ua.edu (F-107)

 

HENDRICKS, Shelli (Fielding Grad U), COMER SANTOS, Katherine (Sci Exchange Int’l Sea Turtle Internship Prog), and NICHOLS, Wallace J. (Ctr for the Blue Economy) Measuring the Effectiveness of an International Sea Turtle Internship Program in Developing Future Leaders. Sea turtles are often referred to as the “ambassadors of the ocean,” and many people claim that just by being near turtles and the ocean, they experience a greater desire to conserve ocean health. Many who research or work long-term with sea turtles gain valuable skills in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) and international leadership. Our team analyzed data collected from student interns enrolled in the Science Exchange Sea Turtle Internship Program, which places undergraduate and graduate students under the supervision of sea turtle researchers in Latin America and the Caribbean. We report lessons learned and offer suggestions that can help other groups better measure and improve their effectiveness in creating the next generation of ocean leaders. shendricks@email.fielding.edu (W-12)

 

HENRY, Doug and DUNSTAN, Adam (UNT) The Discourse of Uncertainty and Risk in Childhood Asthma Rates. Scientific estimates of childhood asthma rates in North Texas are uncertain, varying between 13-25% (lifetime asthma).  Given the notoriously poor air quality in the region, and a distrust among many of state-level environmental regulatory agencies, this paper explores the factors that shape how people think about, communicate, experience, and act upon, perceived risk and vulnerability surrounding childhood asthma and ambient air pollution.  Scientific uncertainty provides space for competing knowledge claims and public uncertainty, while the beliefs and values of parents of children with childhood asthma can form the basis for meaningful action towards self-efficacy and empowerment. dhenry@unt.edu (W-160)


HENRY, Lisa (UNT) Understanding Food Insecurity and Hunger among U.S. College Students. Food insecurity among college students is higher than the national average of 12.7%. Prevalence studies report 14–59% of students are food insecure at some point during their college career. This paper discusses the meaning and experience of food insecurity among students. Most food insecure students are faced with issues of stigma and shame daily, which prevent them from seeking assistance from parents and federal social services. Alleviating student food insecurity requires multiple local solutions, which should be discreet, protective of student confidentiality, and work to alleviate stigma associated with food insecurity by raising awareness on campuses. lisa.henry@unt.edu (S-71)


HERCKIS, Lauren (CMU) Translating Research to Practice in Postsecondary Instruction. Evidence-based instructional practices and educational technologies can enhance learning gains for students at all levels. Government agencies and educational institutions alike have stated goals to catalyze the widespread implementation of research-based tools and practices, but sustained uptake of evidence-based teaching practice remains uneven in higher education. This paper presents a case study in the use of anthropological methods for the identification and realization of research-based solutions to real world implementation problems. Specifically, it explores the application of materialist theoretical approaches and mixed anthropological methods to bridging the research-to-practice gap in the implementation of instructional technology in postsecondary education. lrhercki@cmu.edu (W-100)

 

HERRMANN, Gretchen (SUNY Cortland) We Are Seneca Lake Wins the Day: Industry Retreats from Natural Gas Storage Expansion. In spring 2017 there was a bright spot in the Trump smoke-clogged atmosphere when Crestwood subsidiary, Arlington Storage, abandoned its effort to expand fracked gas storage in unlined salt caverns.  We Are Seneca Lake (WASL) had been staging colorful demonstrations blocking the entrance to the Crestwood facility for over two years, resulting in 650 arrests. Recently, those charged with trespass or disorderly conduct were encouraged to perform community service in Schuyler County to expunge their records of arrest.  As a result of this victory WASL has functionally dissolved except for an internet presence. This paper documents how WASL prevailed. gretchenh@cortland.edu (F-92)

 

HEUER, Jacquelyn (USF), FISHER, Brittany, and STANFORD, Lois (NMSU) The Farm Fresh Mobile Market Approach: Working towards Sovereignty and Sustainability in the U.S.-Mexico Borderland. With food insecurity on the rise, organizations often face the conundrum of how to combat hunger without compromising health. Mobile farmers markets represent a new strategy to bring fresh produce and foods into food deserts where healthy and affordable fresh food is difficult to obtain.  In the borderland, many of those who are food insecure also reside in food deserts, lacking access to fresh, affordable, and healthy food. This paper examines the first two seasons of a local mobile market by sharing the successes and challenges while also exploring the role of applied anthropologists in mobile market initiatives. heuerj@mail.usf.edu (TH-103)

 

HEUSER, Marissa and SLATER, Reuben (SUNY New Paltz) A Prototype Analysis of the Modern American Family. Prototype theory affirms that categories have volume, by which variants of a prototype are also members of a category.  We want to examine first what constitutes the prototype of family and what are the extensions from this model that are still considered as feasible constituents of the contemporary understandings of family. We use the pile sort method to examine possible variations and interview to understand the reasoning behind these variations. slaterr1@hawkmail.newpaltz.edu (S-05)

 

HEYMAN, Josiah (UTEP) The Edge at the Center: Power and Transformation Seen from the U.S.-Mexico Border. Actual geopolitical borders are complicated sites of governance over movement, human and non-human, which emerges from and reproduces important relationships and processes.  However, the symbolic representation of borders involves radical simplification.  Xenophobic and counter-xenophobic politics seize on those simplifications.  These processes, relationships, representations, and politics penetrate border communities.  Border people tend to develop counterhegemonic understandings of nation-states and their boundaries, although the communities are riven with internal debates.  In struggling for alternatives to dominant lines of political, economic, and ideological inequality, borders are not the margin, but rather an emerging center. Michael Kearney’s profound work shows us how applied, engaged, and activist anthropologists can be of service to this new world, waiting to be born. jmheyman@utep.edu (TH-124)


HIDALGO, LeighAnna (UCLA) “If We Don’t Get No Justice, You Don’t Get No Peace”: Street Vendor Movement. Los Angeles prohibits the sale of goods, wares, and merchandise on city sidewalks. In spite of this, an estimated 50,000 street vendors sell food and non-food items to the public (Economic Roundtable, 2015). For Black and Latino street vendors, race, racism, and nativism add an extra level of precarity, as both of these groups experience criminalization and police brutality in Los Angeles (Chief Legislative Analyst, 2014). At great personal risk, street vendors have spent 8 years mobilizing to legalize their industry. Amidst these contentions over public space, I partnered with street vendors and a non-profit to create a fotonovela (photo-based comic) with augmented reality (AR) embedded throughout. The fotonovela, is a powerful demonstration of poor people power, visually achieved through the collaboration of an anthropologist, a non-profit, and organized street vendors. leighanna456@g.ucla.edu (W-99)


HIGUCHI, Yoshiko and YASUNOBU, Ito (JAIST) Expansion of Nepalese Entrepreneurs in Japan. The Nepalese population in Japan has increased ten times more in a decade. We conducted ethnographic field research in the Nepalese community to explore the behavioral and thinking patterns of the rapidly increasing business people. While many Nepalese are challenged as new immigrants, there are successful entrepreneurs, including women, who have made themselves as leaders in ethnic enclaves. We tried to identify the strategies through which they achieve economic success in Japan, focusing on the relationship between social mobility and social capital. With the support of their community and the Japanese partners, Nepalese activities are expanding beyond ethnic business. yoshikohi@gmail.com (S-34)

 

HILLEWAERT, Sarah (U Toronto) Taking Teaching to “The Field”: Reflections on Curricular Travels to Tanzania. As instructors of anthropology, we teach theories informed by cultural relativism and long-term ethnographic fieldwork. Illustrations of these anthropological arguments, however, often remain limited to ethnographic articles, sometimes supplemented by documentaries. While we readily make connections to students’ everyday lives, discussions often retain a level of abstractness for learners. What does it mean to take students outside of the classroom and into “the field?” In this paper, I discuss my experiences with taking students on week-long trips to Ghana and Tanzania in the framework of an Anthropology of Gender-course, reflecting critically upon the opportunities and challenges it presented. (TH-51)

 

HIMMELGREEN, David, ARIAS STEELE, Sara, and BURRIS, Mecca (USF), DOBBINS, Jessica and KLEESTTEL, Debra (Humana), MANTZ, Thomas (Feeding Tampa Bay), MCGRATH, Emily and RENDA, Andrew (Humana), SERRANO ARCE, Karen and SHANNON, Elisa (Feeding Tampa Bay), PRENDERGAST, Kim (Feeding America) Towards a Holistic Understanding of Food Insecurity: Linkages between Food Insecurity, Social Isolation, and Loneliness among an Older Adult Population. The population of older Americans is continuously increasing. Along with children and minorities, older adults are particularly vulnerable for food insecurity and associated poor health. In this paper we discuss the results of a study funded by Humana that investigated the linkages between food insecurity, social isolation, and loneliness among an older adult population (65 yrs and older). Participants (n=238) at three medical clinics in the Tampa Bay were surveyed. Additionally, participants were interviewed (n=93) using a semi-structured interview guide. The results highlight the need to study food insecurity from a holistic perspective by using mixed  methods. dhimmelg@usf.ed  (TH-33)

 

HIRAMATSU, Anri (American U/ Inter-American Dev Bank) Female Mobility Service as an Instrument to Gender Equality: A Case of El Salvador. While the female urban population in Latin America has experienced great growth, urban services have been implemented by predominantly male planners. This has affected urban mobility such as travel patterns, security, and occupational segregation.  Services better addressing women’s need have launched in over 15 global cities.  One city is San Salvador, which has the world’s highest homicide rates and patriarchal power is predominant. This presentation illustrates an example of a female mobility service, including the social contexts, testimonials by the founder and its female drivers, and the utility of the service in this city. (F-103)


HIRSCH, Jennifer, KHAN, Shamus, REARDON, Leigh,and WAMBOLDT, Alexander (Columbia U) Power Dynamics: Complicating Campus Sexual Assault. Research on campus sexual assault has largely approached gendered power by examining heterosexual couples and men’s single-sex organizations. However, this flattens the complexity of how gendered inequality shapes sexual relations, ignores other forms of unequally distributed power (e.g. race, relative sobriety, differences in LGBTQ “outness”), and fails entirely to explain either the elevated vulnerability faced by LGBTQ students or the less numerous instances in which heterosexual men are sexually assaulted by women. Drawing on a 16-month ethnographic study with Columbia and Barnard undergraduates, we provide a more complete accounting of how power relations influence and structure campus sexual assault. jsh2124@columbia.edu (S-44)

 

HITCHCOCK, Robert (UNM) and BABCHUK, Wayne (U Nebraska) Tourism, Heritage Preservation, and Sustainable Development: Kalahari San Perspectives. A major set of issues relating to indigenous peoples in the Kalahari Desert region of southern Africa revolves around the impacts of tourism and whether tourism represents a source of sustainable economic development at the local community level.  Tourist numbers have increased substantially in the past decade. San NGOs are often dissatisfied with ways that tourists behave in their areas. Social, economic, and environmental sustainability are key concerns of governments, the private sector, and local communities. On the other hand, benefits include income, employment, and the fact tourism can reinforce cultural identity and underscore the importance of value systems. rhitchcock@unm.edu (W-95)

 

HOFFER, Lee (CWRU) Blending Ethnographic and Algorithmic Complexity: Applying Agent-based Modeling to the Opioid Epidemic. Over the years of sharing interest in combining ethnographic research and Agent-Based Modeling (ABM) in the study of illegal drug distribution, Mike Agar’s mentorship shaped my thinking on social complexity in a number of critical ways. His influence continues to inform my work. One long-running theme of our interactions concerned how the combination of ethnography and ABM could evolve from a thought-experiment lab to practical application. No one was better at thinking creatively about this topic than Mike. This presentation outlines the latest iteration of an ABM seeking our shared applied objective within the context of the modern opioid epidemic. ldh24@case.edu (TH-95)

 

HOFFMAN, David (MS State U), SCHEWE, Rebecca (Syracuse U), FREEMAN, Matthew (Gulf of Mexico Fishery Mgmt Council), WITT, Joseph and SHOUP, Brian (MS State U) Citizen Science and Collaborative Resource Management: Successes and Challenges with Vietnamese American Fishing Communities on the U.S. Gulf Coast. In this paper, we combine the paradigms of collaborative resource management and citizen science to examine the engagement of Vietnamese American fisheries stakeholders in the US Gulf Coast with state and federal agencies. First, we examine key barriers to engagement of Vietnamese American stakeholders in Gulf Coast fisheries. Second, we examine both successful and unsuccessful citizen science projects that engaged Vietnamese American fishers. Bringing together these findings, we argue that Stakeholder Science – respectful collaborative science projects with stakeholders and agencies – may serve to overcome some challenges to engaging diverse stakeholders and overcoming stratification. dhoffman@anthro.msstate.edu (F-32)

 

HOFFMAN, Heather (U Missouri) Higher Education and Rural Brain Drain: Understanding the Rural Student Journey. As the media grappled with the results of the 2016 election, rural “brain drain” was used to explain a rural-urban divide in voter behavior, with rural communities portrayed as embittered by dwindling economies and outflows of their youth.  This narrative reflects the popular imagination that colleges provide a necessary “escape” from rural life, but to what extent is this the reality?  What factors shape rural student paths before and after college, including what colleges they select and where they ultimately live?  How might we better incorporate rural communities into our understanding of the broader impacts of higher education? (TH-19)

 

HOFFMAN, Susanna (Hoffman Consulting) Disasters and the Shadow Side of Sympathy: An Overview. This opening presentation sets the stage for the panel topic. It reviews the issues advanced in the panel abstract entwined in the politics of sympathy, that while true kindness exists in some organizations and certainly staff, often both the aura of solicitude plus the actions that follow it within a disaster scenario are highly political. The ownership of sympathy becomes agency. It conveys admiration and thus imparts power, determination, and creates the meta-phenomena of drawing sympathy, plus the rewards of such, in response to sympathy. Noting also is that victims are also cultivators and users of sympathy. susanna@smhoffman.com (TH-16)

 

HOKE, Morgan (U Penn) Feeding Children from the Home: The Importance of Home-produced Foods in Sustaining Infant Growth in Nuñoa, Peru. Animal source and other locally produced foods represent a key element in sustaining infant health and growth. Such sources of food can be particularly significant in the context of communities undergoing rapid economic and nutritional transition. In this paper, I examine economic production data collected from a rural district of highland Peru to understand the relationship between foods home-produced foods (HPF, i.e. milk, meat, eggs, and agricultural products), infant diet, and infant growth. These findings contribute new insights into literature surrounding nutritional and HPF based interventions, indicating that HPFs are important for their nutritional and economic value. mhoke@sas.upenn.edu (TH-133)


HOLBROOK, Emily (USF) Applying Applied Anthropology: A Project with Congolese Refugees. Research with Congolese refugees on food and nutrition unveiled varied problems affecting the community and impeding the transition to life in the United States. Along with overall food insecurity, unexpected issues with school bullying and harassment, communication with assistance services, and low attendance rates in ESOL classes led to avenues for applied interventions to assist this community. This paper discusses some of the applied projects that have resulted from a year-long study on the dietary habits of recently resettled Congolese refugees living in Florida. emilyaholbrook@gmail.com (W-33)

 

HOLLADAY, Stephanie (UNT) Exploring Cultures of Giving at a Literacy Nonprofit in Roanoke, VA. Blue Ridge Literacy, a small nonprofit located in Roanoke, Virginia, provides English literacy classes and tutoring for adult learners. This paper explores the history of giving at BRL and asks why people give, focusing on the behaviors that BRL donors exhibit. Along with analysis of survey data, this paper incorporates qualitative data from donors at BRL. This project has been conducted to help develop sustainable giving structures and recommendations for the organization in the future. sdfholla@gmail.com (F-44)

 

HOPSON, Rodney, POWELL, Marvin, BOGDEWIECZ, Sarah, and KAUL, Akashi (GMU) No Race, No Disparity Gap: Understanding Mason’s Success in Decreasing Racial Disparities in College Students’ Graduation Rates. National data on college graduation rates continue to show that racial and socioeconomic gaps persist at two-year and four-year educational institutions in the United States. Explanations suggest that colleges can do more to influence the college graduation rates of an increasingly diverse population of students who matriculate and graduate yearly despite their lower socioeconomic status.  Building off of a recent Education Trust report which reported institutional level graduation rate data for some 676 four-year public and private institutions and showed that George Mason University was identified as one of the top-performing institutions, this paper will explore the unique institutional actors, policies, programs, and/or mechanisms that may explain recruitment, engagement, and retention efforts that translate to black, Latino/a and PELL Grant recipient student success at George Mason University. rhopson@gmu.edu (S-75)


withdrawn HOU, Jing Rong (Independent) How Tourism Can Help Preserve Intangible Cultural Heritage: Take Sanjiang China as an Example. This paper aims at discussing the importance of tourism in helping preserve intangible cultural heritage, in ethnic areas.  Facing the crash of rapid flows of commodities, and standardization, many heritages risk as being led to the final destination of museums, anthropologists can help to better present their value to a larger audience, and combine culture, tourism, education, promotion and commerce to help to prolong the life of cultural heritage. This paper will focus on the Dong and the Liujia, which is a special sub-Han group to show how the local conscience of cultural heritage is aroused and put forward. gxitracy@hotmail.com (F-131)


HOUSER, Zachary (NCSU) Political Leadership and Local Politics: A Case from San Lucas Tolimán Guatemala. The actions of government officials can impact every aspect of one’s daily life. While national political figures can, of course, bring significant change, in Guatemala the actions of a mayor are what have the most direct impact on citizens’ daily lives. However, before any elected official can enact his or her agenda, they must first be elected. Based on data from the community of San Lucas Tolimán from the summer of 2017, this paper explains the functioning of the electoral process in Guatemala and examines the demise of the Cofradía System (civil-religious hierarchy) and Guatemala’s political party structure. zbhouser@ncsu.edu (TH-35)


HRITZ, Carrie (SESYNC/UMD) Engaging Synthesis: Social Science Perspectives on Climate Change. This paper will discuss the evolving role of applied anthropology in climate and sustainability research, and actionable science through two recent examples of a federal-academic effort to examine social science perspectives on climate change. The first is the evolution of the role of social science in federally funded Synthesis centers. The second example will focus on the output of an effort coordinated through the US Global Change Research program that brought together anthropologists, archaeologists, geographers and sociologists to address key topics in climate research with the aim of highlighting key keys and approaches for integrating, translating and synthesizing transdisciplinary research and implementing actionable science. chritz@sesync.org (F-35)

 

HUGHES RINKER, Cortney (GMU) “Actively Dying” Patients: The Creation and Transformation of Muslim Identities through End-of-Life Care. This paper draws on research primarily in the Washington, D.C. area with Sunni Muslim patients and families as they interact with the U.S. health care system during end-of-life care. I focus on the “actively dying” patient and suggest the dying body is a site through which religiosity and Muslim identities are created, transformed, or contested. Using examples from my fieldwork in a hospital where clinicians and families gathered around the “actively dying” patient to discuss options, I examine how the deteriorating body, dying, and death informed the ways patients and loved ones understood religious principles and viewed themselves as Muslims. (S-97)


HULSBRINK, Eloiss (UC Denver) Finding “Freedom” in the Saddle: Social Reproductions of Exploitative Work Practices in the Bicycle Messenger Community. Studies of neoliberal policies have shown that the prioritization of unregulated markets and privatization have been associated with downward pressure on job security, responsibility for workers’ welfare, and wages. The present study uses qualitative methods to understand the effect of macro-level structures on individual workers in precarious industries, specifically focusing on the occupational subculture of bicycle messengers. Messenger culture rejects societal norms and the formal economy; yet, resistance to mainstream society and the internalization of hegemonic structures reproduces the downward pressures that accompany neoliberal policies. This study concludes with recommendations for more sustainable policies to protect workers in precarious industries. (W-14)

 

HUME, Douglas (NKU) What Is an Expert?: Sugar Cane Farming Knowledge in Northern Belize. For the past four years, sugar cane farming knowledge has been collected as part of an ethnographic field school among communities in northern Belize, in collaboration with several developmental organizations focusing on farming and community development in the region. Cultural model data on agrochemicals, pests, soils, and sugar cane varieties has been collected.  Some farmers demonstrate more knowledge of the number of folk terms within a domain, others show more knowledge of the attributes of the folk terms within a domain, and yet others have higher consensus with other farmers about a domain’s structure.  This paper summarizes the findings of cultural model research in farming knowledge domains and then discusses the potential impacts of different types of knowledge for different agricultural development programs. (F-42)


HUNDLEY, James (Binghamton U) The Thin Green Line: Coast Salish Resistance to Energy Projects. Energy transmission projects such as the Enbridge and Kinder Morgan pipelines in BC and the Gateway Pacific Coal terminal in WA present challenges for the indigenous nations whose territory they cross or propose to cross. To more effectively fight against these projects which threaten the environmental sustainability of the Pacific Northwest region, many tribes and First Nations have begun to emphasize their common Coast Salish nationality. This paper, based on ethnographic fieldwork from 2013-2016, examines the mechanisms by which the Coast Salish are unifying under a single, emergent national framework to speak with one voice to protect a transnational Salish Sea ecoregion. jhundley@binghamton.edu (TH-02)


HUNT, Carter (Penn State U), STRONZA, Amanda and FITZGERALD, Lee (TAMU) Biodiversity Conservation and Ecotourism: Use and Misuse of the Science. Debate continues about the merits of ecotourism. Yet misguided, generalized use of this specific concept, coupled with poor research design, inattention to social science data, and mismatched scales of analysis, make critics blind to the critical role ecotourism is having in protecting endangered species and supporting large, natural areas for research and biodiversity conservation. We point to ways for conducting rigorous, empirical research to evaluate the effects of ecotourism and the net social and ecological benefits it provides at different scales. Ecotourism is not a panacea, yet it is part of an array of long-term solutions for justifying large protected areas and building local stewardship, support, and institutional capacity for managing wildlife sustainably. cahunt@psu.edu (W-122)

 

HURD, Kayla (U Notre Dame) Broadening the Impact: Edible Insects to Sustain the Future. Though often seen as taboo in the United States, entomophagy, or the practice of eating insects, has considerable nutritional and environmental benefits.  My research examines the nutritional efficiency of edible grasshoppers via chemical analysis, and advocates for the use of insects as both food sources and traditional remedies. Here, I reflect on my experiences presenting this research to high school students. I suggest that anthropologists are well-suited for educational outreach activities by quantitatively demonstrating the health and environmental benefits of this alternative agricultural practice, while simultaneously drawing on cultural training to relinquish the stigma associated with edible insects. khurd@nd.edu (S-41)

 

HURLEY, Patrick, EMERY, Marla R., DETWEILER, Jennifer, FERNANDEZ, Victor, BECKER, Sarah, MCGILLIS, Kristin,and HANSCOM, Megan (Ursinus Coll) Assessing the Material Benefits Supply of Philadelphia’s Urban Forests: Toward a Forager-Oriented Methodology for Studying Urban Provisioning and Cultural Ecosystem Services. Urban forests generate material and non-material benefits for city residents. Despite attention to these provisioning and cultural ecosystem services, analyses often overlook supply-side dimensions. Questions about the harvest and materials activation extent of species remain. Using survey data of urban foragers and a citywide inventory of trees in Philadelphia, we document the correspondence between actual foraging practices and species composition. We analyze species harvests relative to abundance, while further analyzing which services are most frequently activated through material-specific uses of harvested species. Findings illustrate the relative importance of species-specific materials for food, medicines, and other resource benefits. phurley@ursinus.edu (S-32)


HUSSAIN, Nazia (Independent) Policy and Health Engagement: The Social Impact of Systemically-Driven Fear on Family Well-Being. The Texas child welfare system was charged as unconstitutional and in need of urgent reformation. Relatedly, as a preventive measure, there are several effective home-based early interventions involving community organizations that provide an array of concrete and referral services to reduce contact with the system. However, also considering a new political environment regarding immigration, many families began to withdraw marking a shift in engagement with these interventions. This paper discusses the complex intersection of policies affecting families in multiplicities, and the subsequent creation of fear as related to the welfare system and public health engagement through ethnographic accounts from Dallas. nhussain@smu.edu (TH-09)

 

HYUN, Haerreem (SUNY Geneseo) The Impact of Low-Socioeconomic Status on the Mental Health and Self-Efficacy of College Students. The anthropological study of individual and population health acknowledges that health is an intersectional phenomenon affected by race, gender, socioeconomic status, and other social determinants. Focusing particularly on college students, I use an ecological perspective and multilevel theories of structural inequality to examine how low-socioeconomic status affects mental health and self-efficacy. I investigate how low-socioeconomic status encourages academic success yet negatively affects mental health, suggesting increased opportunities and support for these students; especially in a competitive environment surrounded by their counterparts. Haerreem@gmail.com (TH-19)