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Tuesday 4/3  Program  Session Abstracts
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CADZOW, Renee (D’Youville Coll) Off the Beaten Path: Opportunistic Applications of Anthropology. Anthropologist, health disparities researcher, health services administration faculty, community health worker trainer, evaluator, board co-chair, research center director, grant writer, special populations recruitment consultant, Montessori teacher educator, breastfeeding advocate, school wellness evaluator and advocate, unschooling parent of four, health leadership fellow. One could never have drawn me a road map of where I would be and what I would be doing. This presentation will offer insights on a career and personal path that diverged from a traditional academic one and emerged in response to the needs of community, the opportunities presented and a flexibility that sees applications of anthropology everywhere. cadzowr@dyc.edu (W-102)


CAI, Yifeng (Brown U) “Disobedient Subjects” and the Ethics of “Good Life”: HIV/AIDS, Sex, and Homosexuality in Contemporary Urban China. The prevalence of HIV/AIDS among gay men in urban China is accompanied by the image of an ideal biomedical subject, who medicates, eats, sleeps, and exercises faithfully, and most importantly, has sex safely and monogamously. This paper observes that such biomedical ideal is complicated by available medication, homophobia, lack of knowledge of HIV/STIs, as well as gay men’s “disobedient” and agentive engagement with polygamy, pleasure, and a HIV-positive-future in Shanghai. It argues for a mode of care that, seemingly contradictory to biomedical and epidemiological knowledge, manifests an ethics of “good life”—not just “normal,” but pleasurable and respectable. yifeng_cai@brown.edu (W-97)


CANTERGIANI, Kimberly (Fielding Grad U) Women, Children, Violence and Homelessness: A Case Study of a Sustainable Systems-Based Program. According to the 2016 Annual Homeless Assessment Report, 40% of the homeless population are women and 22% are children.  A woman living on the street is likely to be assaulted and those with children are likely to be separated from them.  Without intervention, these families remain trapped in a vicious cycle of poverty and violence.  The efforts of community-based social service programs, inherently siloed, fail to create sustainable change.  This study analyzes the systems and processes of a center with a 96% success rate.  Findings demonstrate that integrated solutions for housing, childcare, employment and financial literacy can break the cycle. kcantergiani@email.fielding.edu (W-129)

 

CANTOR, Allison R. (NMSU) “Always Rice and Beans.”: Using Food Culture to Promote Sustainable Futures. The Nutrition Transition is associated with changes in diet across Latin America, including Costa Rica. This paper outlines the perceptions about food culture in rural Costa Rica amidst the rapidly changing food environment. Participants (n=107) shared ideas about what constituted a typical diet, such as rice and beans. They also agreed that the economy, specific food items, and health influenced local nutrition. Some participants noted that education and embedded dietary habits also played a role in shaping behavior. I argue that viewing diet as cultural practice has important implications for promoting sustainable food futures in local communities. allisoncantor@gmail.com (S-11)


CARATTINI, Amy (Stratford U) Incorporation Strategies of Foreign-Born Faculty in the U.S.: New Avenues for Theoretical and Policy Reflections. This paper expands the study of U.S. immigration by adding highly skilled immigrants to the almost exclusive focus on low skilled sectors. My study, based on 48 life histories of foreign-born faculty in the U.S., was used to understand how their early education experiences and their professional career paths were instrumental in helping them to integrate into U.S. society. Adding the high skilled to the study of immigration provides an opportunity to rethink theory and practice in more complex and nuanced ways. acarattini@stratford.edu (S-34)


CARDINAL, Jennifer (Earlham Coll) Local Cosmopolitanism and Imaginaries of Sustainable Development in La Manzanilla del Mar, Mexico. I consider community development in the context of the shifting social and material landscape of the southern Jalisco, Mexico coast. La Manzanilla is a small tourism destination with a proportionately large population of seasonal and full-time foreign resident, consumption-driven “lifestyle migrants.” Concurrent and conflicting imaginaries of cosmopolitanism and sustainability are at the core of development in this diversely inhabited community. I suggest that cosmopolitanism is sought after and achieved by those who stay as well as those who go, and this produces local youth cosmopolitanism integral to development supporting aspects of community life including and beyond the economic. cardije@earlham.edu (W-125)

 

withdrawn CAREY, Netty (UF) Displacing Publics: Tourism Development on a Precarious Coast. Ghana’s coastal residents face the double burden of inhabiting a picturesque and violent landscape: as sea-level rise speeds coastal erosion, developers compete for a diminishing supply of beachfront property. Many residents thus face dispossession on two fronts, each mediated in different ways by the government’s pursuit of development and coastal sustainability. Straddling the role of researcher and advocate, I examine this double dispossession in an estuary fishing village on the outskirts of Ghana’s Greater Accra Region. I consider the politics of visibility entangled in the process of displacing the rural poor to create a tourist paradise on an eroding coast. nettycarey@ufl.edu (TH-13)

 

CARPENTER, Rachel (SUNY Buffalo) Lessons Learned from the Philadelphia Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793: Building a Sustainable Future for Emergency Management. This paper applies the Incident Command System (ICS) to the human response to the Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic of 1793 to better understand how emergency management practices develop in the absence of previously established protocols, how practices born in these circumstances differ from current industry standards, and explores how “lessons learned” in the midst of colonial health crises may be able to improve modern civic response under similar circumstances, both today and in the future. rncarpenter@frontier.com (W-167)

 

CARR, Caitlynn (USF) Domestic Labor, Penny Capitalism and Social Suffering in a Rural Guatemalan Community. This paper utilizes feminist-Marxist anthropological theory as a lens to examine the relationship between women’s empowerment, domestic violence, and the political economy in a rural Guatemalan community. Drawing from three months of ethnographic fieldwork in rural Guatemala, I discuss how women’s position in the social hierarchy and political economy pertains to their social suffering and experience as domestic violence victims. caitlynncarr@mail.usf.edu (F-39)


CARRANZA, Miguel (UMKC) The Impact of the Pre K-20 Education of Latinos for Higher Education. Higher education institutions view their success in diversifying their campuses according to how many minority students they recruit, retain and graduate.  While this remains an important focus for colleges and universities I suggest this view is limiting in attaining long-term success.  I propose a broader view of the educational experiences of Latino students in the educational pipeline – Pre K-20.  I focus on Latino students in the pipeline within the following segments: Pre K, Grades 1-5, Grades 6-12, Undergraduate, and Graduate/ Professional programs.  Each sector is impacted by different factors but also influenced by similar causes resulting in comparable consequences or outcomes. carranzam@umkc.edu (S-75)

 

CARRILLO, Erika (Purdue U) Ethnography in the City: Aging and “Good” Care in San Francisco’s Mission District. San Francisco’s Mission District is an extremely contested neighborhood. While many of the debates are concerned with businesses development, affordable housing, and historical-cultural preservation, this project analyzes how these larger debates impact Latino seniors and their caregivers in their daily lives. How do caregivers for older Latinos define, enact, and negotiate “good” care? I analyze forms of caregiving in a local senior center, homes, and other places and spaces of social significance in the neighborhood. The ethnographic findings will contribute to anthropological theories of caregiving ethics and morality and demonstrate the benefit of ethnographic research results in informing aging policy. carrile@purdue.edu (W-74)

 

CARSON, Sarah (U Penn) Teaching Confidence and Likeability: Leadership Formulations in Women’s Campaign Training Programs. Gendered vitriol against American women politicians is often cited in media, yet some recent scholarly work indicates that negative stereotypes no longer affect women candidates.  How are advocates for women leaders on the ground navigating the complex gendered ideologies and stereotypical formulations involved in political leadership?  Through a semiotic analysis of some of the nearly 100 different women’s political campaign training programs in the U.S. and surrounding discourse, I investigate the strategies through which women are working to become legible as political leaders, and seek a better understanding of training organizations as part of a cooperative network of political action. scarson@sas.upenn.edu (TH-15)


CARTER, Andrew (U Miami) Rhetorical Rulemaking: Deconstructing Environmental Regulatory Texts. In the United States, legislative bodies have increasingly ceded regulation of complex domains like the environment to bureaucratic agencies insulated from democratic control. Using federal climate change and environmental mercury rulemaking texts, supplemented by regulator interviews, and incorporating insights from not only law but also the critical social sciences, I examine discursive and rhetorical strategies employed in the federal environmental rulemaking process as ideologically distinct actors alternately control the regulatory apparatus, oftentimes at the expense of democratically-determined environmental values. I conclude by discussing the future of American environmental regulations in light of the ideological difficulties underlying American environmental regulation. a.carter4@umiami.edu (W-62)


CARTER, Chelsey (WUSTL) “I Have Nothing to Lose”: Considering Time, Disability and Race in ALS Patients in the United States. Drawing on ethnographic accounts of black amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients in the United States, this paper explores disability, temporality, and race. I argue that because of three interrelated factors - the unpredictability of their “next” bodily loss, multiple chronic illnesses, and the geopolitical context of the United States – black people with ALS do not have the same privileges to foreground hope and future possibilities in their illness experiences. This paper will offer considerations of ways anthropologists and disability studies scholars can better theorize about this population and mitigate their experiences of marginalization before death. (S-07)

 

CARTWRIGHT, Elizabeth (Idaho State U) Remembering into the Future: Aging and the Act of Relearning. Remembrance gives substance to the past; it re-creates and re-shapes what once was into a new present. In this essay, I explore the process of aging and bodily change. I interrogate how we use memories of past abilities to create a way forward, even as we deal with being older and slower. Learning and re-learning are implicit in the cyclical act of living. Re-acquiring skills lost through time, accident or age takes us into a space where past knowledge no longer automatically applies—marshalling the bodily, financial, social and emotional resources needed for the journey forward is exquisitely complex. carteliz@isu.edu (S-07)


CASTRO, Arachu (Tulane U SPH) Increase of Adolescent Pregnancy in Latin America and the Caribbean Despite Fertility Decline: A Health Equity Perspective. Latin America and the Caribbean, where 17 per cent of births in 2010-2015 occurred among adolescents, is currently the region with the highest concentration of adolescent pregnancies in the world. Since at least the 1970s, fertility has decreased steadily in most countries in the region, mostly due to increased access to modern contraception. However, rates of adolescent pregnancy remain surprisingly high and recent data suggest that adolescent pregnancies may be increasing throughout the region. This presentation seeks to offer insight on the factors that drive increasing rates of adolescent pregnancy throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. acastro1@tulane.edu (W-37)


CAULKINS, Douglas (Grinnell Coll) Collaborative Ethnography and Threats to the Sustainability of Social Benefit Organizations. An earlier paper describes collaboration with a group of neighbors protesting the construction of large hog confinements in a rural residential area. The protest group evolved into an organization with broader environmental concerns: CARES, Community Action to Restore Environmental Stewardship.  The ethnographers played an increasing role in the organization, including testifying at government hearings, conducted surveys of the membership, participating in protests, serving on committees, walking in parades, distributing informational handouts, and recently, funding legal defense when the hog producers sued CARES, marking an escalation in the conflict and introducing a serious threat to the sustainability of 501(c)(4) organizations. caulkins@grinnell.edu (S-31)


CEBALLOS, María de los Ángeles (UVG), PAZ LEMUS, L. Tatiana (Vanderbilt U), GUTIERREZ, Adriana, LÓPEZ, Ana Laura, PEREIRA, Sofia, SIERRA, Lucía, MORALES, Claudia, and DE LEÓN, Dania (UVG) An Ethnographic Approach to Multidimensional Poverty in a Peri-Urban Area of Sacatepéquez, Guatemala: Education and Gender. In Guatemalan peri-urban areas, people’s choices and their possible outcomes are restrained by a framework of inequality and exclusion. Beyond poor access to public services, poverty is experienced as a multidimensional phenomenon that limits social mobility and general well-being. Using ethnographic methods, this paper explores narratives of endured deprivations and people’s efforts to improve their lives and escape poverty. This paper (part 1) draws on qualitative data about education and gender gathered by a team of ethnographers for the impact evaluation of an education-focused NGO in Sacatepéquez, Guatemala. ceb14256@uvg.edu.gt (F-17)


CHAET, Josephine (UIC) ‘Equal Rights, Equal Visibility’: Women’s Organizations, Political Participation, and the Jordanian State. Since the mid-1950s, women’s organizations in Jordan have been subsumed under the constitutional control of the state, which continues to monitor their activities. Nonetheless, women’s organizations remain involved in ongoing political conversations throughout the country, and a crucial part of Jordan’s public sphere. Through the use of archival and ethnographic research conducted in 2017, this research establishes a gendered analysis of the Jordanian state that addresses the dynamic interactions between female political actors and government systems. It is suggested that by drawing upon the political subjectivities of their female members, women’s organizations in Jordan are able to navigate state structures. jchaet2@uic.edu (S-31)


withdrawn CHAMBERLIN, Rachel (U Pitt) “Just Add Water and Stir”: Making a Multidimensional View Culture Legible to Military Medical Communities. Anthropologists have long argued that culture should be considered within fields ranging from education and medicine, to economy and policy. As more anthropologists enter diverse organizations, the importance of culture has become more visible as has the public’s struggle to operationalize it within their own institutions. Drawing from experience working with military medical and research communities, this paper examines the need for anthropologists to balance the rich complexity of culture and flattened “add water and stir” perceptions of culture by translating and operationalizing culture in terms that are legible to “outside” organizational cultures and missions. rac112@pitt.edu (TH-40)


CHAMBERLIN, Rachel (U Pitt) Patient Choice from the Perspective of Personhood. In biomedical spaces, patients who refuse aspects of biomedical care are often assumed to be non-compliant because they do not understand the healthcare plan, are irresponsible, or reject biomedicine and the science that informs the practice.  Little discussion, however, is paid to how patients perceive and manage personhood produced by medical care and how this informs their medical choices. Using data from 13 months of field research with patients in the National Brazilian healthcare system (SUS), this paper examines how patients’ resistance and compliance and are underpinned by a desire to participate or reject forms of personhood in medical care. rac112@pitt.edu (W-97)


CHANEY, Ryan (KBCC CUNY) Heritage Tourism, Culture, Commodity in Southern Appalachia. In recent years many Appalachian communities have pursued heritage tourism as an economic alternative to diminishing industries like coal and textiles. This paper examines signifiers illuminating relationships among local visions of cultural value, commodity forms, and the curating of culture through heritage tourism. Representations of heritage along The Crooked Road: Virginia’s Heritage Music Trail derive meaning and value from literal grounding in the landscape of Appalachia, as inalienable possession of that place. As commodities and commerce emerge as central in authenticating and valuing this heritage, the representations also reflect mutually constituting connections among forms of capital, culture, and place. ryan.chaney@kbcc.cuny.edu (F-101)

 

CHANG, Wayne (Fielding Grad U) Attributing Forgiveness in Resilience and Posttraumatic Growth in Recovering Gang Members to Develop Sustainable Futures. Posttraumatic growth is a process of overcoming an event that through making sense of the trauma and rebuilding schemas an individual becomes a better version of himself or herself.  Attributes such as personal characteristics and external sociocultural factors have been associated with individuals having posttraumatic growth.  Resilience is one such attribute that has been connected with successful outcomes post-trauma.  As part of the Cruzando Puentes (“Crossing Bridges”) project in the Boyle Heights neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, former gang members working with Homeboy Industries describe forgiveness in their stories of resilience and posttraumatic growth in their development through the program. wchang@email.fielding.edu (F-104)

 

CHANG, Wayne (Fielding Grad U) Effective Social Media Use in the Response Phase of a Disaster by Distant Spontaneous Volunteers to Organize the Initial Chaos to Build a Sustainable Future. Recent events, including post-Hurricane Harvey floods in Houston, have shown how citizens rely on social media and cellphone-based communications while emergency responders still require “calls for help” to be made by phone call.  Distant spontaneous volunteers from as far away as Georgia and Florida helped bridge this gap during the Houston flooding.  Using case studies from recent events, this discussion considers the gap between how emergency responders in their official duties use and monitor social media and how laypeople use it as a vital communications link during such disasters and how emergency management organizations are responding to the changing landscape. wchang@email.fielding.edu (W-77)

CHANG, Wayne (Fielding Grad U) What Makes a Community?: Visual Mapping of Support Structures and Social Systems for Sustainable Futures in Boyle Heights, Los Angeles, California, USA. In conjunction with the Cruzando Puentes (“Crossing Bridges”) project in the Boyle Heights neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, an online, social systems map was developed showing community relationships among education, transportation, government, religious, and community non-profit organizations.  The innovative map was developed using a free, publically-available mapping platform (http://kumu.io) and can be further developed through crowdsourcing opportunities.  The existing map can be used as a foundation to launch future development and research in sustainable community futures, such as historical comparisons and studies on food desert and poverty. wchang@email.fielding.edu (F-104)


CHAPMAN, Brandon (U Alaska SE) Cultural Models of the Transition and Political Values in Russia. Through the 1990’s, Russia and their citizens experienced fundamental changes in their political and social structures including a massive decade-long economic collapse, the largest in modern Russian history. Despite the size and scope of these changes, there has been very little documentation on the experiences and short and long-term effects of this restructuring on the Russian people themselves. Semi-structured interviews with current Russian citizens who were young and middle-aged adults during the transition show deep-rooted cultural models that were further activated during the transition. Many of these models also help explain support for or passive acceptance of Vladimir Putin. bmchapman@alaska.edu (S-13)


CHARD, Sarah, GIRLING, Laura, HARRIS WALLACE, Brandy, HENDERSON, Loren, and ROTH, Erin (UMBC), QUINN, Charlene (UMD Med Sch), ECKERT, Kevin (UMBC) Generativity and Diabetes Self-Management: Caring for the Self to Create Alternative Futures for Others. Over 23 million persons in the U.S. have Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (diabetes), with growing numbers among young adults.  Diabetes management requires daily attention to diet, exercise, and glucose levels.  Our person-centered interviews with African-American and non-Hispanic White older adults in Baltimore (n=83) reveals how diabetes self-management becomes a mechanism for promoting health behavior change in younger generations.  Concern for generativity is particularly evident among African-American participants who have witnessed high rates of disability and early death among friends and family.  The findings highlight how concepts of generativity may strengthen individual diabetes management and diabetes prevention in high-risk communities. schard@umbc.edu (W-157)

 

CHASCO, Emily E., STEWART, Kenda R., and EDMONDS, Stephanie W. (VA), O’SHEA, Amy M. (VA/U Iowa), MENGELING, Michelle A. (VA), SADLER, Anne G. (VA/U Iowa), BOOTH, Brenda M. (VA/U Arkansas), STERN, Judy E. (Dartmouth U Med Ctr), RYAN, Ginny L. (VA/U Iowa) Pasts Building Futures: The Relationship between Combat-Related Trauma, Sexual Assault Experiences, and Veterans’ Family Building Goals. OEF/OIF/OND Veterans face significant challenges to their physical and mental health, and the impact of military service and trauma exposures on fertility, reproductive health care seeking, and family building decisions is poorly understood. As one component of our mixed-methods study of reproductive health and military trauma, we conducted semi-structured interviews with three Veteran groups: 1) infertile, 2) not infertile but childless, 3) not infertile and with children. Our interview sample is purposefully diverse in age, sex/gender, sexual orientation, race/ethnicity, and trauma experiences. Preliminary findings contribute to a better understanding of how to improve post-deployment reproductive health care for Veterans. emily.chasco@va.gov (S-94)


CHATTI, Deepti (Yale U) Clean Or Green?: Trade-Offs between Fossil Fuels and Renewables in Household Energy Transitions in Rural India. Household energy transitions in developing countries provide a unique lens through which to understand the relationship between natural resource management and sustainable development. Low-income families in the global South rely on biomass energy for cooking and heating needs, using locally made technologies (‘traditional’ stoves). Development actors want families to transition to ‘modern’ and ‘improved’ energy technologies, which could be powered by fossil fuels or renewables. Drawing on ethnographic research in rural India from 2013, this paper explores the tensions inherent in household energy transitions, between health and climate concerns, to be clean or green, to use fossil fuels or renewables. (TH-152)

 

CHAUDHURI-BRILL, Shukti (Independent) Learning to Write in the Margins: Romanian Roma Language Learners in France. This paper examines issues affecting language (particularly literacy) acquisition, by Romanian Roma migrants to France, whose legal position as European citizens creates different conditions for language learning and socio-economic integration than that of other refugees or migrants. Though they experience similar challenges to acquiring French (illiteracy, inadequate parental preparation to assist schoolchildren, etc.), they also receive differential access to language-learning programs, relying principally on non-governmental organizations rather than the state. This situation is often complicated by entrenched resistance to school(ing), and cultural traditions that discourage female education. Taking a critical discourse analytic approach, I explore pedagogical and policy implications. shukti@brandeis.edu (W-135)


CHEN, Brenda Xiaoling and HULSBRINK, Eloiss (UC-Denver) Barriers Refugee Families Face When Attempting to Attain “Self-Sufficiency” in Denver, CO. This study identifies the challenges refugee families face when attempting to attain “self-sufficiency.” The governmental definition of self-sufficiency prioritizes bare-bones economic survival over other aspects of self-sufficiency, such as development of survival and linguistic skills and social support networks, resulting in inadequate resources for refugee resettlement and inhibiting the ease of adaptation and assimilation. Barriers to resettlement compound upon each other, amplifying the precarity of refugees’ situation. Thus, our study reveals how contradictory policies lead to a “cliff effect” when refugees approach the termination of their social benefits. Effective pathways for policy intervention are discussed for sustainable resettlement. brenda.chen710@gmail.com (F-19)

 

CHEN, Hsin-Yu, JABLONSKI, Nina G., CHICK, Garry, and YARNAL, Careen (Penn State U) Exploring the Role of Acculturation in Attitudes toward Skin Color Aesthetics and Associated Behaviors. Heath-related behaviors, such as sun-seeking in Euro-American culture and sun-avoidance in Chinese culture, reflect different sociocultural values toward skin color. However, when individuals move to a place where cultural values differ from their own, their attitudes can be challenged. This study used ethnographic approaches to explore how people reconcile conflicting cultural values, how personal attitudes evolve after encountering different cultural values, and how behaviors may change accordingly. Results shed light on how acculturation shapes attitudes toward skin color and associated behaviors. Understanding this complex process contributes to bicultural theories and intercultural relations, bridging human behaviors and health consequences in sociocultural contexts. hxc257@psu.edu (F-19)


CHEN, Lin (Fudan U), YE, Minzhi and KAHANA, Eva (CWRU) Staff’s Caring Relationship in a Community-Based Eldercare Program in Shanghai. This study explores staff’s work experiences in a community-based eldercare program in Shanghai to inform healthcare knowledge regarding cultural diversity in values and norms. 37 staff members who worked in this program for 10 months to 8 years participated in semi-structured, in-depth interviews. The results reveal that staff undertook demanding workloads, built rapport with elders, and always sought elders’ best interests. Staff particularly acknowledged karma was a critical cultural factor pertaining to their work ethics. This study recognizes the cultural aspects of caring relationships that contribute to the quality of care of the community-based older adults in urban China. linc@fudan.edu.cn (S-97)

 

CHENEY, Ann and RODRIGUEZ, Katheryn (UCR) Building Binational Partnerships to Address the Healthcare Needs of Mexican Migrants in the US. Mexican migrants are the largest foreign-born population in the United States. This population experiences heath disparities and has limited access to healthcare services and culturally and structurally competent care. This presentation reports on an ethnographic study of the match between the healthcare services implemented by the Mexican Ministry of Health via the Mexican consular network and the needs of Mexican migrants in rural communities. We discuss the process of building binational partnerships and engaging Mexican migrants in decision making around healthcare services. The findings provide an evidence base for binational public health policies for Mexican migrants in the US. ann.cheney@medsch.ucr.edu (S-39)

 

CHÉNIER, Ani (McMaster U), NOUVET, Elysée (U W Ontario), BAH SOW, Oumou (Comité National d’éthique pour la Recherche en Santé-Guinée), PRINGLE, John (McGill U), BERNARD, Carrie (U Toronto), HUNT, Matthew (McGill U), REDWOOD-CAMPBELL, Lynda and ELIT, Laurie (McMaster U), KOUYATÉ, Sekou (Laboratoire d’analyse Socio-anthropologique de Guinee), GAILITS, Nicola (U Toronto), DELAAT, Sonya and SCHWARTZ, Lisa (McMaster U) “I Am a Citizen and a Stakeholder”: Making Claims through Participation in Ebola Research. Drawing on semi-structured interviews with people (N=72) who participated, or refused to participate, in clinical research conducted in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone during the 2014-6 Ebola epidemic, this paper explores participants’ understandings of the ways participation made it possible for them to act on, and make claims of, larger constituencies (research teams; “the nation”; “the world”). For many, participation was a generous act, informed by a sense of responsibility towards others; for many, participation was generative of relationships and obligations that connect researchers and beneficiaries to participants even after a project’s conclusion. ani.chenier@gmail.com (S-39)

 

CHILTON, Elizabeth (Binghamton U) An Archaeology of Higher Education: Why the Past Matters. Given the ever-changing landscape of higher education, particularly the defunding of public higher education, the impact of online and other technological changes in learning, and issues of inclusion and access, an anthropological approach to university and college leadership is needed now more than ever. Having served as a university administrator for the past eleven years, in this presentation I will highlight the impact that my archaeological training and the anthropologists gaze has had on my perspective and impact as an academic leader. (S-15)


CHRISTENSEN, Kelley (MTU) Decontaminating Butte: A 35-Year Citizen Struggle. Superfund policy decision-making in Butte, Montana, has neglected citizen opinion and situated heritage. Despite more than 35 years of EPA action to remediate toxic effects of copper mining and smelting, community members remain dissatisfied; Butte citizens believe the cleanup isn’t what they wanted and what has been done isn’t enough. This paper contributes to the anthropology of environmental cleanups and policy literature by exploring the pitfalls of decision-making and policy implementation in a contested space. Examining how stakeholders engage in Butte’s cleanup process demonstrates that citizen engagement occurs in varying forms that may or may not achieve desired decontamination outcomes. kelleyc@mtu.edu (TH-166)


CHRISTIE, Jessica (ECU) On the Sidelines of the Riviera Maya: How the Coba Maya Showcase Their Maya Heritage through Tourism. This paper discusses how Maya people at Coba sustain tourism and heritage.  When Coba became an ejido, the local ruins were the property of the government whereas the land belonged to the ejido.  The ejidatarios negotiated mutually beneficial relations, allowing them to operate several businesses within the archaeological zone, see the tricycle transport business.  The community also runs a restaurant, the zip line, as well as three cenotes.  Tourists come in bus loads from the Riviera Maya and return for the night.  I show how tourism is fueling the local economy and motivating Coba Maya to showcase their heritage. christiej@ecu.edu (W-125)


CHROSTOWSKY, MaryBeth (Georgia Gwinnett Coll) Refugee Advocacy in the Classroom: Student Collaboration with Local Refugee Resettlement Agency and Public Schools. This paper discusses a class project, in which students created a “Refugee Education Advocacy Pamphlet.” It has become part of the Kentucky Refugee Ministries outreach training to local public school faculty and staff. Transition into a formal Western educational setting is difficult for refugee youth in terms of their learning and well-being. Without the support of well-informed faculty and staff, these students risk discrimination, social alienation, and stress, anxiety, and/or depression. Intended to educate the faculty and staff so they can best meet the needs of their refugee students, this pamphlet is concise, informative, and easy to read. mchrostowsky@ggc.edu (TH-04)

 

CHRZAN, Janet (U Penn) Doing Good by Doing Well: Middle-Class Food Activism at Farmers Markets. Middle-class food activism has strongly supported community farmers markets providing foods that are ‘fresh, local and organic.’ Support of farmers markets is thought to be motivated by a desire to improve the environment, economy and community by using buying power, or “voting with your fork,” which projects action-motivating communitarian values upon customers. However, data derived from participant observation, surveys and semi-structured interviews of farmers market customers living in a Philadelphia suburb indicate that they more typically buy for individualized reasons connected to personal health and social identity. In effect, doing ‘well-being buying’ allows the social performance of ‘doing good.’ jchrzan@nursing.upenn.edu (TH-103)


CHUNG, Stephanie (WLU) The Healthcare System as a Mirror: Reflections of Global and Domestic Power Structures in Pluralistic Healthcare Systems in Urban and Rural Madagascar. This research is the result of two months of ethnographic study in both rural and urban Madagascar concerning post-colonial Malagasy identity formation and the role this plays in choice of healthcare system. Traditional medicine is legal and affordable in Madagascar, while Western medicine is highly valued but largely inaccessible. This research investigates the ways in which global and domestic power dynamics shape who can access biomedicine and the role of traditional medicine in providing care for the disadvantaged. Implications include exploring the ways in which traditional medicine could be promoted to extend healthcare coverage, especially in rural Madagascar. chungs18@mail.wlu.edu (TH-134)


CHUNG, Stephanie (WLU) Time to Push: An Ethnographic Study of Reactions to Socially Unsanctioned Pregnancies in Gozo, Malta. This paper presents the results of an ethnographic study conducted in Gozo, Malta concerning responses toward socially unsanctioned pregnancies and forms of motherhood. In Gozo, where the Catholic religion has traditionally held strong influence, socially unsanctioned pregnancies fall into two major, although not exclusive, categories: teenaged pregnancies and pregnancies occurring outside the bounds of matrimony. My research suggests that high levels of social stigma negatively affect the ways in which these women are treated by institutions and individuals. I explore the ways in which these attitudes have begun to shift, resulting in conflict over ways to treat these mothers. chungs18@mail.wlu.edu (F-97)


CIMDINA, Agnese (U Latvia) Smart Energy in Intercultural Contexts: The Case of Nordic Innovation Hub in the Middle East. In 2016, Masdar City, Abu Dhabi’s growing cluster for clean-tech companies facilitated the establishment of Nordic Innovation Hub (NIH) – a business incubator designed to bring Nordic clean technologies to the Gulf. NIH was formed after the Nordic Council of Ministers provided a mandate to assist Nordic companies in exploring their opportunities in green technology market in the Gulf. The paper will focus on challenges and opportunities NIH’s companies face in developing smart energy cooperation projects in the Gulf.  The case is based on a recently started post-doctoral research that aims to explore how the global request for green shift towards more sustainable energy economies takes place locally in particular cooperation projects. Nordic and Gulf region business interactions in smart energy sector, and socio-cultural dimensions of developing energy technologies in challenging intercultural environments is the focus of the study. (TH-152)

 

CLAY, Patricia M., DEPIPER, Geret, GAICHAS, Sarah K., LUCEY, Sean M., and TAM, Jamie C. (NOAA Fisheries), WILDERMUTH, Robert (UMass), PINTO DA SILVA, Patricia, FRATANTONI, Paula S., SABA, Vincent, SMITH, Laurel A., and PERETTI, Charles T. (NOAA Fisheries), FAY, Gavin (UMass), GAMBLE, Robert J. (NOAA Fisheries) Conceptualizing the Usage of Conceptual Models in an Integrated Ecosystem Assessment Framework. Conceptual models are becoming more commonly utilized in Integrated Ecosystem Assessments. A group of natural and social scientists at the NOAA Fisheries’ Northeast Fisheries Science Center found that conceptual modeling both created cross-disciplinary understanding and facilitated improved understanding of ecosystem function. We began by examining existing mathematical models of natural sub-systems and hand-drawn successive versions of social sub-systems. Then we merged the natural and social systems in Mental Modeler – a fuzzy logic cognitive mapping software. Discussions about directions of impact, feedback loops, and strength of connections improved our understanding of ecosystem tradeoffs and permitted exploration of alternative scenarios. Patricia.M.Clay@noaa.gov (W-31)


CLEAVER, Caitlin and JOHNSON, Teresa (U Maine) Is Ear Hanging the Answer?: Tracking the Development of a Cooperative and Technology Transfer in the Maine Scallop Aquaculture Industry. Atlantic sea scallop is an emerging aquaculture species in Maine. Since 1999, exchange trips to Japan have taken place and within the last two years, a scallop aquaculture cooperative was formed. Technology transfer and the collaborative approach could facilitate the development of commercial scale operations in Maine. To help individuals interested in starting scallop aquaculture, we aim to understand the barriers and opportunities for growing this species. Through semi-structured interviews with those who traveled to Japan or members of the cooperative, we are documenting the diffusion of scallop aquaculture since the late 1990s. caitlin.cleaver@maine.edu (W-91)


CLOUTIER, Claude and HANLAN, Marc (Fielding Grad U) A Healthy and Distributively Just Organization Is a Sustainable Organization: What Is Healthy Distributive Justice? A sustainable organization is a healthy organization.  However, what does a healthy organization look like?  How can an organization’s “citizenry” engage in such a way as to promote and achieve distributive justice when faced with “wicked” problems of competing stakeholder values?  A provocative assertion is that the competition-cooperation dynamic at the heart of distributive justice oscillates around the Golden Ratio.  This paper puts forward a meta-ethical framework and a Transcendent Team process that was applied at a high-technology firm to achieve a sustainable balance amongst competing priorities.  The intervention was deemed successful by the participants. cjcloutier@shaw.ca (W-101)

 

COELLO, Sara (U Dallas) Latinx: An Intersectional Study of “Conflicting” Identities in the Latinx LGBTQ Community. The term “latinx,” used largely by queer people of Latin American heritage to engage with their ethnicity while avoiding the gendering that “latino/na” require, is seen by some as a prioritization of gender identity over ethnic identity in the individual, forcing queer latinx to choose between identities. In this study, I use structured and semi-structured methods to conduct a mini-ethnography of the queer latinx population of Dallas, and their preferences surrounding de-gendered ethnic terms, within a constructionist framework. This study emphasizes the intersectionality of queer latinx identity, focusing on the multifaceted ways gendered ethnic identity terms disenfranchise queer and non-conforming people. scoello@udallas.edu (TH-141)

 

withdrawn COGBURN, Megan (UF) Pushed to Deliver: Negotiating Global Maternal Health Care at the Community Level in Rural Tanzania. Contemporary global maternal health efforts focus on good governance through the achievement of key performance indicators, such as the number of facility births. Based on ethnographic research conducted in rural Tanzania, this paper explores the intended and unintended consequences of the push for more facility births. This paper argues that “technologies of governance” exacerbate existing inequalities for women and, in turn, become critical movers in the decisions and practices of the larger social community. More research exploring governance and the embodied practices and experiences of women and healthcare workers is needed to ensure a sustainable future for maternal health care. megandcogburn@ufl.edu (TH-13)

 

COHEN, Jeffrey (OH State U) and PEI, Shengyu (S Central U for Nationalities-China) Living with Livestock: Tradition and Change of the Nu People in China. The Nu people (Yunnan Province, China) raise livestock in pens which are traditionally built under or next to their homes. The Targeted Poverty Alleviation (TPA) program organized by the Chinese government focused on improving economic and health conditions but had limited success in the area. Our paper explores the challenges that confronted TPA programing and implementation. We discuss the importance of Nu traditions and how including them in programming can lead to TPA success, improved economic conditions and enhanced health outcomes. cohen.319@osu.edu (S-43)


COLAS, Kelly (Mich State U) Reproducing Inequality: An Examination of Physician Decision-Making During Childbirth in Merida, Mexico. Excessive elective cesarean sections (C-sections) pose a challenge to health care systems worldwide, incurring additional costs and increasing risk of complications for mothers and infants. Mexico maintains one of the highest C-section rates in world, with this number steadily rising in the public hospital sector. Based on three field seasons of ethnographic research, this paper explores physician decision-making at two public Mexican hospitals. This study suggests several influences on physicians’ decisions: the dynamics of medical hierarchy, the impact of institutional structure, and clinicians’ perceptions of patient characteristics. Understanding this decision-making process is critical to developing sustainable care in women’s health. colaskel@msu.edu (F-10)

 

COLLIER, Jamie (NCSU) Religious Routs in a Contemporary Mayan Community. In this paper I discuss Maya spiritualism in the context of religious expression in the Maya community of San Jorge la Laguna: Catholicism, Charismatic Catholics, Evangelicalism, and Maya Spiritualism. The dynamic between Christianity and Maya spirituality is complex due to a history of oppression but balanced by freedoms won in the 1996 peace document ending the civil war. I examine into the four religious expressions in San Jorge, how the people practice their faith, what they think about each other and their relationships with God. Despite religious differences and disparagement of non-believers, coexistence of religious practices present in this small community flourishes. collier.jamie@ncsu.edu (TH-05)


COLLINS, Cyleste (Cleveland State U) and FARMER, Christin (Birthing Beautiful Communities) Birthing Beautiful Communities: Addressing Social Determinants of Health Using Community-Based Doulas. This paper describes the evaluation of a community-based doula program that has been operating in Cleveland, Ohio since 2014. Focused on a low-income, predominately African American community, the organization trains and employs women from the community to work with pregnant women through their births and beyond, aiming to affect social determinants of health, especially reducing infant mortality and rates of low birth weight. Data sources, including the organization’s administrative data, semi-structured focused group and individual interviews, help describe the program and its outcomes. This paper describes how the program helps improve clients’ lives as well as lessons learned. c.c.collins44@csuohio.edu (S-97)

 

COLLINS, Peter, LARRIVEE, Anne,and DOWNING, Karen (U Penn) Dynamics of Space and Services. Libraries have an iconic brand recognition, but that brand needs to evolve to meet the needs of the 21st Century. The University of Pennsylvania is redesigning library space and expanding research support and material delivery services to complement these changes. With expanded electronic delivery and eresource availability, more books can be moved into high density storage for on-time retrieval, and prime campus real estate is being remodeled to complement academic programming and needs. This paper will illustrate the new uses of space and the services that support teaching and learning. pcoll@upenn.edu (W-111)


COLOM, Alejandra (UVG) Speaking Anthropology to Power: Mike Agar’s Lessons in Uncommon Fieldsites. This paper describes anthropological work carried out by the author among corporate elites. It provides initial analysis on the role of anthropology in uncommon and hard to access settings, in a country that has become more polarized over economic and political issues in the past two years. macolom@uvg.edu.gt (F-17)

 

COLÓN, Emily (UMD) Ki Ni Bê: The Fire-making Processes of the Mbêngôkre-Kayapó in the Brazilian Cerrado. Due to a combination of budget cuts from policymakers to environmental enforcement programs and fluctuations in seasonality, the Brazilian Cerrado, is quite literally under fire. Although the majority of the Cerrado, a grassy savannah biome, is now under threat from agriculture and livestock expansion, it has been the home of many traditional and indigenous populations, many of whom have historically used various fire regimes to manage the landscape. This paper seeks to understand how cultural landscape management, more specifically the fire-making practices of the Mẽbêngôkre-Kayapó, provides cultural and ecosystem services in the Brazilian Cerrado. (S-32)


CONROY, Britt and LAMONICA, Aukje (S CT State U) Intergenerational Drug Use and the Effect on Family Dynamics and Relationships. The opioid epidemic has captured the attention of the nation due to its unrelenting and pervasive surge through every demographic, socioeconomic status, and geographic region.  An NIH grant funded ethnographic study was conducted in three suburban areas in the United States.  Here we will focus on data from 45 qualitative interviews with opioid users in the suburbs of Atlanta, Boston and New Haven.  Specifically, we will examine the intergenerational aspect of opioid use by two or more individuals within the same family and the effect of drug use on family dynamics and relationships. conroyb1@southernct.edu (TH-93)


CONTENTO, Nicholas (U Rochester) “Waiting in the Risk”: Youth Activism in Alpine Italy. Youth involved in a civic engagement project identified physical locations that put youth at risk for harm, including roadways, bus stops, construction sites, and even parks. We involved youth in an analysis workshop of photographs and narratives to better understand the root causes of these risks, and prepare them to interview stakeholders. They deemed these places as tacitly excluding them, forcing them to ‘wait in the risk,’ and having unexplored potential. Reconfiguration of space was proposed to town officials, bus company executives, and other youth. This paper uses a model of vulnerability to describe how youth turned risk to resilience. ncontent@u.rochester.edu (TH-129)


CONTRERAS, Raul (Hendrix Coll) Foreign Language Education under Neoliberalism. American foreign language education in undergraduate facilities promote neoliberal perceptions of languages and communities through the mixture of nationalist ideas of citizenship/native speakers and ideas of foreignness in the classroom. This creates a pedagogy that advertises language through a capitalist system of valorization which reproduce preexisting perceptions of a national cultural identity. I argue that it is essential to redefine fluency and include introspective linguistic analysis and reflexive pedagogy in academia by utilizing and analyzing the identities of the students and professors in the classroom to understand the complex social processes found in different foreign language classrooms. contrerasrr@hendrix.edu (S-47)

 

COOK, Brittany (U Kentucky) Is It a Success: Organic Certification in the Jordanian Olive Oil Industry. Olive oil’s taste is the result of cultivar, environment, and processing. Although most Jordanians consider oil from small-scale, highland farms as naturally organic and prefer its taste to large-scale desert oil, several highland farmers obtained organic certification in order to access new markets and increase profits. However, certification creates additional barriers for producers. By exploring how these barriers affect different farmers, I argue that large-scale desert producers meet the requirements of certification more easily than the ‘already organic’ highland producers. Identifying these barriers can be used to improve third party certification or develop alternatives to better support less intensive producers. brittany.cook@uky.edu (F-46)

 

COOLEY, Rob (PCT) Do Your Students Text in Class? Structure It and Watch Your Class Discussions Flow: Lessons from “Going Native,” by Including Smartphones in an Introductory Cultural Anthropology Course. Although many students at an Eastern US applied technology college enter their programs with already established technical experience, many are less prepared for the required liberal arts course work. This makes it difficult to facilitate class discussions regarding controversial anthropological topics with traditional approaches. However, engaging students in their “cultural domain” through a few simple techniques has been effective. Using smartphone powered class polls, self-selected article summaries presented by student discussants, and a Nerf ball which students use to select other student speakers has transformed a one-way lecture class into a dialogue with significantly improved student engagement. rcooley@pct.edu (TH-49)


CORLEY, Connie (Fielding Grad U) Cruzando Puentes: Crossing Cultural Bridges to Sustainable Futures. Since Fall, 2015 an intergenerational and intercultural project initiated in the historic Boyle Heights section of Los Angeles and neighborhoods near downtown has led to research engaging former gang members with older adults sharing meals and memories.  Key findings from the mutual mentoring at Homeboy Industries, and the role of the project in building resilience in individuals and strengthening community ties, is presented and discussed. ccorley@fielding.edu (F-104)


CORREA ASTE, Norma B. (PUCP) Continuity and Changes in Amazonian Indigenous Economies: Implications for Social and Productive Development Policies. How has the economic governance of contemporary Amazonian indigenous societies been transformed? What role has been played by market integration and state expansion? Based on an ethnographic study conducted in two Awajún communities in the Northern Peruvian Amazon, this paper explores how local institutions (community, kinship, families) have been impacted by increasing pressures related to natural resource management and monetization. Finally, opportunities and challenges for social and productive development policies linked to poverty reduction will be identified. ncorrea@pucp.pe (S-13)

 

CORTESI, Luisa (Yale U) The Muddy Semiotics of Mud. In the agrarian societies located on the banks of rivers in North Bihar, India, mud is an ambiguous material in its physical combination of land and water, a symbolic marker whose presence on bodies indexes their social identity, as well as a substance with a specific gendered and class dimension (Bennett, 2009). Mud ensures prosperity for some farmers’ families, but also materially signals the lower status from which their wives try to raise the family, even at the cost of risking their own and their children’s lives. The semiotic analysis of the practices of mud exposes not only the valuations and the meanings of mud in this context, but also the ways in which nature is used for reinforcing and negotiating power relations, i.e. the workings of power. (F-67)

 

CORTEZ-HERNANDEZ, Johana (CT Coll) Single Mothers of Color: Perceptions and Realities within the Welfare System in the San Francisco Bay Area. For several decades, low-income single mothers of color who receive public benefits in the United States have been labeled as “lazy welfare queens,” who exploit the system by those who oppose public assistance. Latina mothers are said to be producing many children to “milk” the system. Using data on low-income single mother households and on “documented” and “undocumented” single Mexican mothers who receive public benefits in the San Francisco Bay Area between 2006-2017, I argue that contrary to the negative representation of welfare recipients, many work several jobs in addition to the benefits they receive to support and sustain their families. jcortez1@conncoll.edu (TH-11)

 

COSTELLOE-KUEHN, Brandon (RPI) Experimental (Media) Systems for Ecological Literacy. This paper will present insights from ethnographic engagement with the Eco-Education research and teaching program at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. EcoEd creates a cascading effect where faculty, undergraduate students from a wide array of majors, and K-12 students learn how conduct research and to think more ecologically about how natural and social systems intertwine. This paper will explore the pitfalls and successes in using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s EnviroAtlas in EcoEd initiatives. How might “experimentalism,” as understood in science and anthropology, inform inquiries into pedagogical innovations that enable better thinking about (eco/political/social) systems? brcostelloekuehn@gmail.com (W-141)

 

COUNIHAN, Carole (Millersville U) Food Consumption and Middle Class Activism in Italy. This paper examines the role of consumption and class in food activism in Italy.  It is based on ethnographic research conducted between 2011-2015 in Cagliari, Sardinia, on solidarity purchase groups, farmers markets, urban gardens, Slow Food, and vegetarian restaurants. Important aspects of their food consumption encourage Italians to challenge the agro-industrial food system—especially the centrality of commensality, the devotion to sensory pleasure, and the commitment to local and seasonal foods.  The paper considers the possible limits of a “middle class activism” that centers principally on changing consumption practices to bring about significant and widespread food system change. carole.counihan@millersville.edu (TH-103)


CRAIG, Jason (U S Carolina) Responding to Disaster with Theatre: Community Performance as One Artistic Response to a 1000-year Weather Event. In 2015, Columbia, South Carolina experienced a 1000-year weather event.  As one response, the Indie Grits Festival placed a call for proposals from artists who would explore and/or honor the multitude of citizen and organizational reactions to this natural disaster. This presentation will use ethnographic data to describe the creation of a Community Performance, and some of the personal and organizational goals that this event was trying to address. It will describe some of the dilemmas that arose in collaborating with other artists and citizen activists especially as they attempted to implement a shared decision making model of leadership. craigjd@mailbox.sc.edu (W-137)

 

CRAWFORD, Courtney (U Denver) Train Riders: The Modern Day American Nomads. Many research papers and ethnographies cover homelessness but not many go over the different types of homelessness. My research covers specifically nomadic homeless lifestyles, where this community travels across America using different modes of transportation. This paper describes the different social rankings, camp settings, health hazards, enemies, and living conditions this community experiences. It also evaluates different approaches that could be made to better serve this group. This paper is written from a firsthand experience during the author’s time living as a member of the community. courtney.crawford@ucdenver.edu (TH-123)

 

CRUTCHER, Ronald (U Richmond) An Ear for Leadership. People from all types of academic disciplines become college presidents, but relatively few have extensive musical backgrounds. Besides having served at the helm of one of the largest schools of music at
a university and as dean of a leading conservatory, I am a cellist in a chamber-music ensemble and have performed internationally for more than 37 years. Although my musical training and long-term engagement in a chamber music ensemble are somewhat unusual for a college CEO, I fully believe that they have contributed immensely to any success that I have enjoyed as a leader in higher education. (S-15)

 

CRUZ, Serena (U Amsterdam) In Search of Success: Men’s Obligations and Women’s Subjugation in the Sex Trade of Kampala, Uganda. The focus of this paper concerns men’s interpersonal obligations and women’s subjugation in the sex trade of Kampala. During 14-months of ethnographic research about how women manage daily risks associated with sex work, criminalization, and HIV, I observed differing ways men, in their attempts to accrue power and control in the community, shaped and limited women’s capacities to manage everyday risks. In doing so, I came to problematize men’s interpersonal actions, vis-à-vis their social standing in the community, as well as describe how these behaviors had implications for men’s persistent use of gendered violence as a means of achieving success. serena_cruz@yahoo.com (F-09)

 

CRUZ, Stephanie (U Washington) Detached Embraces: Continuing Medical Education’s Use of Cadavers. Continuing medical education (CME), which all clinicians are required to complete in order to maintain their license, relies heavily on the use of human tissue for simulation procedures and research.   Users of human tissue negotiate between the detachment of clinical work and the reminder that tissue is derived from a person. How do users of human tissue characterize and reflect on the humanness of the tissue they practice with? What rituals for preparation, use, and disposal do they enact? This paper is based on ethnographic research in a US major medical school and research center with faculty, academic researchers, and lab technicians. (TH-07)

 

CURRY, Bridget (Purdue U) High Expectations and High School Choice. Increasing educational choice is being promoted in some US contexts where traditional schools are most impacted by systemic inequalities and labeled as “failing.” Greater educational agency among students and ownership over education in these settings deserves anthropological attention. In my ethnographic case study, I focus on an urban school of choice program featuring student-centered and project-driven learning. My research questions how and why students, parents, and teachers chose to be a part of this program, as well as how their participation shapes their meaning-making of education. This research contributes to an understanding of how education and choice impacts students. bridgetmcurry@gmail.com (W-42)