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 Paper Abstracts

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D’INGEO, Dalila and GRAVLEE, Clarence (UF) “It’s Impossible to Eat Enough If You’re Worried about the Next Meal”: A Mixed Methods Approach to Understanding Food Insecurity from a Social Justice Perspective.  Building on Feagin’s theory of systemic racism, we use food as a lens to study racial oppression in low-income black neighborhoods of Tallahassee, FL.  This paper investigates how food habits are profoundly connected to everyday, direct and vicarious experiences of discrimination, poverty, and violence, as narrated by 23 African American adolescents. We adopt a mixed methods approach to question the traditional concept of food insecurity and propose an ecological perspective on this issue.  African American adolescents are exposed to a variety of discriminatory and violent experiences that might impact their physical and psychological well-being and affect their daily habits. In qualitative interviews adolescents describe a feeling of general vulnerability that creates challenges in the measurement and study of food insecurity in communities of color. (TH-03)

DAIMON, Hiroaki and ATSUMI, Tomohide (Osaka U) “Pay-it-forward” among Post-disaster Communities in Japan. Following a disaster in Japan, a large number of volunteers rushed to the affected areas and recently created a chain of support among survivors. Following the Tohoku Earthquake in 2011, 2004 Chuetsu earthquake survivors-turned-volunteers helped the people in Noda village, which suffered from the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake. Those who were survivors in Chuetsu were also helped by volunteers in the former disaster. This paper focuses on the small post-disaster communities of survivors to explore whether debt-oriented volunteerism in Japan can be seen in natural disasters. Based on analysis of case studies, we discussed the possibilities in extending post-disaster volunteerism. (W-137)

DAKIN KUIPER, Sierra (Brandeis U) Unsettling National Parks and Rethinking Designation in British Columbia’s Flathead River Basin. In British Columbia and Montana, there are continued concerns about the future of the transboundary Flathead River Basin—adjacent to the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park—where I conducted fieldwork in 2017 with members of the Ktunaxa Nation and Euro-Canadians. For thirty years, environmental groups have advocated for national park designation in Canada’s Flathead. However, many land users express a desire to protect the area from this designation. In this presentation, I highlight three narratives to explore how the “multivocality” of place exposes the conflicting dual mandate of national parks and suggest a need to rethink parks as suitable land protection. (W-62)

DALE, Hannah (UMD) The Transfer of Traditional Ecological Knowledge in a Rural Mozambican Community. Knowledge transfer is an essential component that ensures the survival of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK). Paths of knowledge transfer in social networks can reveal power dynamics influencing transmission through parameters such as kinship, age, gender, and social status. This study will analyze freelist data and social networks from the rural community of Madjadjane, Mozambique to understand who youths ages 15-35 consult for environmental knowledge and the social ties that are created or reinforced. Results are expected to show that kinship and social status are valuable parameters indicating youths’ choices in TEK experts, which could involve power relations concerning this knowledge. (W-92)

DAVENPORT, Sarah (UCF) Whose Sustainability?: A Case Study of Environmental Equity and Sustainability in Practice in Central Florida. Despite assumptions in the environmental movement that sustainability initiatives serve a common good, scholarship reveals that environmental problems and sustainable solutions differentially impact marginalized communities.  This paper critically examines sustainability initiatives and practices of an urban farming organization in Florida. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in 2017, I explore the extent to which these initiatives incorporate race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic class when working to provide sustainably grown food in diverse communities. I argue that the organization’s focus on education as a barrier in low-income, food desert neighborhoods neglects to integrate experiences of those living on the margins into new initiative planning. (S-71)


DAVIDHelena Maria Scherlowski Leal (UERJ) #uerjresiste (#uerjresists): How Long?: An Autoethnography on the Dismantling of Public University Education in Rio de Janeiro. Since 2015, the State of Rio de Janeiro has penalized workers in public universities. The UERJ, a symbol of higher education popularization and social inclusion, undergoes a dismantling process that also expresses the growth of right-wing, ultra-religious conservative thinking. Teachers and workers have developed strategies of resistance and mobilization in the streets and in the parliament, but the participation of students is low, which leads to think that the process of social and economic inclusion of last decades under the governments of the popular field did not result in sufficient extension of the political awareness of the rights of citizenship. (TH-105)

DAVIDHelena Maria Scherlowski Leal and JORGE, Mariana de Almeida (UERJ) Old Disease, New Processes: Social Networks of Tuberculosis Patients in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. The high prevalence of tuberculosis in poor areas of Rio de Janeiro is an emblematic issue regarding the continuous forms of poverty that occur in rich cities in Brazil. Narratives of tuberculosis patients were analyzed, with support  of Social Network Analysis. The results discuss factors related to social origins of disease and popular forms of coping with tuberculosis and the role of local health care in a neoliberal conjuncture that affects social policies based on civil rights. (W-139)


withdrawn DAVIS-FLOYD, Robbie (U Texas) Developing the International Optimal Childbirth Initiative (IOCI): Applying Anthropology to Lower Cesarean and Other Intervention Rates and Improve Birth Outcomes Worldwide. Moving birth into facilities worldwide has failed to improve outcomes, motivating the International MotherBaby Childbirth Organization and FIGO to co-create the International Optimal Childbirth Initiative (IOCI): 12 Steps to MotherBaby-Family-Friendly Maternity Services, designed to certify compliant facilities. With the BFHI as its 12th Step, the IOCI is a comprehensive effort to minimize intervention, decrease mortality, and improve quality of care. This talk presents the IOCI 12 Steps and indicators for their implementation, and describes how, as the primary wordsmith, I was able to apply anthropological awareness to ensure that the IOCI can work in high, middle, and low-resource settings. (F-10)


DAVIS-SALAZAR, Karla L. (USF) Associate Dean as Bricoleur: Middle Management in Higher Education. Associate deans in higher education provide leadership in a variety of academic areas, including curriculum development, faculty development, accreditation, and assessment. In short, they get things done. Typically, the things associate deans get done have been mandated from above, which they then must implement below. Situated thus between upper administration and faculty, these middle managers find themselves both “the victims and the carriers of change” (Anicich and Hirsh 2017). Drawing from interviews with associate deans at public universities in the U.S., this paper explores the strategies and tools used by these higher education bricoleurs to effect and adapt to change. (F-111)


DAVIS, Kayla (U Tennessee) Bridging the Gaps of the Refugee Crisis in East Tennessee. In 2017, I presented an hour-long educational forum about the current refugee crisis to citizen of East Tennessee. During the development process of this presentation, I noticed that many of the people with whom I had spoken were compassionate about the plight of refugees, but that often didn’t translate into the decisions they made when voting. The purpose of the presentation was to gauge the influence an educational presentation would have upon the opinions of those who received the information. The hope was to bridge the gap I had witnessed between compassion on a personal level, and lack of compassion at a policy level. (S-47)

DAYE, Rebecka (OR State U) Social Movements and Food Democracy: GMO-free Activism in Jackson County, Oregon. Food sovereignty is increasingly being conceptualized as a human rights problem. This is evidenced in the growth of local actors, communities, and nation-states that are working towards a food sovereignty agenda. Indicators of food sovereignty center on people having the right and ability to define their food polices.  In passing a ban on the use of genetically-modified seeds in agriculture, Jackson County, Oregon has obtained some measure of food sovereignty. This ethnographic research elucidates how efforts to gain food sovereignty fit within the broader context of social movements, the human right to food and the call for increased food democracy. (S-31)

DE MUNCK, Victor (SUNY Newpaltz, Vytautas Magnus U) A Socio-Cognitive Theory of Culture. To reconcile the paradox of how culture, while collective, can only reside in individuals, I use four synthesizing concepts: norm circles, joint commitment, accessing interiority, and the as if nature of culture. I posit cultural models as the basic units of culture. (F-102)

DE PREE, Thomas (RPI) Pedagogical Possibilities for the Study of Environmental Health Sciences, Engineering, and Governance of Ecological “Sacrifice Zones.” During the second half of the 20th century, northwestern New Mexico became the primary production site for one of the world’s largest nuclear arsenals. By the start of the 21st century, after five decades of intensive uranium mining and milling, the “Grants uranium district” closed and was designated an ecological “sacrifice zone,” on account of the proliferation of mine waste—uranium tailings and other byproducts of extraction. This paper accounts for the technopolitics of environmental monitoring and remediation of contaminated groundwater in the area and considers possibilities for critical pedagogical modes of inquiry and intervention among regional stakeholders. (W-141)


DEACONU, Ana Laura and BATAL, Malek (U Montreal) Alternative Food Production for Healthier, More Sustainable Farming Communities. Family farmer associations in Ecuador have organized to grow food that supports the environment, local economies, indigenous culture, and human health. Their agroecology-based production methods have had positive impacts on access to nutritious foods in their own families and communities. Given the economic and social marginalization of these predominantly indigenous communities, high rates of malnutrition, high poverty rates, and challenging environmental circumstances, this study highlights a provocative example of vulnerable people employing self-organized, sovereign strategies to reach the Sustainable Development Goal for Sustainable Cities and Communities.  (W-16)

DEHAAS, Jocelyn (UNM) A Dog, a Tool, a Friend: Public Associations with Guide Dog Use by the Blind. Owners of guide dogs often report that getting the dog is a life-changing event - they gained independence they didn’t have before, increased self-esteem, and even a different understanding of their own condition. In the social arena, people who are blind and their dogs are perceived as less helpless, less disabled, than people who are blind and without a dog. It can have negative repercussions as well as well. My research focus is people with blindness who have dogs and those who do not and the general public with whom they interact demonstrates both the benefits and drawbacks of having a dog. (S-67)

DELBENE, Roxana (Drew U) Normalizing Symptoms to Accommodate to Certain Biomedical Expectations: A Narrative Medicine Analysis. Narrative medicine criticizes the failure of biomedicine to listen to patients’ stories. This paper is a close reading analysis of the narrative that Georgia, a woman in her late sixties, told me. Diagnosed with Lyme disease in the mid-1980s, Georgia’s infection remained undiagnosed for more than a year. The paper examines Georgia’s verbal ways of normalization to accommodate her symptoms to the biomedical expectations of her doctor, and how her doctor normalized Georgia’s symptoms to fit into a psychiatric diagnosis. The paper reflects about the function of delivering diagnoses (or misdiagnoses) as a normalizing strategy within the patient’s disrupted world. (W-127)


DELEON, Jordan (Columbia Teachers Coll) Facts Or Alternative Facts: The Institutional Response to Transnational Birthing in El Salvador. Health care in El Salvador has changed drastically in the last few decades with greater access for rural populations formerly cut off areas of the country. Perquín Clinic is a hub where patients cross the border from Honduras to use El Salvador’s public health system at no charge, just like nationals. The aim of this paper is to examine the institutional response to these medical migrants in prenatal obstetric consults. Observing how these women are integrated into the system can help to ground our political discussions of immigrant healthcare use and potentially parse fact from alternative fact. (TH-11)

withdrawn DELSHAD, Ashlie and MONAHAN, Lynn (WCUPA) Promoting Sustainability and Combatting Food Insecurity through Campus Gardens. West Chester University started organic gardens at its campus in 2002. Initially these gardens, which were only a few raised beds, were a space to help students in honors courses reconnect with the land, learn how food is grown, understand concepts like seasonality and organic production, and learn how to cook the produce they helped grow. Since that time, the university has expanded to having three gardens maintained by student interns and volunteers, and overseen by faculty advisors from a variety of academic disciplines.  Moreover, the produce now primarily goes to students who are food insecure on our campus. (W-21)

DEMETRIOU, Nicole (Moffitt Cancer Ctr) Self-Care as Sustainability. Burnout can occur at the individual, group or even system level, and the exhaustion brought on by burnout can lead to doubts about competence, the value of one’s work, and ultimately disengagement.  This paper will explore the use of self-care techniques utilized at the individual, group and system levels within a national health care system as it transitions from disease management to whole health, as well as offer practical strategies for session attendees to practice self-care. (F-124)


DEMYERS, Christine and WUTICH, Amber (ASU) Bringing Stakeholder Analysis into Research on Sustainability Transitions: Stakeholder Dynamics and Water Solutions in the Colorado River Basin. Shadow networks and informal governance structures are often at the center point of managing sustainable water transitions in the major cities of the Southwest. We assess the agency of three actor groups that represent public, private, and scientific interests in the context of a sustainability transition. The three groups are influential at distinct phases of a transition. While utility managers support incremental solutions and scientists support brake point solutions, water consultants may more easily initiate transformational solutions. The three stakeholder groups exhibited consensus around policy change and did not have significant conflicts, suggesting that this group has been forming an advocacy coalition over the years. (TH-14)

DESKA-KAHN, Tim (UDel) Low Wage Labor in Delaware. Critiques of capitalism, and the rising inequality of the post-Keynesian era, are commonplace, but often fail to engage with critiques provided by actual workers in the United States, as they confront their limited choices and reconcile their lives with injustices they cannot change. This research uses ethnographic methods to examine the experiences, perspectives, and everyday interactions of employees at a fast food restaurant in Delaware, focusing on how employees perceive issues of political economy and labor power. I also investigate how literature within the field of economics, such as Bennett Harrison’s work, accounts for the experiences of low-wage workers. (W-41)

DEUBEL, Tara F. (USF) Producing Community-Engaged Visual Anthropology for ‘Out Down South.’ Engaging students in meaningful experiences with visual anthropology provides an opportunity to connect with local social movements and efforts to conserve community heritage for future generations. In this project, graduate students gained interviewing, videotaping, sound recording, and editing skills to produce short videos documenting life stories of senior LGBT community members. In addition to learning production tools, students contributed audiovisual materials to the online archives of the Out Down South project and the LGBT archive housed in the University of South Florida library. This presentation discusses the benefits of combining visual anthropology projects with community activism and oral history conservation. (W-136)


DEY, Ipsita (UCLA) Redefining Victimhood: Vicissitudes of Empowerment Domestic Violence in South Asian Immigrant Communities. This study focuses on the post-traumatic process of rehabilitation among domestic violence survivors of South Asian descent in Manchester, England. This ethnographic account complicates stereotypical tropes of vulnerability and resiliency by arguing that vulnerability is a form of resiliency, not contradicting or separate from it. Data from this project reveals that within the community of domestic violence survivors, practice of agency through regressive behaviors is (non-intuitively) reformative and socially constructive. Countering the colloquial narrative of victimhood, this study asserts that the marginalized position of domestic violence survivors catalyzes processes of identity and community formation. (S-74)


DI GIOVINE, Michael (West Chester U) The United Nations’ Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development: An Appraisal and a Challenge for Heritage Practice. The UN declared 2017 the Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development, prompting many in the heritage tourism sector to assess their mission statements and reflexively debate the sustainability of their practices. Supra-national organizations like UNESCO and the UNWTO rarely are in agreement as to tourism’s benefits, and, at the ground level, sustainability is elusive; anti-tourism protests and the willful destruction of heritage swept across the world. As an introduction to this session, the paper assesses the varied responses by preservation and tourism organizations to this Declaration, weaving in commentaries on the case studies that will be presented in the session. (W-95)


DIAZ CORDOVA, Diego (U Nacional de Lanús) Ethnography and Agent Based Models. Ethnography and Agent based models (ABM) have a strong link in methodological and theoretical terms. ABM can be used to validate ethnographical data but also to conceptualize fieldwork, to test hypotheses, and then return with new questions. In the end, ethnography can be seen as a nonlinear dynamic system. In the project we present here, we are working with food pattern consumption among university students in the Universidad de Lanús. One of our aims is to promote healthy pathways so we are conducting ethnographic research in order to discover new insights and using those insights to build an ABM. (TH-95)


DIETRICH, Alexa (Wagner Coll/SSRC), GARRIGA-LÓPEZ, Adriana (Kalamazoo Coll), and MULLIGAN, Jessica (Providence Coll) Food and Water: Tools for Recovery in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria. Following Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico, critical community health questions emerged. Initial focus was on the viability of hospitals, but there was little consideration of potential for infectious disease outbreaks and damage to local food suppliers. Many Puerto Ricans remained without access to running water, and many water sources were contaminated. Our research focuses on two intersecting aspects of decision-making around water and food: 1) which water sources of what quality were people accessing, 2) what was the storm’s impact on local agroecology food suppliers. This research will address questions of local knowledge utilization and disruption in securing basic resources. (S-10)

DIGGS-THOMPSON, Marilynne (U Penn) Economic Precarity, Gentrification and Unsustainable Development in Philadelphia: Challenges for the Working Class, Marginalized and Poor. Social scientists and political activists who have worked with the homeless and mentally ill in the Philadelphia area have long recognized that issues of displacement and economic precariousness figure prominently. Luxury-dominated gentrification projects in the Center City neighborhoods and the dramatic decrease in funding affordable/public housing also continue to exacerbate subsistence and housing insecurity among the working class and poor. The rapidly expanding development of the Delaware and Schuylkill River waterfronts, the Sports Complex and casino gambling also has had deleterious effects. This paper outlines the many challenges imposed by regional socio-economic changes, shifting political priorities and fiscal re-appropriation. (S-64)

DIKE, M. Ruth (U Kentucky) Gendered Labor In- and Outside the Household for Middle-Class Urban Newlywed Moroccans. This paper will explore the policy implications for an investigation into how women entering the paid work force influences the distribution of reproductive labor in the home among newlywed middle-class Moroccans in Rabat. It will lay out the research design for the dissertation research, specifically exploring the opportunities for this research to help us better understand similar contexts in other developing nations. The proposed research will examine how the distribution of reproductive labor shapes and is shaped by how people think and talk about gender roles and how participants mitigate tensions that might arise surrounding the distribution of reproductive labor. (F-106)

DILLY, Barbara (Creighton U) The Web of Research. Collaboration with local foods’ movement organizations and agencies in the Omaha area reveals the need for locally specific data sharing. Because Creighton University supports community engagement, it funded development of an open-access food research website.  Identifying locally specific research questions with local partners has invigorated student interest in anthropology.  It also furthers applied research skill development.  The research projects are peer reviewed by local academics as well as community stakeholders for both academic rigor and for local application.  Along with other local research contributions, these “class projects” contribute to local knowledge production as they inform civic engagement and social action. (TH-132)


DINAR, Humera (Purdue U) Development and Marginalization in Northern Pakistan. Development processes are being critiqued for reifying asymmetrical power relations. My research aims to investigate the forms of marginalization and exclusion produced by the state fostered large-scale infrastructure projects and policies in the northern frontier region of Pakistan. I will be presenting my preliminary findings about how the infrastructure projects have changed the physical space which in turn remap the local and reorient gender power relations in economic and political spaces. This brings forth the varied experiences of women from cores and peripheries of the region and analyze how different categories of social identity shape women’s role and position and involvement in socio-economic spaces. (F-103)


DOBBERTEEN, Diyana (Fielding Grad U) Abundant Culture, Shrinking Options: Boyle Heights and Gentrification in 2017. This paper presents the thesis that growing ethnification, or the increased salience of ethnic identity supports the continued survival of Chicano/a (“Chicanx”) communities in Boyle Heights.  Boyle Heights is a neighborhood in the City of Los Angeles.  The author’s central concern is: “Is ethnification, in this case a deepening Chicanx identity in Boyle Heights, contributing to the resilience of community activists who propose alternatives to gentrification?  She examines social change in Boyle Heights, and presents ethnographic research completed for a university course (2017), recent reports, historical records, the writings of Thomas Hylland Eriksen and evidence of resistance in social media. (F-104)


DODARO, Lauren (Tulane U) Incorporating Indigenous Amazonian Environmental Knowledge in the Classroom. The ways that young residents of the Ecuadorian Amazon understand and learn about the environment in the face of indigenous heritage loss and environmental destruction will affect their future and the future of the Amazon rainforest. In Canelos, an indigenous Kichwa-speaking community, traditional environmental knowledge (TEK) is important in children’s home education. However, TEK diminishes as children spend much time in school learning more globalized knowledge. TEK empowers indigenous people by preserving critical means of both livelihood and cultural resilience. Thus, I am collaborating with Canelos’s school to develop educational materials that include indigenous knowledge-learning in the classroom. (S-62)

DONALD, Roderick (Confederated Tribes of the Colville/Duke U) Consultation, Tribal Governments and Cognitive Borders: Indigenous Human Rights as a Foundation for Sustainable Futures. James Anaya, previous Special Rapporteur for the United Nation’s Human Rights Council and current Dean at the University of Colorado/Boulder Law School wrote, ‘whether or not indigenous consent is a strict requirement in particular cases, States should ensure good faith consultations with indigenous peoples about extractive activities that would affect them, and engage in efforts to reach agreement or consent, as required by the United Nations on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Anaya 2013: 11).  This presentation is concerned with an analysis of ‘good faith consultations’ to improve our interpretations of the indigenous perspective as simply a product of the colonial situation, but as dynamic manifestations of local efforts to be an equal player in the consultation process and contesting the outcome of certain federal bureaucratic decisions. (F-13)

DONALDSON, Joe (U Missouri) and GRAHAM, Steven (U Missouri System) Bending Or Breaking?: Leaders’ Perceptions of Value Tensions within the Academy. Higher Education is in a turbulent and volatile environment that pits conventional academic values and practices against external pressures for change. Tension created by this dynamic places higher education administrators in the role of mediator in which conventional decision-making practices are challenged and sometimes found lacking. We explore these tensions and their influence on administrative practice. Findings are based upon in-depth interviews with 30 administrators (presidents to deans) in 18 different public universities in 8 different states. Findings have implications for how administrators approach framing and addressing problems, requirements for their continued professional development, and for institutional policies and practices. (TH-153)


DOS SANTOS, Vagner (U Brasília) Navigating Without Compass: The Experience of Young Offenders Accessing the Public Health System in Brazil. Brazil has a universal health care but insufficient services and policies that often excludes young offenders. As an occupational therapist I recast young’s fears and avoidance of public institutions (i.e.: school, police, social and health services) by showing how their encounter with the health system is limited to emergency rooms and correctional institutions. This relates to lack of individual resources including misinformation/misrepresentation of their health rights and illness/injury/impairment experiences, and institutional negligence (i.e.: poor training and stigma). I argue that they navigate in the system without a compass, and their encounter with the health system is akin to a “collision course.” (F-15)


DOUCETTE, Jeffrey (American Nurses Credentialing Ctr) Bridging the Quality Gap: The Magnet® and Pathway to Excellence® Programs. Higher education plays a critical role in preparing the global health workforce and holds the key for delivering safe, quality care. Good health and well-being is high on the list of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Healthcare is both a global and local responsibility. Despite cross-boundary and cross-border challenges emanating from disciplinary and structural concerns, there are promising models that bridge the divides between global and local agendas.  Both the Pathway to Excellence and Magnet Recognition Programs are sustainable models from nursing and the allied health professions which aim to improve global access to quality care through voluntary accreditation. (F-51)

DOUGLAS, Alice (Davidson Coll) Evaluating the Impact of Organic Farm Based Environmental Education on Connectedness to Nature in Philadelphia Area Children. There is a gap in the research on how food growing and environmental education coupled with unstructured nature play may impact children. I hope to fill this gap with my study, which I conducted while serving as a farm camp counselor at the Schuylkill Center for Environmental Education in Philadelphia. I assessed changes in the children’s environmental knowledge, affinity for nature, and behaviors through various methods, including participant observation, surveys and semi-structured interview data. (S-41)


DOWNING, Karen (U Mich) Library Collaborations for a Sustainable Future. Kallison and Cohen (2010) called for a “new compact” between town and gown; one where there is increased support and increased accountability for the public mission of higher education.  Research libraries call for the same “compact” within academic libraries, between the library and campus, and between the library and its local community in order to sustain and improve research, teaching and service outcomes. Research libraries are utilizing principles of collaboration to sustain their wealth of collections, services and talent, and librarians have become campus and community leaders and collaborators to insure sustainable futures. (W-111)


withdrawn DOWNS, Michael and BRANNAN, Darrell (Northern Economics) Success Where Others Have Failed: The Central Gulf of Alaska Rockfish Catch Share Program. The Central Gulf of Alaska (GOA) Rockfish Program, a catch share program involving the GOA trawl fleet, was implemented in 2012 following five years management of the fishery under a similarly configured pilot program. The Rockfish Program, featuring multiple community protection measures focused on the community of Kodiak, has succeeded when multiple other attempts at GOA trawl rationalization over the last 25 years failed. This presentation, drawing on information developed for the five-year program review (completed October 2017), analyzes the attributes of rockfish fishery and the Rockfish Program that have facilitated the program’s adoption and success, seemingly against all odds. (TH-121)


DOWRICK, Anna (Queen Mary U-London) What Is the Value in Addressing Gender Based Violence?: Negotiating Multiple Interests in Improving the Health Care Response to DVA. This paper explores the challenges of enlisting support for gender based violence (GBV) health programmes, and what role the definition of GBV plays in this process. There are strong links between GBV and poor health. In the UK, there has been significant policy focus on improving the primary care response to GBV, in particular domestic violence and abuse. A broad definition of GBV is used to align the contrasting, and sometimes contradictory, interests of public organisations, domestic violence advocates, clinicians and patients. This definition allows multiple interests to be connected, but leads to challenges in evaluating and sustaining programmes. (S-94)


DOWSLEY, Martha (Lakehead U), TAIT, Samuel (U Toronto), and OLIVEIRA, Frederico (Lakehead U) An Anthropology Field School with an Anishinaabe First Nation in Northwestern Ontario. In June and July of 2017 we conducted an undergraduate field school in social-cultural anthropology and archaeology with students from Lakehead University (Thunder Bay, Ontario) and Lac Seul First Nation (near Sioux Lookout, NW Ontario). Our goals were to record some of the First Nation’s land use history and to train students in relevant research skills.  We attribute our positive outcomes to our strong relationship with Lac Seul.  Our experiences illustrate the importance of relationship building between cultures, immersion in a cultural setting, relevant and applied research, and open and friendly relationships. (TH-132)

DRAPER, Suzanne (UCF) Healing Masses, Resting in the Spirit, and Biomedical Narratives: Intersections of Health and Healing in Yucatán, México. For many Mexican Catholics grappling with illness, health and healing are often sought through both biomedicine and spiritual care. Healing experiences in the medical capacity can be unsatisfying, impersonal, or degrading. Many parishioners attempt to mitigate this issue in their illness journeys through spiritual reverie, raising the question: What does it mean to be “healed?” This research explores the ways that performative elements of Catholic pageantry in charismatic healing masses function to deliver an element of care parishioners find missing in biomedical experiences and examination room practices. I argue that crucial elements of healing mass performances heavily influence Mexican Catholic concepts of what it means to be healed. (TH-134)


DRESSLER, William and OTHS, Kathryn S. (U Alabama) Residual Agreement in Cultural Models of Food in Brazil: Trickle-Down Culture. In previous research in Brazil, cultural consensus and intracultural diversity in cultural models of food has been observed.  In a study published in 2009, we found cultural consensus on the dimension of health in the domain of food, along with substantial within-social class variation in cultural competence.  Here we re-analyze those data, focusing on residual agreement, that is, subgroup agreement beyond the overall cultural consensus.  Residual agreement analysis adds a new level of interpretation to previous findings, and confirms our previous hypothesis: intracultural diversity is being driven by upper-income acceptance of a globalized model of healthy eating. (F-107)


DREW, Elaine and LOTVONEN, Varpu (U Alaska) The Entanglements of Food Insecurity in Alaska: A Review Paper. Arctic and subarctic food insecurity has been a topic for much research in recent years. In Alaska, as in other high-latitude environments with “islanded communities,” food insecurity is entangled intimately with energy and water insecurity, including extreme fluctuations in weather and daylight hours and the isolation of many communities from the main transport network and electrical grid. These entanglements are further complicated by cultural dimensions of food, climate change, and an overreliance on global food chains. In this paper, we review food insecurity research about Alaska over the past 10 years. (TH-33)


DU BRAY, Margaret, BURNHAM, Morey,and RUNNING, Katrina (ISU) “We’ve Been through Worse”: Farmer Adaptive Capacity to Reduced Water Access. Starting in 2016, groundwater users in southeastern Idaho were required to reduce their pumping by an average of 12.9% to recharge the Eastern Snake Plain Aquifer. Farmers have been constrained in their adaptive options, but have nevertheless adopted a range of strategies. Interviews with farmers in eight groundwater districts reveal that farmers are using strategies ranging from small changes like shutting off endguns to larger changes in crop rotations and marketing strategies. During our interview, Farmers expressed the difficulties they face, but also indicate that the past hardships they’d faced as farmers had prepared them for this experience. (F-106)


DUFOUR, Andréa, DECELLES, Stéphane, and BATAL, Malek (U Montreal) Benefits of Integrating Research in International Development Projects: The A3PN Example. The Canadian government has funded several international projects for improving maternal, newborn and child health, including the Prenatal, Perinatal, Postnatal and Nutritional Support project (A3PN) in Grand’Anse and South of Haiti. This project brings together public, private, and academic groups in a partnership intended to improve the lives of Haitian mothers and children. Lessons learned highlight the importance and benefits of integrating research for improving the efficacy of development projects. The A3PN experience informs the Sustainable Development Goal of Developing Partnerships for the Goals. (W-16)


DUKE, Michael (U Memphis) Neocolonialism and Alcohol Use among Marshall Islanders: Drinking Patterns and Social Consequences. Alcohol has played a complex role in the history of North American colonialism. For Marshall Islanders, whose society is dominated by their neo-Colonial relationship with the United States, alcohol use has engendered numerous social problems on the one hand, and new forms of personhood and expression on the other. Drawing from data from a CBPR study, the paper will explore the cultural and social dimensions of alcohol use in a Marshallese immigrant community in Arkansas (USA). It will also offer implications for developing culturally-appropriate prevention and treatment programs. (F-100)


DUKES, Kimberly, BUNCH, Jacinda, and GIROTRA, Saket (U Iowa) Hospital Rapid Response System Evaluation: A Qualitative Study. A majority of hospitals use rapid response systems (RRS), designed to promptly evaluate and treat deteriorating patients to prevent unexpected death. However, evidence of success is mixed, likely due to differences in how RRS are organized and implemented. Successful implementation of RRS depends on clinical factors like patient monitoring, which interact with non-clinical factors like intuition, communication, leadership, the social cost of help-seeking, and the complementary role of autonomy and collaboration in treatment escalation. Using interview data from clinical staff including nurses, respiratory therapists, and physicians, we will explore the above factors in RRS pathway at a tertiary care center. (S-69)

DURNEY, Florence (U Arizona) Long Before Indonesia: Traditional Marine Tenure, Modernization, and Marine Protected Area Zonation in the Waters of East Nusa Tenggara. This study compares the experiences of coastal communities in neighboring districts of Nusa Tenggara Timor, Indonesia, in the planning of two marine protected area (MPA) projects. The first is the Selat Pantar MPA in Alor, which was nationally registered in 2015. The second is an MPA off the southern coast of Lembata which was rejected by local communities due to concerns about cultural and economic interference. Using a mixed-methods approach, this study explores how different parties have positioned themselves in the negotiation process, focusing on how the concepts of traditional culture, marine tenure, and participation in the nation are deployed. (TH-121)


DUROCHER, Mary, KATZ, Anne, ZHANG, Ke, CHARBONNEAU, Deborah, EATON, Tara, ABRAMS, Judith, BEEBE-DIMMER, Jennifer, HEATH, Elisabeth, and THOMPSON, Hayley S. (Wayne State U) Codebook Development for Ethnographic Research in the Interdisciplinary Design of eHealth Tools for Cancer Survivorship. Developing a codebook for qualitative data analysis can be challenging in interdisciplinary research. In this presentation, we examine the evolution of a codebook used in an AHRQ-funded study that draws upon anthropological approaches and ethnographic techniques to study personal health information management (PHIM) and eHealth activity of cancer survivors for the purpose of developing survivor-centered eHealth tools. In particular, we discuss the Balance Model, one theoretical framework used to examine PHIM, and detail the iterative and interdisciplinary processes that went into adapting this model’s key categories for use in coding qualitative data gathered from in-home interviews with cancer survivors. (S-04)


DYE, Timothy, HALL, Wyatte, PÉREZ-RAMOS, José, ELLIOTT, Marlene, and LYNCH, Katie (U Rochester Sch of Med & Dentistry) Conscientização: A Pedagogical Concept for Recruitment and Tailoring Higher Education Programs for Underrepresented Populations Globally. Guided by Freire’s concept of conscientização (critical consciousness), our multidisciplinary research/education group strives to increase scientific diversity. Our work aims to increase access to experiential training in biomedical science, global health, and technology for underrepresented minority students. Particular emphasis is placed on encouraging scientific innovations that address core challenges within the personally-meaningful settings of students’ own communities, leading to greater engagement throughout the educational process. Creating sustainable networks and opportunities grounded in the guiding principle of conscientização for trainees to address factors that motivate them (i.e., contemporary problems facing communities), we contribute toward improving representation in science with pragmatic impact. (W-102)


DYER, Christopher (UNM) The Community Action Response Team as a Community Disaster Response. As disasters have become “globally normative,” response effectiveness necessitates intensifying community- level preparedness. This paper presents a model of disaster preparedness- the Community Action Response Team (or CART) implemented in eastern North Carolina through church networks which reached over 2,000 residents and globally through a Christian Radio network reaching 5 million listeners.  This model allows local communities, and their localized neighborhoods- to more effectively respond to and support residents in the first 72 hours after an event.  Pre-disaster benefits of the model include the strengthening of social ties and residential knowledge between households, thereby reifying community awareness and relational networking. (W-137)