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Tuesday 4/3  Program  Session Abstracts
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 Paper Abstracts

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BACH, Amy (UTEP) In School on the Texas-Mexico Border: The Importance of Ethnographic Research for Understanding State Education Accountability Policies and the Schooling of Emergent Bilingual Students. High-stakes, standardized testing has been studied extensively through a number of methodological approaches. There are, however, fewer ethnographic studies that examine how these tests affect emergent bilingual students in particular. Existing scholarship presents concrete statistics on emergent bilingual students’ achievement on state assessments, but statistics paint a partial, and some would argue deficit-oriented, portrait of students and are unable to answer the question of why students perform as they do on these tests. This presentation presents preliminary findings of an ethnographic study examining how these tests shape schooling for emergent bilingual students in high school on the U.S./Mexico border. (W-75)

 

BAER, Roberta (USF) American Stories: Oral History, Service Learning, and ESL Materials for Refugees (and Others). Most ESL materials are not appropriate for adult refugees who have come to the US.  We discuss a USF service learning class on Oral History which resulted in a book of 21 oral histories of refugees in the Tampa area.  Students collected the stories and rewrote them at 4th grade reading level.  The materials are currently being used in the CARIBE English as a Second Language Classes for new refugees.  The book, published by the Hillsborough County School Board that administers the program, will also be placed in school and public libraries throughout the county.  In addition, the book is also being used by the Hillsborough County Health Department and the Coptic Charities Refugee Tutoring Program in St. Pete.  We also plan to make the materials available nationally, through the Office of Refugee Resettlement, and other national groups involved in refugee resettlement. baer@usf.edu (W-33)

 

BAILEY, Eric (ECU) Working at the National Institutes of Health: Developing a New Set of Cross-Over Skills as an Applied Medical Anthropologist. Cross-over skills are skills that allow a professional to transfer to another high-skilled professional job successfully. It is not until I immersed myself in a completely different work setting when I discovered that these cross-over professional development skills were advantageous to my professional career. This presentation highlights my doctoral training in applied medical anthropology, my masters of public health training, and most significantly my position as a health scientist administrator and program director at the National Institutes of Health. baileye@ecu.edu (TH-139)


BAILEY, Megan (UMD) The Town as Palimpsest: What Was Lost and What Remains in Harpers Ferry, WV. A palimpsest refers to “something reused or altered but still bearing traces of its earlier form.” Harpers Ferry suffered several kinds of destruction and has been described as a ghost town at many points in its history, yet that status is never permanent. A collaborative ethnographic study undertaken by the National Park Service and the University of Maryland in 2014-2017 identified those communities that have persevered in spite of these many disruptions and explored the ways in which community members maintained ties to their landscape and history; this presentation will address those findings. (F-41)


BAINES, Kristina (CUNY Guttman CC) “I Do It Like We Do It Back Home”: Heritage Practices and Health in New York City Immigrant Communities. Immigrant health is often approached from the critical perspective of structural barriers and access. Adding to this discussion, this paper takes a phenomenological approach to explore connections between the everyday embodiments of ecological heritage practices brought from home communities in Latin America and the Caribbean and continued in immigrant communities in New York City. Building on a study in which urban college students engaged with the value of traditional ecological practices of their grandparents, it discusses how conceptualizing ecological heritage practices as health-promoting can add to a broader approach to wellness in immigrant communities. kristina.baines@guttman.cuny.edu (S-12)


BALASUBRAHMANYAM, T. (Jawaharlal Nehru U) The Role of Indian Universities in the National Innovation System and Inclusive Sustainable Development: An Anthropological Analysis. Educational anthropology advocates for application of academic interests with topics of general concern. In this context, there has been a re-conceptualization of universities. Since 1970’s the universities worldwide have been delegated a variety of roles in addition to education and research; these include public service, improving national competitiveness, helping to ameliorate social injustice (e.g., affirmative action), and regional economic development. In this backdrop the present paper attempts to assess the Indian universities role in the process of inclusive sustainable development. It also tries to explore the various forms of interactions between Universities and other components of National Innovation System. balu237@gmail.com (W-49)


BALASUNDARAM, Sasikumar (SIUE) Foodagogy: A Food-Based Collaborative Pedagogy towards Sustainable Solutions. By closely working with a local school, a farmer’s market, a senior living home, a community garden, and a farm-to-table program over the last few years, I have developed a collaborative model and method for teaching and learning sustainability. In this paper, I discuss this comprehensive approach by linking issues of social justice including mental health, diversity, obesity, environment, and inequality to a community garden and farm-to-table initiative. This paper emphasizes using food and gardens as tools to teach undergraduate students basic anthropological knowledge. I stress the importance of using a food-based collaborative engagement to empower students, alleviate inequalities, and transform communities towards a sustainable future. sbalasu@siue.edu (S-41)

 

BARNES, Kathrine (Marshfield Clinic Rsch Inst) Organic Vegetables, Organic Children: Ethics in Beginning Farmers. The USDA Agricultural Census estimates 30% of all farm operators are women. These women are more likely to farm organically with goals of environmental sustainability. However, they, like other small operations are unlikely to achieve financial sustainability and farming remains a dangerous occupation for them and their families. What motivates women to enter into this risky/treacherous niche form of agriculture? Participant observation over two years with beginning women organic farmers revealed their logic often belies simple economics. For example, health, family, feeding the community, and caring for the land provide ethically-based benefits to counterbalance the many risks farming engenders. barnes.kate@marshfieldresearch.org (W-76)


BARONE, T. Lynne (UN-Omaha), HAY, William (U Nebraska Med Ctr), AMMONS, Samantha K., HUGHES, Craig G., HUYNH, Bao Tram Ngoc, BROWN, Angela M., MCGUIRE, Joseph, THOMPSON, Breanna, HELT, Laura E., POWELL, Mary Ann, and IRWIN, Jay (UN-Omaha) “I Prefer ‘Hands-On’ to Lectures”: Interprofessional Education in a Student Run Diabetic Clinic. Diabetic care delivered by interprofessional medical teams is associated with better patient outcomes, making interprofessional clinical education important for health professions students. However, learning to collaborate with other professions and learning their professional role is challenging. What factors affect how well interprofessional students collaborate in clinic?  We report the results of an ongoing study of interprofessional education in a student-run diabetic clinic. Study data include participant-observation of student clinical teams, time-use data, interviews and surveys. Teams varied in interprofessional behavior primarily due to three factors: program year, patient demeanor and faculty preceptor modeling. Implications for health professions education are discussed. tbarone@unomaha.edu (TH-04)

 

BARRETT, Rebekah (NAU) Leadership in a Sudanese Diaspora Community. Sustainability is important in any community, but especially for refugees trying to establish new roots. Sudanese refugees in Phoenix Arizona were resettled starting in 2001. Since then, they have built larger communities and created organizations to meet their various needs. This paper will focus on interpersonal relationships within the one specific organization, specifically focusing on leadership dynamics and how they are influenced by gender, ethnicity, shared history, and clientele. Data for this project will come from participant observation, formal and informal interviews, as part of a much larger ethnographic project. rmb354@nau.edu (F-109)


BARRIOS, Roberto (SIU) How to Care for Whom?: The Affective Economy of Disaster Assistance. Disaster reconstruction is a contested process of high political economic stakes. This paper uses the case of post-Hurricane Mitch reconstruction in Southern Honduras to examine how the trope of disaster survivors as grateful recipients of minimal aid operated as a key element in the maintenance of transnational political power relations involving the United States and Central American nation states. As a principal player in these geo-political power relations, an evangelical NGO mobilized a representation of itself as a benevolent and disinterested provider of aid while at the same time enforcing power relations that inhibited disaster survivor agency. rbarrios@siu.edu (TH-16)


BARRIOS, Roberto (SUI) Living With What Came Before the Hurricane. This paper reviews how Hurricanes Katrina and Harvey interacted with centuries of environmental injustice to the effect of enhancing the vulnerability of subaltern populations. At the same time, the paper explores the practices through which these populations attempted to counteract conditions of socio-economic marginalization and imposed risk. The paper concludes by reflecting on the socio-political components of vulnerability and the need to imagine disaster mitigation as social and environmental justice praxis. rbarrios@siu.edu (F-125)


BATTS, Dawn (Wayne State U) In Pursuit of the Three Highs: Urban Professional Chinese Women’s Experiences and Perceptions of Gender In/Equality in Contemporary China. China’s economic reform policies and efforts have produced a distinct segment of urban professional Chinese women in contemporary China. This emerging segment of women was born post China’s economic reform, and possesses what is referred to as “the three highs”: high education, high professional achievements, and high income. Using analysis from participant observations and semi-structured interviews, this paper will describe the interplay between the pursuit of the three highs and financial independence.  It will further present a preliminary discussion on the context in which financial independence is defined, and how it is experienced by urban professional Chinese women. (F-74)


BAUMGARDT, Laurin (UF) Anthropologies of the “Future”: An Inquiry on Designs and Global Planning Strategies of South Africa’s Urban Futures. This paper aims to analyze urban designs and global planning strategies regarding their social and material projections of the future. It takes South Africa as an ethnographical starting point from which to explore questions of class, racial inequality, and social transformation. These questions are publicly discussed within the country and closely connected to social imaginaries and the projection of future cities. It argues that these city designs and strategies coalesce and aspire, but also attempt to regulate that which defines sustainable urban futures. The discussion will thus contribute to the theoretization of the new central anthropological topos of the “future.” lbaumgardt@ufl.edu (S-13)

 

BAWANY, Fatima (U Rochester) Duty to God, or Duty to Family?: Family Planning in an Islamic Society. Muslims have the highest fertility rate of any religious group. However, family planning remains controversial due to varied religious interpretations on the subject. As a result, family planning initiatives in many Muslim countries have encountered strong resistance. This paper explores perspectives of women on family planning in Morocco, a country that has been lauded as a “success story” for family planning in the Muslim world. Religion impacted women’s views on family planning, but in surprisingly varied ways. The results from this paper may provide valuable insights on how family planning initiatives can succeed in Muslim countries without compromising Islamic values. fbawany@u.rochester.edu (W-37)

 

BAZYLEVYCH, Maryna (Luther Coll) “Medicine Is Not a Business, Health Is Not a Commodity, Physicians Are Not Salesmen!”: The Role of Class in Professional Identity of Healthcare Providers in Ukraine. This paper explores the role of class in interactions between patients and practitioners. In Ukraine, health care system is on the verge of massive reform after two decades of debates. The proposed reform has met a decided opposition from trade unions of the medical practitioners. I argue that increasing social differentiation in Ukrainian society plays a key role in shaping physicians’ professional identity and is also a key to understanding the current perturbations of the reform package. Based on ethnographic fieldwork among Ukrainian physicians, I discuss the ways in which they manage their vulnerability to the market and the state by relying on classed ethics at work. bazyma01@luther.edu (W-07)

 

BECKER, Monica (NAU) Political Ecology in a Sudanese Diaspora. Conflict in South Sudan continues to bring turmoil to Sudanese Diaspora communities. With different ethnic groups vying for control in the South Sudan, people living in the United States must make decisions about their local-global relationships. Building communities is difficult in time of political strife. Based on preliminary research and part of a larger project, this paper will look at how the political turmoil in South Sudan today affects members of the Diaspora living in Arizona. How is the Diaspora impacted and what degree, if any, does ethnicity play in their relationship with post-Independent South Sudan? mab677@nau.edu (F-109)

 

BECKETT, Amy (Ball State U) Snap Shot in Time. Snap shot of a system: Using narrative analysis for coding primary documents. Describing the narrative of child-sexual assault witnesses’ testimony as demonstrated by direct and cross examinations plus closing arguments as demonstrated by the criminal trial transcripts of a small Ohio county over 15 years, reflected upon by post-interviews of the defense attorney and the reflective journal records of this trial prosecutor/writer. aobeckett@bsu.edu (F-121)

 

BEDWELL, Rebecca (U Arizona) Risk and Responsibility: Experiences of Type 2 Diabetes among Mexican Immigrants Living in the U.S. Research on type 2 diabetes illness narratives among Mexican immigrants tends to neglect the incorporation of biomedical narratives of risk and individual responsibility. Rather, most researchers prioritize narratives that diverge from biomedical understandings of diabetes. This project investigates how biomedical narratives come to shape Mexican immigrants’ conceptions of their own health. Because structural factors contribute to increased rates of diabetes onset and serious complications, the biomedical emphasis on individual responsibility for health outcomes conceals inequalities that shape the possibilities of individual health practices. The individual is blamed for poor health, which has moral implications for notions of self-control and responsibility. rebeccabedwell@email.arizona.edu (W-157)

 

BEHRMAN, Carolyn (U Akron) Unclasses and Student-Driven Initiatives: Anthropology, Open Spaces, and Invention in the Battle for Sustainability in Higher Education. In the context of economic constraints, shifting demographics, and contemporary anti-intellectual forces in US politics and culture, many in US institutions of higher education are suffering under a seeming siege of increased loads and decreased resources. Among the pressures is a campaign of sticks-and-carrots that seeks to foster an entrepreneurial mindset among faculty, driving us to seek non-traditional sources for funding research and even teaching.  Anthropology happens to be well-positioned to respond creatively to this pressure and this paper reports on two relatively successful examples. It also raises questions about whether participation in this attempted paradigm shift is advisable and sustainable. In this paper, I hope to spur reflection and discussion among those who have forged inventive pathways in response to neoliberal pressures. behrman@uakron.edu (W-49)

 

BEITL, Christine (U Maine) and ORTEGA-PACHECO, Daniel (Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral)Relational Values in Ecuador’s Strategy for Coastal Mangrove Conservation. Transcending conventional thinking about intrinsic versus instrumental valuation, relational values refer to ideologies, cultural preferences and virtues that emerge from human-environmental interactions. Since 2008, subjective cultural values have informed national strategies for environmental conservation and human wellbeing in Ecuador. Loosely translated loosely as wellbeing, Buen Vivir (Spanish) or sumak kawsay (Kichwa) offers promising alternatives to export-oriented commodity production that has dominated national development for over a century. This paper explores how Ecuador’s relational values uphold local stewardship of mangrove forests after decades of mangrove deforestation for shrimp aquaculture. The recognition and implementation of relational values in public policy has great potential to transform social-ecological systems with important implications for social justice. christine.beitl@gmail.com (S-32)


BELACHEW, Rute (UNT) Child Labor and Community in Sololá, Guatemala. The data about how child labor is perceived in the town of Sololá was gathered in summer 2017 by observations and interviews with samples of adults and children in the largely Kaqchikel Maya city of Sololá. Child labor is a complex and multi-layered issue that provoked many sentiments throughout among Maya, Ladinos and those in transition from Maya to Ladino society. Lack of opportunities, insufficient access to education, and long-held coping mechanisms play major roles in the continuation of child labor.  Whether working in the market or the streets, children are seen to be providing important income contributions to their family or to pay their way through school. I conclude that child labor is not a problem that can be fixed with the promise or implementation of education. It strongly requires an economic shift and more opportunities that allow the population the ability for its citizens to obtain a steady income. rutes.bela@gmail.com (TH-05)

 

BELL, David Elijah (SJFC) Between “International” and “Global” Health: How Concerns for De-globalization, Alternate Facts, and Information Silos Impact Approaches to World-wide Public Health. Differentiation between “international” and “global” health marks an important historical and conceptual shift related to both academic and professional engagement with world-wide public health.  References to “global” health have steadily risen above “international” health in the past two decades.  However, current concerns for de-globalization mark new possibilities for a post-global health era, replete with evolving social, political, and practical epidemiological challenges.  This paper emphasizes need to balance respect for political jurisdictions with unified visions for collaboration, suggesting both “international” and “global” approaches are needed to help redefine, purposefully shape, and meet the challenges for what comes “after” global health. dbell@sjfc.edu (S-99)

BELL, Sue Ellen (MNSU) Clarifying Population Health as an Advanced Practice Nurse Obligation. The national nursing documents guiding nursing education and practice present confusing definitions of populations, which cause uncertainty in teaching advanced practice nursing students. Electronic health record vendors and Big Data companies are developing and selling population health management tools promising actionable information to improve patients’ clinical outcomes while promoting financial efficiency. This paper will discuss the future effects predicted as a result of health disparities commoditization and the lack of clarity for the advanced practice nursing role. sue.bell@mnsu.edu (F-124)

 

BELL, Susan (Drexel U) Doing Care in Interpreting Medicine. US hospitals receiving federal funding are required by law to provide language access services as part of the mandate to eliminate health disparities. This paper analyzes medically interpreted visits to a hospital in Maine based on nine months of fieldwork in 2012 that included observations of 69 adult immigrant and refugee patients and staff. It argues that interpreted visits are place-specific and that Maine’s accumulated immigration history and mixture of racial and ethnic relations create a particular multilingual setting for hospital care. The argument is developed by looking at different “kinds” of interpreters and differently situated “Low English Proficiency” patients. seb376@drexel.edu (W-105)

BENDIXSEN, Casper G. (Marshfield Clinic Rsch Inst, Nat’l Farm Med Ctr) Validating a Myth of Farm Children’s Health: A Farm Infant Cohort Study in a Time of Agricultural Change. It is commonly believed that farm kids rarely get sick. While symptomatic of rural exceptionalism, biomedical researchers validate such claims. In describing the social makeup of immunology research involving Wisconsin farm kids, qualitative data from farm parents both jibe and elude data generated from biological samples and electronic medical records. However, these outcomes can be drawn into sharp contrast to the industrial changes continuing in agriculture, specifically in light of two facts. Due to occupational hazards within the domestic environment, farms are one of the deadliest environments for children. Family farms, i.e. those conducive of health promoting environments, are vanishing. (W-76)

 

BENNARDO, Giovanni (NIU) Cultural Models Theory, Culture as a Set of Cultural Models, and a Linguistic Metaphor for Culture in Mind. Axioms/assumptions and theorems/inferences of Cultural Models Theory make us to conceive of Culture as a set of Cultural Models. Empirical data collected over 2 decades of research lead me to propose a linguistic metaphor to represent a specific place for culture within the human cognitive architecture. I suggest an overarching position for culture in mind that blends ontological primes, molar organizations of knowledge, and behavior. Recent data from Tonga are briefly discussed in support of this suggestion. bennardo@niu.edu (F-102)

 

BENNETT, Elaine (St Vincent Coll) and BOYD, David (Duke Global Hlth Inst) Community-Based Participatory Research for Implementation of Child Nutrition Interventions in Guatemala. Effective interventions for preventing and addressing child malnutrition are well established in global health literature. Implementing these evidence-based interventions in communities, however, presents an on-going challenge. The project described in this paper applies an inter-disciplinary, community-based participatory research approach to make existing evidence salient to local community partners, who, in turn, generated recommendations and directives that led to program modifications and the co-creation of an evidence-based curriculum to enrich and expand local efforts to reduce child malnutrition in two indigenous towns in the Western highlands of Guatemala. elaine.m.bennett@gmail.com (W-100)

 

BENNETT, Karl (U Alabama) Cultural Consensus Models of Strategy among Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Practitioners in Atlanta, GA. This study investigates the relationship between competence in the cultural consensus model of strategy in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu and Brazilian Jiu Jitsu belt rank. Informants from a Brazilian Jiu Jitsu gym in Atlanta, Georgia were used to test for the existence of a shared model of strategy. Cultural models of strategy are viewed as a guide for the acquisition and application of cultural knowledge that becomes embodied. This research aims to better understand the relationship between cultural knowledge and embodied knowledge as mediated by cultural models of strategy. kjbennett1@crimson.ua.edu (F-107)

 

BERGANINI, Stefanie (CO State U) Fort Collins, Colorado: Homelessness and Social Services at the Urban Frontier. Fort Collins, Colorado is among the country’s fastest growing population hubs, and the area’s growth brings local issues of homelessness to prominence. This research comprises a systemic analysis of the network of services available to Fort Collins’ homeless residents. Interviews with service providers and members of the homeless population are combined with social network analysis and GIS to address the strengths and weaknesses of the local continuum of care. This analysis is important for the city’s long-term growth plans, for the ongoing social cohesion of Fort Collins’ neighborhoods, and for the lives of those whose existence depends on these organizations. (F-133)

 

BERGER, Eryn S. (Temple U) “I Can Educate My Teachers”: Bringing Decolonization into the Classroom through Youth-Led Education and Collaborative Research. Afrodescendant youth in Argentina face dominant narratives that deny their existence in a “white nation.” In classrooms, youth encounter various forms of racialization and exclusion, such as textbooks that obscure Afrodescendants from national history (INADI 2015). This paper describes an Afrodescendant youth organization’s efforts to craft critical interventions in Argentine education. Youth draw on decolonial discourses and local cultural organizing (Cammarota 2008, Dei 2012) to conduct collaborative research on their schools and lead classroom workshops on Afroargentine counter-histories and rights. I explore how community-based youth research and peer education can decenter the power dynamics of Eurocentric pedagogy and knowledge production. eryn.snyder@temple.edu (W-12)


BERNARD, H. Russell (ASU) The Evolution of Methods in Cultural Anthropology. Using the corpus of text from the digitized AAA Conference Programs, we examine how methods for collecting and analyzing data have changed over time in cultural anthropology. Field research and participant observation remain the dominant methods in cultural anthropology, but anthropologists have adopted methods (like surveys and field experiments) developed in other disciplines and have contributed methods (like consensus analysis and some components of network analysis) to the social sciences. ufruss@ufl.edu (S-95)


BESKE, Melissa A. (Palmer Trinity Sch) Electronic Assault: Gender-Based Violence in Virtual Spaces. Gender-based violence is evolving.  In the modern world, with reality increasingly construed within virtual spaces, gender expectations have become more dangerous while violence has diversified into unprecedented forms.  Under the internet’s veil of anonymity, developments such as cyberstalking and revenge pornography have facilitated new means of harassment which are just as destructive as longstanding face-to-face abuses.  By diminishing the boundary between private and public, virtual GBV enables greater bystander assistance; yet, it is also viewed less seriously due to the manipulable nature of reality in virtual environments.  The sustainable future of GBV advocacy relies upon responding to these changes. mbeske@palmertrinity.org (S-44)


BESTE, Christine (UDel) The Impact of Forced Migration on Host Community Culture. Numerous studies have been done to understand forced migration from the perspective of displaced persons. However, in order to gain a greater understanding of these impacts, we also need to assess the cultural impacts from the perspective of the host community. By using acculturation as a guiding theory, San Antonio, Texas was examined to illustrate how forced migration can influence the culture of host communities after a disaster. Results from this study can be used to inform researchers and emergency managers of the cultural impacts within the relocation process and the continued need for evolving cultural theories.bestechristine@gmail.com (S-64)

 

withdrawn BILETSKA, Nadiia (NIU) Cultural Model(s) of Society in Western Ukraine. Ukraine’s democratization that started after the disintegration of the Soviet Union is an ongoing effort, accompanied by political, social and ideological transformations; periods of economic scrutiny and political instability. Societal response to the unstable environment manifested itself in three social movements that occurred within a quarter-century—the Independence movement (1990), the Orange Revolution (2004-2005), and the Revolution of Dignity (2013-2014). These events stimulated changes in publicly instituted meanings and provided a context for change in culturally shared mental representations. In the current study, I use a theoretical construct of a cultural model in cognitive anthropology to explore how changing experiential frameworks contribute to the way people understand society as a conceptual abstraction. nadia.biletska@gmail.com (S-35)

 

BILLINGSLEY, Krista (UTK) Silencing Victims’ Stories through Truth-Telling in Nepal. In 2006, the Maoists and the Nepali government signed a peace agreement officially ending a ten-year internal armed conflict and agreeing to implement transitional justice mechanisms to redress conflict-era human rights violations. Almost a decade later, in 2016, two government-led truth commissions began inviting complaints from conflict victims. Truth commissions are temporary bodies created to establish an accurate historical record, acknowledge human rights violations, identify perpetrators, and address the needs of victims. Based on 14 months of ethnographic research, I argue Nepal’s truth commissions served to conceal, rather than reveal, indigenous victims’ stories of state violence during the armed conflict. kbillingsley@utk.edu (F-121)


BISHOP, Johanna (Wilmington U) Exposing Human Trafficking: Rooting Out Indifference to Human Suffering. Creating a sustainable future calls for equitable distribution of human rights so that all humans live in dignity, but global conflict has increased the number of refugees seeking safety and security for a better life. The International Labour Organization reports an estimated 20.9 million victims are trafficked globally, and the 2016 Global Report on Trafficking in Persons has stated that more than a quarter of trafficked victims are children. Raising awareness of human trafficking is one step in rooting out indifference. This presentation will share ethnographic experiences of community members’ efforts in exposing and raising awareness of human trafficking. johanna.p.bishop@wilmu.edu (W-19)


BLACK, Kaitlyn (UWG) Cultural Perceptions of Dogs in Maya Communities of Guatemala. In Guatemala, dogs can be seen wandering the streets and begging for food. Few of them have collars but almost all have homes. It is common to see locals throwing rocks, or kicking the dogs as they pass by. However, when asked about their pets, locals often refer to animals as companions.  In San Marcos La Laguna strays and pets play important roles in their homes and in the community. This paper delves into the cultural perceptions of animals in the community of San Marcos La Laguna and how these perceptions affect the lives of the animals as well as the people of the community. kblack6@my.westga.edu (TH-35)

 

BLACK, Rachel (CT Coll) Brigaid: Chefs Navigate Taste in the Transformation of School Food. This work looks at the politics of bringing new gustatory experiences into the cafeteria in the Brigaid program, launched in 2016 in New London, one of Connecticut’s most food-insecure districts. Through participant observation and ethnographic interviews, this study considers the role of taste in notions of quality in school food. How do Brigaid chefs use taste to transform notions of food access? Is changing the taste of school food an imposition of middle-class foodie discourse or is this an example of the ‘democratization of taste?’ The changes to the gustatory aesthetics of school food reveal points of resistance, cultural tensions, and notions of privilege. rblack@conncoll.edu (TH-103)

 

BLEAM, Ryan (ASU) Studying Citizen Scientists Using Citizen Scientists. This presentation will share the applied results of a three-year partnership with Scottsdale, Arizona’s nonprofit McDowell Sonoran Conservancy. The project assessed participation outcomes for Conservancy volunteer ‘stewards’ through interviews and surveys. I recruited and trained 9 stewards— all retirees— from the organization’s citizen science program to assist in qualitative data collection and analysis. One outcome of the project is a new group, the Self Study Task Force, which will employ social science research methods to address organizational needs beyond my study. I will share lessons observed from both studying and training citizen scientists, particularly with regards to aging populations. ryan.bleam@asu.edu (F-02)

 

BLOCK, Ellen, HERNANDEZ-CHAIRE, Arantxa D., KONSOR, Madelyn,and PETRON, Julia (CSBSJU) Incorporating Video Projects in Class Pedagogy. Ethnography is useful as a pedagogical tool because it uncovers layers of meaning, relies on inductive reasoning, and allows students to generate theory grounded in the empirical world. Likewise, using video project assignments encourages deep engagement, increases student recall of new knowledge, and links visual clues to memory. Video projects also encourage creativity and teach transferable technological skills. In this panel, I explore the pedagogical praxis of combining ethnographic methods, such as participant observation and interviewing, with video-making projects to encourage durable learning. Student co-presenters will show clips from their video projects and reflect on the impact of the assignment. eblock@csbsju.edu (TH-51)

 

BLOOM, Allison (Rutgers U) Resisting Temptation: Writing Violence in a Click-Bait Culture. While in a “click-bait” climate, the temptation to sensationalize public scholarship on gender-based violence is clear. However, this same temptation may also arise when scholars desire to emphasize the urgency and importance of this work within academia. Thus, as applied anthropologists of gender-based violence, we must carefully explore how these political and professional motivations fuel these temptations, and consider how to balance these impulses with meaningful representation. By leading with the voices of the people we study, we can attempt to foreground their chosen narratives while still representing diverse and powerful experiences of suffering. allison.rachel.bloom@gmail.com (S-14)

 

BLUDAU, Heidi (Monmouth U) “Less Than a Nurse”: How Interactions in Healthcare Settings (Re)define Professional Identity. This paper explores the ways through which professional identity is iterative. Professional identity is a relative process that is based in interpellation and interaction. How a nurse both sees herself and is perceived by others play major factors in her professional identity. I use ethnographic research done with return migrants – Czech nurses who worked in Western Europe and/or the Middle East. I analyze how nurses speak about themselves within foreign workplaces as members of their profession and how they represent themselves in different narratives. Professional identity not only affects job satisfaction but commitment to the profession, factors in nursing shortages. hbludau@monmouth.edu (W-07)

 

BOEGER, Zakea (UH-Manoa) “Like Normal Sick People”: Shifting Patient Identities through Medical Travel in and out of Nuku’alofa, Tonga. This paper explores how Tongan medical travelers’ identities are shaped in discordant ways via doctor-patient interactions in Tonga and abroad. Drawing on recent fieldwork in Tonga, this paper suggests that as Tongans traverse disparate healthcare systems, they respond to varied practitioner narratives by adopting “types” of patient identities that influence their ideas about illness and (bio)medicine’s capabilities. While interactions with overseas doctors—described as relaxed, even when facing late-stage cancers—contribute to patients identifying as hopeful and “normal” (i.e. “treatable”), upon returning home this empowered identity must be reconciled with scarce medical resources and local narratives of death and resignation. zakea@hawaii.edu (W-07)

 

BOERI, Miriam (Bentley U) Naloxone Nation: The Wild West or Strange Bedfellows. The contemporary opioid epidemic fueled by prescription opiates resulted in more potent street opioids and rising overdose mortality rates. Naloxone (Narcan) can reverse an opioid overdose and prevent unintentional deaths. In 2017, I started ethnographic research on current opioid users who lived in the suburbs of Atlanta, GA and Boston, MA. There were many differences between these states in terms of social determinants of health disparities. In this paper I focus on critical differences in policies related to naloxone distribution, and access to and types of naloxone available. The impact of rising costs of naloxone is examined in context. mboeri@bentley.edu (F-100)


BOERI, Miriam (Bentley U) The Road to Suboxone: The Social, Economic, and Political Entanglement in Contemporary Drug Treatment. Medically assisted treatment (MAT) has been shown to be effective for treating people dependent on opioids and preventing relapse. Suboxone, a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone, is currently one of the most desired treatment options among the opioid-dependent. While legally sanctioned, Suboxone and other MAT drugs are still stigmatized in much of the public mind and viewed by many treatment facilities as a substitute drug. Drawing from in-depth interviews with people dependent on opioids, I discuss their experiences with MAT set in the social and political context of where they live and their social status in society. (TH-93)


BOLTON, Ralph (Chijnaya Fdn) The Strangers in Our Midst: Transforming Xenophobia in an Andean Community. The contemporary rise in xenophobia in Europe and North America is a disturbing phenomenon. Fear and hatred based on ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, and race have surged in the 21st century, in parallel with increased global communications and interdependence, and large-scale movements of people in response to poverty, civil strife, and war. Xenophobia, however, is neither new nor limited to the Euro-American context. Historically, Andean communities often reacted vehemently against the presence of outsiders, including anthropologists, in their communities. This paper analyzes the situation in a Quechua-speaking community on the shores of Lake Titicaca, examining the transformation from violent opposition to outsiders to open-armed acceptance of foreigners as tourists, sought out and welcomed. professorbolton@aol.com (F-11)

BOMBOKA, Linda (USF) Exploring Reproductive Health of Congolese Refugees through the Perspectives of Providers, Caregivers, and Community Advocates in Tampa Bay, Florida. This study sought to explore reproductive health experiences of Congolese refugees through the lens of providers and advocates who work with or are themselves, members of the Congolese refugee community. Seven Key Informant interviews were conducted and data analyzed using Thematic Analysis. Study findings revealed that the concept of reproductive health is multidimensional for this population; various factors surrounding the resettlement process including previous life experiences, patient-provider interactions, chronic illnesses, language, and a shift in gender roles, collectively impact a woman’s health-seeking behavior for reproductive health services once she resettles in a host country. This study highlights the impact of resettlement on the reproductive health of Congolese refugee women in this region. lbomboka@health.usf.edu (W-03)

 

BONET, Sally Wesley (Colgate U) “Citizenship Means Nothing Because Without English, I Will Never Have Any Rights Here”: Iraqi Refugees, Fragmented Language Instruction Programs, and the Making of (Non)Citizens. This three-year multi-sited ethnographic project with Iraqi refugee families in Philadelphia reveals that refugees held learning the English language as the gateway to success. However, the pressures of immediate employment due to the program’s prioritization of self-sufficiency, coupled with the fragmentation of available language programs in the city, made language-learning nearly impossible, particularly for refugee adults. Refugees often found themselves locked into low-wage work, unable to learn English or realize the “bright futures” they had hoped to achieve in America. As a result, participants questioned the meaning of citizenship, and framed the project of American resettlement as a broken promise. sbonet@colgate.edu (W-105)


BONGSASILP, Bhadravarna (U Birmingham) Religious Heritage Tourism of Bangkok: Survivals and Sustainability in Urban Context. Bangkok is a diverse and living city with a complex heritage structured around its religious past that attracts domestics and international tourists and are undergoing a series of urban changes reflected in the shifting relationships with the surrounding communities. This research examines the changing dynamics of religious heritage in Bangkok in view of the various stakeholders exercise in the heritage preservation, selectivity that some sites are promoted for tourism, and the ways that religious heritage shares with the local communities. They are the means by which the survival and sustainability of religious heritage can be negotiated in an urban context. bxb364@bham.ac.uk (W-155)

 

BOURDON, Natalie (Mercer U) Teaching Anthropology in Trump’s America: Do Anthropologists Have New Obligations? Anthropologists have a long history of advocacy and activism, working towards social justice issues alongside the communities with which we study.  Shifting perspectives within the discipline about our ethical obligations to contribute our expertise to public policy formation are crystallized in the 1971 and 1998 American Anthropological Association’s Code of Ethics. This paper addresses whether anthropologists working within the academy have new obligations to advocate and engage in political activism on our university campuses. The author addresses her own engagement in spearheading an activist workshop for students and reformulating course syllabi and class exercises based on the contemporary political climate. bourdon_nj@mercer.edu (TH-04)

 

withdrawn BOURIE, Porter (Dexis Consulting) Cultural Models of God and Technoscience: How Competing Definitions of Climate Change Contribute to Development Success and Failure in West Africa. In Burkina Faso, West Africa, USAID’s local-hires mobilize a strict scientific model of climate change to motivate rural farmers to adopt agricultural and water management projects. Rural residents reject the social capital of scientific expertise and hold to a competing model of the causes of and solutions to climate change. This paper shows how competing cultural models of climate change precipitate different behaviors toward development projects, contributing to the projects’ success or failure. This paper also explores how the scientific model’s use of “expertise” obstructs recommendations meant to facilitate cross-knowledge dialogue, providing insights for today’s global conversation on climate change. porterbourie@me.com (S-100)

 

BOWEN, Anna and SHINDEA, Rhea (U Rochester) Traditional Thukpa and Packaged Noodles: The Generational Changes in Ladakhi Motherhood in the Context of Rapid Globalization. Ladakh, an arid high-altitude region in India, has undergone rapid urbanization and globalization over the past two decades. We interviewed 42 mothers, ages 25 to 71, and identified changing patterns of infant care and strategies for coping with the influx of new ideas, commodities, and people. Ethnographic interviews give voice to the stories of Ladakhi mothers through several historical eras, including those predating tourism. Their narratives emphasize the differences in diet, workload, medical care, and infant survival across generations, which provides a holistic understanding of how motherhood in Ladakh is affected by social factors. anna_bowen@urmc.rochester.edu (TH-159)

 

BOYKINS, Alexandria (U Memphis) The Role of Capital Exchanges in Older Adults’ Social Networks. Seniors’ perceived social support has a significant association with enhanced health and wellness. Yet, seniors’ ability to exchange resources evolves over time. This paper draws on interviews and contact diaries collected from seniors who attend senior centers across the Memphis area to explore the various ways seniors use both economic and social capital to negotiate and maintain the different types of relationships within their social networks. I find that these varying relationships allow them to actively preserve social networks, which helps lessen feelings of loneliness and depression sometimes experienced in older age. boykins2@memphis.edu (F-44)

 

withdrawn BRADFORD, Lewis (Indiana U) Teaching Race and Privilege in the U.S. from the Space of North Africa. The term “privilege” has taken on a renewed relevance as an explanatory vehicle for teaching about white supremacy. Despite its efficacy, however, the concept of privilege has received a great deal of backlash even among those who claim to believe in the cause of equality. As educators, how do we bridge this gap and challenge students to constructively take on the uncomfortable topic of privilege? This paper explores the potential for moving the discussion of race in America forward by introducing students to the complexities of race in North Africa to interrogate how white supremacy works in the global context.lewbradf@umail.iu.edu (S-47)

 

BRADLEY, Sarah (USF)Ensuring Access and Efficacy in Food Insecurity Interventions. Interventions designed to improve the lives of marginalized populations begin with the best intentions, but ultimately the success and future sustainability of such interventions will be determined by their accessibility. For example, urban food insecurity interventions must take into consideration multiple layers of accessibility when being evaluated. When structural elements and population needs are not considered, otherwise well-designed interventions can still lead to food assistance gaps. Using the example of program gaps in food assistance services in Tampa, Florida, this paper will discuss strategies for making food system interventions more efficacious and equitable for the populations they target. sarahbradley@mail.usf.edu (S-71)

 

BRAGDON, Cassandra (Mary Baldwin U) Eclipsing the Sun: Modern Implications of Japan’s Gender Ideology. This paper focuses on the actualization of Japanese gender ideology today. The first section explores the foundation of Japanese gender ideology and its changes over time. The second section discusses the results of a questionnaire on gender ideology and life choices sent to female Japanese college students in October 2017, and compares them to previous studies. The concluding section explores how gender ideology is actualized today in discriminatory workplace practices, college education, and a birth rate decrease. This analysis can be used to explain how gender ideology impacts political and economic outcomes, as well as used to improve policy making. (F-103)

 

BRANDO, Lee (NSSR) Decision-making and the Logic of Care in Pediatric Hospice for African American Families. Ronald Barrett, writing about End-of-Life decision-making for African American families illustrates that they are inclined to choose extending length of life; whereby, cultural values, social class, and spirituality guide a type of decision-making. A tendency for horizontal decision-making alongside a distributive responsibility for care is resonant with Annmarie Mol’s conceptualization of a logic of care. While this roughly aligns with a hospice model, it is a treatment comparatively underutilized by African Americans. This paper seeks to address these paradoxes of care within the context of pediatric hospice in light of its sustainability for African American patients and families. branl168@newschool.edu (TH-07)


BRAULT, Marie (Yale U SPH), JAGTAP, Vaishali and BANKAR, Shweta (ICRW) Sharing Data with Young Women and Service Providers Regarding Sexual and Reproductive Health in Urban India. This paper describes the dissemination process for dissertation research on sexual and reproductive health with young women and service providers in a low-income area in Mumbai, India. Dissemination meetings and presentations were conducted at NGO offices and a government health center in the study area. Participants were encouraged to discuss the key findings and themes, validate interpretations or generate alternative explanations, provide their own examples, and discuss the implications of the research for future intervention development. This dissemination process indicates that it is both feasible and ethically necessary to share results with diverse study populations, even for dissertation research. marie.a.brault@gmail.com (F-77)

 

BRAUSE, Holly (UNM) “Mechanize Or Perish”: Projecting Futures for the New Mexico Chile Industry. In New Mexico the production of chile, the state’s signature crop, dropped sharply in the years following the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). In response, research funds have been funneled into attempts to create a mechanized green chile harvester as a way to cut production costs and compete with international prices. This paper explores the phrase “mechanize or perish” that is often repeated by industry leaders promoting mechanization as a trope that indicates a particular vision of an inevitable neoliberal future, and how that vision is contested by others involved in the chile industry. hbrause@unm.edu (S-11)

 

BREDA, Karen (U Hartford) #Almostlikepraying, Contested Political Narratives, Political Culture and Hegemony: An Autoethnography of the US Response to Hurricane Maria. When disaster strikes, the human response is to help. Hurricane Maria devastated Puerto Rico’s electricity and roads making communication and transportation impossible. Lack of potable water, food and shelter created a public health crisis. The slow U.S. response and Trump’s insensitive remarks blaming Puerto Rico for its debt triggered campaigns like Lin-Manuel Miranda’s song Almostlikepraying. This presentation uses auto-ethnography to analyze the resistance to Trump’s message of blame offering a template for how contested political narratives can teach and energize. Social scientists and healthcare professionals can adopt models of resistance to build new narratives and forms of political action. breda@hartford.edu (TH-105)

 

BRENNAN, James (Sage Coll) The Invisibility of Women with Chronic Pain. Chronic pain is an invisible diagnosis and women with chronic pain are rendered invisible. Chronic pain cannot be managed efficiently or productively and control and surveillance are difficult because pain cannot be effectively quantified through biomedical techniques such as imaging and laboratory tests. Chronic conditions often times represent failure for western/biomedicine.  Manderson and Smith-Morris (2010) write that chronic disease is “profoundly shaped by persistent injustice, inequality, poverty, and physical expressions of structural violence.” Context matters. Anthropologists collaborating with physical therapists (who treat individuals with chronic pain) can provide the day to day context and lived experience of those individual with chronic pain. brennj@sage.edu (TH-42)


BRENNAN, James (Sage Coll) Variable Temporalities; Women with Chronic Pain as Time Travelers. Chronic pain is contextually and temporally variable and manifests itself differently in different times and in different places and defies the rigid, scientific, dichotomized model of the biomedical body. The purpose of this paper will be to develop the concept of women with chronic pain as ‘time travelers.’ I will argue that chronic pain is not a-temporal and that women undergo and experience time shifts as they attempt to construct meaning(s) in the process of dealing with their pain. It will also be argued that chronic pain ‘time’ is fluid across multiple contextualities and spaces, and is borderless. brennj@sage.edu (S-37)


withdrawn BRENNAN, Sarah French (Columbia U Teachers Coll) Intimate Nation: Homonationalism and Queer Muslim Asylum Seekers in the Netherlands. Queer Muslim asylum-seekers occupy an increasingly tense intersection in the Netherlands, the archetypal homonationalist state. Anti-migrant discourses warn of a threat to “Dutch culture” and its mythic tradition of liberalism, a focal point of which is gender and sexual progressivism. This national imaginary is increasingly mobilized against Muslims, stamped exceptionally and uniquely homophobic in public imagination. I examine how processes of claiming asylum as a sexual minority produce rather than simply represent a specific type of subject, one that fluently and credibly uses the ideological idioms of sexuality, experience, and culture that are intelligible and recognizable to Dutch officials. sarah.french.brennan@gmail.com (F-19)


BRIDGES, Nora (U Pitt) Sustainability for Whom?: Making Wellbeing Central. Today in Amazonia, sustainable development initiatives are proliferating. However, the social pillar of sustainability gets short shrift in comparison to the economic and environmental aspects of such projects. Based on ethnographic research with indigenous Kichwa communities in Ecuador, this paper addresses local concerns, priorities, and actions regarding the pursuit of wellbeing and livelihood strategies in situations of environmental change unfolding in postcolonial settings. I discuss local felt needs that demand moving beyond producing commodities such as coffee or chocolate destined for “ethical consumption” in the Global North and instead suggest alternative possibilities for creating sustainable futures in Kichwa communities. ncb25@pitt.edu (W-160)

 

BRILLER, Sherylyn and NYSSA, Zoe (Purdue U) Sustaining Anthropology Programs and Forging New Liberal Arts and STEM Collaborations. This presentation describes how an anthropology program in a large, research university with a public service mission is growing applied/practicing anthropology at the intersection of Liberal Arts and STEM fields. Here anthropology students have many opportunities to work with academics and practitioners in science, health, engineering, agriculture and technology areas on global grand challenge issues. From our experiences, the presenters will discuss what we are learning that is useful for our program and our field more broadly about fostering these cross-disciplinary linkages, developing new curricula together, preparing students for lifelong learning and future work at these intersections. sbriller@purdue.edu (TH-49)

BRIODY, Elizabeth (Cultural Keys LLC), WIRTZ, Elizabeth and BERGER, Edward (Purdue U) Cultural Barriers to Transformation in Higher Education. Efforts to improve higher education tackle many issues including improvements in pedagogical practices, learning outcomes, diversity, and online learning.  Less visible is a focus on the everyday interactions among faculty, staff, and students, both within and outside the classroom. This presentation explores some of the ways that institutional structures and the culture that emerges, influence how members of an academic department interact and the impact that has on the process of teaching and learning. We pay particular attention to the ways structural and cultural formations reaffirm each other thereby reinforcing the difficulties of creating meaningful and collaborative relationships in higher educational spaces. elizabeth.briody@gmail.com (TH-153)

 

BROCKETT, Tyler and CHRISOMALIS, Stephen (Wayne State U) Explanations of Differences in Mathematical Aptitude at the Math Corps, a Community of Mathematical Practice. Explaining apparent differences in mathematical aptitude is a common topic of discourse among both educators and students.  This study examines cultural reasoning about mathematical aptitude among students and staff of the Math Corps, a mathematics enrichment program based in Detroit, whose central philosophies explicitly invoke ‘growth mindset’ principles, in which effort rather than natural ability is foregrounded. Ethnographic interviews with Math Corps participants of varying ages, genders, ethnic backgrounds, and educational training highlight the degree to which the culturally-framed explicit norms of the Math Corps community are shared, ignored, or contested in light of participants’ life histories and experiences. brocketttc86@gmail.com (F-12)


BROMBIN, Alice (UNAM) Ecovillages: New Frontiers of Ecological and Sustainable Living. Ecovillages represent a material response to the global ecological crisis with alternative environmental practices and lifestyles. These ecological communities are not necessarily rural in opposition to urban environments or meant as retreats from city life, they primarily cultivate new forms of living within distinct ecosystems, promoting food-self sufficiency, resilience, self-management, alternative informal economies. These possibilities for ecological worlding help to promote new spaces and places focused on sustainable living and social reciprocity, sharing the commitment to an ethics of being present with each other and seeking connection to the local landscape. Author of Cultivate the planet to cultivate oneself. Journey through Italian ecovillages, Milan: Franco Angeli, 2017. alice.brombin@gmail.com (F-43)


BROWN, Brenda (Kennesaw State U) Data Collection Challenges in a Phenomenological Study of Afghan Refugee Women. Data collection can be a challenging part of a study especially when working with vulnerable populations. The researcher may need to use creative and alternative strategies to ensure the study’s integrity. These strategies can be shared with other researchers to ensure sustainability of research. In conducting phenomenological research about the lived experience of Afghan refugee women, the author encountered several obstacles. This paper will present the obstacles and the strategies used to gather quality data. A key difficulty seemed to be the fear of potential participants to discuss their experience, possibly related to the increased anti-immigrant stance in the US. bbrow123@kennesaw.edu (TH-135)

 

BROWN, Peter (Emory U) Steps toward a Constructively Critical Anthropology of Global Health. The approaches of Critical Medical Anthropology (CMA) have created difficulties for anthropologists seeking to effectively engage with Global Public Health.  This paper argues that CMA became a hegemonic theoretical approach despite its ambiguity and multiple intellectual origins.  However, Anthropology needs to be used both in public health programs as well as the basis of critical examinations of the problems and programs themselves.  The distinction between CMA and “constructively critical medical anthropology” is illustrated through examples of how constructive criticism can generate feasible and acceptable suggestions for re-orienting and improving to global public health programs.  To better contribute to Global Health, we must add the adverb. antpjb@emory.edu (S-99)


(Read by Session Chair) BRUNS, Bryan (Independent) Co-evolving Communities: Appreciative Approaches for Co-creating Sustainable Futures. How could we cultivate a “patchwork discourse of co-evolving communities?” This paper reviews concepts and methods that may facilitate mutual learning, cooperation, competition, and conflict resolution among co-evolving communities. Concepts such as value pluralism and polycentric governance help to understand the potential and challenges of co-existence, communication, emergent social order, and mutual flourishing. Approaches that are part of an “appreciative turn” in social science, such as appreciative inquiry, participatory rapid appraisal, possibilism, legal pluralism, and positive deviance, can offer useful frameworks for diverse communities and societies working together to consider their views and values, and co-create sustainable futures.  Author of: “Practicing Polycentricity” in: Governing Complexity: Analyzing and Applying Polycentricity, Washington, D.C.: IFPRI (In prep). bryanbruns@bryanbruns.com (F-43)

 

BRUNSON, Emily (TX State U) and MULLIGAN, Jessica (Providence Coll) Structures of Resentment: On Feeling Behind by Health Reform. Since the Affordable Care Act went into effect in 2014, twenty million Americans have gained access to health coverage. Despite these gains the law has remained unpopular in some circles. Republican lawmakers have argued against it, pundits of conservative news shows have decried its value, and many citizens, particularly in red states, remain opposed to it. This paper considers the situations and perspectives of the last group. It seeks to answer the question why do some people oppose the ACA, or health reform in general, even when they are the ones most in need of help? ebrunson@txstate.edu (TH-70)

 

BUDDEN, Ashwin (D’Eva Consulting) Design Heresy: Or, What’s the Problem with Disruptive Design in Global Health? Human-centered design (HCD) has recently made steady in-roads into global health. HCD aims at delivering locally-sustainable solutions for health through iterative participatory action. Design-thinking is also influenced by market-based discourse focused on “disruptive innovation.” I explore this paradox by interrogating the meanings of disruption as an aspirational value and tactic and argue that disruptive design can produce more harm than good for population health in resource-limited settings. Drawing on dynamic systems perspective, I present a novel evaluative framework for HCD and case examples, which can help designers and public health stakeholders better define assumptions, risks, and intended outcomes around innovation. ashwinbudden@gmail.com (S-04)

 

BUNNELL, Ashley (SDSU) Making Gender Visible in the Use, Access, and Management of Marine Resources in Mo’orea, French Polynesia. Tourism development and the implementation of a formal marine management plan have brought ecological, social, and political changes to fishing on Mo’orea, French Polynesia. These changes have disproportionately impacted women’s access to fishing on the island. By linking gender to definitions of fishing, formal and informal management systems, habitats accessed, and targeted species, this research contributes to a more complex understanding of gender and marine resource management. In this paper the author discusses the subtle gendered differences in fishing methods and strategies, and significant gendered differences in the perceptions of fishing, catch distribution, and marine resource access on Mo’orea. ash.m.bunnell@gmail.com (W-121)

 

BURDETTE, Alaska (UMD) ‘You Can’t Save Everybody’: Medical Repatriation and Immigrant Labor. Medical repatriation refers to the extra-legal deportation of patients directly from health care facilities to their countries of origin. These are typically non-citizen patients who are in stable condition but would require chronic care. Based on ethnographic analysis—including interviews with a Central American laborer in Maryland recovering from a work accident, as well as health care providers responsible for his care—I examine the system of medical repatriation from the perspective of a patient. I argue that medical repatriation reinforces the disposability of the Latinx labor force while disguising the racialization embedded in the for-profit healthcare system. alaska.burdette@gmail.com (TH-47)


BURGER, Annetta (GMU) From Networks to Recovery: An Agent-based Model of Community Resilience. The community resilience and social capital that lead to improved local recovery from disasters are derived from social connections and social network structures that provide informational, financial and other in-kind resources. During the immediate post-impact and early recovery stages of a disaster, personal losses and new acquaintances drive social network change. By modeling social network representations for a simulated society we can explore how households recover from disaster and how such networks have adapted via social network analysis. Our simulations show that the recovery durations are differentiated based on variations in disaster impact, resources, and network connections. aburger2@gmu.edu (W-77)


BURLESON, Grace (OR State U) An Ethnographic and Experimental Engineering Approach to Evaluating a Biomass-Powered Water Treatment System. In Uganda, 75% of diseases are caused by lack of clean water and sanitation solutions and 90% of the country relies on unsafe, unsustainable biomass fires for water treatment and household cooking needs. Using an innovative mixed-method combing experimental engineering and anthropological ethnographic approaches, the InStove Water Purifier (IWP), a high-efficiency biomass-powered water pasteurizer, was evaluated in Mbale, Uganda. There, both the technical performance and human-technology-interface, such as product appeal, usability, and potential time-savings were evaluated. I will present this mixed-method for evaluation of social and environmental impact-seeking technologies using the IWP as a case study. (TH-152)

 

BURTON, Dana (GWU) Mission to Mars: Sustainability Imaginaries, Resource Extraction, and the Future of Earth. Over the past year, the mission to Mars has dominated the news, highlighting the emergence of the contemporary “colonial” project into the popular imagination, which materializes within the allure of limitless resource extraction and the ideal of a sustainable future on Earth. Individuals and private corporations have eclipsed governments in a modern space race, redefining the boundaries of profit and power beyond the planet. Through an archival investigation of space ventures in the media, as well as observations at lectures about the potentiality of Mars hosted by the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C., this paper will interrogate the promise of sustainability offered by private enterprises, and challenge the premise of an egalitarian future attainable through extraction. diburton@gwu.edu (TH-02)


BUTERBAUGH, Chad (Maryland Traditions) Provocations on the Legacy of the Literary/Anthropological Divide in Folklore Studies. Fifty years ago, newly minted PhDs in folklore studies were given one of two tracks to follow: literary or anthropological. The literary folklorist would complete research primarily in the library, while the anthropological folklorist would conduct ethnographic research in the field. Today, folklorists seldom use this binary to frame their work, though vestiges of it remain, especially in terms of public sector folklore. This paper glosses the history of the literary-anthropological divide and posits its impact on public sector folklore today, with particular attention on whether folklorists and anthropologists have equal capacity to complete such work. chad.buterbaugh@maryland.gov (W-35)

 

BUTTON, Gregory (Independent) Down in the Dumps: The Threat of Toxic Waste in the Aftermath of Hurricanes. In the wake of hurricanes politicians, policymakers, and agency officials too often neglect the need for the safe and effective disposal of the massive amounts of toxic waste commonly left in the aftermath of disasters. The failure to effectively remedy this problem inflicts considerable harm on low- income and minority communities leaving a legacy of potential harm for decades to come. This paper will explore why in the wake of hurricane Harvey the EPA abrogated its responsibility to protect the public from the harmful effects of toxic waste. gregoryvbutton@mac.com (F-125)

 

BYE, Rolf Johan (Norwegian U of Sci & Tech) and LAMVIK, Gunnar M. (SINTEF) Distribution of a Corporate Practice Template: Local Practices and Sensemaking. We study how a corporate practice template is interpreted and implemented in subsidiaries, and what it means for such templates to be successful. Ethnographic fieldwork has been carried out in four dispersed sites of a global manufacturing company. Two of the sites in Europe, one in the Middle East and one in East Asia. Mandated from the headquarters, all plants seek to implement the same corporate “5S” template. Although the practice can be successfully transferred to disperse locations, the institutionalization process of the practice, and the way local situated actors make sense out of the practice, may vary widely. rjb@safetec.no (W-101)